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ESSAY : Afghanistan: Will there be peace & prosperity?
Friday, 21 June 2013 04:37

Afghanistan: Will there be peace & prosperity?


“Common Afghanistani may treat themselves most unfortunate people for willy nilly they are caught in the whirlpool of one war after another and battered by one drought after another and became the easy pawn in the chess game being played by countries, earlier the Soviet Union and now the Britain, USA.”

The bigoted rulers of Taliban regime, had withdrawn all fundamental rights of the people and put the country into a state of medieval barbarism and made it a safe haven for the terrorists.

The suicidal terrorist attack in the USA in Sept. 2001, at the behest and masterminding of Osama bin Laden and his ilk forced the United States to initiate action against Afghanistan. The attack of USA on the Taliban with all its deadly weapons added more miseries and destructions to the Afghanis. Lacs of Afghans took shelter in neighbouring Pakistan, hundreds of Afghanis were killed in the US air strikes and the ground war during he attack. The defeat of Taliban was greeted with spontaneous exultations of common people in Afghanistan and it made the people fairly hope that thing would improve but there couldn’t be worse nightmare than Talibans. Meanwhile with the falling of kandhar Osamabin Laden took shelter at some unknown place, an agreement was signed at Bonn in Germany by delegations representing four rival Afghan factions in early Dec. 2001 providing the war torn country with an opportunity to take on new life. As per the agreement a 29 member interim administration would rule for six months when a special independent commission will convene Loya Jirga, the traditional assembly to elect a transitional government to rule for about two years until a constitution is drawn up and elections are held. The agreement allowed a Pashtun leader to occupy the post of Prime minister and 11 seats out of 29, to this ethnic group in the provisional executive government.

Mr. Hamid Karzai was chosen the head of the interim government. He is an afghan aristocrat and a leader of the powerful Popalzai clan, one of the four main tribes of the Pashtun ethnic group that dominates Sourthrm Afghanistan. Mr. Karzai command due respect in his clan and regarded as a leader of new generation. His father Abdullah Ahad Karzai served for several years in the Afghan parliament as a close associate of the royal family. Mr. Abdullah ahad karzai was killed by Taliban soldiers in 1999 in Quetta where he had been mobilizing support for Loya Jirga to challenge Taliban rule. Mr. Hamid Karza, also slipped into Afghanistan in early Oct. 2001 on a mission to woo some Taliban moderates and tribal leaders, was rescued by a US helicopter while many of his associates were killed by the Taliban. Militants. On June 10, 2002 the Loya Jirga, the traditional Afghan assembly was convened to decide on the formation of the Transitional Authority torule the country for a period of two years. In recognition of King Zahir Shah was invited to chair the inaugural session of the Loya Jirga. The presence of the king is expected to overt the clashes that have been seen during Loya Jirga earlier.

A new constitution was unveiled in Kabul on Nov. 3, 2003 for Afghanistan. Afghanistan would hence forth be known as Islamic Republic and religion of Afghanistan would be sacred religion of Islam, followers of other religion are free to perform their religious ceremonies within the limits of the law of the land. The Constitution provides for the post of President and Vice President and two houses of Congress. The draft provides for political parties, whose charter do not contradict the principles of Islam. It also recognizes Pashto and Dari as the official languages, but with a provision for the National song to be sung in Pashto alone. The draft prohibits any kind of discrimination and privilege between the citizens of Afghanistan. The citizens of Afghanistan will enjoy equal rights and duties before the law.

The Constitution enshrines King Mohammed Zaheer Shah, 88 years, “Father of the Nation” but he will not have any official political role and this title will not be passed on to his heirs.

The Constitution paved the way of democratic government in the country and an atmosphere of peace, prosperity and security is hoped to prevail in the country.

Afghanistan reflects most depressing social milieu. The social indicators presents a barren picture with literacy rate 36% only and merely 13% of the population has access to safe drinking water. Merely 12% of the population has sanitation facilities, life expectancy just 43 years and child mortality rate 25 of every 1000 children fourth highest in the world. The maternal mortality rate is the second highest in the world, 17 out of 1000 mothers dies in child birth and approximately 16000 mothers die  every year. The level of malnutrition is as high as 70%. The women of Afghanistan from 60% of the population and acknowledged by the international community as the most depressed women in the world. The women were the most harassed and victimized entity during the regn of Taliban.

The present situation of Afghanistan demands an efficient administration to revive its badly shattered economy, rehabilitation of the millions of refugees camping in Pakistan and Iran. For the progress and prosperity to prevail, the foremost requirement is peace in the country. Several militant groups still putting resistance and cause many incidences of violence, murders, killings and destruction of property in the country. All this required to be stopped, so that the humanitarian aid agencies, can resume the process of rehabilitation.

It was the time when new Constitution was taking place, every faction in Afghanistan must realize that any attempt by any of the factions and militant groups would again plunge the country in turmoil and all the sacrifices and hardships faced by the countrymen will result in nothing but civil war. The elections due in June 2004, had given a chance to each group to assert itself through democratic process. All the militants and ethnic groups must exercise utmost patience and work together, keeping aside their own interests for the development and progress of the country.

India as well as other developing and developed nations have volunteered to offer generous assistance in the rebuilding and reconstruction of Afghanistan. India could help in wide range of sectors like building up a sound management system, police force, medical, educational institutions and administration of basic necessities to the general mass.

The USA has well realized and learnt a never forgettable lesson and has paid war against terrorism anywhere in the world for the fear of its own vulnerability to terrorists strikes anytime, anywhere. The new rulers of Afghanistan, the existing warring groups or the militia must realize that they can’t get anything permanently through violence. For the progress and growth of economy, stability and peace is the first requirements, the adoption of Constitution and beginning of election process have paved the way now it is the citizens of Afghanistan to choose the rulers of their choice who could give them safe, security, stability, progress, prosperity and peace.