Wednesday, 09 April 2014 05:08




Eco-Mark is an eco-labelling scheme which was constituted by the Government of India in 1991 for easy identification of environment-friendly products. The Scheme was initially designed to operate on a national basis and provide accreditation and labelling for household and other consumer products that would meet certain environmental criteria along with the quality requirements of Indian standards for that product

The specific objectives of the scheme are as follow:

1. To provide an incentive for manufacturers and importers to reduce adverse environmental impact of products.

2. To reward genuine initiatives by companies to reduce adverse environmental impact of their products.

3. To assist consumers to become environmentally responsible in their daily lives by providing information to take account of environmental factors in their purchase decisions.

4. To encourage citizens to purchase products which have less harmful environmental impacts

5. Ultimately to improve the quality of the environment and to encourage the sustainable management of resources.

A three-tiered system was set up for the implementation of the Ecomark programme. These are:

1. An Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee, which was constituted in the MoEF. The functions include:

• It selects the logo for the ‘Ecomark’.

• It creates mass awareness for promotion and acceptance of the Scheme.

• It determines the product categories to be taken up under the Scheme.

• It coordinates ways of ensuring active involvement of industry in the Scheme.

• It secures involvement of other Ministries, Government Departments, Industry

Associations and NGOs.

• It formulates strategies for future development of the Scheme.

• It identifies institutions in India and outside which are engaged in standardisation of any product/process or improvement of the quality of any product/service.

• It promotes comparative testing programmes of products.

• It supports research programmes for the formulation of the Ecomark products in the interest of consumers

2. A Technical Committee, which was constituted in the CPCB. The functions include:

• It identifies specific products for classification as ‘environment friendly’.

• It reviews the existing state of knowledge and the environmental criteria followed in other countries.

• It recommends the most appropriate criteria and parameters to designate various products as environment friendly including the most important criteria or the individual products that have been specified for the purpose.

• It reviews the various technologies available for determining the criteria.

• It recommends various laboratories and analysts for product assessment to the MoEF.

• It evaluates environmental impact of the product and criteria from time to time.

• It reviews from time to time, the implementation of the Schemes by the BIS.

• It forms sub committees for each product category, if so required, including formulation of test programmes for comparative testing.

• It set up expert panels to advise it on specific products.


3. The BIS, which was designated for the assessment and the certification of the products for the Ecomark against a licence fee. Moreover, the BIS was notified as the implementing authority of the Ecomark Scheme in 1991. The functions include:

• It assesses the product for the Ecomark, and certifies the product for award of the Ecomark.

• It reviews, suspend or cancel a licence, for the use of the Ecomark.

• It inspects whether the product, which uses an Ecomark conforms to the contract or is improperly used in relation to any article or process with or without licence.