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GK SPECIAL TOPICS : ELECTION COMMISSION
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Saturday, 12 July 2014 08:10

 



ELECTION COMMISSION

• Article 324 of the Constitution of India provides for Election Commission which shall be vested with the power of superintendence, direction, control of elections to Parliament, state legislatures, the office of President of India and vice-president of India.

• The Election Commission is not concerned with elections to panchayats and municipalities in the states. For this the Constitution of India provides for a separate State Election Commission.

• The Election Commission was established in accordance with the Constitution on 25th January 1950.

• Originally the commission had only a Chief Election Commissioner. On 16th October 1989, for the first time, two additional Commissioners were appointed to cope with the additional work on account of lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years.

• However, in January 1990 the posts of two Election Commissioners were abolished.  Again on 1st October 1993 two additional Election Commissioners were appointed. Since then the Election Commission has been functioning as multi-member body.

• They have tenure of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

• They enjoy the same status and receive salary and perks as available to Judges of the Supreme Court of India.

• The President of India appoints Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners.

• The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only through impeachment by Parliament.





 

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