Home General Knowledge FAMOUS COUNTRIES EXPLORATIONS
FAMOUS COUNTRIES EXPLORATIONS
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 27 December 2011 03:52

Country or place

Event

Explorer

Year

AFRICA

 

 

 

Sierra Leone

Explored

Hanno, Carthaginian seaman

c.520 B.C.

Zaire River (Congo)

Mouth visited

Diogo Cao, Portuguese Explorer

c.1484

Cape of Good Hope

Rounded

Bartolomeu Diaz, Portuguese Explorer

1488

Gambia River

Explored

Mungo Park, Scottish Explorer

1795

Sahara

Crossed

Dixon Denham and Hugh Clapperton, English Explorers

1822-1823

Zambezi River

Explored

David Livingstone, Scottish Explorer

1851

Sudan

Explored

Heinrich Barth, German Explorer

1852-1855

Victoria Falls

Explored

David Livingstone, Scottish Explorer

1855

Lake Tanganyika

Explored

Richard Burton and John Speke, British

1858

Lake Victoria, identified as the source of the Nile

Explored

John Speke, British Explorer

1858

Zaire River (Congo)

Traced

Sir Henry M. Stanley, British Explorer

1877

ASIA

 

 

 

Punjab (India)

Invaded

Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia

327 B.C.

China

Explored

Marco Polo, Italian traveler

c.1272

Tibet

Visited

Odoric of Pordenone, Italian monk

c.1325

Southern China

Explored

Niccolo dei Conti, Venetian traveler

c.1440

India

Explored (cape route)

Vasco da Gama, Portuguese navigator

1498

Japan

Visited

St. Francis Xavier of Spain, missionary

1549

Arabia

Explored

Carsten Niebuhr, German Explorer

1762

China

Explored

Ferdinand Richthofen, German scientist

1868

Mongolia

Explored

Nikolai M. Przhevalsky, Russia Explorer

1870-1873

Central Asia

Explored

Seven Hedin, Swedish scientist

1890-1908

EUROPE

 

 

 

Shetland Islands

Visited

Pytheas of Massilia (Marseille), Greek Navigator and geographer

c.325 B.C.

North Cape

Rounded

Ottar, Norwegian Explorer

c.870

Iceland

Colonized

Norwegian noblemen

c.890-900

NORTH AMERICA

 

 

 

Greenland

Colonized

Eric the Red, Norwegian

c.985

Labrador, New Foundland

Explored

Leif Ericsson, Norse Explorer

1000

West Indies

Explored

Christopher Columbus, Italian

1492

North America

Coast Explored

Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot), for British

1497

Pacific Ocean

Sighted

Vasco Nunez da Balboa, Spanish Explorer

1513

Florida

Explored

Ponce de Leon, Spanish Explorer

1513

Mexico

Conquered

Hernando Cortes, Spanish adventurer

1519-1521

St. Lawrence River

Explored

Jacques Cartier, French navigator

1534

Southwest United States

Explored

Francisco Coronado, Spanish Explorer

1540-1542

Colorado River

Explored

Hernando de Alarcon, Spanish Explorer

1540

Mississippi River

Explored

Hernando de Soto, Spanish Explorer

1541

Frobisher Bay

Explored

Martin Frbisher, English seaman

1576

Maine Coast

Explored

Samuel de Champlain, French Explorer

1604

Jamestown, Va.

Settled

John Smith, English colonist

1607

Hudson River

Explored

Henry Hudson, English navigator

1609

Hudson Bay (Canada)

Explored

Henry Hudson

1610

Baffin Bay

Explored

William Baffin, English navigator

1616

Lake Michigan

Navigated

Jean Nicolet, French Explorer

1634

Arkansas River

Explored

Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet French Explorer

1673

Mississippi River

Explored

Sieur da La Salle, French Explorer

1682

Bering Strait

Explored

Vitus Bering, Danish Explorer

1728

Alaska

Explored

Vitus Bering

1741

Mackenzie River (Canada)

Explored

Sir Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish – Canadian  Explorer

1789

Northwest United States

Explored

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, American Explorer

1804-1806

Northeast Passage (Arctic Ocean)

Navigated

Nils Nordenskjold, Swedish Explorer

1879

Greenland

Explored

Robert E. Peary, American Explorer

1892

Northwest Passage

Navigated

Roald Amundsen, Norwegian Explorer

1906

SOUTH AMERICA

 

 

 

Continent

Explored

Christopher Columbus, Italian

1498

Brazil

Explored

Pedro Alvarez Cabral, Portuguese

1500

Peru

Conquered

Francisco Pizarro, Spanish Explorer

1532-1533

Amazon River

Explored

Francisco Orellana, Spanish Explorer

1541

Cape Horn

Explored

Willem C. Schouten, Dutch navigator

1615

OCEANIA

 

 

 

Papua New Guinea

Explored

Jorge de Menezes, Portuguese Explorer

1526

Australia

Explored

Abel Janszoon Tasman, Dutch navigator

1642

Tasmania

Explored

Abel Jonszoon Tasman

1642

Australia

Crossed

John Mc Douall Stuart, English Explorer

1862

Australia

Explored

Robert Burke and William Wills, Australian Explorers

1861

New Zealand

Sighted

Abel Janszoon Tasman, Dutch navigator (and named)

1642

New Zealand

Explored

James Cook, English navigator

1769

ARCTIC, ANTARCTIC AND MISCELLANEOUS

 

 

 

Africa, Middle East, Asia and Europe

Explored

Ibn Batuta, greatest Arab traveler

1325-1349

Ocean Exploration

Expedition

Ferdinand Magellan’s ships circled globe for Spain

1519-1522

Galapagos Islands

Explored

Diego de Rivadeneira, Spanish captain

1535

Spitsbregen

Explored

Willem Barents, Dutch navigator

1596

Antarctic Circle

Crossed

James Cook, English navigator

1773

Antarctica

Explored

Nathaniel Palmer, American Whaler (Archipelago), and Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian admiral (Mainland)

1820-1821

Antarctica

Explored

Charles Wilkes, American Explorer

1840

North Pole

Reached

Robert E. Peary, American Explorer

1909

South Pole

Reached

Roald Amundsen, Norwegian Explorer

1911

 

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