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Monday, 23 April 2012 05:23



Rashtriya Indian Military College

Dehradun, 13, March, 1922

National Defence Academy


Indian Military Academy

Dehradun, 1932

Officers Training Academy


Defence Services Staff College


College of Defence Management

Secunderabad June 1970

Initially it was Institute of Defence Management. Renamed in 1980. Offers training of officers from paramilitary, Ministry of Defence, R&D organization and friendly foreign countries.

College of Military Engineering


(Pioneer technical institution affiliated to JNU for award of B. Tech / M. Tech degrees).

National Defence College

27 April 1960

(Only Institution in the country that imparts knowledge on all aspects of national security and strategy).

The Supreme Command of the Armed Forces vests in the President. The responsibility for national defence rests with the Cabinet.

The objective of the Defence Ministry is to provide directions on issues related to defence and national security and for implementation of policies to the respective Organizations.

Headquarter Integrated Defence Staff (HQIDs) was created on October 1, 2001 based on the recommendation of the Group of Minister, which was set up in 2000 Post Kargil review the Nations higher defence management.

The Inter-Service Organization, under the department of defence are responsible for carrying out tasks related to common needs of the three services such as medical care, PR and personal Management of Civilian Staff.


The Army Headquarters functions under Chief of Army Staffs (COAS). Main Weapon Systems of the Army are BrahMos Weaon System. Smerch Multi Rocket Launcher System (MLRS) and Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher System (MBRLS).

Recruitment of Commissioned Officers in Armed Forces through UPSC. UPSC conducts two All India Competitive Examinations:

1. National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA): Twice a year for entry to NDA and NA. (eligibility 10+2 qualified).

2. Combined Defence Service Examination (CDSE): Twice a year. University graduates or those in final year of graduation are eligible. Successful candidates join the Indian Military Academy / Air Force Academy / Naval Academy for Permanent Commission and Officers Training Academy (OTA) for Short Service Commission.

Besides the UPSC conducted exams, requirement are also made through the following Non-UPSC entries:

1. University Entry Scheme (UES): Final / Pre-Final year engineering degree course students in the notified engineering disciplines are eligible for Permanent Commission in the Technical Arms of the Army.

2. Technical Graduates Course (TGC): Engineering graduates from notified disciplines of engineering / post graduates with minimum second division aggregate marks (for Army Education Corps only), are eligible for Permanent Commission. After the SSB and the Medical Board, the selected candidates are required to undergo one year pre-commission training at the IMA, Dehradun, before being commissioned.

3. Short Service Commission (Technical) Entry: Eligible technical graduates / post graduates for requirement in Technical Arms. After SSB and Medical Board, the selected candidates are required to undergo approximately 49 weeks pre-commission training at OTA, Chennai.

4. 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme (TES): Requires candidates who have qualified 10+2 CBSE/ICSE/State Board Examination with minimum aggregate of 70% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

5. Women’s Special Entry Scheme Officers (WSES-O): Eligible women candidates are offered Short Service Commission in five streams, viz. Non-Technical, Technical. NCC (Special), Judge Advocate General and Post Graduate / Specialist, for a period of ten years, extendable by further four years purely on voluntary basis.

6. NCC (Special Entry Scheme): University graduates possessing NCC ‘C’ Certificate with minimum ‘B’ grade and 50% aggregate marks in graduation examination are eligible for Short Service Commission. Such cadets are exempted from written examination and are directly put through the SSB interview followed by a Medical Board.

7. Judge Advocate General Entry: Law graduates with minimum 55% aggregate marks in LLB, age between 21 to 27 years, can apply for Judge Advocate General Branch. Eligible candidates are called for direct SSB interview and thereafter for medical test. It is a Short Service Commission Entry wherein suitable candidates can opt for   Permanent Commission.

Recruitment of Personnel Below Officers Rank (PBOR): In the Army, there are eleven Zonal Recruiting Offices, two Gorkha Recruiting Depots, one Independent Recruiting Office and 59 Army Recruiting Offices in addition to 47 Regimental Centres which carry out recruitment through rallies in their respective areas of jurisdiction.


The Naval Headquarters functions under the Chief of Main equipments of the Navy are UH3H utility helicopters, beyond visible range Derby missile, INS Kesari (April, 08), Two water jet fast attack crafts-chetal and car nicobar (Feb., 09).

The indigenous Aircraft carrier is also under construction at CSL, Kochi,

Intensive Flying Training Unit (IFTU) for UH3H helicopters has been established on 23 March, 09 as Indian Naval Air Squadron (INAS) 350.

Recruitment in Indian Navy

Besides UPSC Recruitment as mentioned above selection in navy is made through Service Selection Board for the following Branches / Cadres:

1. Recruitment through NCC: University Graduates holding NCC ‘C’ Certificates with minimum ‘B’ grading are eligible and short listed candidates are then sent for SSB interviews.

2. Executive Branch: Short Service Commission for Air Traffic Control / Law / Logistic / Naval Armament Inspectorate (NAI) / Hydro cadres / Aviation / Observer and Permanent Commission for Law / NAI Cadres.

3. Engineering Branch: (Including Naval Architects): Short Service Commission through University Entry Scheme (UES), Special Naval Architects Entry Scheme (SNAES) Short Service Commission (E) Scheme and Permanent Commission through 10+2 (Tech) Scheme.

4. Electrical Branch: Short Service Commission through University Entry Scheme, SSC (L) Schemes and Permanent Commission through 10+2 (Tech) Scheme.

5. Education Cadre: Permanent Commission and Short Service Commission Schemes.

6. 10+2 (Tech) Scheme: For Permanent Commission entry in the Engineering and Electrical branches of the Indian Navy. Candidates with 10+2 (PCM) qualification, after selection through the Services Selection Board, are sent to the Naval Academy for the Naval Orientation Course. Thereafter, they undergo a four-year Engineering course at INS Shivaji / Valsura.

7. University Entry Scheme (UES): Under UES Final and Pre-Final year Engineering students are eligible for induction into the technical Branches / Cadres of the Navy. Naval selection teams from the IHQ of MoD (Navy) and Command Headquarters visit AICTE approved engineering colleges, across the country, to shortlist the  candidates. The short listed candidates, based on All India Merit, are called for interview at the Services Selection Board.

8. Women Officers: Women are being inducted into the Navy, as Short Service Commission (SSC) officers in the Executive (ATC, Law & Logistic Cadres), Indian Navy has also introduced SSC (Observer) entry scheme for women also w.e.f. July, 2008.

9. Permanent Commission to SSC Officers (Men and Women): Permanent Commission would be granted to SSC officers of Education, X/Law and E/Naval Constructor Cadres for batches being inducted with effect from    January, 2009 onwards.

Recruitment of Sailors: Recruitment of sailors in the Navy is carried out after the process of a written examination, physical fitness test and medical examination.


  • The Air Force Headquarters functions under the chief of air force staff Main equipments are Su-30MKI aircraft, 20 Hawk AJT aircraft, Mirage-2000 and Jaguar aircrafts and Mi-17 helicopters DO-228 aircraft AN-32 aircraft, MIG- 29, etc. Procurement contract of C-130-30 aircraft for special operations from US Government has been signed.

  • To enhance electronic surveillance ground based radars are inducted like Aerostat, Medium Power Radar (MPR), Low Level Light Weight Radar (LLLWR), Low Level Transportable Radar (LLTR), and Surveillance Radar Equipment (SRE).

  • As communication equipment Air Force has SATCOM, HF and V/UHF sets with associated encryption equipment.

  • Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) are being procured to significantly enhance the effectiveness of both Offensive and Defensive operations of the IAF.

Recruitment of Officers through Non-UPSC Entries: For technical branches, women special entry scheme, National Cadet Corps (NCC) special entry scheme, service entries, recruitment is made directly through the Recruiting Directorate for the Indian Air Force.

(a) Recruitment through Service Selection Boards: Selection is made for the Flying (Pilot), Aeronautical Engineering (Electronics), Aeronautical Engineering (Mechanical), Education, Administration, Logistics, Accounts and Meteorology branches of the Air Force.

(b) University Entry Scheme: Final / Pre-Final year students in engineering disciplines are eligible as Permanent Commissioned Officers.

(c) Recruitment of Women Officers: Eligible women are recruited as Short Service Commissioned Officers in the Flying, Aeronautical Engineering (Electronics), Aeronautical Engineering (Mechanical), Education, Administration, Logistics, Accounts and Meteorology branches of the IAF

(d) Recruitment through National Cadet Corps (NCC): University graduates possessing NCC ‘C’ Certificate with minimum ‘B’ grading and 50% marks in graduation are eligible for Regular Commissioned.

Recruitment of Personnel Below Officer Ranks (PBORs): The selection of Airmen is carried out through a centralized selection system on all India basis by Central Airmen Selection Board, located at New Delhi with the help of fourteen Selection Centres.

Commissioned Ranks

The following are the commissioned ranks in the three Services; each rank is shown opposite its equivalent in the other Service:






Air Chief Marshal

Lieutenant General


Air Marshal

Major General

Rear Admiral

Air Vice Marshal



Air Commodore


Captain Group


Lieutenant Colonel


Wing Commander


Lieutenant Commander

Squadron Leader



Flight Lieutenant


Sub- Lieutenant

Flying Officer

Inter-Service Organizations, under the Department of Defence are responsible for carrying out tasks related to common needs of the three Services namely Army, Naval and Air Force such as medical care, public relations and personnel management of civilian staff in the Defence Headquarters.


Established as an independent service on August 19, 1978 as per the Coast Guard Act, 1978. The command and control of the Coast Guard rests with the Director General of Indian Coast Guard at New Delhi. The Organization has four Regional Headquarters i.e., Mumbai, Chennai, Gandhi Nagar and Port Blair with 11 Coast Guard District HQs.

Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) was created to review the Nation’s higher defence management on October 1, 2001 and has been acting for inculcating synergy between armed forces by means of integrating policy, doctrine and procurement.

The Chiefs of Staff Committee is a forum for the Service Chiefs to discuss matters having a bearing on the activities of the Services and also to advise the Ministry. The position of Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee devolves on the longest serving Chief of Staff, and consequently rotates amongst the three Services. Finance Division in the Ministry of Defence deals with all matters having a financial implication. This Division is headed by Secretary (Defence Finance) /Financial Adviser (Defence Services) and is fully integrated with the Ministry of Defence and performs an advisory role.


The National Cadet Corps (NCC) was established under the NCC Act, 1948 and the Director General, NCC located at New Delhi controls and overseas various activities of the NCC through 16 NCC Directorates spread across the country. There is a Central Advisory Committee for the NCC to provide overall policy guidelines. NCC is manned by the service personnel, Whole Time Lady Officers, teachers / professors and civilians. One lecturer / teacher in each educational institution is appointed Associate NCC officer. The motto of NCC is “Unity and Discipline”.


  • Sainik Schools: Sainik Schools were established as a joint venture of the Central and State Governments. These are under the overall governance of Sainik Schools Society. Sainik School at Rewari (Haryana) is the latest one started in April 2009. The Sainik Schools prepare boys academically, physically and mentally to join Armed Forces      through the National Defence Academy (NDA).

  • Rashtriya Military Schools: Five Rashtriya Military Schools (earlier Military Schools) affiliated to CBSE are functioning at Ajmer, Bangalore, Belgaum, Dholpur and Chail. The Military Schools admit boys in class VI, based on the results of an all India Entrance Examination. While 67% seats are reserved for the wards of JCOs / ORs called ‘entitled category’, out of 33% non-entitled category seats, 20% are reserved for wards of service officers.

  • National Defence Academy (NDA): is an inter-service training institution with three years course structure covered in six semesters. After this training, the cadets proceed to their respective Service Academies for further  training before being commissioned as officers in the Armed Forces.
  • Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC): Established on March 3, 1922. The institution is serving as a feeder institute to the NDA. Selection for RIMC is through a written examination cum viva voce conducted through the State Governments. Seats for respective States are reserved based on population. Indian Military Academy  (IMA): Established in 1932.

  • Officer Training Academy (OTA): The Academy trains cadets for Short Service Commission. With the entry of women officers in the Army since September 21, 1992, College of Military Engineering (CME) is affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) for the award of B. Tech and M. Tech degrees.

  • National Defence College: The NDC runs a 47-weeks course every year for selected senior Defence and Civil Services Officers from India and Defence officers from friendly foreign countries.

  • College of Defence Management is a Tri-Service category “A” training establishment. Osmania University recognizes the core course of CDM, namely the Higher Defence Management Course for the award of the Master of Management Studies (MMS) degree.

  • Defence Services Staff College (DSSC): It imparts training to middle level officers of the three Services besides a few civilian officers and officers from friendly foreign countries.

  • The Department of Defence Production is headed by a Secretary and deals with matters pertaining to defence production, indigenization of imported stores, equipment and spares, planning and control of departmental production units of the Ordinance Factory Board and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs).


1. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is a “Navratna” DPSU and is committed to achieve strategic self reliance in the aerospace sector has produced 11 types of aircraft from in-house R&D and 14 types under license.

2. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) supplies Electronic Equipments to the Indian Defence Services and Para-military Forces.

3. Bharat Earth Movers Ltd., (BEML Ltd.) Manufactures and supplies Ground support equipment such as Tatra   based High Mobility trucks, Armoured Recovery vehicles, Heavy Recovery vehicles, Pontoon Bridge System, Vehicles for Missile projects, Tank transportation trailers, Milrail wagons and coaches, Mine ploughs, Crash Fire Tenders, Aircraft Towing tractors, Aircraft weapon loading trolley, Transmission and final drive systems for BMP Combat vehicles, Suspension system for Battle Tanks. The company also supplies Bull Dozers, Excavators and Motor Graders to DGBR and Army for Border road construction/ maintenance, snow clearance and other civil works.

4. Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) is engaged in construction of warships including Destroyers, Corvettes, Submarines, New Generation Stealth Frigates, Offshore Patrol Vessels, construction.

5. Goa Shipyard Ltd., (GSL) (an ISO-9001 certified company) is shipyards, building medium and commenced functioning with its own Board of Directors since September 29, 1967. Government of India has conferred the   status of Mini Ratna, Category-I in March 2007. The Company has embarked on a major exercise of diversification into building Glass Reinforced Plastic (GRP) boats to cater for orders from Ministry of Home Affairs. GSL is also venturing into building Store Based Test Facility (SBTF) for aviation specialization.

6. Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE): It is a leading shipbuilding yard and manufacturer of high value, high technology, complex engineering items in Eastern India. The Company has been granted the Category – I Mini Ratna status.

7. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL): It was established in 1970 for manufacturing of Guided Missiles. Besides producing Prithvi missile systems under the IGMDP, BDL is engaged in the production of Konkurs-M and Invar (3UBK-20) Anti Guided Missiles in collaboration with Russia. Inhouse developed CMDS (Counter Measures Dispensing System) has been accepted by the Indian Air Force. The Company ventured into productionising underwater weapon systems such as Advanced Light Weight Torpedo (TAL) and Light Weight Mines in Concurrent Engineering mode.

8. Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI): Was incorporated as a Public Section Undertaking under the Administrative Control of Department of Defence Production and Supplies, Ministry of Defence in 1973 for manufacturing of Superalloys, Titanium alloys and Special Purpose Steel, Molybdenum wires and plates, Titanium and Stainless Steel tubes, Soft Magnetic alloys, Controlled expansion alloys and Resistance alloys also form part of the production.


DRDO, established by combining Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of Indian Army and Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTD&P) with Defence Science Organization (DSO) in 1958, with the tag line “Balasya mulam vigyanam” i.e., “The source of strength is Science”. DRDO is headed by the secretary, Department of Defence R&D and Director General R&D, also called as (the Scientific Advisor to Raksha Mantri). Dr. D.S. Kothari, was the first to head the organization. The head is supported by eight Chief Controllers. The corporate headquarter of DRDO is at DRDO Bhawan, located at Rajaji Marg, New Delhi. DRDO Hqrs, is functioning under the Corporate Directorates and the Technical Directorates. The DRDO laboratories, are classified in to eight clusters Aeronautics, Armaments, Combat Vehicles and Engineering, Electronics and Computer Sciences, Materials, Missiles, Naval Research and Development and Life Sciences. Technical Directorates for each lab act as ‘single window’ to the R&D Hqs and the Govt. of India. The Scientific Advisers to COAS, CAS, CNS and Deputy Chief of IDS also act as Technical Directors to render services to their respective Chiefs.

The Recruitment and Assessment Centre (RAC) undertakes fresh recruitment of scientists at various levels and conducts assessments for promotions of scientists on periodic basis whereas The Centre for Personnel Talent Management (CEPT AM) is responsible for induction and training of “Technical and Other Staff” of the organization.


The Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare (ESW) formulates various policies and programmes for the welfare and resettlement of Ex-Servicemen (ESM) in the country. The Department has two Divisions viz. the Resettlement Division and the Pension Division. The resettlement and welfare activities of the Department of Ex-servicemen are carried out through the three organizations namely Directorate General (Resettlement), Kendriya Sainik Board (KSB) and Ex-servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS). While the KSB, headed by Raksha Mantri as ex-officio President of the Board, lays down general polices for the welfare of ESM and their dependents and also for administration of welfare funds, the office of Directorate General of Resettlement implements various policies / schemes / programmes of the Government, for ESM like pre and post retirement training, re-employment, self employment etc. The main thrust of the Department of Ex-servicemen Welfare is on resettlement / rehabilitation of ESM and their dependents.

  • Officers’ Training: The Directorate General (Resettlement) organizes Resettlement Training Programmes based on short courses of one to three months duration and a few courses up to six months duration. Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs)/Other Ranks (Ors) Equivalent Training: Resettlement Training Programmes for Personnel Below Officer Rank (PBORs) are conducted up to six to nine months in government, semi-government and private institutes.

  • Ex-Servicemen (ESM) Training: The scheme is primarily meant for those ESM who could not avail the facility of resettlement training while in service. It is also extended to the widow one dependent of ESM.


The Central and State Governments provide a number of concessions to ex-servicemen for their re-employment in Central / State Government Departments. These include reservation of posts / relaxation in age and educational qualifications, exemption from payment of application / examination fees and priority in employment to the disabled ESM and dependants of deceased service personnel on compassionate grounds.

  • Reservation for Ex-Servicemen in Government Jobs: The Central Government has kept the following reservation in services for ESM: (a) 10% in Group ‘C’ posts, 20% in Group ‘D’ posts; (b) 14.5% reservation in Group ‘C’ and 24.5% in Group ‘D’ posts in PSUs and Nationalized Banks; (c) 10% posts of Assistant Commandants in paramilitary forces; and (d) In Defence Corps, 100 vacancies are reserved for ESM.


  • Security Agencies: The Directorate General (Resettlement) empanels / sponsors ESM run private security agencies, companies and corporations for providing security guards to various Central Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and industries in the private sector. The scheme offers good self employment opportunities to retired officers and adequate employment opportunity to retired PBOR, in a field, where they have sufficient expertise.

  • Security of Currency Chests: The Reserve Bank of India has issued instructions to banks that they may avail services of DGR sponsored ESM Security Agencies / companies /corporations only for guarding arrangement of currency chests.


Allotment of Army Surplus Vehicles: Ex-Servicemen and widows of defence personnel, who died while in service, are eligible for allotment of Army Surplus Class V-B Vehicles.

  • Coal Transportation Scheme: This is a popular scheme in vogue for the last 28 years. The ESM Coal Companies have performed to the total satisfaction of the Coal Subsidiaries and have established themselves as the main work force of Coal India Limited (CIL).

  • Allotment of Oil Product Agency: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has reserved 8% of Oil Product Agencies for the defence category applicants comprise war-time /peace-time widows and disabled soldiers.

  • Mother Dairy Milk Booths and Fruit & Vegetable (Safal) Shops: This is a time tested well paying self employment scheme for ESM PBOR.

  • PM’s Scholarship Scheme: The aim of PM Scholarship for boys is Rs. 1,250/- p.m. and for girls Rs. 1,500/- p.m. Scheme is to encourage the wards of widows and ex-servicemen to take up higher technical and professional    education.


The Scheme in operation at present are SEMFEX-II and SEMFEX-III comprising ventures in rural areas in agriculture, industry and service sectors. Subsidy of 25% - 30% is available for these schemes. Application for loan is submitted by ex-servicemen directly to the Bank through concerned Zila Sanik Boards.

  • SEMFEX-II Scheme: The Scheme was started in 1988 with the assistance of National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) for funding the entrepreneurship in agriculture, industry and service sectors in rural areas. Subsidy upto 25% of project cost is provided.

  • SEMFEX-III Scheme: The Scheme was started in 1992 with the assistance of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) for setting up of textile, village cottage, tiny and small scale industries in rural areas. Loan upto Rs. 25 Lacs and subsidy upto 30% is provide under the Scheme.


  • The AWACS was formally inducted into IMF on May 28, 2009 by Raksha Mantri. The AWACS induction into the IMF has heralded a new age of modern warfare boosting the IMF’s campaign to acquire a network centric warfare capability.

  • The upgrade of DARIN-I Jaguar aircraft to DARIN-III standard has been approved and is planned to be completed by 2017 – 2018.

  • Contract for supply of additional Su-30 MKI aircraft was signed with HAL in March 2007. A Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LOA) for acquisition of C-130J aircrafts has been signed with the US Government. A contract has been signed with M/S Resonborn Export, Russia for delivery of MI-17V5 helicopters.



  • Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), Bangalore.
  • Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment (ADRDE), Agra.
  • Centre for Air Borne Systems (CABS), Bangalore.
  • Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE), Bangalore.
  • Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE), Bangalore.


  • Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), Pune.
  • Centre for Fire, Explosive and Environment Safety (CFEES), Delhi.
  • High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL), Pune.

Combat Vehicles and Engineering

  • Combat Vehicle Research and Development Estt. (CVRDE), Chennai.
  • Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (VRDE), Ahmednagar.
  • Research and Development Establishment (R&DE), Pune.

Electronics and Computer Sciences

  • Advanced Numerical Research and Analysis Group (ANURAG), Hyderabad.
  • Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR), Bangalore.
  • Defence Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL), Hyderabad.
  • Defence Scientific Information and Documentation Centre (DESIDOC), Delhi.
  • Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (ERDE), Bangalore.
  • Laser Science and Technology Centre (LAST/EC) Delhi.
  • Microwave Tube Research and Development Centre (MTRDC), Bangalore.
  • Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL), Delhi.
  • Scientific Analysis Group (SAG), Delhi.

Life Sciences

  • Defence Bio-Engineering and Electro Medical Laboratory (DEBEL), Bangalore.
  • Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Delhi.
  • Defence Institute of Psychological Research (DIPR), Delhi.
  • Defence Research Laboratory (DRL), Tejpur.
  • Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), Delhi.


  • Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL), Hyderabad.
  • Defence Materials and Stores Research and Development Establishment (DMSRDE), Kanpur.


  • Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad.
  • Institute of Systems Studies and Analysis (ISSA), Delhi.
  • Integrated Test Range (ITR), Balasofe

Associated Technologies

  • G-FAST, Delhi









Ballistic / Single-Stage / Liquid-Engine



1,000 Kg.

150 Km/Road-Mobile



Ballistic / Single-Stage / Liquid-Engine



500 Kg

250 Km/Road-Mobile

Undergoing User Trails; Operational Status Unclear/  Air Force


Ballistic / Single-Stage / Liquid-Engine




350 Km/Ship and Submarine Based.

Undergoing Flight Tests; Production Status Unknown; Status of Induction into Navy Unclear.

Agni-Technology Demonstrator (TD)

Ballistic / Two-Stage Hybrid / Solid Motor/Liquid-Engine Stages


1,000 Kg

Fixed Launch Platform

1,200-1,500 km/Road - / Rail Mobile

Completed Fight-Tests; Limited Production; Small Number Available to Army; Operational Status Unclear


Ballistic / Single-Stage / Solid Motor


1,000 Kg

700-800 km/Road - / Rail Mobile

Undergoing Flight-Tests; Limited Production; Operational Status x Unclear


Ballistic / Two Stage / Solid Motor


1,000 Kg

2,000-2,500 km/Road - / Rail Mobile

Completed Flight-Tests; Limited Production; Small Number Probably Available to Army; Operational Status Unclear




1,500 Kg

3,000-4,000 Km

Flight-Test successful in 2007


Cruise / Two Stage / Solid Booster/ Liquid- Sustainer Engine


200-300 Kg

280-300 Km/Ship/Sub-Surface / Land / Air Based Platforms

Development-Tests of Naval Variant Completed; Serial Production to has begun; Army and Air Force Versions Under Testing


Sub-marine – Launched Missile





Expected To Become Operational by 2010

Last Updated on Monday, 23 April 2012 06:46