Home General Knowledge CONTINENTS OF THE WORLD
CONTINENTS OF THE WORLD
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 27 December 2011 04:14

CONTINENTS (BY SIZE)

  • Asia                                44,579,000 Sq. km
  • Africa                              30,065,000 Sq. km
  • North America                  24,256,000 Sq. km
  • South America                 17,819,000 Sq. km
  • Antarctica                       13,209,000 Sq. km
  • Europe                           9,938,000 Sq. km
  • Australia/Oceania             7,687,000 Sq. km

 

CONTINENTS (BY POPULATION)

  • Asia                          3,879,000,000
  • Africa                        877,500,000
  • Europe                      727,000,000
  • North America            501,500,000
  • South America           379,500,000
  • Australia/Oceania        320,000,000
  • Antarctica                  0

 

CONTINENTS BY THE NUMBER OF COUNTRIES

  • Africa     53
  • Europe   46
  • Asia       44
  • North America 23
  • Oceania          14
  • South America 12

HIGHEST POINTS ON THE CONTINENTS

  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN THE WORLD (AND ASIA): Everest, Nepal, China: 29,035 Feet/8850 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN AFRICA: Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: 19,340 Feet/5895 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN ANTARCTICA: Vinson Massif: 16,066 Feet/4897 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN AUSTRALIA: Kosciusko: 7310 Feet/2228 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN EUROPE: Elbrus, Russia (Caucasus): 18,510 Feet/5642 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN WESTERN EUROPE: Mont Blanc, France – Italy: 15,771 Feet/ 4807 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN OCEANIA: Puncak Jaya, New Guinea: 16,535 Feet/5040 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN NORTH AMERICA: McKinley (Denali), Alaska: 20,320 Feet/6194 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN THE 48 CONTIGUNOUS UNTIED STATES: Whitney, California: 14,494 Feet/4418 metres.
  • HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN ACONCAGUA, ARGENTINA: Aconcagua, Argentina: 22,834 Feet/6960 metres.

LOWEST POINTSON THE CONTINENTS

  • LOWEST POINT IN THE WORLD (AND ASIA): Dead Sea Shore, Israel-Jordan: 1369 Feet/417.5 Metres below sea level.
  • LOWEST POINT IN AFRICA: Lake Assal, Djibouti: 512 Feet/156 Metres below sea level.
  • LOWEST POINT IN AUSTALIA: Lake Eyre: 52 Feet/ 12 Metres below sea level.
  • LOWEST POINT IN EUROPE: Caspian Sea shore, Russia-Iran-Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan: 92 Feet/28 Metres below sea level.
  • LOWEST POINT IN WESTERN EUROPE: Tie: Lemmefjord, Denmark and Prins Alexander Polder, Netherlands: 23 Feet/7 Metres below sea level.
  • LOWEST POINT IN NORTH AMERICA: Death Valley, California: 282 Feet/86 Metres below sea level.
  • LOWEST POINT IN SOUTH AMERICA: Laguna del Carbon (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz): 344 Feet/105 Metres below sea level.
  • LOWEST POINT IN ANTARCTICA: The Bentley Sub-glacial trench is approximately 2540 Metres (8,333 Feet) below sea level but is covered with ice; if Antarctica’s ice were to melt, exposing the trench, it would be covered by sea so it is a quasi-lowest point and if one ignores the reality of the ice, it is the lowest point “on land” on the earth. .

HIGHEST MOUNTAIN PEAKS OF THE WORLD

MOUNTAIN PEAK

RANGE

DATE OF FIRST ASCENT

LOCATION

HEIGHT IN FEET

HEIGHT IN M.

Everest 1

Himalayas

29.05.1953

Nepal/Tibet

29,028

8,848

K2 (Gidwin Austen)

Karakoram

31.07.1954

Pakistan/China

28,251

8,611

Kanchenjunga

Himalayas

25.05.1955

India/Nepal

28,169

8,586

Lhotse I

Himalayas

18.05.1956

Nepal/Tibet

27,940

8,516

Makalu I

Himalayas

15.05.1955

Nepal/Tibet

27,834

8,485

Cho Oyu

Himalayas

13.05.1960

Nepal/Tibet

26,864

8,188

Dhaulagiri

Himalayas

09.05.1956

Nepal

26,795

8,167

Manaslu I

Himalayas

19.10.1954

Nepal

26,781

8,163

Nanga Parbat

Himalayas

03.07.1653

Pakistan

26,660

8,126

Annapurna

Himalayas

03.06.1950

Nepal

26,545

8,091

TALLEST MOUNTAINS (ON EACH CONTINENTS)

  • Mount Everest 8848 m (29035 ft) Asia
  • Aconcagua 6959 m (22831 ft) S. America
  • Mount Kckinley 6194 m (20320 ft) N. America
  • Mount Kilimanjaro 5963 m (19563 ft) Africa
  • Mount Elbrus 5633 m (18481 ft) Europe
  • Puncak Jaya 4884 m (16023 ft) Oceania
  • Vinson Massif 4897 m (16066 ft) Antarctica

MAJOR DESERTS OF THE WORLD

  • Antarctic, Polar, 5.5 million mi2, Antarctica
  • Arctic, Polar, 5.4 million mi2, Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia
  • Sahara, Subtropical, 3.5 million mi2, Northern Africa
  • Arabian, Subtropical, 1 million mi2, Arabian Peninsula
  • Gobi Cold Winter, 500,000 mi2, China and Mongolia
  • Patagonian, Cold Winter, 260,000 mi2, Argentina
  • Great Victoria, Subtropical, 250,000 mi2, Australia
  • Kalahari, Subtropical,  220,000 mi2, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia
  • Great Basin, Cold Winter, 190,000 mi2, United States
  • Thar, Subtropical,  175,000 mi2, India, Pakistan
  • Chihuahuan, Subtropical, 175,000 mi2, Mexico
  • Great Sandy, Subtropical, 150,000 mi2, Australia
  • Kara-Kum, Cold Winter, 135,000 mi2, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
  • Colorado Plateau, Cold Winter, 130,000 mi2, United States
  • Gibson, Subtropical, 120,000 mi2, Australia
  • Sonoran, Subtropical, 120,000 mi2, United States, Mexico

DEEPEST CAVES OF THE WORLD

  • Krubera which is the
  • Lamprechtosofen which is the
  • Gouffre Mirolda which is third
  • Reseau Jean Bernard which was
  • Torca del Cerro, last but not least the

 

LARGEST PENINSULAS

  • Arabian Peninsula (2,017,686 km): The Arabian peninsula contains Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen. This peninsula is surrounded by the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf.
  • Southern India (1,287,200 km): South India is a peninsula in the shape of a vast inverted triangle, bounded on the west by the Arabian Sea, on the east by Bay of Bengal and on the north by the Vindhya and Satpura ranges. The Narmada flows westwards in the depression between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges.
  • Alaska Mi (933,220 km): The entire state of Alaska is one big peninsula, surrounded by the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean on the south, the Bering and Chukchi Seas on the west and the Arctic Ocean on the north. The Alaskan Peninsula is about 570,000 sq. miles in size, making it not only the largest peninsula in the United States but also the western hemisphere.
  • Labrador (807,718 km): Labrador Peninsula is a large peninsula in eastern Canada. It is bounded by the Hudson Bay to the west, the Hudson Strait to the north, the Labrador Sea to the east, and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the south-east, the peninsula includes the region of Labrador, part of the province of New- Foundland and Labrador; and the regions of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, Cote-Nord, and Nord-du-Quebec, which are in the province of Quebec.
  • Scandinavia (497,181 km): The Scandinavian Peninsula is a geographic region in northern Europe, consisting of Norway and Sweden, the name Scandinavian is derived from Scania, a region at the southernmost extremity of the peninsula. The Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest peninsula in Europe.
  • The Iberian Peninsula [225,000 sq m (339,525 km)]: The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme south-west of Europe and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar and a very small area of France.
 

Add comment


Security code
Refresh

Articles
Newsletter Subscription
Fill the form below to subscribe for recieving email alerts from rosemaryinstitute.com