Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 27- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 27- OCTOBER - 2016
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Thursday, 27 October 2016 03:14

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

27- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

PRESIDENT WANTS WORLD LEADERS TO COME TOGETHER AGAINST TERRORISM

  • President Pranab Mukherjee asked world leaders to come together to defeat the menace of terrorism, which has “no ideology” and only believes in “wanton destruction of humanity.”
  • “Terrorism has no ideology except the wanton destruction of humanity. We need to deal with this menace in order to leave a safer world for the coming generations,” he said.
  • The President said global governance was not just about maintaining peace as there were many challenges that needed to be tackled.
  • “Manifold challenges are staring at us such as poverty, hunger, disease and exploitation of the resources of mother earth,” he said, adding global governance was a concept that had come to acquire increasing significance today.
  • Poverty eradication, environmental preservation of our planet, maintenance of peace, social inclusion etc. are at once the objectives of global governance and challenges to overcome.

RAJASTHAN AND UNICEF STARTS A DRIVE TO END CHILD MARRIAGES

  • Under the banner of “Sajha Abhiyan” of the Rajasthan government, UNFPA and UNICEF, a district-level Abhiyan Yatra was flagged off in Dausa for complete elimination of child marriages in the State.
  • Child marriage in Rajasthan continues to be much higher than the national average.
  • In order to address the issue, the State government, with the support of UNFPA and UNICEF, has taken the lead in developing a comprehensive strategy and action plan for doing away with the marriages of minor boys and girls.
  • As part of ‘Sajha Abhiyan’, multiple stakeholders, interventions and sectors are converging to address child marriage in the State as a unified force.
  • The yatra will bring the community on a united platform to work towards making the State child marriage-free. Yatra will wind its way through as many as 50 village panchayats in the district to generate awareness among the rural populace.
  • A significant aspect of the yatra is that it would apprise the people of the ill effects and harmful consequences of child marriage and convince them to get such marriages nullified if they have taken place in their families and neighbourhood.

CBI WILL HAVE A NEW DIRECTOR OF PROSECUTION

  • In May 2013 the Supreme Court, while hearing the ‘Coalgate probe report’, had described the national agency for investigation and collection of criminal intelligence information as a ‘caged parrot speaking in its master’s voice.’
  • Come December 23, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) would have a brand new Director of Prosecution with a nominal role for the Union government in the selection of the candidate.
  • Thanks to new eligibility norms for appointment at the highest level in the agency, the same goes for the post of CBI Director.
  • Following the directives of the apex court, the Centre now is to be entirely guided by a panel headed by the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC).
  • The early 2013 landmark verdict of the Supreme Court deals with issues related to the status of the CBI as well as the CVC, procedure on appointment of CBI Director and the changed eligibility criteria for selection of the Director of Prosecution.
  • The apex court has said that henceforth the selection of the Director of Prosecution shall be on the recommendation of the Central Vigilance Commission.

APEX COURT STAYED AWAY FROM HINDUTVA JUDGEMENT

  • The Supreme Court has declined to check the “devastating consequences” of its 1995 judgment that Hindutva or Hinduism is a “way of life” and has nothing to do with “narrow fundamentalist Hindu religious bigotry”.
  • A seven-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India T.S. Thakur, clarified that the Supreme Court is now examining only what constitutes corrupt electoral practice under Section 123 (3) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
  • The court said it would not be going into the larger issue of whether Hindutva meant the Hindu religion.
  • Specifically, the Constitution Bench is hearing arguments on whether it amounts to a corrupt electoral practice if a candidate ropes in the services of religious leaders to use their mass appeal to swing votes in his or her favour.
  • Justice Verma had concluded in 1995 that “no precise meaning can be ascribed to the terms ‘Hindu’, ‘Hindutva’ and ‘Hinduism’; and no meaning in the abstract can confine it to the narrow limits of religion alone.
  • Classifying Hindutva as a way of life of the people in the sub-continent, he dismissed the idea of equating the abstract terms Hindutva or Hinduism with the “narrow fundamentalist Hindu religious bigotry”.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

DESPITE TENSION BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN, COMMUNITIES IN US ARE UNITED

  • Tensions have been on the rise between India and Pakistan in recent weeks, but people of Indian and Pakistani origin in the U.S. have been bonding, perhaps like never before.
  • Considering the divisions exacerbated by Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump’s campaign, the inherited and lingering fault lines between India and Pakistan have become less relevant.
  • The trend is similar across other pockets where South Asian population is concentrated.
  • In New Jersey, a group of Pakistani doctors organised a successful fundraiser for Peter Jacob, Indian American candidate for Congress, recently and the Pakistani community is solidly behind him.
  • A cooperation between Indian and Pakistani communities is visible in Cleveland, Ohio, as well.
  • People often incorrectly assume that immigrant communities make their political choices in the U.S. based solely on what is happening back home. Tensions back home between India and Pakistan start becoming less relevant.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM SAYS GENDER GAP HAS NARROWED IN INDIA

  • The World Economic Forum (WEF) reckons that the gender gap in India has narrowed down — with the gap closing in primary and secondary education enrolments, pushing it up in the Forum’s global gender gap rankings from 108 to 87.
  • However, India remains one of the worst countries in the world for women in terms of labour force participation, income levels as well as health and survival.
  • According to the Forum which has been compiling the Global Gender Gap report since 2006 by examining four broad dimensions of gender equality — economic participation, education, health and politics.
  • India has closed its gender gap by 2 per cent in a year, but much work remains to be done to empower women in the economic sphere, the WEF report noted.
  • The global workplace gender gap, measured in terms of economic participation and opportunities, is getting worse and stands at the highest level since 2008, according to the WEF. This gap will ‘now not close until the year 2186,’ going by current trends.
  • Within South Asia, India’s neighbour Bangladesh is the top performer (ranked 72nd), recording progress on the political empowerment gender gap, but a wider gap on women’s labour force participation and estimated earned income.
  • India’s women rank highly on political empowerment and the country is closing the gap on wage equality and across all indicators of the educational attainment sub-index, fully closing its primary and secondary education enrolment gender gaps.
  • Clubbing India with the likes of Iran, UAE and Chile, the report said these countries have made key investments in women’s education but have generally not removed barriers to women’s participation in the workforce.

GOVT FORMED A COMMITTEE TO LOOK INTO THE REGULATOR TRAI’S RECOMMENDATION

  • The Telecom Ministry has formed a committee to look into the regulator TRAI’s recommendation of a Rs.3,050 crore penalty on top three telcos — Airtel, Vodafone and Idea — for denial of interconnection points to Reliance Jio.
  • The committee has been asked to give a report on the recommendations soon. While the timeline for submission of the report is not confirmed, it is likely to be before November 15.
  • TRAI had earlier suggested a hefty penalty on the three incumbents for “non-compliance of the terms and conditions of license and denial of Interconnection to RJIL appears to be with ulterior motive to stifle competition and is anti-consumer.”
  • While the recommended fine for Airtel and Vodafone amounts to Rs.1,050 crore for 21 service areas (all, expect Jammu and Kashmir), for Idea the penalty suggested for 19 service areas pegged at Rs 950 crore.

CENTRE WILL HOLD A SPECIAL HIGH-LEVEL MEETING WITH STATES FOR REFORMS

  • The Centre will soon hold a special high-level meeting with States and Union Territories (UTs), which have performed poorly in implementing reforms, to improve the ease of doing business
  • The states, among others, included Kerala and those in the entire North-Eastern region. They have managed to implement only 25 per cent or below of the 340-point ‘Business Reform Action Plan’ that was circulated in late October 2015.
  • The performance in respect of this ‘action plan’ is being considered for a state-wise ‘ease of doing business’ ranking in the spirit of ‘competitive and cooperative federalism’. This year’s state-wise ranking will be released shortly by the Centre.
  • The 17 states/union territories that are laggards present a contrasting picture to the intense competition seen among the other states to grab top spots in the state-wise ease of doing business index.
  • The Centre’s portal on the ‘business reform action plan’ has a ‘real time ranking and tracking of the states/UTs’ on the basis of the implementation of the plan.
  • At present, there are ten states that have an implementation percentage of 90 per cent or more and these have been categorised as ‘leaders’.
  • The number one rank is currently being held by two States — Andhra Pradesh and Telangana with a score of 99.09 per cent each.
  • The next category is that of ‘aspiring leaders’ — those with an implementation rate between 60-90 per cent. There are currently seven states in that category of which five have an implementation rate of over 80 per cent.
  • The third category is termed ‘acceleration required’ — those with an implementation percentage of 30-60 per cent. There are two States in this category.
  • The 17 poorly performing States/UTs are those falling in the last category called ‘jump-start needed’ with a 0-30 per cent implementation percentage.
  • Reform areas are under categories including construction permit, environmental and labour registration, obtaining an electricity connection, online tax-return filing, inspection reform, single window, land availability and dispute resolution.

INDIA IMPROVED ITS POSITION TO 130 IN THE WORLD BANK EASE OF DOING BUSINESS 2017 REPORT

  • Improving India’s ranking in the report has been a key target of the government headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. India which had been ranked 130 in the 2016 report, was placed at 131 according to the revised rankings for last year.
  • India could not improve its ranking better despite reform measures that have been lauded in the report because other countries around it in the ranking list also did well last year, World Bank officials who oversaw the report said .
  • “While ranking is relative, DTF score is an absolute figure,” he said. India was 35th in DTF improvement last year. “It is pretty impressive,” he said.
  • India has improved and is at 55.27 compared with last year’s 53.93, while the perfect score is 100. New Zealand that is ranked first has a DTF score of 87.01.
  • Word Bank Doing Business reports, introduced in 2004, review business regulations and their enforcement across countries —190 this year. The latest edition takes into account developments in one year up until June 1, 2016.
  • India is one of the few economies that was discussed separately for its reform measures in the report. Four reform measures undertaken by India during the year helped the country improve its DTF score, said the World Bank.
  • Paying taxes is easier after the introduction of an electronic system for paying employee state insurance contributions, a reform that applies to both Mumbai and Delhi.
  • The report said that the Government has “embarked on a fast-paced reform path.”
  • It scored well on protecting minority investors and is one of only six economies in the world that earn the highest possible score on the extent of shareholder rights index, which measures shareholders’ rights in corporate governance.
  • The overhaul of the Companies Act has brought Indian “companies in line with global standards, particularly regarding accountability and corporate governance practices,” according to the report.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

SBI DECLARES SILCHAR AS ITS 5TH ZONE IN NORTH EAST INDIA

The State Bank of India (SBI) declared Silchar as its 5th zone in North-East India. This zone will cater to the banking needs of the people of Mizoram, Tripura and Manipur along with the Barak Valley.

The other four zones of SBI in region are located in Guwahati, Shillong, Dibrugarh and Jorhat.

Earlier, Silchar was under Guwahati zone and it was tough on the part of the bank to address the complaints and issues of the customers with such a difficult terrain. The bank has 736 branches across North East together with 3000 ATMs and 3000 customer service points for customer facilitation.

Besides, SBI also opened its administrative office at Silchar. This office will facilitate banking issues for the customers of the region.

VICE ADMIRAL SV BHOKARE ASSUMES OFFICE AS THE COMMANDANT OF INDIAN NAVAL ACADEMY

Vice Admiral S V Bhokare assumed office as the Commandant of the Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala in Kerala.

With this, Bhokare became the first officer from the submarine arm of the Indian Navy to take over the charge of the Indian Naval Academy.

Who is Vice Admiral Bhokare?

Vice Admiral Bhokare is a specialist in navigation and direction.

He graduated from the National Defence Academy, Khadakvasla and Defence Services Staff College, Wellington in Tamil Nadu.

He attended the Higher Command Course at Army War College, Mhow.

He also holds a Master's degree in Defence and Strategic Studies from Australian Defence College, Canberra.

In his career spanning 32 years, he has commanded three frontline submarines, INS Sindhughosh, INS Sindhudhvaj and INS Sindhushastra, as well as guided missile frigate INS Beas and submarine base INS Vajrabahu.

About Indian Naval Academy

The Indian Naval Academy is the initial officer training establishment of the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard, located in Ezhimala, Kerala.

It is situated between Mount Dilli and the Kavvayi backwaters.

It has a 7 km beach front on the Arabian Sea.

It conducts basic training for all officers inducted into the Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard.

It is the largest naval academy in Asia.

The Naval Academy was established in May 1969, while its Ezhimala campus was inaugurated on 8 January 2009 and the name was changed to Indian Naval Academy.

INDIAN NAVY COMMISSIONS FAST ATTACK CRAFT INS TIHAYU

India commissioned fast attack craft 'INS Tihayu'. The ship is an improved version of Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC), earlier constructed by GRSE. Now, it will be deployed along the eastern coast for patrolling.

The ship was commissioned by Vice Admiral HCS Bisht, AVSM, Flag Officer Commanding in Chief, Eastern Naval Command. INS Tihayu is manned by a team of four officers and 41 sailors. Commander Ajay Kashov has been appointed the commissioning Commanding Officer.

'INS Tihayu'

• It is the second ship of the four follow-on Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (FO-WJFAC), built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE).

• It is named after Tihayu Island (presently known as Katchal Island) in the Nicobar group of islands.

• The 320-tonne INS Tihayu measures 49 metres in length and can achieve speeds in excess of 35 knots.

• The warship is fitted with advanced MTU engines, water-jet propulsion, and the latest communication equipment.

• It is capable of operating in shallow waters at high speeds and is equipped with enhanced firepower.

• Its armament comprises

a) A 30-mm CRN 91 gun manufactured by Ordnance Factory at Medak in Andhra Pradesh

b) An electronic day-night fire control system, namely Stabilised Optronic Pedestal (SOP) manufactured by Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL), controls the gun.

c) Two 12.7-mm heavy machine guns and multiple medium machine guns

d) Shoulder-launched Igla surface-to-air missiles to combat aerial threats

Why it was built?

The production of Car Nicobar-class vessels designed and built by GRSE was fast-tracked after the 2008 Mumbai terror attack. It was built for extended coastal and offshore surveillance and patrol.

Car Nicobar-class vessels are built by GRSE for the Indian Navy and are the first water jet propelled vessels of the Indian Navy. These vessels are designed as a cost-effective platform for patrol, anti-piracy and rescue operations in India's Exclusive Economic Zone. The class and its vessels are named for Indian islands.

JAPAN'S MORINARI WATANABE ELECTED PRESIDENT OF INTERNATIONAL GYMNASTICS FEDERATION

Japan's Morinari Watanabe was elected the new President of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG).

Watanabe emerged victorious in the election after defeating rival candidate Georges Guelzec of France by a huge margin in a vote at the governing body's Congress.

Watanabe, who is the secretary-general of Japan Gymnastics Association (JGA), won 100 of the 119 votes. Guelzec, the head of the European Union of Gymnastics (UEG), received a mere 19 votes.

With this, Watanabe became the ninth President of the FIG since it was established in 1881.  He will succeed Bruno Grandi, who had held the position for 20 years.

Watanabe is due to officially take charge on 1 January 2016.

About International Federation of Gymnastics

The International Federation of Gymnastics is the governing body of competitive gymnastics.

It is headquartered is in Lausanne, Switzerland.

It was founded on 23 July 1881, in Liege, Belgium.

It is the world's oldest existing international sports organisation.

It was originally called the European Federation of Gymnastics.

It had three member countries, Belgium, France and the Netherlands, until 1921, when non-European countries were admitted and it received its current name.

The federation sets the rules, known as the Code of Points, that regulate how gymnasts' performances are evaluated.

Six gymnastics disciplines are governed by the FIG. They are artistic gymnastics, further classified as men's artistic gymnastics (MAG) and women's artistic gymnastics (WAG), rhythmic gymnastics (RG), aerobic gymnastics (AER), acrobatic gymnastics (ACRO) and trampolining (TRA).

The federation is also responsible for determining whether gymnasts are old enough to participate in the Olympics.

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Friday, 28 October 2016 04:55
 
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