Monday, 05 May 2014 10:41



For the success of any targeted approach, the identification of the real beneficiaries is of paramount importance. Thus the Central Government has decided to conduct a Socio Economic and Caste Survey of the national population in the year 2011. The Socio Economic and Caste Census would be carried out by the respective State Government with the financial and technical support of the Government of India. It was launched on 29th June 2011 in Hazemora Block in West Tripura.

The SECC, 2011 has the following three objectives:

1. To enable households to be ranked based on their socioeconomic status. State Governments can then prepare a list of families living below the poverty line.

2. To make available authentic information that will enable caste-wise population enumeration of the country.

3. To make available authentic information regarding the socioeconomic condition, and education status of various castes and sections of the population.

The SECC, 2011 will be conducted through a comprehensive programme involving the Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, The Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India and the State Governments.

The process is as follows:

• Each Collector/District Magistrate will formulate a District/ Town Plan and a Communication Plan.

• 24 lakh Enumeration Blocks (EB) will be used for the SECC, 2011- each Enumeration Block has roughly 125 households. These are the same Enumeration Blocks that were formed during the Census 2011. The enumerators will be provided copies of the layout maps and Abridged House List prepared during Census 2011. This will ensure complete coverage of the area.

• Enumerators will be trained to conduct the SECC, 2011.

• Each Enumerator will be assigned 4 Enumeration Blocks, and every 6 Enumerators will be assigned to one Supervisor.

• Enumerators will visit every household identified in the Enumeration Block and canvas the questionnaire. They will also reach out to homeless populations (eg. people living in railway stations, roadsides etc.

• A data entry operator will accompany each Enumerator.

• The data will be captured directly on an electronic handheld device (a tablet PC). The hand held device will have the scanned images of the forms filled up for National Population Register (NPR). This will also ensure complete and accurate coverage.

• The information (held in the tablet PC) will be read out to the respondent, who will verify it. A printed acknowledgement slip, signed by the Enumerator and Data Entry Operator will be given to the respondent.

• Collected data will be verified in the Panchayat.

• After all the information is collected from an Enumeration Block, a draft publication list will be prepared for verification.

• Within a week of publication of the draft list, the list will be read out at the Gram Sabha in all rural areas.

• Any person can file claims/objections and information furnished before designated officers for this purpose. The draft list will be made available at the Gram Panchayat, Block Development\Office, Charge Centre and District Collector’s Offices.

• The list will also be uploaded on the NIC/State Government/ MoRD/MoHUPA websites.

This exercise will help better target government schemes to the right beneficiaries and ensure that all eligible beneficiaries are covered, while all ineligible beneficiaries are excluded.

Enumeration under SECC 2011 has been completed in 2,339,926 enumeration blocks (EBs) comprising 94.26 per cent of the total EBs of all the states as on 31 December 2012. The government has constituted an Expert Committee under the chairpersonship of Professor Abhijit Sen, Member Planning Commission, to examine the SECC indicators and the data analysis and recommend appropriate methodologies for determining classes of beneficiaries for different rural development programmes. It will consult states, experts, and civil society organizations while arriving at these methodologies.