Home General Knowledge GENERAL KNOWLEDGE : HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX ; 2014 Human Development Index
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE : HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX ; 2014 Human Development Index
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Saturday, 26 July 2014 06:22



HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

Human Development is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accordance with their needs and interests. The development is used to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life.

Though the world has made significant progress in income, education, and health over the past 40 years, the gains have been uneven. Thus HDI came out to be a composite statistic used as an index to rank countries according to the level of “Human Development”. The statistic is composed of calculation of life expectancy, education and standard of living, collected at the national level using a predetermined formula. The HDI looks beyond GDP for a better definition of well being.

It provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development.

(i)     Living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy),

(ii)   Having education (measured by literacy and gross enrolment in education)

(iii) Having a decent standard of living (measured by purchased power parity, PPP, income).

The 2010 Report introduces three new indices to capture important aspects of the distribution of well-being for inequality, gender equity and poverty.

• Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) adjusts the Human Development Index (HDI) for inequality in distribution of each dimension across the population. The IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for this inequality), while the HDI can be viewed as an index of “potential” human development (or the maximum level of HDI) that could be achieved if there was no inequality. The “loss” in potential human development due to inequality is given by the difference between the HDI and the IHDI and can be expressed as a percentage.

• Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects women’s disadvantage in three dimensions—reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market. The index shows the loss in human development due to inequality between female and male achievements in these dimensions. It ranges from 0, which indicates that women and men fare equally, to 1, which indicates that women fare poorly in all measured dimensions.

• Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) identifies multiple deprivations at the individual level in health, education and standard of living. It uses micro data from household surveys, and—unlike the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index—all the indicators needed to construct the measure must come from the same survey. Each person in a given household is classified as poor or non poor depending on the number of deprivations his or her household experiences.



2014 Human Development Index

The 2014 Human Development Report - Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience provides a fresh perspective on vulnerability and proposes ways to strengthen resilience.

According to income-based measures of poverty, 1.2 billion people live with $1.25 or less a day. However, according to the UNDP Multidimensional Poverty Index, almost 1.5 billion people in 91 developing countries are living in poverty with overlapping deprivations in health, education and living standards. And although poverty is declining overall, almost 800 million people are at risk of falling back into poverty if setbacks occur. Many people face either structural or life-cycle vulnerabilities.

VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

1 Norway

50 Uruguay

103 Maldives

145 Nepal

2 Australia

51 Bahamas

103 Mongolia

146 Pakistan

3 Switzerland

51 Montenegro

103 Turkmenistan

147 Kenya

4 Netherlands

53 Belarus

106 Samoa

148 Swaziland

5 United States

54 Romania

107 Palestine, State of

149 Angola

6 Germany

55 Libya

108 Indonesia

150 Myanmar

7 New Zealand

56 Oman

109 Botswana

151 Rwanda

8 Canada

57 Russian Federation

110 Egypt

152 Cameroon

9 Singapore

58 Bulgaria

111 Paraguay

152 Nigeria

10 Denmark

59 Barbados

112 Gabon

154 Yemen

11 Ireland

60 Palau

113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

155 Madagascar

12 Sweden

61 Antigua and Barbuda

114 Moldova (Republic of)

156 Zimbabwe

13 Iceland

62 Malaysia

115 El Salvador

157 Papua New Guinea

14 United Kingdom

63 Mauritius

116 Uzbekistan

157 Solomon Islands

15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)

64 Trinidad and Tobago

117 Philippines

159 Comoros

15 Korea (Republic of)

65 Lebanon

118 South Africa

159 Tanzania (United Republic of)

17 Japan

65 Panama

118 Syrian Arab Republic

161 Mauritania

18 Liechtenstein

67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

120 Iraq

162 Lesotho

19 Israel

68 Costa Rica

121 Guyana

163 Senegal

20 France

69 Turkey

121 Viet Nam

164 Uganda

21 Austria

70 Kazakhstan

123 Cape Verde

165 Benin

21 Belgium

71 Mexico

124 Micronesia (Federated States of)

166 Sudan

21 Luxembourg

71 Seychelles

125 Guatemala

166 Togo

24 Finland

73 Saint Kitts and Nevis

125 Kyrgyzstan

168 Haiti

25 Slovenia

73 Sri Lanka

127 Namibia

169 Afghanistan

26 Italy

75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)

128 Timor-Leste

170 Djibouti

27 Spain

76 Azerbaijan

129 Honduras

171 Côte d'Ivoire

28 Czech Republic

77 Jordan

129 Morocco

172 Gambia

29 Greece

77 Serbia

131 Vanuatu

173 Ethiopia

30 Brunei Darussalam

79 Brazil

132 Nicaragua

174 Malawi

31 Qatar

79 Georgia

133 Kiribati

175 Liberia

32 Cyprus

79 Grenada

133 Tajikistan

176 Mali

33 Estonia

82 Peru

135 India

177 Guinea-Bissau

34 Saudi Arabia

83 Ukraine

136 Bhutan

178 Mozambique

35 Lithuania

84 Belize

136 Cambodia

179 Guinea

35 Poland

84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

138 Ghana

180 Burundi

37 Andorra

86 Bosnia and Herzegovina

139 Lao People's Democratic Republic

181 Burkina Faso

37 Slovakia

87 Armenia

140 Congo

182 Eritrea

39 Malta

88 Fiji

141 Zambia

183 Sierra Leone

40 United Arab Emirates

89 Thailand

142 Bangladesh

184 Chad

41 Chile

90 Tunisia

142 Sao Tome and Principe

185 Central African Republic

41 Portugal

91 China

144 Equatorial Guinea

186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

43 Hungary

91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines


187 Niger

44 Bahrain

93 Algeria



44 Cuba

93 Dominica



46 Kuwait

95 Albania



47 Croatia

96 Jamaica



48 Latvia

97 Saint Lucia



49 Argentina

98 Colombia




98 Ecuador




100 Suriname




100 Tonga




102 Dominican Republic



 






 

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