Friday, 18 July 2014 08:35





The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that sets out the guiding purpose and principles of the document.

You all have read the preamble of Indian constitution atleast once. I am here explaining the few terminologies and few facts related to it.

The Preamble to our Constitution serves two purposes: -

A) It indicates the source from which the Constitution derives its authority;

B) It also states the objects, which the Constitution seeks to establish and promote.

Sovereign: A sovereign state is a state with a defined territory on which it exercises internal and external sovereignty, a permanent population, a government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states. It is also normally understood to be a state which is neither dependent nor subject to any other power or state.

Socialist: India believes in democratic socialism which involves the nationalization of all means of production and distribution and the abolition of private property.

Secular: It implies equality of all religions and religious tolerance. India therefore does not have an official state religion. Every person has the right to preach, practice and propagate any religion they choose. The government must not favour or discriminate against any religion. It must treat all religions with equal respect. All citizens, irrespective of their religious beliefs are equal in the eyes of law.

Democratic: It is a form of government in which all people have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. Ideally, this includes equal (and more or less direct) participation in the proposal, development and passage of legislation into law. It can also encompass social, economic and cultural conditions that enable the free and equal practice of political self-determination. The people of India elect their governments at all levels (Union, State and local) by a system of universal adult suffrage.

Republic: India is a republic country because head of the country that is president is not appointed on hereditary basis but elected by the indirect election. This is contrary to Britain as the head is chosen on hereditary basis.

Justice: Preamble embraces three forms of justice

a) Social justice denotes equal treatment of all citizens without discrimination of caste, creed, sex etc.

b) Economic justice denotes the non discrimination between people on the basis of economic factors

c) Political justice denotes all citizens have equal political rights.

Liberty: Liberty is a concept in political philosophy that identifies the condition in which human beings are able to govern themselves, to behave according to their own free will, and take responsibility for their actions. The preamble provides liberty of thoughts, expression, belief, faith and worship.

Equality: It means absence of special privileges to any section of the society and equal opportunities to all. The preamble embraces three dimensions of equality- civic, political and economic.

Fraternity: It means a sense of brotherhood. The fraternity in the Preamble of India assures the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation.

• Some facts about preamble:

a) The American constitution was the first to have the Preamble.

b) The Preamble of India is based on the “Objectives Resolution” drafted and moved by Pandit Nehru.

c) The terms SOCIALIST, SECULAR AND INTEGRITY has been added by the 42nd Amendment Act 1976.

d) The ideal of justice has been taken from the Russian Revolution.

e) The ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity have been taken from the French Revolution.

f) Under the Berubari Union case 1960 Preamble was not considered to be part of the constitution thus could not be amended according to procedures established in constitution but in Keshwanand Bharti Case 1973 the Preamble was considered the part of constitution. Thus in 1976 the Preamble was amended and new words were added to it.

g) Preamble is non justiciable part i.e. its provisions are not enforceable in courts of law