Home General Knowledge GEOGRAPHY: List of local winds
GEOGRAPHY: List of local winds
Monday, 27 February 2012 12:13


List of Local Winds


  • Abroholos (squall frequent wind that occurs from May through August between Cabo de Sao Tome and Cabo Frio on the coast of Brazil)
  • Alize (northeasterly across central Africa and the Caribbean)
  • Alizé Maritime (wet, fresh northerly wind across west central Africa)
  • Amihan (northeasterly wind across the Philippines)
  • Bayamo (violent wind on Cuba's southern coast)
  • Bora (northeasterly from eastern Europe to northeastern Italy)


  • Calima (dust-laden south to southeasterly wind blowing in the Saharan Air Layer across the Canary Islands)
  • Cape Doctor (dry south-easterly wind that blows on the South African coast in summer)
  • Cers (strong, very dry northeasterly wind in the bas-Languedoc region in southern France)
  • Chinook (warm dry westerly off the Rocky Mountains)
  • Diablo (hot, dry, offshore wind from the northeast in the San Francisco bay)
  • Etesian (Greek name) or Meltem (Turkish name) (northerly across Greece and Turkey)
  • Elephanta (strong southerly or southeasterly wind on the Malabar coast of India)


  • Föhn (warm dry southerly off the northern side of the Alps and the North Italy), the name gave rise to the fén-fēng (焚風 'burning wind') of Taiwan
  • Fremantle Doctor (afternoon sea breeze from the Indian Ocean which cools Perth, Western Australia during summer)
  • Gilavar (south wind in the Absheron Peninsula of the Azerbaijan Republic)
  • Gregale (northeasterly from Greece)
  • Habagat (southwesterly wind across the Philippines)
  • Harmattan (dry northerly wind across central Africa)
  • Halny (in northern Carpathians)
  • Helm Wind (north-easterly wind in Cumbria, England)


  • Karaburan ("black storm"), a Spring and Summer Katabatic wind of central Asia
  • Khamsin (southeasterly from north Africa to the eastern Mediterranean)
  • Khazri (cold north wind in the Absheron Peninsula of the Azerbaijan Republic)
  • Kona (southeast wind in Hawaii, replacing trade winds, bringing high humidity and often rain)
  • Košava (strong and cold southeasterly season wind in Serbia)
  • Viento de Levante (easterly through Strait of Gibraltar)
  • Les Suêtes (western Cape Breton Highlands) high speed southeasterly winds
  • Libeccio (southwesterly towards Italy)
  • Lodos (southwesterly towards Turkey. Strong "Lodos" events occur 6 - 7 times a year bringing 35 kt winds into Marmara Sea. The winds are funnelled SE from the Mediterranean and through theDardanelles Strait.)
  • Loo (hot and dry wind which blows over plains of India and pakistan.)


  • Maestro (cold northerly in the Adriatic sea)
  • Marin (south-easterly from Mediterranean to France)
  • Meltemi μελτέμι (Greek), or meltem (Turkish) (etesian northerly across Greece, Turkey, and Aegean sea)
  • Minuano (southern Brazil)
  • Mistral (cold northerly from central France and the Alps to Mediterranean)
  • Monsoon (mainly south-westerly winds combined with heavy rain in various areas close to the equator)
  • Nigeq (a strong wind from the east in Greenland)
  • North wind (northern cold winds blowing from the Gulf of Mexico to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec)
  • Nor'easter (strong storm with winds from the northeast in the eastern United States, especially New England)
  • Nor'wester (wind that brings rain to the West Coast, and warm dry winds to the East Coast of New Zealand's South Island, caused by the moist prevailing winds being uplifted over the Southern Alps, often accompanied by a distinctive arched cloud pattern)


  • Ostro southerly wind in the Mediterranean
  • Pampero (Argentina), very strong wind which blows in the Pampa
  • Papagayo periodic wind which blows across Nicaragua and Costa Rica and out over the Gulf of Papagayo
  • Passat, medium strong, constant blowing wind at sea in tropical areas
  • Plough Wind straight line wind which precedes thunderstorms or thunderstorm clusters
  • Puelche on the western slope of the Andes in south-central Chile
  • Rashabar (or Rashaba) ("black wind") a strong wind in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, particularly in Sulaimaniya.


  • Santa Ana winds (southern California)
  • Shamal (wind) (Kurdish term, signifying a summer northwesterly wind blowing over Iraq and the Persian Gulf states)
  • Simoom (strong, dry, desert wind that blows in the Sahara, Israel, Jordan, Syria, and the desert of Arabia)
  • Sirocco (southerly from north Africa to southern Europe)
  • Southerly Buster (rapidly arriving low pressure cell that dramatically cools Sydney, Australia during summer)
  • Sou'wester (strong wind which blows from the southwest, and also a type of waterproof hat designed to protect from and repel wind and rain)
  • Squamish (wind) (strong, violent wind occurring in many of the fjords of British Columbia)
  • Sudestada (wind), (strong offshore wind from the Southeast associated with most of the shipwrecks in Uruguay's Rio de la Plata coast)
  • Sundowner (wind), (strong offshore wind off the California coast)


  • Tehuano (periodic wind which blows across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in southern Mexico and out over the Gulf of Tehuantepec)
  • Tramontane (cold northwesterly from the Pyrenees or northeasterly from the Alps to the Mediterranean, similar to Mistral)
  • Vendavel (westerly through the Strait of Gibraltar)
  • Zonda wind (on the eastern slope of the Andes in Argentina)

Last Updated on Wednesday, 02 May 2012 03:30