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FIRST IN INDIA AND WORLD
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 27 December 2011 06:13

FIRST IN INDIA

FIRST IN GOVERNANCE

First President of India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1950-1962)

First Prime Minster of India

Jawahar Lal Nehru (1947-1964). The first term lasted till 1952 after which he was re-elected.

First Vice President of India

Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

First Deputy Prime Minster of India

Vallabhbhai Patel

First Prime Minister to be voted out of Office

Indira Gandhi (1977) when the Indian National Congress lost to the Janata Party

First Non-Congress Government

By Janata Party with Morarji Desai as the Prime Minster (1977-1980)

First Prime Minister to lead a minority Government for a full term (five year)

P.V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 to May 16, 1996.

First Prime Minister from South India

P.V. Narasimha Rao, June 21, 1991 to May 16, 1996.

First Governor-General

Warren Hastings

First British Governor-General

Lord William Bentinck

First British Viceroy of India

Lord Canning

First Governor General of Independent India

Lord Mountbatten, 1947

First and Last Indian Governor-General of Indian Union

C. Rajagopalachari, 1948

First Chief Justice of India

Justice Hiralal J. Kania

First Indian ICS Officer

Satyendranath Tagore, 1863

First Speaker of Lok Sabha

Shri G.V. Mavlankar

First Finance Minister of Independent India

Shri R.K. Shanmukhan Chettys

First Sikh Prime Minister

Manmohan Singh

First Muslim President

Zakir Hussain (1967-1969)

First Sikh President

Giani Zail Singh

Presentation of First Budget after India’s Independence

Shri R.K. Shankukhan Chettys on Nov 26, 1947

First President to die in Office

Dr. Zakir Hussain

First Prime Minister of India resigned without completing his full term

Morarji Desai

First Prime Minister who did not face the Parliament

Charan Singh

First Chief Justice of Supreme Court to became President of India

Justice M. Hidaytullah

First Education Minister

Abul Kalam Azad

First Home Minister

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

First Chief Election Commissioner

Sukumar Sen

FIRST IN DEFENCE

First Commander-in-Chief of Free India

General Sir Roy Bucher

First Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free India

General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1949.

First Chief of Air Staff

Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst

First Indian Chief to Staff

General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1947

First Indian Commander-in-Chief , IAF

Air Marshal Suboroto Mukherjee, 1954

First Chief of Naval Staff

Vice Admiral R.D. Katari

First Field Marshal of India

S.H.F. Manekshaw

First Person to receive Paramvir Chakra

Major Somnath Sharma

First Cosmonaut

Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma, 1984

FIRST IN NOBEL PRIZE

First Nobel Prize Winner

Rabindranath Tagore for the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913. He was also the First Asian to get the prize.

First Nobel Prize in Physics

C.V. Raman in1930

First Nobel Prize in Medicine

Har Gobind Khorana in 1968. (India born US citizen)

First Nobel Peace Prize

Mother Teresa in 1979 (Albanian nun, Indian citizen).

First Nobel Prize in Economics

Amartya Sen in 1998

FIRST IN AWARDS AND TITLES

First Miss World

Rita Faria in 1966

First Miss Universe

Sushmita Sen in 1994

First Booker Prize

Arundhati Roy for ‘The God of Small Things’ in 1997.

First Bharat Ratna

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and Dr. C.V. Raman in 1954.

First Foreigner to receive Bharat Ratna

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

First person to receive Stalin Prize

Saifuddin Kitchlu

First Chevalier

Sivaji Ganesan

First person to receive Jnanpith Award

Shri Shankar Kurup

First Dadasaheb Phalke Award

Devika Rani in 1969

First Ashoka Chakra award to a civilian (posthumous)

D.K. Jatar

First Magsaysay Award

Vinoba Bhave

First Winner of a major literary award in the United States

Dhan Gopal Mukerji

First Ford Supermodel of the World (contest)

Bipasha Basu, 1996

FIRST IN EXPLORATION

First person to reach the South Pole

Col Jatinder Kumar Bajaj

First Woman to scale Mount Everest

Bachendri Pal on May 23, 1984. She was the 5th woman in the world to scale the peak.

FIRST IN FILM AND TV

First Sound Film

Alam Ara, 1931

First Oscar Winner

Bhanu Athaiya for Best Costume Design for Gandhi (film) in 1982.

First Oscar nomination for best foreign language film

Mother India in 1957

First National Film Award for cinema

Shyamchi Aai in 1954

First Colorized Film

Mughal-e-Azam in 2004 (the original black-and-white version was released in 1960).

First sponsored TV serial

Hum Log, started in 1984 was also the first soap opera of India.

First actor to enact 10 roles

Kamal Haasan

FIRST IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

First Hydroelectric Plant

On the Gaganachukki waterfall of the Sivasamudram Falls, Karnataka. Built in 1902.

First City to have electricity

Bangaluru in 1906 (It was the first city in Asia to have electricity).

First man in space

Rakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 03, 1984. He was the 138th man in space worldwide.

First Woman in Space

Kalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle. Columbia flight STS-87 on November 19, 1997.

First Test-Tube baby

Durga Agarwal, born 1978.

First scientific expedition to Antarctica

1981

First Nuclear Reactor

Tarapur, Maharashtra

First Genetically Modified Food Product in India

Bt. Egg Plant Hybrid (Bt.-Bacilius thuringiensis).

First satellite

Aryabhatta, launched on April 19, 1975.

First satellite dedicated exclusively for educational services

EDUSAT

First successfully indigenous launch vehicle.

SLV-3.

FIRST IN SPORTS

First Olympic team medal

Gold for Hockey at the 1928 Summer Olympics Amsterdam, beating the Netherlands.

First Olympic individual medal (in British India)

Norman Pritchard, 1900.

First Olympic individual medal

Bronze by K.D. Jadhav for wrestling at the 1952 Summer Olympics Helsinki.

First person to swim across the English Channel

Mihir Sen, 1958.

First women to swim across the English Channel

Arati Saha, 1959.

First Formula 1 race driver

Narain Karthikeyan

First Formula 1 team

Force India F1

First A1 GP race victory

Narain Karthikeyan, Zhuhai, China, 2007.

First Chess Grandmaster

Viswanathan Anand in1988, at the age of 18.

First FIDE World Chess Champion

Viswanathan Anand in December 2000.

First undisputed World Chess Champion

Viswanathan Anand in September, 2007.

First Tennis Grand Slam Title

Mahesh Bhupati (partnering with Japanese Rika Hiraki) in the Mixed Doubles category of the 1997 French Open.

First Tennis Grand Slam win by a woman

Nirupama Vaidyanathan beat Italian Gloria Pizzichini in the first round of the 1998 Australian Open First Woman in the 4th round (highest as of 2008) of a Tennis.

Grand Slam event

Sania Mirza in the Singles category of the 2005 US Open.

First Tennis Grand Slam Junior Title

Leander Paes in the Singles category of the 1990 Wimbledon Championship.

First Tennis Grand Slam Junior title by a woman

Sania Mirza (partnering with Russian Alisa Kleybanova) in the Doubles category of the 2003 Wimbledon Championships.

First Cricket Tournament

The Bombay Triangular which later became the Bombay Quadrangular (1912-1936).

First Cricket Test Match

Australia against England at Lord’s, June 25, 1932.

First Indian Cricket Captain

C.K. Nayudu for the 1932 tour of England.

First Indian Cricket to score a century

Lala Amarnath in 1933 against England in South Bombay

First Cricketer to score a triple century

Vijay Hazare

First ODI cricket hat-trick

Chetan Sharma in Reliance World Cup against New Zealand in 1987.

First Cricket World Cup Championship win

At the 1983 Cricket World Cup, England beating West Indies.

First Batsman to complete 10,000 runs in Test Cricket

Sunil Gavaskar (he was first in the world to achieve this feat).

First Batsman to complete 10,000 Runs in ODI Cricket

Sachin Tendulkar (he was first in the world to achieve this feat).

First Cricket Twenty 20 World Cup Winner

2007

First Cricketer to score 75 Test and ODI Centuries

Sachin Tendulkar.

FIRST IN WOMEN

First Woman Prime Minister

Indira Gandhi

First Woman Minister in a Government

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

First Woman Chief Minister of a State

Sucheta Kripalani, 1963

First Woman Governor

Sarojini Naidu

First Woman Central Minister

Vijaylakshmi Pandit

First Woman Speaker of a State Assembly

Shanno Devi

First Woman Indian National Congress President

Annie Besant

First Woman President

Pratibha Patil

First Woman Graduates

Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu, 1883.

First Woman Head of an Undergraduate Academic Institution

Chandramukhi Basu, 1888.

First Woman Honours Graduate

Kamini Roy (1886)

First Woman Lawyer

Cornelia Sorabjee

First Woman Judge

Anna Chandy (She became judge in a district court in 1937).

First Woman Chief Justice of a High Court

Smt. Leela Seth (HP High Court)

First Woman Judge in Supreme Court of India

Kumari Justice M. Fatima Beevi

First Woman Physician

Kadambini Ganguly, 1886

First Woman Airline Pilot

Durga Banerjee

First Woman Olympic Medal Winner

Karnam Malleswari, 2000

First Woman Asian Games Gold Medal Winner

Kamlijit Sandhu

First Woman IPS Officer

Kiran Bedi

First Woman Nobel Prize Winner

Mother Teresa in 1979 (Albanian born Indian citizen).

First Woman Ambassador

Miss C.B. Muthamma

First Woman to climb Mount Everest Twice

Santosh Yadav

First Woman President of Indian National Congress

Annie Besant

First Woman Pilot in Indian Air Force

Harita Kaur Dayal

First Woman President of the UN General Assembly

Vijay Laxmi Pandit

First Woman Chairman of UPSC

Roze Millian Bethew

First Woman Director General of Police

Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya

First Woman  Lieutenant General

Puneeta Arora

First Woman Air Vice Marshal

P. Bandopadhyaya

First Woman to receive Bharat Ratna

Indira Gandhi

First Woman to receive Jnanpith Award

Ashapurna Devi

FIRST IN THE WORLD

First men to climb Mt. Everest

Sherpa Tenzing Norgay & Sir Edmund Hillary

First man to reach north pole

Robert Peary

First man to reach south pole

Ronald Amundsen

First religion of the world

Sanatan Dharma

First country to print books

China

First country to issue paper currency

China

First country to start civil services competition

China

First President of United States of America

George Washington

First Prime Minister of Great Britain

Robert Walpole

First Secretary General of United Nations

Trigve Li

First country to make education compulsory

Prussia

First country to win the world cup football

Uruguay (1930)

First country to make a constitution

United States of America

Pakistan’s first Governor General

Mohammed Ali Jinnah

First summit of NAM was organized in

Belgrade (former Yugoslavia)

First European to visit China

Marco Polo

First men to fly an aeroplane

Wright Brothers

First person to sail around the world

Ferdinand Magellan

First country to send human to moon

United States of America

First country to launch satellite into space

Russia (former USSR)

First country to host the modern of Olympic games

Greece

First President of the Republic of China

Dr. Sun Yat-sen

First city to be attacked with Atom Bomb

Heroshima (Japan)

First radio telescope satellite was launched into space by

Japan

First Russian (Soviet) Prime Minister to visit India

V.I. Bulganin

First university of the world

Taxila University

First man to set foot on the Moon

Neil Armstrong (U.S.A.)

First man to go into space

Major Yuri Gagarin (USSR)

First space shuttle launched

Columbia

First space ship landed on mars

Viking-I (July, 1976)

First woman Prime Minister of England

Margaret Thacher

First woman Prime Minister of any Muslim country

Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan)

First woman Prime Minister of a country

S. Bhandarnayake (Sri Lanka)

First woman cosmonaut in space

Valentina Tereshkova (USSR)

First woman to climb Mt. Everest

Junko Tabei (Japan)

First deaf and dumb to cross the Strait of Gibralter

Taranath Shenoy (India)

First woman President of UN General Assembly

Smt. Vijayalakshmi Pandit (1953)

First European invader of Indian soil

Alexander, The Great

First Woman to reach the North Pole

Ms. Fran

First Woman to reach Antarctica

Caroline Michaelson

First man to draw the map of earth

Anexemander

First man to compile Encyclopedia

Aspheosis (Athens)

First eldest man to climb Mt. Everest

Richard Wass

First man to win Nobel Prize for literature

Rene F.A. and Sulli Pradhom  (France)

First man to win Nobel Prize for Peace

Jin F. Dunant (Switzerland) and Freoderi Peiry (France)

First man to win Nobel Prize for Physics

W.K. Roentgen (Germany)

First man to win Nobel Prize for Chemistry

J.H. Wenthoff (Holland)

First man to win Nobel Prize for Medicine (Medical Science)

A.E. Wonn Behrig (Germany)

First man to win Nobel Prize for Economics

Ranger Fish (Norway) & John Tinbergen (Holland)

First woman President of a country

Maria Estela Peron (Argentina)

First space tourist (Male)

Dennis Tito

First space tourist (Female)

Mrs. Anousheh Ansari

 

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