Friday, 12 December 2014 04:36








A Bill is a legislative draft proposed in Parliament for approval. If approved and passed by Parliament and assented by the President, the Bill becomes an Act. Bill may be introduced in the Parliament by ministers or private members. The former are called government bills and the latter, private members' bills. Bills may also be classified as public bills and private bills.

Bills may be classified on the basis of their content as Ordinary Bill and Money Bill.

a) Ordinary Bill

Any Bill which is not a Constitution Amendment Bill or a Money Bill is classified as an Ordinary Bill. Ordinary Bills are of five types.

• Original Bills (which embody new proposals, ideas or policies),

• Amending Bills (which modify, amend or revise existing Acts),

• Consolidating Bills (which consolidate existing law on a particular subject),

• Expiring Laws (Continuance) Bills (which authorise the continuation of an expiring Act), and

• Bills to replace Ordinances issued by the President.

Procedure for passing of an Ordinary Bill: An Ordinary Bill may be introduced in Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. The Bill needs to be passed by both Houses by a majority of members present and voting. If it is passed by the House in which it was introduced, and rejected by the other House, the President may call a joint sitting of both the Houses. In this sitting, the decision to accept or reject a Bill is taken by the majority of the total number of members of both Houses present and voting.

b) Money Bill

A Bill is considered to be a Money Bill if it contains only provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters listed below as:

• The imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax;

• The regulation of money borrowed by the Government of India or any guarantee given by the Government of India;

• The Bill can also consider amendment of the law with respect to any financial obligations undertaken or to be undertaken by the Government of India;

• The custody of the Consolidated Fund of India or the Contingency Fund of India , the payment of moneys into or the withdrawal of moneys from any such Fund;

• The appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of India;

• The declaring of a new item to be expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. Also, if there is any increase in the amount of any such expenditure;

• The receipt of money on account of the Consolidated Fund of India or the Public Account of India or the custody or the issue of such money or the audit of the accounts of the Union or of a State; or

• Any matter incidental to any of the matters specified above.

A Money Bill can be introduced in Lok Sabha only. If any question arises whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not, the decision of Speaker thereon is final. The Speaker is under no obligation to consult any one in coming to a decision or in giving his certificate that a Bill is a Money Bill. The Speaker’s certificate on a Money Bill once given is final and cannot be challenged. A Money Bill cannot be referred to a Joint Committee of the Houses.

Procedure for passing of Money Bill:

1. Money Bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha (the directly elected 'people's house' of the Indian Parliament).

2. Money Bills passed by the Lok Sabha are sent to the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of parliament, elected by the state and territorial legislatures or appointed by the President). The Rajya Sabha may not amend Money Bills but can recommend amendments. A money Bill must be returned to the Lok Sabha within 14 days or the Bill is deemed to have passed both houses in the form it was originally passed by the Lok Sabha.

3. When a Money Bill is returned to the Lok Sabha with the recommended amendments of the Rajya Sabha it is open to Lok Sabha to accept or reject any or all of the recommendations.

4. A Money Bill is deemed to be passed by both the houses with or without any amendments recommended by Rajya Sabha.




Last Updated on Friday, 12 December 2014 04:38