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GK SPECIAL TOPIC : PANCHSHEEL AGREEMENT
Tuesday, 08 July 2014 04:13

 



PANCHSHEEL AGREEMENT

Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence or the Panchsheel (as known in India) Agreement is basically a trade pact between China and India in order to stream their bilateral trade operations in Tibet. The negotiations for this agreement were held in Beijing between December 31, 1953 and April 29, 1954. At the end of negotiations the agreement was signed in Beijing.

Though initially it was not visualized as a confidence and security building measures (CSBMs), today it form the centerpiece of both the nations CSBMs. Under this agreement, for the first time, India recognized China s complete control over Tibet and voluntarily gave up its military, communication and postal and other rights which New Delhi had inherited from the British in accordance with the Anglo-Tibetan Treaty of 1904.

The five principles of the agreement are as follow:

(1) Mutual respect for each other s territorial integrity and sovereignty;

(2) Mutual non-aggression;

(3) Mutual non-interference in each other s internal affairs;

(4) Equality and mutual benefit: and

(5) Peaceful coexistence and for this purpose have appointed as their respective plenipotentiaries