Home General Knowledge GENERAL AWARENESS : QUIZ - 9
GENERAL AWARENESS : QUIZ - 9
Wednesday, 30 April 2014 06:50



GENERAL AWARENESS : QUIZ - 9


NO.

QUESTION

ANSWER

01

The unit of frequency is

Hertz

02

The unit of resistance is

Ohm

03

The device which makes or breaks a circuit is

Switch

04

The path of an electric current is known as a

Circuit

05

Device which opposes the flow of electric current is known as

Resistor

06

Arc Lamp was invented by

C.F.Brush

07

Television was invented by

J.L.Baird

08

Transistor was invented by

J.Bardeen, W.Shockley and W.Brattain

09

The unit of wavelength of light is

Angstrom

10

A device which converts light into electricity is known as

Photo cell

11

Hertz was the first to discover

Radio waves

12

Marconi invented

Radio

13

In 1901,Marconi beamed a signal from Cornwall in England to

Newfoundland

14

Thomas Edison was an

American inventor

15

A glass tube with two electrodes is called a

Diode

16

Lee de Forest was an

American scientist

17

Lee de Forest discovered the

Triode

18

Radio and television transmit signals using

Electromagnetic waves

19

To turn pictures into electrical signals,television Cameras rely on

Photo-electric effect

20

Transistor was invented in the year

1948

21

The first electronic components invented were the

Thermionic valves

22

Microchip was invented in the year

1958

23

Microchip was invented by

Jack Kilby

24

The microchip invented first was also the first

Integrated circuit

25

Silicon and germanium are ideal examples of

Semi conductors

26

LED stands for

Light Emitting Diode

27

The first computer was invented in the year

1834

28

The first computer was invented by

Charles Babbage

29

The first computer invented was called

Analytical Engine

30

In the present day electronic machines,computers function as

Artificial brains

31

CAD means

Computer Aided Design

32

CPU stands for

Central Processing Unit

33

RAM stands for

Random Access Memory

34

J.J. Thomson was a

British physicist

35

In 1897,J.J.Thomson discovered

Electrons

36

A device used for increasing the strength of electric signal is called

Amplifier

37

The height of a wave is called

Amplitude

38

An electron carries a charge

Negative

39

In a transistor,a base is the

Filling in the semiconductor sandwich

40

The tube behind the screen in TVs and most computers is called

Cathode Ray Tube

41

The force which makes an electric current is called

Electromotive Force

42

Device used for measuring small amounts of electric current is called

Galvanometer

43

Sound too low to be heard by humans is called

Infrasound

44

VDU stands for

Visual Display Unit

45

One kilobyte is approximately

1000 bytes

46

DOS stands for

Disk Operating System

47

WORD STAR is a popular

Word processing programme

48

WORD STAR was developed by

Micro pro Company

49

PC stands for

Personal Computer

50

ALU stands for

Arithmetic Logic Unit

51

The VDU and Keyboard together form a

TERMINAL

52

The speed of the dot matrix printers is measured by CPS which stands for

characters per second

53

The speed of the line printers is measured by LPM which stands for

Lines per second

54

DBMS stands for

Database Management System

55

IBM is a famous computer company.IBM stands for

International Business Machines Corporation

56

ROM stands for

Read Only Memory

57

The actual machine of the computer is commonly known as

Hardware

58

The programs run on the computer are commonly known as

Software

59

All the output which is printed on paper is called

Hard Copy

60

The number of pixels on a computer screen determines a screes's

Resolution

61

A processor's speed is measured in

Megahertz

62

A software that assists the computer in performing instructions,is called as

system software

63

CAM stands for

Computer Aided Manufacturing

64

DPI stands for

Dots per Inch

65

DTP stands for

Desk Top Publishing

66

EPROM stands for

erasable and Programmable Read only Memory

67

A magnetic storage disk made out of a thin piece of plastic is called

Floppy Disk

68

A pictorial representation of the step by step sequence for solving a problem is known as a

Flow Chart

69

A measure of storage capacity equal to one thousand megabytes is one

Gigabyte

70

A variable whose value is accessible throughout the program is called

Global Variable

71

A huge,worldwide network of computers that communicate with each other,allowing global communications between users is known popularly known as

Internet

72

KB stands for

Kilobyte

73

LAN stands for

Local Area Network

74

A printer which uses light to transfer the image to paper is the

Laser Printer

75

Memory which retains all its contents even after the power is turned off is known as

Non-Volatile Memory

76

The result that is generated by the computer after processing the information provided to it is known as

Output

77

Electronic mail is more popularly known as

E-Mail

78

PILOT stands for

Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching

79

PILOT was developed by

Doug Engelbardt

80

IQL stands for

Interactive Query Language

81

LOGO was developed by

Dr.seymour Papert

82

CAL stands for

Computer Assisted Learning

83

APT stands for

Automatically Programmed Tooling

84

`C'language was invented by

Dennis M.Ritchie

85

Modula-2 was developed by

Niklaus Wirth

86

Terminals that have their own memory are called

Smart terminals

87

The memory that needs electric power to sustain its contents is known as

Volatile Memory

88

MOS stands for

Metallic Oxide Semiconductors

89

Dvorak key board was designed by

August Dvorak

90

A simple device which functions as a simpler alternative to the keyboard is the

Mouse

91

Automatic drawing input device is called

Scanner

92

In the second generation computers,magnetic cores were used as

Main Memory Devices

93

LCD stands for

Liquid Crystal Display

94

RADAR stands for

Radio Detection and Ranging

95

RADAR works on the principle of

Echo

96

software-in-Hardware modules are called

Firmware

97

A device by which any microcomputer can use ordinary television set for producing output is called

RF modulator

98

EDSAC stands for

Electronic Delayed Storage Automatic Computer

99

EDVAC stands for

Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer

100

EDSAC was developed in the year

1949

101

EDVAC was developed in the year

1952

102

ENIAC stands for

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator

103

The most successful computing device in the ancient time was

Abacus

104

Use of some mechanism for the operation of a machine is known as

Automation

105

Radar contact with the moon was first made in

1945

106

Radar contact with Venus was first made in

1961

107

A system in which information is displayed on a television screen is known as

Video Text System

108

A modern means of communication in which the information is stored in a computer at a TV station is known as

Teletext

109

Global communication became possible by using

Satellites

110

Morse code was invented by

Samuel Morse

111

The code used in a teleprinter is the

Baudot Code

112

Teleprinter exchange is popularly known as

Telex

113

A device which converts sound waves into electrical waves is called

Microphone

114

AVC stands for

Automatic Volume Control

115

The device used to measure wavelengths of radio waves is

Wavemeter

116

A hollow metallic tube used in place of wire in electric circuits carrying high frequency currents is called

Waveguide

117

An instrument used to measure the intensity of radiations is the

Radiometer

118

An instrument used to measure electrical voltage is the

Voltmeter

119

VTVM stands for

Vacuum Tube Volt Meter

120

A circuit which maintains a constant voltage is called

Voltage Stabilizer

121

SCR stands for

Silicon Controlled Rectifier

122

A device used to increase or decrease electric voltageis called a

Transformer

123

A magnetic tape that records both audio and video signals is called a

Video Tape

124

The first electronic calculator was manufactured in 1963 by

Bell Punch Company,USA

125

MASER stands for

Microwave Amplification by stimulated Emission of Radiation

126

A computer which can handle a large volume of numbers is called a

Number cruncher

127

POST stands for

Power on Self Test

128

POST is a test carried out just after the computer has been

Switched on

129

An index of the files stored on a disk is called

Directory

130

CP/M stands for

Control program for Microcomputers

131

CP/M was developed by

digital Research Inc.,USA

132

MVS stands for

Multiple Virtual Storage Operating System

133

MVS is used in

Mainframe computers

134

The process of starting a computer is called

Booting

135

A group of four binary digits is called a

NIBBLE

136

BPI stands for

Bit per Inch

137

A smart card is a

multifunctional microprocessor

138

LIPS stands for

Logical Inferences Per Second

139

A computerized machine is normally called a

Robot

140

A robot is a machine directed by a

Computer

141

A robot which resembles a human being is called an

Android

142

PL/1 stands for

Programme Language-1

143

The language PL/1 has combined features of

COBOL and FORTRAN

144

BASIC stands for

Begineers All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

145

COBOL stands for

Common Busines Oriented Language

146

ALGOL stands for

Algorithmic Language

147

ALGOL was developed in the early 1960s in

Europe

148

COBOL was first introduced in the year

1961

149

FORTRAN stands for

Formula Translation

150

FORTRAN was developed and introduced by IBM in the year

1957

151

PL/1 was introduced in the 1960s by

IBM

152

COMAL stands for

Common Algorithmic Language

153

BASIC was developed by

John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz

154

SNOBOL stands for

String Oriented Symbolic Language

155

SNOBOL was developed in

1962

156

LISP stands for

List Processing Language

157

LISP was developed by

John McCarthy

158

Loud speaker was invented by

Rice Kellogg

159

PROM stands for

Programmable Read Only Memory

160

Two types of RAM chips are

Dynamic,static

161

Data is fed into the computer by first converting it into

Binary codes


 




Last Updated on Wednesday, 30 April 2014 06:55