Home General Knowledge GK SPECIAL TOPIC : ECO-SENSITIVE AREA
GK SPECIAL TOPIC : ECO-SENSITIVE AREA
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Tuesday, 08 July 2014 03:59




ECO-SENSITIVE AREA

An Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) is a type of designation for an agricultural area which needs special protection because of its landscape, wildlife or historical value. Scientists view an ecologically sensitive area as an area whose ecological balance, once disturbed, is very hard to restore. Ecologically Sensitive Areas are areas under human use. ESAs are to be viewed as areas where human activities will continue, but be prudently regulated under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. ESAs are not at all meant to stop development in ways that would hurt local people, but to ensure that development is environment friendly and people oriented, as well as serve to preserve the ecological heritage on a long term basis.

There are no set regulations, such as ban on all new industries, or on conversion of agricultural into  commercial land, that would prevail in every Ecologically Sensitive Area; instead, the regulations will be worked out with due respect to local context. More importantly, Ecologically Sensitive Areas are not just about regulation, but about positive promotion of environment-friendly development as well. Thus areas that opt for the status of an Ecologically Sensitive Area could benefit from special programmes such as promotion of development of enterprises based on local plant resources.

Gram panchayats in Ecologically Sensitive Areas could charge collection fees for biodiversity resources to which they are entitled under the Biological Diversity Act. They may also be paid specially for maintenance of traditional crop cultivars from the National Gene Fund, or for sequestration of soil carbon on farmlands under organic agriculture as a part of Indian plans for combating climate change.


 

 



 

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