Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 24- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 24- OCTOBER - 2016
Tuesday, 25 October 2016 04:17

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

24- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

PM SAYS SUSTAINED FIGHT ON CORRUPTION AND BLACK MONEY HAS BEEN MADE

  • Using the analogy of surgical strikes, PM Modi wondered what would have happened if the government had adopted similar strategy in the recent campaign against black money, which saw declaration worth Rs. 65,000 crore.
  • “Now think, Rs. 36,000 crore that was leaking has been stopped [by direct benefit transfer], and Rs. 65,000 crore of black money is unearthed, together it is Rs one lakh crore.
  • “And this Rs 1 lakh crore has been brought back without launching surgical strikes. If we do surgical strikes [in this area], you can imagine what all will come out,” the Prime Minister said.
  • Mr. Modi said he had put up a sustained fight against corruption since he took charge.
  • Mr. Modi, speaking at a camp to distribute ‘assistive devices’ to over 8,000 ‘Divyangs’ (differently-abled persons) here, also criticised past governments for not doing enough for the disabled.
  • PM said, “Knowingly or unknowingly, this country has remained insensitive towards the Divyangs. The government buildings only had facility for healthy persons.”
  • Since 1992 till 2014, only 56 such camps for distributing assistive devices for Divyangs were organised. After this government came, 4,500 such programmes were held,” Mr. Modi said.
  • “In the Central government, I came to know that 16,500 posts for Divyangs were vacant. I told my Ministers to fill up these vacant posts. I can say with satisfaction that 14,500 such posts have been filled up,” Mr. Modi said.

GOVT FORMED A COMMITTEE TO KEEP A CLOSE WATCH ON THE BIRD FLU

  • The Central Government has formed a three-member committee to keep a close watch on the bird flu situation with 24 deaths being reported due to the virus.
  • The move comes even as the Delhi government maintained that there was no threat to human beings from the bird flu scare.
  • Delhi Animal Husbandry Minister Gopal Rai said H5N8 virus was found in the samples of three of eight birds which had died recently at the Delhi Zoo and not the H5N1 virus, which is more dangerous.
  • The Union Environment Ministry noted that a constant vigil was being kept around the national zoological parks.
  • The Central Government’s Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries added that a new bird flu virus subtype, H5N8, had been confirmed in samples from the Gandhi Zoological Park in Gwalior.
  • Previously, the Delhi government shut down the Hauz Khas Deer Park amid bird flu scare, and cancelled leaves of all officials of the Delhi Animal Husbandry Department.
  • He added that the Delhi government had started a helpline number (011-2389 0318) where citizens could report cases of bird flu and seek help.

RAJASTHAN HAS PROMULGATED AN ORDINANCE FOR CONSTITUTING A NEW OBC COMMISSION

  • Rajasthan has promulgated an ordinance for constituting a new Other Backward Classes (OBC) Commission, two days after the High Court ordered the dissolution of the previous one because it was not backed by legislation.
  • But the ordinance, which was promulgated after Governor Kalyan Singh gave his approval, has nominated the chairperson, member-secretary and members of the previous commission to the new body.
  • High Court directed the government to constitute a new commission, backed by legislation, by January 15, 2017, and stopped the payment of salary and allowances to the commission members.
  • The prompt decision to give statutory backing to the commission will help to continue the survey to assess the condition of Jats in Bharatpur and Dholpur districts so as to give them the OBC status.

SANDESH FOR SOLDIERS STARTED BY PM

  • Foregrounding the tensions on the border, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a campaign for jawans in the Army and the paramilitary forces, called “Sandesh (message) for Soldiers”, in the run-up to Deepavali.
  • In a video on the NaMo app, Mr. Modi, appearing for the first time in a video promoting a cause, urged Indians to write to MyGov.in and NaMo app as a measure of solidarity with soldiers.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

PAKISTAN TO APPOINT A NEW ARMY CHIEF IN FEW DAYS

  • The Pakistan government will appoint a new Army chief within a week or 10 days to replace incumbent General Raheel Sharif who is poised to retire by end of November.
  • Gen. Sharif had announced several months ago that he will not seek a second term unlike his predecessor General Ashfaq Pervaiz Kayani.
  • The government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has been under pressure to rename the successor of Gen. Sharif to end uncertainty.
  • Under the law, it is prerogative of the Prime Minister to appoint the new Army chief.

IRAQI FORCES PUSHED INTO A TOWN NEAR THE IS HELD CITY OF MOSUL

  • Iraqi forces pushed into a town near the Islamic State (IS)-held city of Mosul after a wave of militant attacks in and around the northern city of Kirkuk set off more than 24 hours of heavy clashes.
  • U.S. Defence Secretary Ash Carter meanwhile arrived in Baghdad on an unannounced visit to meet with Iraqi commanders to discuss the offensive to retake Mosul.
  • The Iraqi Army said the 9th Division has pushed into the town of Hamdaniyah, but the troops were likely still facing resistance in and around the town. Similar past announcements have often proved premature.
  • The town is around 20 km from Mosul. Iraqi forces launched a wide-scale offensive earlier this week aimed at retaking Mosul, the country’s second largest city, which fell to IS in 2014.
  • Meanwhile, the massive IS assault on targets in and around the northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk came to an end Saturday after a day and night of heavy clashes.
  • The Qayyara West airfield is the main U.S. hub to support Iraqi-led operations to retake the city of Mosul from IS. There are about 5,000 U.S. troops in Iraq but the U.S. military has not disclosed the number of personnel at the airfield.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

THE CENTRE IS WORKING WITH STATE GOVERNMENTS TO INTRODUCE A ONE INDIA CONCEPT

  • The Centre is working with State governments to introduce a ‘One India’ concept, the most ambitious ‘ease of doing business’ initiative so far.
  • Under the ‘one-form-one-portal’ model, aimed at attracting huge investments, the processes will be simplified to an extent where investors will need to fill only a single e-form for investing and doing business anywhere in India.
  • Currently, firms are mandated to complete multiple forms at the Central and State-levels, and it gets more complicated as each State has different requirements and regulations.
  • The reform plan is among steps aimed at helping raise India’s global ranking on the World Bank Group’s ‘Doing Business’ index — from 130 in 2016 — to the top 50 among the 189 economies featured on the list.
  • The proposed concept will also make it easy for investors to even change plans midway and shift projects to different locations in India where it is easier to do business.
  • As an initial measure, a draft ‘Common Application Form’ is being circulated among states for their feedback, the sources said, adding that a few states have already accepted the concept.
  • However, discussions will be held on possible exceptions, including for environment and security-related clearances.
  • The Centre is already developing an eBiz project that is basically a government-to-business portal. The services offered under the portal are on starting, running and closing down a business.
  • Introduced in January 2014, the portal has an integrated payment gateway and currently offers 17 pan-India services (at the Central government-level).
  • The focus now is on revamping this portal by identifying and removing glitches. The thrust will be on quality by reducing the cost, time and processes involved, and ensuring greater transparency.
  • The portal will also be soon shifted to an ‘open source multi-platform’ system/browser. Also in the pipeline is a permanent account number (PAN)-based Business Identification Number (BIN) for firms.
  • This unique business ID will integrate about 18 identification numbers including the existing Company Identification Number.

INDIA IS NOT LOOKING AT FULL CAPITAL ACCOUNT CONVERTIBILITY

  • India is not looking at full capital account convertibility for the next few years, previous RBI governor, had said that the central bank was looking at bringing in capital account convertibility in a few years.
  • Even the International Monetary Fund (IMF), that has advocated such convertibility for decades, has become more cautious about its benefits for developing economies in the recent past.
  • Along with steps taken by the government in the past two years to ease access to foreign capital, new instruments have also been made available for foreign investors such as rupee-denominated offshore bonds (also known as masala bonds) and alternate investment funds.
  • Capital controls are used by the state to protect the economy from potential shocks caused by unpredictable capital flows.
  • Capital account convertibility means the freedom to convert a currency for capital transactions and the rupee is not fully convertible on that front yet, though capital flows have been liberalised in recent years.
  • Despite the currency risk, the Indian market offers attractive returns to foreign investors.

NIIF CEO SAYS INDIA NEEDS $150 BILLION TO $300 BILLION OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS

  • India needs $150 billion to $300 billion of equity over the next five years to drive infrastructure investments, National Investment and Infrastructure Fund CEO said.
  • The NIIF, which will start operations with a first-phase corpus of $6 billion, would focus on equity and quasi-equity investments at a scale never seen before in India as it will be six times larger than the biggest infrastructure fund currently.
  • As the private or public sectors can’t meet this investment demand on their own, the NIIF will work on creating smart public private partnerships (PPPs) to fund projects of unprecedented scale.
  • While there were several issues, one of the aspects was that capital was invested on a fragmented basis by companies that had relatively little access to equity.

:: SPORTS ::

INDIA WON KABADDI WORLD CUP

  • Ajay Thakur masterminded a memorable triumph against a spirited Iran with a terrific exhibition of raiding in the 2016 Kabaddi World Cup final at the Arena.
  • Once Thakur won a hand-touch point against Sheykh, India look the lead for the second time in the match and then proceeded to dominate and win 38-29.
  • Pardeep Narwal, who was India’s second most successful raider in the league stage, was off colour, but substitute Nitin Tomar rose to the occasion, winning super raid points that sent out Sheykh and Fazel Atrachali at a critical juncture.
  • It was a third clash between India and Iran in a World Cup final — the previous two were held in 2004 and 2007 in Mumbai, and on both occasions, India triumphed.
  • With the third World Cup being staged after four editions of the ProKabaddi League, there was a lot of hype and hoopla around the event and there was immense pressure on Anup Kumar’s team to win the title a third time.
  • India took the field with Anup Kumar, Manjit Chillar, Thakur, Pardeep Narwal, Sandeep Narwal, Surjeet and Surender Nada. After two empty raids from either side, Sandeep Narwal won the home side the first point with a hand touch.
  • India showed its wherewithal in a sport it has dominated since the 1990 Asian Games.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

C RADHAKRISHNAN CHOSEN FOR MATHRUBHUMI LITERARY AWARD 2016

Eminent writer C Radhakrishnan was selected for the Mathrubhumi Literary Award 2016 in recognition of his contribution to the field of literature.

Radhakrishnan was selected by a panel chaired by novelist M Mukundan with Sethu and Sarah Joseph being the other members of the jury.

The award carries a cash prize of 2 lakh rupees, a citation and a statuette.

About C Radhakrishnan

• He is the editor of Malayalam magazine Piravi, published by the School Of Bhagavad Gita.

• He was the former chief editor of Madhyamam daily from 16 August 1999 to 1 September 2001.

• He has been honoured by both the National Literary Academy of India (1989) and the Kerala Literary Academy (1962).

• He has been conferred with various awards including the Vayalar Award (1990), Mooloor Award, Abudhabi Malayali Samajam Award (1988), Lalithambika Award (2004), etc.

• He was awarded the Moortidevi Award for the year 2013 for his novel Theekkadal Katanhu Thirumadhuram.

• He was born in Chamravattom in Ponnani taluk in Malappuram district in February 1939.

BANGLADESH, CHINA SIGN 26 AGREEMENTS IN VARIOUS FIELDS

Bangladesh and China signed 26 agreements and Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) during the visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

The agreements and MoU include boosting cooperation in counter-terrorism, infrastructure development and energy cooperation.

List of MoUs signed

• MoU on One Belt One Road- Bangladesh formally joined China’s One Belt One Road Initiative.

• MoU to establish institutional cooperation in areas of maritime issues and counter-terrorism.

• MoU to get a 1320 MW power plant constructed in Bangladesh by China.

• China's TBEA signed a power grid deal worth 1.6 billion US dollars with Dhaka Power.

• Agreement to enhance high-level exchanges, maintain frequent contacts between leaders of the two countries on the sidelines of multilateral foray.

• Framework Agreement for Developing Cooperation on Production Capacity between Bangladesh and China.

• Agreement to continue their cooperation on river management, including dredging with land reclamation.

• Agreement to start feasibility studies on the establishment of China-Bangladesh Free Trade Area.

• Agreement in which Beijing will train 500 Chinese-language teachers for Bangladesh, train 100 Bangladeshi cultural professionals and invite 600 Bangladeshi students to visit China from 2016 to 2020.

• They also jointly unveiled six projects, including multi-lane tunnel beneath the Karnaphuli River in Chittagong.

• Apart from this, both the sides also signed various agreements of cooperation in areas of industrial capacity building, power and energy, information technology, investment, disaster management and culture.

Both the countries also announced the year 2017 as the Year of Friendship and Exchanges between China and Bangladesh.

BRICS NATIONS SIGNED THREE AGREEMENTS

BRICS nations namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa inked three agreements to boost the bilateral cooperation. The agreements were inked in Goa, India during the eighth BRICS summit.

The eight BRICS summit was held from 15 to 16 October under the theme Building Responsive, Inclusive and Collective Solutions.

List of MoUs signed by BRICS Countries include

• MoU for Establishment of BRICS Agricultural Research Platform

• MoU on Mutual Cooperation between Diplomatic Academies

• Regulations on Customs Cooperation Committee of the BRICS

BRICS

• BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. All five are G-20 members.

• Originally the first four were grouped as BRIC, before the induction of South Africa in 2010

• The BRICS members are all leading developing or newly industrialized countries, but they are distinguished by their large, sometimes fast-growing economies and significant influence on regional affairs.

• As of 2015, the five BRICS countries represent over 3.6 billion people (about half of the world population).

• All five members are in the top 25 of the world by population, and four are in the top 10.

INDIAN WRESTLERS BAGGED FOUR MEDALS AT 2016 TAFISA WORLD GAMES

Indian grapplers clinched four medals, including a gold medal, at the  sixth edition of the TAFISA World Games in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Wrestler Dalmiya bagged the yellow metal in 60kg category after outplaying Muhammad Sahan of Azerbaijan 4-1 in the summit clash.

Other grapplers to win medal were

• Luv Singh – He clinched silver medal in the 80 kg category. In the summit clash, Luv Singh faced a 1-5 defeat by Muhammad Alim of Azerbaijan.

• Naveen Kumar – He clinched bronze medal in 90 Kg category. He defeated Oleg of Lithuania 5-2 to claim the bronze medal.

• Josil – He clinched bronze medal in the in the super heavyweight section. He defeated Mustafa Sultani of Afghanistan 3-1 to win the bronze medal for the country.

Few other medals won by India are

Three gold medals were won by three women martial arts players from Thane. Aarti Chaudhari (29), Vishruti Waghmare (16) and Siddhi Jadhav (10) won the gold medals in Jeet Kune-do, a form of martial arts.

Aarti Chaudhari won her second gold in Kabaddi, while Vishruti Waghmare bagged a bronze in the same event.

About TAFISA

The Association for International Sport for All (TAFISA) is the leading international Sport for All organisation. Its vision and mission is to achieve an Active World by globally promoting and facilitating access for every person to Sport for All and physical activity.

TAFISA’s primary focus is on:

• Lobbying internationally for Sport for All

• Providing and coordinating programs and events

• Providing networking and experience transfer platforms

The 6th TAFISA World Sport for All Games

The 6th TAFISA World Games Sports for All, Jakarta, Indonesia was held from 6-12 October 2016. The Games were held under the patronage of the IOC, UNESCO and ICSSPE and bore the motto “Unity in Diversity”, standing for the inherent diversity of the Indonesian people throughout the several hundreds of different cultures and languages that coexist within the same country.

Some 84 participating countries joined the games and performed traditional sports and games from their homeland in the various demonstrations, festivals and championships, bringing together over 12000 participants to Ancol in North Jakarta.

NATIONAL SUMMIT ON FORTIFICATION OF FOOD INAUGURATED IN NEW DELHI

Anupriya Patel, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, inaugurated National Summit on Fortification of Food in New Delhi.

The Summit was inaugurated to address interventions in combating micronutrient malnutrition in the country.

The two day summit was co-hosted by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) in partnership with related union ministries/departments and development partners.

During the Summit, Patel also released the standards on fortification of foods and launched the food fortification logo.

What is food fortification?

Food fortification or enrichment is the process of adding micronutrients to food.

It may be a purely commercial choice to provide extra nutrients in a food. Other times, it is a public health policy which aims to reduce the number of people with dietary deficiencies within a population.

Sometimes the staple foods of a region can lack particular nutrients, due to the soil of the region or because of the inherent inadequacy of the normal diet. Addition of micronutrients to staples and condiments can prevent large-scale deficiency diseases in these cases.

As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), fortification refers to "the practice of deliberately increasing the content of an essential micronutrient, ie. vitamins and minerals (including trace elements) in a food irrespective of whether the nutrients were originally in the food before processing or not, so as to improve the nutritional quality of the food supply and to provide a public health benefit with minimal risk to health."

Food fortification was identified as the second strategy of four by the WHO and FAO to begin decreasing the incidence of nutrient deficiencies at the global level.

 

 

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 25 October 2016 04:43