Home Essay/Articles SOCIAL ISSUE : DISABILITY
SOCIAL ISSUE : DISABILITY
Written by Administrator   
Thursday, 29 August 2013 10:37


SOCIAL ISSUE : DISABILITY

 

KEY POINTS:

Causes of Disability

Government Action for the Disables

National Policy for the person with Disabilities

Disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations.

Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Overcoming the difficulties faced by people with disabilities requires interventions to remove environmental and social barriers.

Disability can be categorized into four categories:

a) Speech disability

b) Hearing disability

c) Visual Disability

d) Locomotive disability.

Besides, Mental retardation is also considered a disability.

Mental retardation is categorized into

(a) Mild retardation

(b) Moderate retardation

(c) Severe retardation

(d) Profound retardation.

CAUSES OF DISABILITY

  • Malnutrition: It causes visual disability.

 

  • Lack of Social Support System: Social support systems like hospitals and medicines are not sufficient.

 

  • Accident at the work Place: Accident at the work place can result into locomotive disability.

 

  • Callous attitude of the Community: The community mostly shows apathy to the mental retardation leads disability.


GOVERNMENT ACTION FOR THE DISABLES

The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 was enacted by the government to provide rehabilitation like employment, education and allowance for the disabled.

The Act regards disability as a civil right not any welfare and health issue. It calls for greater involvement of the disabled people within the society.

The Act lays down a comprehensive framework of strategies and programmes. It refuses to tolerate any exploitation and abuse in any form whatsoever.

Section 33 of the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 provides for at least 3 percent reservation in Government jobs of which one percent each is to be reserved for persons suffering from

(i) Locomotive disability or cerebral palsy

(ii) Hearing impairment

(iii) Blindness or low vision

The government has also come out with schemes like ADIP (Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/ Fitting of Aids and Appliances) scheme, DDRS (Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme to promote Voluntary Action for Persons with disabilities) scheme and scheme of National Awards for Empowerment of Persons with disabilities. Besides, the government has set up District Disability Rehabilitation Centers (DDRCs) to rehabilitate disabled.

NATIONAL POLICY FOR THE PERSON WITH DISABILITIES

National Policy for Persons with disabilities was announced in February, 2006.

National Policy focuses on two aspects

(1) Prevention of Disabilities and

(2) Rehabilitation Measures.

The Key features of the policy are as following:

  • Physical Rehabilitation which comprises early medical interventions and providing aids and appliances.

 

  • Educational Rehabilitation which includes vocational training.

 

  • Economic Rehabilitation so that disabled could live a life of dignity.

 

  • Under the policy, grants are given to NGOs who help in rehabilitating disabled.

 

  • RCI (Rehabilitation Council of India) was established to bring uniformity in training of professionals involved in rehabilitating the disabled.



Last Updated on Thursday, 29 August 2013 11:51
 

Add comment


Security code
Refresh

Articles
Newsletter Subscription
Fill the form below to subscribe for recieving email alerts from rosemaryinstitute.com