Tuesday, 27 December 2011 03:15
  • Megasthenes (302-298 BC): An ambassador of Selecus Nikator, who visited the court of Chandragupta Maurya. He wrote an interesting book ‘Indica’ in which he gave a vivid account of Chandragupta Maurya’s reign.
  • Fa-Hien (405-411 AD): He came to India during reign of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. The object of his visit was to see the holy places of Buddhism and to collect Buddhist books and relics. He was the first Chinese pilgrim to visit India.
  • Hiuen-Tsang (630-645 AD): He visited India during the reign of Harshavardhana.
  • I-tsing (671-695 AD): A Chinese traveller, he visited India in connection with Buddhism. His work Biographies of Eminent Monks, provides us useful information about the social, religious and cultural life of the people of this country.
  • Al-Masudi (957 AD): An Arab traveller, he has given an extensive account of India in his work ‘Muruj-ul-Zehab’.
  • Al-beruni (1024-1030 AD): His real name was Abu Rehan Mahamud and he came to India along with Mahmud of Ghazni during one of his Indian raids. He travelled all over India and wrote a book ‘Tahqiq-i-Hind’. The book dealts with the social, religious and political conditions of India.
  • Marco Polo (1292-1294 AD): A Venetian traveller, he visited South India in 1294 A.D. His work The Book of Sir Marco Polo gives an invaluable account of the economic history of India.
  • Ibn Batuta (1333-1347 AD): A Morrish traveller, he visited India during the reign of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. His book ‘Rehla’ (the Travelogue) throws lot of light on the reign of Muhammad- bin-Tughlaq and the geographical, economic and social conditions in India.
  • Shihabuddin al-Umari (1348 AD): He came from Damascus. He gives a vidid account of India in his book, ‘Masalik albsar fi-mamalik al-amsar’.
  • Nicolo Conti (1420-1421 AD): A Venetian traveller, he gives a comprehensive account of the Hindu kingdom of Vijaynagar.
  • Abdur Razzaq (1443-1444 AD): He was a Persian traveller, who came to India and stayed at the court of the Zamorin at Calicut. He has given a vivid account of the Vijaynagar empire, especially of the city. He describes the wealth and luxurious life of the king and the nobles.
  • Athanasius Nikitin (1470-1474 AD): He was a Russian merchant, who visited South India in 1470. He describes the condition of the Bahmani kingdom under Muhammad III (1463-82).
  • Durate Barbosa (1500-1516 AD): He was a Portuguese traveller. He has given a valuable narrative of the government and the people of the Vijaynagar empire.
  • Dominigo Paes (1520-1522 AD): He was Portuguese traveller, who visited the court of Krishnadeva Raya of the Vijayanagar Empire.
  • Ferano Nuniz (1535-1537 AD): A Portuguese merchant, who visited the Vijaynagar emire. He wrote the history of the empire from its earliest times of the closing years of Achyutdeva Raya’s reign.
  • John Hughen Von Linschotten (1583 AD): He was a Dutch traveller, who has given a valuable account of the social and economic life of South India.
  • William Hawkins (1608-1611 AD): He was an English ambassador of British King James I to the court of Jahangir, the Mughal Emperor.
  • Sir Thomas Roe (1615-1619 AD): He was an an ambassador of James I, King of England, at the court of Jahangir the Mughal Emperor.
  • Fransciso Palsaert (1620-1627 AD): He was a Dutch traveller, who stayed at Agra and gave a vivid account of flourishing tarde at Surat, Ahmedabad, Broach Cambay, Lahore, Multan etc.
  • Peter Mundy (1630-34 AD): He was an Italian traveler to the Mughal empire in the reign of Shahjahan. He gives valuable information about the living standard of the common people in the Mughal Empire.
  • John Albert de Mandesto (1638 AD): He was a German traveller, who reached Surat in 1638.
  • Jeen Baptiste Travernier (1638-1663 AD): He was a French traveller, who visited India six times. His account covers the reign of Shahjahan and Aurangzeb.
  • Nicolao Manucci (1653-1708 AD): He was an Italian traveller, who got service at the court of Dara Shikoh.
  • Francois Bernier (1656-1717 AD): He was French Physician and philosopher. Danishamand Khan, a noble of Aurangzeb, was his patron.
  • Jean de Thevenot (1666 AD): He was French traveller, who has given a good account of cities like Ahmedbad, Cambay, Aurangabad and Goloconda.
  • John Fryer (1672-1681 AD): He was an English traveller, who has given a vidid account of Surat and Bombay.
  • Gemelli Careri (1693 AD): He was an Italian traveller who landed at Daman. His remarks on the Mughal Emperor’s military organization and administration are important.