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AWARDS & HONOURS
Monday, 26 December 2011 12:45

INTERNATIONAL

NOBEL PRIZE

Backward of Nobel Foundation:

  • Alfred Bernhard Nobel: Nobel was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. Nobel, who invented dynamite, endowed a $9 million fund in his will. The interest on his endowment was to be used as awards for people whose work most benefited humanity. He wanted the profit from his invention to be used to reward human ingenuity. First awarded in 1901, the Nobel Prize, is still the most honoured in the world.

 

In 1842, Nobel’s family moved to St. Petesburg, Russia, where he obtained his education. He travelled widely as a young man, becoming fluent in five languages. Nobel was interested in literature and wrote novels, poetry and plays in his spare time. In the 1860s, he began experiments with nitroglycerin in his father’s factory. He tried many ways to stabilize this highly volatile material. Nobel discovered that a mix of nitroglycerin and fine porous powder called kieselguhr was most effective. He named this mixture as dynamite and received a patent in 1867.

 

Background and Establishment of the Nobel Foundation: Alfred Nobel died on December 10, 1896. The provisions of his will and their unusual purpose, as well as their partly incomplete form, attracted great attention and soon led to skepticism and criticism, also aimed at the testator due to his international spirit. Only after several years of negotiations and often rather bitter conflicts and after various obstacles had been circumvented or overcome, could the fundamental concepts presented in the will assume solid form with the establishment of the Nobel Foundation.

 

On June, 1900, after series of alterations, suggestions, modifications, the status of the newly created legatee, the Nobel Foundation, and special regulations for the Swedish Prize-Awarding Institutions were promulgated by the King in Council (Oscar II). The same year as the political union between Sweden and Norway was dissolved in 1905, special regulations were adopted on April 10, 1905, by the Nobel Committee of the Storting (known since January 1, 1977 as the Norwegian Nobel Committee), the awarder of the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

Premises: To create a worthy framework around the prizes, the board decided at an early stage that it would erect its own building in Stockholm, which would include a hall for the Prize Award Ceremony and banquet as well as its own administrative offices. Ferdinand Boberg was selected as the architect. He presented an ambitious proposal for a Nobel Palace, which generated extensive publicity but also led to doubts and questions. On December 19, 1918, a building at Sturegatan, 14 was bought for this purpose. After years of renovation there, the Foundation finally left its cramped premises at Norrlandsgatan, 6 in 1926, and moved to Sturegatan, 14, where the Foundation has been housed ever since.

 

Objectives of the Foundation: The Nobel Foundation is a private institution. It is entrusted with protecting the common interests of the Prize Awarding Institutions named in the will, as well as representing the Nobel institutions externally. This includes informational activities as well as arrangements related to the presentation of the Nobel Prizes. The Foundation is not, however, involved in the selection process and the final choice of the Laureates (as Nobel Prize winners are also called). In this work, the Prize-awarding Institutions are not only entirely independent of all government agencies and organizations, but also of the Nobel Foundation. Their autonomy is of crucial importance to the objectivity and quality of their prize decisions. One vital task of the Foundation is to manage its assets in such a way as to safeguard the financial base of the prizes themselves and of the prize selection process.

 

  • Year of Institution                   :           1901
  • Founder                                 :           Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1833-96)
  • Number of Awards                   :           Six

 

  1. Physics
  2. Chemistry
  3. Physiology or Medicine
  4. Literature
  5. Peace
  6. Economics (Established in 1967)

  • Date on which it is awarded    :           December 10

Anyone proposing himself for Nobel Prize is ruled out of consideration. The recommendations have to come from outside. The Nobel Prizes are presented annually, December 10, the death anniversary of the founder and the festival day of the Foundation. Originally it was awarded for works in five disciplines. The prize for Economics was instituted in 1967, by Sverigs Riksbank, Swedish Bank, in celebration of its 300th anniversary and was awarded for the first time in 1969, it is called Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics.

Nobel Foundation’s Prize Awarding Bodies

  1. i. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, awards the Nobel Prize in Physics and Chemistry.
  2. ii. The Nobel Assembly of Karolinska Chirugical Institute, Sweden, awards the Nobel Prize in Medicine and         Physiology.
  3. iii. The Swedish Academy awards the Prize in Literature.
  4. iv. The Committee of the Norwegian Parliament awards the Prize for Peace.
  5. v. The Bank of Sweden Awards the Nobel Prize in Economics.

Value of the Nobel Prize: The amount of each prize varies with the income from the fund. The value of Nobel Prize was 150,782 Swedish Crown in 1901. Now the value of Nobel Prize has increased to 10,000,000 Swedish Crown in 2004 as compared to 9,000,000 Swedish Crown in 2000. No Nobel Prize was awarded for 1940, 1941; Prizes for Literature were not awarded for 1914, 1918 and 1943.

Maximum Nobel Prize: US citizens have won outright as well as shared the maximum number of Nobel Prizes. Individually, the only person to have two Nobel Prizes: Dr. Linus Carl Pauling, Professor of Chemistry at California. He received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1954 and the Peace Prize in 1962.

First Couple to Receive the Nobel Prize: Madame Marie Curie shared the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics with her husband Pierre Curie, she later won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911.

Three Nobel Prizes: The International Committee of the Red Cross was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace three times: 1917, 1944 and 1963.

TWICE RECIPIENTS OF THE NOBEL PRIZE

Different Subjects

  • Madame Curie Sklodowska     Physics (1903)
  • Madame Curie Sklodowska     Chemistry (1911)
  • Linus Pauling                         Chemistry (1954)
  • Linus Pauling                                     Peace (1962)

Same Subjects

  • John Bardeen                         Physics (1965)
  • John Bardeen                         Physics (1972)
  • Frederic Sanger                      Chemistry (1958)
  • Frederic Sanger                      Chemistry (1980)

First Women to Receive the Nobel Prize: Madame Curie Sklodowska – Physics (1903).

First Indian to Receive the Nobel Prize: Rabindranath Tagore was awarded Prize for Literature in 1913, for his love lyrics ‘Gitanjali’.

First Indian Woman to Receive the Nobel Prize: Mother Teresa won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979.

INDIAN NOBEL LAUREATES

NAME

FIELD

YEAR

Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)

Literature (Gijanjali)

1913

Dr. C.V. Raman (1888-1970)

Physics (Raman Effect)

1930

Dr. Hargobind Khorana (b. 1922) (of Indian Descent)

Medicine (Genetic Code)

1968

Mother Teresa (1910-97)

Peace

1979

Dr. S. Chandrasekhar (1910-95)

Physics (Chandrasekhar Limit)

1983

Dr. Amartya Sen (b. 1933)

Economics (Welfare Economics)

1099

Sir V.S. Naipaul (b. 1932) (of Indian Descent)

Literature

2001

Venkataraman Ramakrishnan

Chemistry

2009

 

IG NOBEL PRIZES

Every Ig Nobel Prize winner has done something that first makes people laugh, then makes them think. The Igs are intended to celebrate the unusual, honor the imaginative and spur people’s interest in science, medicine, and technology.

PULITZER PRIZE

Instituted in 1970 and named after the US publisher Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911). It is conferred annually in the United States for accomplishment in journalism, literature and music under the management of the Pulitzer Prize Board at Columbia University. Each winner receives a gold medal as well as a cash award of $ 10,000 (raised in 2003 from $ 7,500).

RAMON MAGSAYSAY AWARD

Instituted in 1957 named after Ramon Magsaysay, President of the Philippines, who died in an air crash in 1957. He became world renowned figure in the 1950’s for his land reform programme to defuse communist insurgency. The award is given annually on August 31st, the birth anniversary of Magsaysay, for outstanding contributions to Public Service, Community Leadership, Journalism, Literature and Creative Arts and International Understanding. It is equivalent to the Nobel Prize in Asia. It may also be awarded to organizations / institutions and non-Asians working for the benefit of Asia. It carries a cash prize of $ 50,000.

THE RAMON MAGASAYSAY AWARDS

Indian Recipients: Mother Teresa (1962), Jockin Arputham (2000), L. Ramdas (2004).

For Literature, Journalism and Creative Communication Arts: Amitabh Chaudhary (1961), Satyajit Ray (967), B.G. Vergheese (1975), Shambu Mitra (1976), Gour Kishore Ghosh (1981), Arun Shourie (1982), R.K. Lakshman (1984), K.V. Subbanna (1991), Mahasweta Devi (1997), P. Sainath (2007).

For Community Leadership: Acharya Vinobha Bhave (1958), Dara N. Khurodi, Tribhuvan Das K., Patel and Vergheese Kurian (1963), Kamaladevi Chattopdhyaya (1966), M.S. Swaminathan (1971), L.R. Bhat (1977), Rajnikant S. Arole nd Mabelle R. Arole (1979), Panduranga Athavale (1996), Ms. Aruna Roy (2000), Rajendra Singh (2001), Ms. Shanta Sinha (2003), Prakash Amte and his wife Mandakani Amte (2008).

For Public Service: Jaya Prakash Narayan (1965), M.S. Subalakshmi (1974), Manibhai Desai (1982), Muralidhar Devidas Amte (1985), L.C. Jain (1989), M.S. Mehta (1997), V. Sharma (2005).

For Government Service: C.D. Deshmukh (1959), Kiran Bedi (1994), T.N. Seshan (1996), J.M. Lyngodh (2003).

For Emergent Leadership: Sandeep Pandey (2002), Arvind Kejriwal (2006).

MAN BOOKER PRIZE

Instituted in 1968, it is the highest literary award set up by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association along the lines of the Pulitzer Prize of USA, worth £ 20,000 (1992). The Booker Prize has only been shared in 1974 and 1992. Since 2002, it has been known as the ‘Man Booker Prize”, reflecting the sponsorship by an investment company, the Man Group plc. The winner receives £ 50,000 and both the winner and the shortlisted authors are guaranteed a world wide readership plus a dramatic increase in book sales.

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU AWARD FOR INTERNATIONAL UNDERSTANDING

Instituted in 1965, the Government of India in the memory of Jawaharlal Nehru. This award is given annually to persons for outstanding contributions to the promotion of international understanding, goodwill and friendship among the people of world. The award is administered by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations. The award carries a trophy, citation and a purse of Rs. 25 Lakhs.

TEMPLETON AWARD

Instituted in 1972. This award is conferred by the Templeton Foundation for progress in religion. It was inaugurated in 1972 by John M. Templeton, a persbyterian of Nassau Bahamas. The prize is a sum in amount of 795,000 Sterling, more than $ 1.4 million, and it is the world’s largest annual monetary prize given to an individual.

RIGHT LIVELIHOOD AWARD

Instituted in 1980, by Jakob Von Uexkull, a Swedish-German writer and philatelic expert after selling his stamp collection. This award is known as the ‘Alternative Nobel Prize’. The pro-ecology Right Livelihood Society, based in Britain’s Isle of Man, but with a staff in Stockholm, awards this prize annually for practical and exemplary solutions to real problems of today. Earlier, India received this coveted award in 1987 for the ‘Chipko’ movement. The prize amounts to $ 270,000 USD.

UNESCO INTERNATIONAL LITERACY PRIZE

One of UNESCO’s main missions is to recognize education as a human right. The organization has placed special emphasis on the education of women, because they comprise two-thirds of the world’s 885 million adults with low or no literacy skills. Girls make up the majority of more than 130 million children without access to primary schooling.

Each year, UNESCO offers International Literacy Prizes and King Sejong Literacy Prizes given to institutions, organizations or individuals having distinguished themselves by making a particularly meritorious and effective contribution to the struggle against adult non-literacy, notably among women and girls.

Each award includes prize money of $ 15,000 USD. The prize giving ceremony takes place each year during a special ceremony on International Literacy Day, September 8.

UNESCO’s ASIA-PACIFIC HERITAGE AWARD

UNESCO’s Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation recognize the efforts and contributions of individuals and organizations within the private sector, including private-public partnerships, who have successfully restored and conserved structures and buildings of heritage value in the Asia-Pacific region.

FAO’s CERES MEDAL

The FAO awards the Ceres Medal, named after the Roman goddess of agriculture, the distinguished women who have fought against poverty. Previous recipients from South Asia include the late Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, the late Mother Teresa and the former Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina.

OSCAR AWARD

The annual Oscar presentation has been held since 1929. After three quarters of a century of recognizing excellence in cinema achievement, the annual presentation of the Oscar has become the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences’ most famous activity. The Academy Award’s Presentation is also the activity that enables the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to maintain its varied year round calendar of programs and events and a wide-ranging educational and cultural agenda.

All voting for Academy Awards is conducted by secret ballot and tabulated by the international auditing firm of Pricewaterhouse Cooper. Secrecy is maintained by the auditors the results of balloting are not revealed until the now-famous envelops are opened on stage during the live television program. Because the Academy numbers among its members the ablest artists and craftsmen in the motion picture world, the Oscar represents the best achievements of the year in the opinion of those who themselves reside at the top of their craft.

KALINGA AWARD

The award given for popularization of science is an international award, conferred annually by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to a person with a distinguished career of service in the interpretation of science and research to the public. The award was instituted in 1952 at the initiative of Mr. Biju Patnaik, the founder of the Kalinga Foundation Trust in Orissa.

The winner of Kalinga prize receives the sum of £ 10,000 and a UNESCO Albert Einstein Silver Medal. The recipient is also awarded the Ruchi Ram Sahni chair, introduced by Government of India in 2001 to mark the 50th anniversary of Kalinga Prize.  The winner travels to India for a period of two to four weeks as guest of Government of India and the Chair comprises a token honorarium of $ 2,000. The prize is awarded in October or November in Paris, France, in odd years, (2003, 2005), etc. and in New Delhi in every year.

UNITED NATIONS POPULATION AWARD

This award is given annually to individuals and institutions for their outstanding work in the field of population and in the improvement of health and welfare of individuals. Each winner carries a certificate, gold medal and monetary prize of $ 12,5000. The citation is the only regular UN award of its kind. The committee is made up of United Nations Member States, with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) as its secretariat. Each winner will receive a certificate, a gold medal and an equal share of a monetary prize.

THE DAVID COHEN BRITISH LITERATURE PRIZE IN ENGLISH LITERATURE

In 1993, the Cohen Prize is administered by the Arts Council. It is unusual in that the general public is invited to nominate prize winners. Its value of £ 40,000 makes it most lucrative British Literary prizes and of that sum, £ 30,000 is for the winner to keep and £ 12,500 to permit the writer to use in encouraging young writers and readers. It is awarded every year. The funds are provided by the David Cohen Family Charitable Trust and the Art Council. V.S. Naipual was the winner of the first award in 1993.

COMMON WEALTH WRITERS’ PRIZE

Since 1987 the Commonwealth Writers Prize has been awarded by the Commonwealth Foundation to “reward and encourage the upsurge of new Commonwealth fiction, and to ensure that works of merit reach a wider audience outside their own country.” Determinedly cosmopolitan, it holds each final judging and award ceremony in a different one of the 53 Commonwealth countries. Its shortlisting procedure is designed to ensure this cosmopolitanism. For the purposes of the award the Commonwealth is divided into four regions: Africa, the Caribbean and Canada, Eurasia (which includes the United Kingdom), and Southeast Asia and the South Pacific. In each region, a best book and a best first book are chosen: these comprise the overall shortlist. The regional winners each receive a prize of £ 1000; the winner of the book of the year receives £ 10,000, and the winner of the best first book receives £ 5,000.

THE ORANGE PRIZE FOR FICTION

Announced in 1994 and first awarded in 1996, the Orange Prize is unique in being limited to women authors. This restriction was a response to the announced “dissatisfaction of senior women in the book world – publishers, agents, literary editors, booksellers, journalists and writers; with the neglect of women writers shown by the major fiction prizes.” Though only women are eligible, they can be women of any nationality so long as the novel is in English and has been published in the United Kingdom. A distinguished panel of judges makes the award which, at £ 30,000 is one of the most lucrative British literacy prizes. Helen Dunmore was the recipient of the first award in 1996 for her book ‘A Spell of Winter.’

COSTA BOOK AWARDS:

They were known as the Whitbread Book awards till 2006, founded in 1971 and sponsored by Whitbread Breweries and administered by the Booksellers Association of Great Britain and Ireland, the Whitbread Prize is usually considered second only to the Booker in esteem, and by some a more important award. There are actually five Whitbread genre prizes each year, best novel, best first novel, best biography, best book of poems, and best children’s book – from which one is chosen as Whitbread book of the year. Authors who have lived in Great Britain or Ireland for over three years are eligible. Category winners receive £ 5000; the overall winner, for the Whitbread Book of the Year, receives an additional £ 25,000, one of the richest of all literary awards.

SYDNEY PEACE PRIZES

The Sydney Peace Prize is the only International Peace Prize awarded in Australia. This prize has global significance in terms of support and recognition given to leaders for peace.

GOLDMAN ENVIRONMENTAL PRIZE

The Goldman Environmental Prize is the world’s largest prize program, honouring grass roots environmentalists and is known as the Nobel Prize for environment. Awards are given to activists in six regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Island Nation, North America and South/Central America; and each recipient receives US $ 150,000 (2008).

INTERNATIONAL SIMON BOLIVAR PRIZE

The purpose of the International Simon Bolivar Prize is stated in its statues as being to reward activity of outstanding merit, which in accordance with the ideals of Simon Bolivar, has contributed to the freedom, independence and dignity of people. The prize is awarded by UNESCO, and the prize sum is USD $ 25,000 (2008).

UNESCO EISENSTEIN MEDAL

The medal, bearing the likeness and signature of world cinema giant Sergei Eisenstein is awarded to deserving individuals from the world of cinematography for their contribution a dialogue among peoples according to UNESCO.

The number of medals to be awarded has been limited to 25 under the terms of an agreement on the initiative between UNESCO, the Russian film company MOSFILM and the Russian VIVAT Foundation for music and the literature.

GOETHE MEDAL

Once a year, on 22 March, the anniversary of the death of the Goethe, the Goethe Institute awards the Goethe Medal, an official decoration of the Federal Republic Germany. This medal honours those foreign personalities who have done great services for the aims of the organization.

FREDERICK JACKSON TURNER AWARD

The Frederick Jackson Turner Award, first given in 1959 as the Prize Studies Award of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association, has been given each year by the Organization of American Historians for an author’s first book on some significant phase of American history and also to the press that submits and publishes it. Winning author receives $ 1,000.

WORLD FOOD PRIZE

The Prize recognizes contributions in any field involved in the world food, supply-food and agriculture science and technology, manufacturing, marketing, nutrition, economics, poverty alleviation, political leadership and the social sciences. The prize was created in 1986 by Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Norman Borland and since 1990 has been sponsored by business man and philanthropist John Ruan, The winner receives US $ 2,50,000.

GRAMMY AWARDS

The GRAMMY Foundation was established in 1989 to cultivate an awareness, appreciation and advancement of the contribution of recorded music. American culture from the artistic and technical legends of the past to the still unimagined musical breakthroughs of the future generations of the music professionals. The GRAMMY Foundation works in partnership with its founder, the Recording Academy, to bring national attention to important issues such as the value and impact of music and arts education and the urgency of preserving rich cultural legacy.

 

NATIONAL

BHARAT RATNA

Bharat Ratna is the highest national award given for exceptional work for advancement of art, literature and science or in recognition of public service of the highest order.

RECEIPIENTS OF BHARAT RATNA

RECEIPIENTS OF BHARAT RATNA

YEAR

C. Rajagopalachari (1878-1972)

1954

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888-1975)

1954

Dr. C.V. Raman (1888-1970)

1954

Dr. Bhagwan Das (1869-1958)

1955

Dr. M. Visvesvaraya (1861-1962)

1955

Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)

1955

Govind Ballabh Pant (1887-1961)

1957

Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve (1858-1962)

1958

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (1882-1962)

1961

Purshottam Das Tandon (1882-1962)

1961

Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963)

1962

Dr. Zakir Hussain (1897-1969)

1963

Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880-1972)

1963

Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966) (Posthumous)

1966

Indira Gandhi (1917-1984)

1971

Varahagiri Venkatagiri (1884-1980)

1975

Kumaraswami Kamraj (1903-1975) (Posthumous)

1976

Mother Teresa (1910-1997)

1980

Acharya Vinobha Bhave (1895-1982)

1983

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890-1988)

1987

Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (1917-1987) (Posthumous)

1988

Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (1891-1956) (Posthumous)

1990

Dr. Nelson Rolihlaha Mandela (1918)

1990

Rajeev Gandhi (1944-1991) (Posthumous)

1991

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950)

1991

Morarji Ranchhodji Desai (1869-1995)

1991

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958) (Posthumous)

1992

Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai (J.R.D.) Tata (1904-1993)

1992

Satyajit Ray (1922-1992)

1992

Aruna Asaf Ali (1909-1996) (Posthumous)

1997

Gulzari Lal Nanda (1898-1997) (Posthumous)

1997

Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (1931)

1997

Madurai Shanmukhavadivu (m.s.) Subbalakshmi (1916)

1998

Chidambaram Subramaniam (1910-2000)

1998

Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979) (Posthumous)

1999

Professor Amartya Sen (1933)

1999

Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (1890-1950) (Posthumous)

1999

Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920)

1999

Late Mangeshkar (1929)

2001

Ustad Bissmillah Khan (1916-2006)

2001

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi

2008

 

FEATURE: The decoration is the form of a Peepal leaf, 2 inch long, 1-1/8 inch in width and ½ inch thick, toned in bronze. On the obverse side is embossed a replica of the sun, below which the words ‘Bharat Ratna’ are embossed in Hindi. On the reverse are the State Emblem and a motto in Hindi. The emblem, the sun and rim are made of platinum.

DISCONTINUATION OF THE AWARD: The award was discontinued by the Janta Government (Prime Minister Morarji Desai on July 13, 1977, and those who received the award in the past were informed that they would not be allowed to use it as a title).

REVIVAL OF THE AWARD: In January 1980 Prime Minister Indira Gandhi decided to revive this award. After the revival, Mother Teresa was the first recipient.

PADMA AWARDS

Padma Awards fall next in line after the Bharat Ratna as national awards. They were also discontinued in 1977 along with the Bharat Ratna and revived again in 1980. There are three Padma awards, viz,

(i)      Padma Vibhushan is the second highest national award, given for exceptional and distinguished service in any      field including services rendered by government employees.

(ii)      Padma Bhushan is the third highest national award given for distinguished service in any field.

(iii)     Padma Shri is the fourth highest award given for distinguished service in any field.

GALLANTRY AWARDS

PARAM VIR CHAKRA: The Param Vir Chakra is the highest decoration of valour awarded for most conspicuous bravery, or some act of valour (in self-sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of bronze.

WINNERS OF PARAM VIR CHAKRA

 

1.

Major Somnath Sharma (Posthumous)

Kumaon Regiment

November 1947

(Kashmir Operations 1947-48)

2.

2nd Lt. R.R. Rane,

Corps of Engineers

April 1948

(Kashmir Operations 1947-48)

3.

Company Havaildar Major Piru Singh (Posthumous)

Rajputana Rifles

July 1948

(Kashmir Operations 1947-48)

4.

L/NK Karam Singh

Sikh Regiment

October 1948

(Kashmir Operations 1947-48)

5.

Naik Jadunath Singh, (Posthumous)

Rajput Regiment

December 1961

(Congo)

6.

Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria, (Posthumous)

3rd Battalion, 1st Gorkha Rifles

Feb. 1948

(Naushera Kashmir)

7.

Major Dhan Singh Thapa,

Gorkha Rifles

October 1962

(Ladakh)

8.

Subedar Joginder Singh, (Posthumous)

Sikh Regiment

October 1962

(NEFA)

9.

Major Shaitan Singh, (Posthumous)

Kumaon Regiment

November 1962

(Laddakh)

10.

CQMH Abdul Hamid, Grenadiers (Posthumous)

September 1965

(Operation against Pakistan)

11.

Lt. L & A.B. Tarapore, (Posthumous)

Poona Horse

September 1965

(Operation against Pakistan)

12.

Flg. Officer Nirmal Jit Singh (Posthumous)

Sekhon, Flg. Pilot

December 1971

(Indo-Pakistan conflict)

13.

Major Hoshiar Singh,

Grenadiers

December 1971

(Indo-Pakistan conflict)

14.

2nd Lt. Arun Khetrapal, (Posthumous)

17 Poona Horse

December 1971

(Indo-Pakistan conflict)

15.

Link Albert EKKA, (Posthumous)

Brigade of guards

December 1971

(Indo-Pakistan conflict)

16.

Naib Subedar Bana Singh,

J & K Light Infantry

June 1987

(Operations in Siachen Glacier)

17.

Major Ramaswamy Parmeswaran, (Posthumous)

Mahar Regiment

November 1987

(IPKF Operations in Sri Lanka)

18.

Capt. Vikram Batra, (Posthumous)

13 JAK Rifles

June 1999

(Operation Vijay in Kargil)

19.

Rifleman Sanjay Kumar

13 JAK Rifles

June 1999

(Operation Vijay in Kargil)

20.

Gdr. Yogender Singh Yadav,

18 GDRS

June 1999

(Operation Vijay in Kargil)

21.

Lt. Manoj Kumar Pandey, (Posthumous)

1st Battalion,

11th Gorkha Rifles

July 3, 1999

(Khaluber / Juber top. Kargil)

 

MAHAVIR CHAKRA: Mahavir Chakra is the second highest gallantry award for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.

VIR CHAKRA: Vir Chakra is awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.

ASHOK CHAKRA: It is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some act of daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice in the face of the enemy. The medal is made of gold gilt.

KIRTI CHAKRA: It is awarded for conspicuous gallantry, otherwise than in the face of the enemy. The medal is made of standard silver.

JAMNA LAL BAJAJ AWARDS

In 1976, the Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation was established for promoting Gandhian constructive programmes and assisting constructive workers who devoted themselves to the national cause. The foundation has instituted four annual awards, each carrying a cash prize of Rs. 5,00,000 or its equivalent in foreign currency, a citation and a trophy. The awards are intended to recognize outstanding contribution in:

 

  • Constructive work
  • Application of science and technology for rural development
  • Upliftment and welfare of women and children and/or Gandhian constructive work by women workers
  • Promotion of Gandhian values outside India by individuals other than Indian citizens.

On the occasion of the Jamnalal Bajaj Birth Centenary, the foundation conferred on Dr. Nelson Mandela, a Special Award of Rs. 5,00,000, a citation and a specially sculptured trophy. It was presented on 18 October 1990, at a special function held in Raj Bhavan, Calcutta, by the Governor of West Bengal and in the presence of Shri Jyoti Basu, Chief Minister of West Bengal.

The foundation has undertaken several rural development programmes in the Wardha district, Maharashtra, Kheri district and Shikohabad near Ferozabad in Uttar Pradesh. It also extends financial assistance to institutions and individuals engaged in social and welfare programme.

DADA SAHEB PHALKE AWARD

Instituted in 1970, the Dada Saheb Phalke Award is awarded by the Government of India for outstanding contribution to the cause of cinema. The award is named after Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, the father of Indian cinema, who made India’s first feature film Raja Harishchandra in 1913.

The award comprises a Swarna Kamal, a cash prize of Rs. 1,00,000 and a shawl.

The award was first given to Devika Rani in 1969, who became the first lady recipient of the award.

Prithviraj Kapoor was the first to be honoured posthumously with the Dada Saheb Phalke Award.

LIST OF DADA SAHEB PHALKE AWARDEES

YEAR

WINNER

OCCUPATION

STATE

1969

Devika Rani

Actress

Andhra Pradesh

1970

B.N. Sircar

Producer

West Bengal

1971

Prithviraj Kapoor

Actor (Posthumous)

Punjab

1972

Pankaj Mullick

Composer (Music Director)

West Bengal

1973

Ruby Myers (Sulochana)

Actress

Maharashtra

1974

B.N. Reddy

Director

Andhra Pradesh

1975

Dhirendranath Ganguly

Actor, Director

West Bengal

1976

Kanan Devi

Actress

West Bengal

1977

Nitin Bose

Cinematographer, Director, Writer

West Bengal, Maharashtra

1978

Rai Chand Boral

Composer, Director

West Bengal

1979

Sohrab Modi

Actor, Director, Producer

Maharashtra

1980

P. Jairaj

Actor, Director

1981

Naushad Ali

Composer (Music Director)

1982

L.V. Prasad

Actor, Director, Producer

Andhra Pradesh

1983

Durga Khote

Actress

Maharashtra

1984

Satyajit Ray

Director

West Bengal

1985

V. Shantaram

Actor, Director, Producer

Maharashtra

1986

B. Nagi Reddy

Producer

Andhra Pradesh

1987

Raj Kapoor

Actor, Director

1988

Ashok Kumar

Actor

West Bengal, Maharashtra

1989

Late Mangeshkar

Singer

Maharashtra

1990

A. Nageswara Rao

Actor

Andhra Pradesh

1991

Bhalji Pendharkar

Director, Producer, Writer

Maharashtra

1992

Bhupen Hazarika

Composer (Music Director)

Assam

1993

Majrooh Sultanpuri

Lyricist

1994

Dilip Kumar

Actor

1995

Dr. Rajkumar

Actor

Karnataka

1996

Sivaji Ganesan

Actor

Tamil Nadu

1997

Pradeep

Lyricist

1998

B.R. Chopra

Director, Producer

1999

Hrishikesh Mukherjee

Director

West Bengal, Maharashtra

2000

Asha Bhosle

Singer

Maharashtra

2001

Yash Chopra

Director, Producer

Punjab

2002

Dev Anand

Actor, Director, Producer

Punjab

2003

Mrinal Sen

Director

West Bengal

2004

Adoor Gopalakrishnan

Director

Kerala

2005

Shyam Benegal

Director

Andhra Pradesh

2006

Tapan Sinha

Director

Kolkata

2007

Manna Dey

Singer

Kolkata

2008

Y.K. Murthu

Cinematographer

2009

D. Ramanaidu

Actor, Producer

GOLDEN PEACOCK AWARDS

These awards have been instituted by the Institute of Directors in 1991 have given boost to Indian Industry. One can fairly assert that India’s manufacturing success today is to a great measure due to the learning experience provided by the self assessment model on which the Golden Peacock Award is based. The Golden Peacock Awards are now considered as the holy grail of corporate excellence and its guidelines provide a checklist for improvement and self-assessment in areas of quality, innovation, training, governance, environment management and corporate social responsibility.

All institutions whether public, private, non-profit, government, business, manufacturing and service sector are eligible to apply. Leadership Awards are determined through nomination. They provide not only worldwide recognition and prestige but also a competitive advantage in driving business in this tumultuous world under Golden Peacock-award models. The awards are bestowed annually and are designed to encourage total improvement in each sector of business.

RAJIV GANDHI KHEL RATNA AWARD

It was launched in the year 1991-92 with the objective of honouring sports persons to enhance their dignity and place of honour in society. Under this, an amount of Rs. 5 lakhs is given as award for the most spectacular and outstanding performance in the field of sports by an individual sports person or a team.

ARJUNA AWARD

Field

:

Sports

Instituted in

:

1961

Cash Value

:

Rs. 3 Lakh

 

This award is given to a sportsman who has displayed outstanding performance for three years (prior to the year of award) both at national and international levels.

 

DRONACHARYA AWARD

Field

:

Sports (for coaches)

Instituted in

:

1985

Cash Value

:

Rs. 3 Lakh

 

The award was named after Dronacharya – the legendary guru of the epic age of Mahabharat, who taught archery and sports to Kauravas and Pandavas.

The award comprises of a cheque, a plaque, a blazer and a citation. Up to 1986, the cash value of the award was Rs. 25,000/-.

DHYAN CHAND AWARD

The objective of Dhyan Chand Award is to honour those sports persons who have contributed to sports by their performance and continue to contribute in promotion of sports even after retirement from their active sporting career. This award carries an amount of Rs. 5 Lakhs.

MAULANA KALAM AZAD TROPHY

This Trophy is awarded annually to the University which has given the best and all round performance in sports activities during the year of award. The winner receives a replica of the Trophy and cash award of Rs. 2 lakhs, which is to be utilized for acquiring sports equipments.

TENZING NORGAY NATIONAL ADVENTURE AWARD

These awards are given to recognize the contribution and performance in the field of adventure sports in air, water and on land. One award is given for lifetime achievement in the field of adventure sports. This is the first time that these awards are being conferred by the President of India. These awards have now been equated with the Arjuna awards in all respects. The award carries cash prize of Rs. 3 lakhs.

SAHITYA AKADEMI AWARD

It is awarded for outstanding literacy works and comprises a cash prize of Rs. 50,000 in each of the 22 languages that it supports, and a copper plaque.

SHANTI SWAROOP BHATNAGAR PRIZES

The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (SSB) Prizes are awarded annually by the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) to outstanding Indian research workers in seven disciplines of Science and Technology. The SSB Prizes are awarded to scientists for their outstanding scientific contributions made primarily in India during last 5 years preceding the year of the award are eligible for the prize. The SSB Prize comprising a citation, a plaque and a cash award of Rs. 2 lakh is given to each selected person.

SHAHEED NIYOGI MEMORIAL AWARD FOR JOURNALISM

The award was instituted in 1998 to recognize the contribution of Journalism in upholding the legacy of Shanker Guja Niyogi, the firebrand trade union leader and social activist from Chhattisgarh, who was murdered on September 28, 1991 by the industrial mafia.

CSIR YOUNG SCIENTISTS AWARD

These awards are given for outstanding contributions made by young CSIR scientists based on, work done primarily in India. It carries a grant of Rs. 10 lakh spread over five years, for pursuing a research project independently.

SARASWATI SAMMAN

The award is given by K.K. Birla Foundation to an outstanding author for their literary work in any Indian language mentioned in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution and published during the last 10 years. The award carries a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakh.

CHAMELI DEVI AWARD

Endowed by Ms. Laxmi Jain in the memory of her mother, Chameli Devi Jain, the award goes to a woman journalist on the basis of excellence in terms of writing style, content as well as social concerns.

BORLAUG AWARD

It is also known as Nobel Prize for Food and Agriculture. The Borlaug award has been instituted by the Coromandal Fertilizer to honour Dr. Norman Borlaug, who brought about the Green Revolution in India. This award is presented for outstanding contributions in the field of agriculture.

PRIME MINITER’S SHRAM AWARD

The objectives of the Prime Minister’s Shram Award is to recognize the outstanding contribution made by workmen as defined in the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947, in organizations both in public and private sector and who have distinguished record of performance, devotion to duty of a high order, specific contribution in the field of productivity, proven innovative abilities, presence of mind and exceptional courage and also to the workmen, who have made supreme sacrifice of laying down their lives in the conscientious discharge of their duties.

JNANPITH AWARD

Field

:

Literature

Instituted in

:

1965

Cash Value

:

INR11 lakh, a citation plaque and a bronze replica of Saraswati, the Indian goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts

Awarded to outstanding authors of creative literature in any of the Indian languages recognized by the Constitution of India. It was sponsored by the Bharatiya Jnanpith a culture-literary society, founded in 1944 by Shanti Prasad Jain, an eminent industrialist.

First recipient                :          G. Sankara Kurup (Kerala)

First women recipient     :          Ashapoorna Devi (Calcutta)

The earlier winners of Jnanpith Award created by Shanti Prasad Jain and Rama Jain in 1963 for promoting outstanding literary works in regional languages, include Mahadevi Verma,Firaq Gorakhpuri, Girish Karnad, Amrita Pritam, U.R. Ananthamurthy and Quarratulain Hyder. So for there have been 39 recipients of this award.

LIST OF JNANPITH AWARDEES

YEAR

NAME

WORKS

LANGUAGE

1965

G. Sankara Kurup

Odakkuzhal (flute)

Malayalam

1966

Tarashankar Bandopadhyaya

Ganadevta

Bengali

1967

Dr. K.V. Puttappa

Sri Ramayana Darshanam (Glimpses of Ramayana)

Kannada

1967

Umashankar Joshi

Nishitha

Gujarati

1968

Sumitranandan Pant

Chidambara

Hindi

1969

Firaq Gorakhpuri

Gul-e-Naghma

Urdu

1970

Viswanatha Satyanarayana

Ramayana Kalpavrikshamu (A resourceful tree: Ramayana)

Telugu

1971

Bishnu Dey

Smriti Satta Bhavishyat

Bengali

1972

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Urvashi

Hindi

1973

Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre

Nakutanti (Four Strings)

Kannada

1973

Gopinath Mohanty

Mattimatal

Oriya

1974

Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar

Yayati

Marathi

1975

P.V. Akilandam

Chittrappavai

Tamil

1976

Asha Purna Devi

Pratham Pratisruti

Bengali

1977

K. Shivaram Karanth

Mookjjiya Kanasugalu (Mookajji’s dreams)

Kannada

1978

Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan

Kitni Navan Men Kitni Bar (How many times in many boats?)

Hindi

1979

Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya

Mrityunjay (Immortal)

Assamese

1980

S.K. Pottekkatt

Oru Desattinta Katha (Story of a land)

Malayalam

1981

Amrita Pritam

Kagaj te Canvas

Punjabi

1982

Mahadevi Verma

Yama

Hindi

1983

Maasti Venkatesh Ayengar

Chikkaveera Rajendra (Life and Struggle of Kodava King Chikkaveera Rajendra)

Kannada

1984

Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai

Malayalam

1985

Pannalal Patel

Gujarati

1986

Sachinanda Rout Roy

 

Oriya

1987

Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar

(Kusumagraj) (“Natsamrat”)

Marathi

1988

Dr. C. Narayana Reddy

 

Tulugu

1989

Quarratulain Hyder

 

Urdu

1990

V.K. Gokak

Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi

Kannada

1991

Subhash Mukhopadhyay

Bengali

1992

Naresh Mehta

Hindi

1993

Sitakant Mahaptra

 

Oriya

1994

U.R. Ananthamurthy

 

Kannada

1995

M.T. Vasudevan Nair

 

Malayalam

1996

Mahasweta Devi

 

Bengali

1997

Ali Sardar Jafri

 

Urdu

1998

Girish Karnad

Tuglaq

Kannada

1999

Nirmal Verma

Hindi

1999

Gurdial Singh

Punjabi

2000

Indira Goswami

 

Assamese

2001

Rajendra Keshavlal Shah

Gujarati

2002

D. Jayakanthan

Tamil

2003

Vinda Karandikar

Subuk Soda, Kalami Rahi and Siyah Rode Jaren Man

Marathi

2004

Rahman Rahi

Literary work in Kashmiri language

Kahmiri

2005

Kunwar Narain

For his contribution to Hindi literature

Hindi

2006

Satyavrat Shastri

For his contribution to Sanskrit literature

Sanskrit

2006

Ravindra Kelekar

For his contribution to Konkani literature

Konkani

Last Updated on Saturday, 14 December 2013 06:07