Home General Knowledge GK SPECIAL TOPIC : BUREAU OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY
GK SPECIAL TOPIC : BUREAU OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Saturday, 17 May 2014 06:59



BUREAU OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was established in March 2002, as a statutory body by the Government of India under the Energy Conservation Act 2001. Bureau of Energy Efficiency is responsible for spearheading the improvement of energy efficiency of the economy through various regulatory and promotional instruments. The primary goal of BEE is to reduce the energy intensity in the Indian economy.

It coordinates with State level agencies and energy consumers to perform functions and exercise powers that may be necessary for efficient use of energy and its conservation in India.

The broad objectives of BEE are as under:

• To exert leadership and provide policy recommendation and direction to national energy conservation and efficiency efforts and programs.

• To coordinate energy efficiency and conservation policies and programs and take it to the stakeholders.

• To establish systems and procedures to measure, monitor and verify energy efficiency results in individual sectors as well as at a macro level.

• To leverage multi-lateral and bi-lateral and private sector support in implementation of Energy Conservation Act and efficient use of energy and its conservation programs.

• To demonstrate delivery of energy efficiency services as mandated in the EC bill through private-public partnerships.

• To interpret, plan and manage energy conservation programs as envisaged in the Energy Conservation Act.

BEE has initiated various programmes and activities during the XI plan period to promote energy efficiency:-

• Bachat Lamp Yojana (BLY) - The Bachat Lamp Yojana under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) was launched on 28th May, 2008.

It  is  a  public-private  partnership programme  introduced  by  the  Bureau  of  Energy  Efficiency  (BEE)  to hasten market transformation towards energy efficient lighting in domestic households. Under the programme, households are charged `15/- per CFL, which is a substantial discount from the CFL market price of `120/-. The difference in costs is covered through CDM revenue.

It targets replacement of about 400-million incandescent bulbs in use in the country, leading to a possible reduction of about 6,000 MW of electricity demand, and a reduction of about 24 million tonnes of CO2 emissions every year. The programme is the world's largest registered Programme of Activities by population coverage under CDM.

• Standards & Labeling Scheme - The Ministry of Power, Government of India announced the Standards and Labelling programme on 18th May 2006 initially on a voluntary basis to lay down minimum energy performance standards. Frost free, direct cool refrigerators, tubular fluorescent lamps and air conditioners were introduced in the initial phase of the voluntary scheme. The scheme has been extended to cover air-conditioners, distribution transformers and three phase squirrel cage induction motors as well. 80% of refrigerator, 90% of TFL manufactures and 80% of the air-conditioner manufacturers have been covered till date. An avoided capacity addition of 264 MW was achieved through BEE labelled refrigerations, 26 MW through air conditioners and 35 MW through TFLS. The net capacity addition avoided stands at 325 MW.

• Perform Achieve and Trade Scheme - PAT is part of the BEE-initiated National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency, which intends to enhance energy efficiency in the country, and is aimed at large energy-intensive industries and facilities. Under the PAT scheme, almost 714 industrial units across the country in nine sectors — cement, thermal power plants, fertilizers, aluminum, iron and steel, chlor-alkali, pulp and paper, textiles and railways — will be given targets for reducing energy consumption. The companies that better their targets will be allowed to sell energy-saving credits ECERTs to those failing to achieve the required cuts. These nine sectors cover 65 per cent electricity’s industrial consumption in the country. The energy efficiency certificates so devised can be traded on power exchanges and the India Energy Exchange.

• Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) - The Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) was launched by the Government of India in 2007. This code is intended for new commercial buildings having a connected load of more than 500 kW and has initially been launched on voluntary basis. The ECBC defines norms of energy performance and takes into consideration the climatic regions of the country where the building is located.  Under the Energy Conservation Act 2001, Central Government has powers to prescribe ECBC for commercial buildings having a connected load of 500 KW or contract demand of 600 kVA and above for efficient use of energy and its conservation. The state governments have the flexibility to modify ECBC to suit local or regional needs. Labelling programme for 3 categories of buildings (day use office buildings/BPOs/Shopping malls) has been developed and put in public domain. Till now 136 buildings have been found eligible for issue of label while ESCO model is being promoted for carrying out energy efficiency measures in existing buildings through performance contracting.

• Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Scheme-The proposed scheme seeks to promote Energy Efficiency in SMEs during the XI plan. Many energy intensive SMEs clusters located in various states of the country have large potential for energy savings. In quantitative terms, there is little reliable information and data available with respect to their energy consumption and energy saving opportunities. BEE in consultation with Designated State Agencies, will initiate diagnostic studies in 25 SME cluster in the country and develop cluster specific Energy Efficiency manuals/booklets and other documents to enhance energy conservation in SMEs.

• Agriculture Demand Side Management (Ag DSM)

Bureau of energy efficiency (BEE) initiated Agriculture Demand Side Management (Ag DSM) scheme in the XI five year plan period as a key strategy to address the existing inefficiencies in the end use segments of agriculture sector. The objective of the programme was to create appropriate framework for market based interventions in agricultural pumping sector by facilitating conducive policy environment. Pump set efficiency up gradation through PPP mode was one the key aspects of this scheme. The replacement of existing inefficient pump sets with energy efficient (BEE star labelled) pump sets would unlock the market for large scale investments in this area. A recent study estimates a total saving potential of 27.79 billion Kwh in Indian agricultural pumping sector. This accounts for 37% of the overall energy saving potential and about 40% of the overall energy deficit reported during 2007-08.

• Municipal demand side management

DSM measures have a key role in eliminating power shortage. There is need to address these issues on priority through integrated and comprehensive approach and by adopting latest techniques and technologies with active participation of all stakeholders. Municipal bodies often lack sufficient institutional capacity to develop practical approach for maximizing efficiency, even after recognizing the potential benefits. Urban Local bodies (ULBs) have to develop proper approach & proper model to identify energy efficiency projects & implementation strategy for the efficiency energy management. The goal of energy management must be on provision of services like drinking water & street lights with the least cost and least environmental effect.

As low as only 38 cities out of 171 have separate allocation in their budget for any energy efficiency initiative. This programme was divided into 5 different phases. Phase 1 covers 24 ULBs, phase 2 covers 55 ULBs, Phase 3 covers 33 ULBs, Phase 4 covers 31 ULBs and remaining ULBs will be covered in the 5th phase. The basic objective of the project is to improve the overall energy efficiency of the ULBs, which could lead to substantial savings in the electricity consumption, thereby resulting in cost reduction/savings for the ULBs.A