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RANKS AND LEADING PRODUCERS
Tuesday, 27 December 2011 05:39

CROPS AND THEIR MAIN PRODUCES STATES

Crops / Groups of Crops

States

Rice

West Bengal, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh

Wheat

Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana

Maize

Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka

Total Coarse Cereals

Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka

Total Pulses

Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra

Total Foodgrains

Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal

Groundnut

Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh

Soyabean

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan

Sunflower

Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra

Total Oilseeds

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan

Sugarcane

Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka

Cotton

Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh

Jute

West Bengal, Bihar, Assam

Potato

Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar

Onion

Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka

India’s Position in World Agriculture

Item

% Share AREA

Rank

India’s Position Next To

Total Area

2.5

Seventh

Russian Federation, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia

Arabic Area

2.3

Second

USA

Irrigated Area

20.2

First

 

India’s Position in Population

Item

% Share AREA

Rank

India’s Position Next To

Total

16.7

Second

China

Agriculture

23

Second

China

India’s Position in Economically Active Population

Item

% Share AREA

Rank

India’s Position Next To

Total

15.1

Second

China

Agriculture

20.1

Second

China

INDIA’S POSITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

Crop Production

Item

%Share Area

Rank

India’s Position Next to

(A)

Total Cereals

11.1

Third

China, USA

Wheat

11.7

Second

China

Rice (Paddy)

27.3

Second

China

Coarse Grains

3.3

Fourth

China, Brazil, Russian Federation

Total Pulses

21.2

First

 

(B)

Oil Seeds

 

 

 

Ground Nut

17.1

Second

China

Rapeseed

11.1

Fourth

China, Canada, Germany

Fruits and Vegetables

Item

% Share AREA

Rank

India’s Position Next To

Vegetables and Melons

9.7

Second

China

Fruits excluding Melon

10.5

Second

China

Potatoes

8.1

Third

China, Russian Federation

Onion (Dry)

10.6

Second

China

Commercial Crops

Item

% Share AREA

Rank

India’s Position Next To

Sugarcane

27.8

Second

Brazil

Tea

28.1

First

 

Coffee (green)

4.3

Sixth

Brazil, Vietnam Colombia, Indonesia, Mexico

Jute and Jute like Fibres

61.2

First

 

Cotton (lint)

8.3

Fourth

China, USA, Pakistan

Tobacco Leaves

9.6

Second

China

Livestock

Item

% Share AREA

Rank

India’s Position Next To

Cattle

16.3

First

 

Buffalo

56.6

First

 

Camel

6.3

Fifth

Somalia, Sudan, Mauritanis, Ethiopia

Sheep

5.5

Third

China, Australia

Goat

16.8

Second

China

Chicken

2.8

Sixth

China, USA, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico

 

INDIA’S POSITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

Animal Products

Item

% Share AREA

Rank

India’s Position Next To

Total Milk (000 MT)

14.4

First

 

Eggs Total (Million)

3.4

Fifth

China, USA, Japan, Russian Federation

Total Meat (000 MT)

2.1

Seventh

China, USA, Brazil, Germany, France, Spain

 

Mineral Reserves World

The following table shows the important minerals reserves and major producing countries in the world.

Mineral

Uses

World Reserves (Metric Tons) Major Producing Resources

Countries

Bauxite

Ore of Aluminum

21,559,0002

Australia, Jamaica, Brazil

Chromium

Alloys, Electroplating

418,900

India, South Africa, Turkey

Copper

Alloys, Electric Wires

3,21,000

Chile, USA, Canada

Gold

Jewellery

42

South Africa, USA, Australia

Iron Ure

Iron and Steel

64,648,000

Brazil, Australia, China, Canada & Venezuela

Lead

Solder, Pipes

70,440

USA, Mexico, Canada

Manganese

Iron and Steel

812,800

South Africa, Gabon, Australia & France

Nickel

Stain less Steel

48,660

Canada, Norway and Dominican Republic

Silver

Jewellery

780

Mexico, USA, Peru, Canada

Tin

Tin Cans, Alloys

5,930

China, Brazil, Indonesia

Zinc

Iron and Steel

143,910

Canada, Australia, China, Peru, Mexico & Spain

 

 

India’s Trading Partners

India is in a motion to cover one percent of the global trade in the near future. The exports earning of the country is rising very fast. The major trading partners of India over 2000-05 are as follows:

(Percentage Share in Total Trade)

Country

2000-01

2002-03

2003-04

2004

2005

USA

13.0

13.4

11.6

10.3

10.0

UK

5.7

4.6

4.4

3.7

3.7

Belgium

4.6

4.7

4.1

3.7

3.4

Germany

3.9

4.0

3.8

3.5

3.6

Japan

3.8

3.2

3.1

2.7

2.4

Switzerland

3.8

2.4

2.6

3.3

3.3

Hong Kong

3.7

3.1

3.3

2.8

3.0

UAE

3.4

3.8

5.1

6.2

5.4

China

2.5

4.2

4.9

6.4

6.4

Singapore

2.5

2.5

3.0

3.4

3.7

Malaysia

1.9

1.9

2.1

1.7

1.4

Poverty in India

Year

Poverty Ratio (Per cent)

Number of Poor (Millions)

Rural

Urban

Combined

Rural

Urban

Combined

1977-78

53.1

45.2

51.3

264.3

64.4

328.9

1983

45.7

40.8

44.5

252.0

70.9

322.9

1987-88

39.1

38.2

38.9

231.9

75.2

307.1

1993-94

37.3

32.4

36.0

244.0

76.3

320.3

1999-00

27.1

23.6

26.1

193.2

67.1

260.3

2007

21.1

15.1

19.3

170.5

49.6

220.1

 

FDI Inflows Year-wise

Opening up of door policies adopted by the Government of India through its new economic policies has attracted more investments into the country. Indian Industries have gone global and in the same direction the inflow of FDI in to the country has increased at a faster rate.

FDI India was initiated in 1992. Stream Ilining of the procedures and substantial liberalization has been done since 1995. As of now, Indian corporate/registered partnership firms are allowed to invest abroad upto 100% of their net worth and are permitted to make overseas investments in business activity. Here, we have covered India’s FDI performance over the world.

The Inflow of FDI into the country over various years is as follows:

Year (April – March)

Amount of FDI inflows (In US$ million)

1991-92 (August-March)

167

1992-1993

393

1993-1994

654

1994-1995

1,374

1995-1996

2,141

1996-1997

2,770

1997-1998

3,682

1998-1999

3,083

1999-2000

2,439

2000-2001

2,908

2001-2002

4,222

2002-2003

3,134

2003-2004

2,634

2004-2005

3,755

2005-2006 (Up to March 2006)

5,549

 

Sectors Attracting FDI

Though the service sector in India constitutes the largest share in the Gross Domestic Product, still it has failed to some extent in attracting more funds in the form of investments.

Important sectors of the Indian economy attracting more investments into the country are as follows:

  • Electrical equipments (including computer software and electronic)
  • Telecommunications (radio paging, cellular mobile, basic telephone service)
  • Transportation industry
  • Services sector (financial and non-financial)
  • Fuels (power + oil refinery)
  • Chemical (other than fertilizers)
  • Food processing industries
  • Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
  • Cement and gypsum products
  • Metallurgical industries

Top Investing Countries in FDI Inflows

Rank Country:

1. Mauritius
2. USA
3. Japan
4. Netherlands
5. UK

Life-stocks Products Production in 2005-06

Milk                  :           91 million tonne (Largest producer of the world)

Wool                :           44.9 million kg

Marine Fishes    :           28.16 Lakh tonne

Inland Fishes     :           37.55 Lakh tonne

Eggs                :           46.2 Billion

Location of Cattle Breeding Farms

  • Suratgarh (Rajasthan)
  • Dhamrod (Gujarat)
  • HesSarghatta (Karnataka)
  • Chiplima and surateda (Orissa)
  • Alamadi (Tamil Nadu)
  • Andeshnagar (U.P.)

 

ANIMAL

BREEDS

Cattle

Gir, Kankrej, Ongole, Haryana

Buffalo

Jaffarbadi, Mehsani, Murrah, Surti

Pig

Large White Yorkshire, Hampshire and Landrace

Poultry

Aslee and Kadakanath

 

SHEEP

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

USES

1.

Lohi

Punjab, Rajasthan

Yield good quality wool and milk

2.

Rampur Bushnair

Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh

Fleece is brown in colour, yield superior cloth

3.

Nali

Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan

Produce superior wool for making of carpets

4.

Bhakarwal

J&K

Suitable for the production of high quality woolen shawls

5.

Deccani

Karnataka

Gives mutton, wool in not formed

6.

Nellore

Maharashtra

Gives mutton, wool in not formed

7.

Marwari

Gujarat

Produces coarse quality wool

8.

Patanwadi

Gujarat

Produces wool that is used for army hosiery

HORSE

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

1.

Kathiawari

Rajasthan, Gujarat

2.

Marwari

Rajasthan

3.

Bhutia

Bhutan, Punjab

4.

Manipur

North-eastern mountains

5.

Spiti

Himachal Pradesh

6.

Zanskari

Ladakh

GOAT

(Goats milk has higher content of Vitamin A but less Vitamin B and C than Cow’s milk)

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

1.

Gaddi

Himachal Pradesh

2.

Kashmiri Pashmina

Hills of Kashmir, Tibet, Himachal Pradesh

3.

Jamunapari

Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh

4.

Beetal

Punjab

5.

Marwari

Rajasthan

6.

Berari

Maharashtra

7.

Malabari

Kerala

8.

Bengal

Bihar, Orissa

PIGGS

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

1.

Desi

U.P., Bihar, Punjab, M.P.

2.

Ghori

Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh

Exotic Breeds

 

 

3.

Berkshire

U.K.

4.

Large white Yorkshire

U.K.

5.

Landrace

U.S.A., Switzerland and Denmark

6.

Tamworth

U.K.

7.

Duroc

U.S.A.

MILCH BREEDS

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

1.

Gir

Gujarat, Rajasthan

2.

Sahiwal

Punjab, Haryana, U.P.

3.

Red Sindhi

Andhra Pradesh

4.

Deoni

Andhra Pradesh

DRAUGHT BREEDS

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

1.

Malvi

Rajasthan, M.P.

2.

Nageri

Delhi, Haryana, U.P.

3.

Hallikar

Karnataka

4.

Kangayam

Tamil Nadu and the other parts of South India

GENERAL UTILITY BREEDS

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

1.

Haryana

Haryana, Punjab, Bihar, M.P., Gujarat

2.

Ongol

Andhra Pradesh

3.

Kankrej

Gujarat

4.

Tharparkar

A.P., Gujarat

BUFFALOES

S.No.

BREEDS

DISTRIBUTION

1.

Murrah

Punjab, Haryana, U.P.

2.

Bhadawari

U.P., M.P.

3.

Jaffrabadi

Gujarat

4.

Surti

Rajasthan, Gujarat

5.

Mehsana

Gujarat

6.

Nagpuri

Central & South India

7.

Nilli Ravi

Punjab, Haryana

 

MINERALS

1. Coal: India ranks 3rd in the world after China and USA in Coal production. Resource wise coalfields of Orissa contain the largest reserves though mostly of inferior quality.

(a) Gondwana coal is located in coalfields occupying the Indian heartland in the States of W.B., Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, M.P., Maharashtra, U.P. and A.P.

(b) Tertiary coals occur in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland.

(c) Brown coal or lignite occurs in coastal areas of TN, Gujarat and Inland basin of Rajasthan.

2. Chromite: The largest share (about 97%) of the geographical resources is accounted by Cuttack District in Orissa.
3. Barytes: The Mangampet deposit occurring in Cuddapah District (Andhra Pradesh) is the single largest deposit in the world.
4. Mica: India is the world’s leading producer of sheet mica and accounts for about 60% of global mica trade.
5. Bauxite: Orissa and A.P.
6. Copper: Rajasthan is credited with the largest resources of copper.
7. Gold: Three important gold fields in the country are Kolar Gold Field, Hutti Gold Field (Karnataka) and Ramgiri Gold Field (Andhra Pradesh).
8. Iron Ore: Iron ore is distributed in Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Goa.
9. Manganese: Main deposits of Manganese are Karnataka, followed by Orissa, M.P., Maharashtra and Goa.
10. Tungsten: The main deposits of Tungsten are at Degana, Rajasthan.
11. Diamond: The main diamond bearing areas are Panna belt in M.P., Munimadugu-Banganapalle conglomerate in Kurnool district, Wajrakarur Kimberlite pipe in Anantpur district and the gravels of Krishna river basin in A.P.
12. Gypsum: Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir.
13. Ilmenite: Beach sand deposits right from Ratnagiri (Maharashtra) to coast in Kerala, TN and Orissa.
14. Limestone: A.P. is the leading state followed by Rajasthan, Karnataka, M.P.
15. Magnetize: Uttaranchal (66%) followed by TN (18%) and Rajasthan (14%).
16. Phosphate Minerals: Phosphorites are located in M.P., Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, U.P. and Gujarat.
17. Lignite: These reserves have been identified in TN, Rajasthan, Gujarat, J&K and Kerala. Lignite reserved at Neyveli are exploited by Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd. (NLC). It is completely owned by Government in 1959. NLC has obtained ISO 9001:2000 (Quality Management System), ISO 14001:2004 (Environment Management System), ISO 18001:1999 [Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSAS)].

COUNTRIES AND THEIR MAIN PRODUCES/INDUSTRIES

COUNTRIES

MAIN PRODUCES/INDUSTRIES

Afghanistan

Dry and fresh fruits, Carpets, Wool

Australia

Wood, dairy products, wheat, meat, lead, zinc

Austria

Machinery, textiles, leather goods

Belgium

Glass, textiles

Brazil

Coffee

Canada

Wheat, newsprint, machinery

Chile

Copper nitrate

China

Silk, tea, rice

Congo

Copper, uranium, cobalt, ivory

Cuba

Sugar, Tobacco, cigar

Denmark

Textiles, paper

France

Textile, wine, silk

Germany

Machinery, chemical, iron and steel equipments

Ghana

Coco, gold, coffee

India

Jute, textiles, sugar, spices, tobacco, tea, cement, mica, etc.

Indonesia

Sugar, spices, rubber, rice, cinchona, petroleum

Iran

Petroleum, carpets, dry fruits

Iraq

Dates, petroleum

Italy

Mercury, textiles

Japan

Machinery, textiles, toys, silk, automobiles

Kenya

Coffee, tea, meat, sisal, hides

Kuwait

Petroleum

Malaysia

Rubber, tin

Russia

Petroleum, wheat, chemicals, heavy machinery etc.

Saudi Arabia

Oil, dates

Spain

Lead

Sweden

Matches, timber

Switzerland

Watches, chemicals, electrical

Taiwan

Camphor, rice

The Netherlands

Machinery, aircraft, electrical

UK

Textiles, medicines, machinery, cars

USA

Petroleum, wheat, machinery, coal, automobiles, iron etc.

Vietnam

Tin, rice, rubber, teak, etc.

RANK WISE COUNTRIES (BY AREA)

COUNTRY/

TERRITORY

AREA  (Km2)

% OF TOTAL

CONTINENT/

REGION

NOTES

Earth

148,940,000

100%

Solar System

Total land coverage (29.2% of Earth’s surface)

Russia

17,098,242

11.5%

Asia/Europe

Largest country in the world.

EB: 17,075,400 km2.

Canada

9,984,670

6.7%

America, North

Largest country in the western hemisphere. Longest coastline. EB: 9,984,670 km2.

U.S.

9,629,091

6.5%

America, North

Includes only the 50 states and the district of Columbia. The total area is listed as 9,826,630 km2 by the CIA World Factbook. EB: 9,522,055 km2.

PR China

9,598,094

6.4%

Asia, Eastern

Second largest Asian country (after Asian part of Russia). Total of separate UN figures for Mainland China (9,596,961) inclusive Hong Kong SAR (1,104 km2) and Macau (29 km2). (Excludes all disputed territories). EB: 9,572,900 km2.

Brazil

8,514,877

5.7%

America, South

Largest country in South America, and in the southern hemisphere. EB: 8,514,877 km2.

Australia

7,692,024

5.2%

Australia/

Oceania

Australia is the only country that is coterminous with a continent. Largest country without a land-border to neighbours. Largest country in Oceania.

EB: 7,692,208 km2.

India

3,287,263

2.3%

Asia, South-Central

Figure includes 120,8492 km of disputed territories with Pakistan and China.  Third-largest country in Asia (after Russia and China). EB: 3,166,414 km2.

Argentina

2,780,400

2%

America South

Second largest country in South America.

EB: 2,780,403 km2.

Kazakhstan

2,724,900

1.8%

Asia, South-Central

Largest landlocked country in the world.

EB: 2,724,900 km2.

Sudan

2,505,813

1.7%

Africa, Northern

Largest country in Africa, EB: 2,505,810 km2.

MOST POPULOUS COUNTRIES

RANK

COUNTRY/TERRITORY

POPULATION

% OF WORLD POPULATION

1

China

1,333,760,000

19.63%

2

India

1,171,700,000

17.25%

3

United States

07,800,000

4.53

4

Indonesia

229,965,000

3.39%

5

Brazil

192,058,000

2.83%

6

Pakistan

167,795,000

2.47%

7

Bangladesh

162,221,000

2.39%

8

Nigeria

154,729,000

2.28%

9

Russia

141,881,000

2.09%

10

Japan

127,560,000

1.88%

LEAST POPULOUS COUNTRIES

RANK

COUNTRY/TERRITORY

POPULATION

% OF WORLD POPULATION

1

Vatican City

800

0.00002%

2

Nauru

10,000

0.0001%

3

Tuvalu

10,000

.0001%

4

Palau

20,000

.0003%

5

San Marino

30,800

0.0005%

6

Monaco

33,000

0.0005%

7

Liechtenstein

35,593

0.0005%

8

Saint Kitts and Nevis

52,000

0.001%

9

The Greenlands

57,000

0.001%

10

Marhsall Islands

62,000

0.001%

MOST POPULOUS CITIES

RANK

CITY

POPULATION

AREA

(km2)

POPULATION

DENSITY (km2)

COUNTRY

1

Mumbai

13,922,125

603

23,088

India

2

Shanghai

13,831,900

1,928

7,174

China

3

Karachi

12,991,000

3,527

3,683

Pakistan

4

Delhi

12,259,230

431.09

28,438

India

5

Istanbul

11,372,613

1,831

6,211

Turkey

6

San Paulo

11,037,593

1,523

7,247

Brazil

7

Moscow

10,508,971

1,081

9,722

Russia

8

Seoul

10,456,034

605.4

17,271

South Korea

9

Beijing

10,123,000

1,368.32

7,400

China

10

Mexico City

8,841,916

1,485

5,954

Mexico

Last Updated on Tuesday, 27 December 2011 05:56