Home General Knowledge WORLD HISTORY: IMPORTANT DATES
WORLD HISTORY: IMPORTANT DATES
Tuesday, 27 December 2011 03:14

B.C.

 

10000-4000

Development of settlement into cities and development of skills, such as wheel and pottery making and improved methods of cultivation.

5500-3000

Earliest recorded date of Egyptian calendar; first phonetic writing appears; Sumerians develop a city-state civilization.

3000-2000

Pharaonic rule begins in Egypt; completion of the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza.

3000-1500

The most ancient civilization on the Indian sub-continent, the sophisticated and extensive Indus Valley Civilization, flourishes in what is today Pakistan.

900-800

Phoenicians establish Carthage: The I liad and Odyssey was composed by the Greek poet Homer.

400-300

Pentateuch-first five Books of the Old Testament evolve in final form.

300-251

Invention of Mayan calendar in Yucatan-more excact than older calenders.

101-51

Juleus Caesar (100-44 BC) invades Britain (55 BC) and conquers Gaul, France.

776

First Olympiad in Greece.

753

Rome founded.

490

Battle Marathon, the Greeks defeated the Iranians / Persians.

327-26

Invasion of India by Alexander, Battle of Hydaspes.

221

Chin-Hug Ti ‘Universal Emperor’ in China, Great Wall of China completed.

55

Invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar, the Great Roman General.

44

Assassination of Julius Caesar by Brutus.

4

Birth of Jesus Christ.

A.D.

 

29

Crucification of Jesus Christ.

43

Roman conquest of Britain.

570

Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca.

622

Mirigation of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (“hijira”), Beginning of Hijira Era (Muhammad calendar) on July 15.

800

Charlemagne crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter’s.

871

Accession of Alfred the Great to the throne of Britain.

901

Death of King Alfred the Great.

1066

Battle of Hastings; Norman invasion of England. William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandly, defeated the English King Harold II at Hastings.

1215

Magna Carta or the Great Charter signed by King John II at Runnymede in England on June 15.

1280

Gunpowder invented by Roger Bacon.

1338

The Hundred Years War broke out; it lasted upto 1453.

1431

Joan of Arc, a brave French peasant girl, obtained victory over the English at Orleans. She was burnt alive at the stakes.

1443

The Black death i.e. plague broke out in England.

1453

The capture of Constantinople (the home of classical learning) by the Ottoman Turks compelled the Greek scholars to flee to Italy and other West European countire, where they spread the knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature. This was the beginning of Renaissance in Europe.

1486

Bartholomew Diaz rounded the cape of Good Hope.

1492

Columbus sailed on his first expendition to the West Indies which later led to the discovery of America (the New World).

1498

Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese, discovered the sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope.

1517

Beginning of reformation.

1529-36

Reformation in England under Henry VIII.

1564

Birth of Shakespeare.

1571

Battle of Lapanto; Turks defeated by the Christian League.

1577

Drake, the famous English Admiral; started his voyage round the world for the first time and phindered Spanish ships and ports in South America.

1588

Admiral Drake defeated the Spanish ‘Armada’; England became the ‘Mistress of the Seas’.

1600

Establishment of the British East India Company in India (31st December).

1605

Gunpowder plot in England to blow up the English parliament.

1616

Shakespeare passes away.

1649

Trial and execution of Charles I, beginning of Commonwealth.

1649-60

The Commonwealth and the Protectorate in England.

1660

Restoration of monarchy in England.

1665

The great plague in London.

1679

Habeas Corpus Act.

1688

The Glorious or Bloodless Revolution in England. Despotic rule of the Stuarts ended, and the Parliamentary rule began. Establishment of parliamentary supremacy and abolition of the Divine Rights of Kings.

1704

Battle of Blenheim; Marlborough and Eugene inflicted a crushing defeat on the French army.

1707

Union of England and Scotland.

1763

Treaty of Paris; It ended the Seven Years War (1756-63); weakened France, made England a great colonial power.

1776

Declaration of American Independence and formation of a Federal Republic of 13 states called the Union States of America (July 4).

1783

Treaty of Versailles; England recongnised the independence of the United States of America.

1789

George Washington elected First Prresident of USA. Beginning of French Revolution; Fall of the Bastille Fort (July 14).

1798

Battle of the Nile. The English under Nelson gained victory over the French.

1805

Battle of Trafalgar; Death of Nelson.

Battle of Austerliz – Napolean Bonaparte rounted a combined army of the Russians and the Austrians.

1815

Battle of Waterloo – Napolean was defeated and exiled to St. Helena.

Congress of Vienna, it aimed at rearranging the map of Europe; The Vienna settlement proved unsatisfactory, because it disregarded national claims.

1821

Death of Napolean at St. Helena (May 5).

1827

Battle of Navatino; the allied fleets of England, Russia and France destroyed the Turkish fleet; This victory practically secured the independence of Greece.

1833

Emanicipation Act of 1833; It abolished slavery in the British dominions.

1837

Accession of Queen Victoria to the throne of England.

1839

Introduction of Penny Postage system in England by Sir Rowland Hill; Aden annexed by England.

1854

The Crimean War began, Russia attacked Turkey; England and France came to the rescue of Turkey.

1861

American Civil War started, Abraham Lincon elected 16th President of USA.

1863

Slavery abolished in America.

1869

Suez Canal opened for traffic.

1885

General Gordon captured and slain at Khartoum.

1899

Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese war.

1905

Battle of the sea of Japan; Japan inflicted a crushing naval defeat on Russia; a wave of nationalism spread in Asia.

1911

Chinese Republican Revolution; Amundsen reached South Pole (December 14)

1914

Outbreak of World War-I (August 4)

1916

Battle of Jutland (Naval Battle). The British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellico defeated the German Fleet under Admiral Scheer.

1917

(March/February) Revolution in Russia; the Czar abdicated and later assassinated; reformist Mensheviks came into power (Prince Lvov, Kerensky).

(November/October) Revolution in Russia: Revolutionary Bolsheviks came into power (Lenin).

1918

End of World War-I (November, 11).

1919

The Paris Conference; the Treaty of Versailles.

1920

Foundation of the League of Nations (January, 10).

1921

The Irish Free State established with the status of a Dominion like Canada (December, 6).

1923

Turkish Republic proclaimed with Kemal Ataturk as its First President.

1924

Lenin died, and power passed into the hands of Stalin in Russia.

1925

Treaty of Locarno (between Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Belgium).

1928

Kellogg Pact (signed in Paris by the principal powers of the world for the prevention of war; it had no effect).

1933

Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.

1935

War between Italy and Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Italy annexed Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Plebiscite in Saar.

1939

Germany invaded Poland: Outbreak of World War II (September, 1).

1940

Fall of France after German invasion (June 5); Italy entered World War II (June 11).

1941

Hitler invades Russia (June 22): Framing of the Atlantic Charter (August 14); Japan attacked Pearl Harbour (Hawaii Islands) (December, 7); USA entered World War II (December, 8); China entered World War II (December, 10) Air raids by Japan on Rangoon (December, 22).

1942

Capture of Singapore by Japanese forces (February 15); Battle of Coral Sea, Japanese fleet suffered heavy losses at the hands of the American fleet (May 3); Battle of Stalingrad (September 19).

1943

Defeat of Germany at Stalingrad (February, 8); Invasion of Italy by the Allies, Armistice between Italy and the Allies (September 3).

1944

Allied forces landed in Normandy under the supreme command of General Ike (Eisenhower); (D-Day) (June 6); Liberation of Paris (August, 25).

1945

Execution of Mussollini (Apr., 22); Unconditional surrender of Germany to the Allies (May 7); USA dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan (August 6 and August 9); Unconditonal surrender of Japan (August 14); World War II ended (Aug. 14); Foundation of UNO (October, 24).