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JURISDICTION AND SEAT OF THE HIGH COURTS
Tuesday, 27 December 2011 07:59
  • India has unified judiciary system and S.C. is at the apex. It is the final interpretor of the constitution. The Supreme Court of India consists of 31 Judges (including the Chief Justice of India). The judges hold office until they attain the age of 65 years. The Supreme Court of India has original jurisdiction in       any dispute arising:

(a) between the Government of India and one or more States or

(b) between the Government of India and any State or States on the one side and one or more states on the other or

(c) between two or more States

  • There are 21 High Courts in the country, three having jurisdiction over more than one State. Among the Union Territories, Delhi alone has a High Court of its own. Each High Court comprises a Chief Justice and such other Judges as the President may, from time to time appoint. The Chief Justice of a  High Court is appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the   Governor of the State. They hold office upto 62 years of age. To be eligible for appointment as a judge, one must be a citizen of India and should have held a judicial office in India for 10 years or must have practiced as an advocate of a High Court or two or more such courts in succession for a similar period.

 

JURISDICTION AND SEAT OF HIGH COURTS

NAME

YEAR

TERRITORIES JURISDICITION

SEAT

Allahabad

1866

Uttar Pradesh

Allahabad (Bench at Lucknow)

Andhra Pradesh

1954

Andhra Pradesh

Hyderabad

Mumbai

1862

Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman

Mumbai (Benches at Nagpur, Panaji and Aurangabad)

Kolkata

1862

West Bengal

Kolkata (Circuit at Port Blair)

Chhattisgarh

2000

Bilaspur

Bilaspur

Delhi

1966

Delhi

Delhi

Guwahati

1948

Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh

Guwahati (Benches at Kohima, Aizawl, Imphal, Shillong, Agartala and Itanagar)

Gujarat

1960

Gujarat

Ahmedabad

Himachal Pradesh

1971

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Jammu and Kashmir

1928

Jammu and Kashmir

Srinagar and Kashmir

Jharkhand

2000

Jharkhand

Ranchi

Karnataka#

1884

Karnataka

Bangaluru

Kerala

1958

Kerala and Lakshadweep

Ernakulam

Madhya Pradesh

1956

Madhya Pradesh

Jabalpur (Benches at Gwalior and Indore)

Madras

1862

Tamil Nadu and Puducherry

Chennai (Bench at Madurai)

Orissa

1948

Orissa

Cuttack

Patna

1916

Bihar

Patna

Punjab and Haryana

1966

Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh

Chandigarh

Rajasthan

1949

Rajasthan

Jodhpur (Bench at Jaipur)

Sikkim

1975

Sikkim

Gangtok

Uttarakhand

2000

Uttrakhand

Nainital

 

 

  • Originally known as Assam High Court, renamed as Guwahati High Court in 1971.
  • Originally known as Mysore High Court, renamed as Karnataka High Court in 1973.
  • Original known as Punjab High Court, renamed as Punjab and Haryana High Court in 1966.
  • The structure and functions of subordinate courts are more or less uniform throughout the country. The district judge appointed by governor. The National Judicial Academy has been set up by the Government of India to provide in-service training to Judicial Officers. The Academy is located in Bhopal with its registered office in New Delhi.

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 27 December 2011 08:05