Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 23- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 23- OCTOBER - 2016
Tuesday, 25 October 2016 04:07

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

23- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

SITUATION REMAINS TENSE ACROSS INDIA PAKISTAN BORDERS

  • The Border Security Force (BSF) have killed at least seven Pakistan Rangers personnel in Hiranagar, Jammu, in retaliation for a sniper attack that injured one of their men along the International Border.
  • The sniping incident came after a lull of almost 15 months. Officials cautioned that it was a worrying development as the 192 km IB in Jammu had not witnessed any cross-border firing even after the September 29 strikes.
  • This is also the first time such heavy casualties have been inflicted on the Rangers in the past five years. Deaths had been confirmed by reports of their observation posts and by intercepts of Pakistani wireless communication.
  • The BSF also asked district officials to make necessary arrangements if villages along the border need to be evacuated in the event of shelling and firing from Pakistan.

DMRC TO COME UP WITH NEW SMART CARDS IN WRIST WATCHES, WRIST BANDS ETC.

  • If you are a Delhi Metro user, you will be able to ‘wear’ your travel smart card from next month. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) is going to come up new smart cards in the shape of wrist watches, wrist bands and mobile covers.
  • These merchandise will work the same way as the smart card but it will mean that you will not have to carry a smart card separately the way you carry a credit or debit card.
  • Though the DMRC did not reveal how much these wrist watches, wrist bands or mobile covers will cost, it said the wrist watches would be affordable and other merchandise will be sold at a nominal rate.
  • The idea behind the chip based merchandise is that commuters wouldn’t have the hassle of carrying around a smart card separately because these merchandise double up as utility items.

UP SAW MAXIMUM HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS

  • Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of cases of human rights violation lodged by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in the past year, with 44 per cent of the total number of cases registered with the NHRC pertaining to the State.
  • As per data released, a total of 1.05 lakh cases were lodged based on complaints from the public, intimation from the police and prison authorities, and the Commission taking suomotu cognisance. Of these, 46,575 cases were from U.P.
  • In fact, the number of cases from Uttar Pradesh was more than total number of cases from the next five States combined — Odisha, Haryana, Delhi, Bihar and Rajasthan.
  • That said, it must be noted that Uttar Pradesh’s population — 19.98 crore as per the 2011 Census — is more than the populations of Odisha, Haryana, Delhi and Bihar put together.
  • U.P. also had the most number of deaths in judicial custody — 401 out of a total of 1,757. It is also the State with the highest number of deaths in police custody — 27 of the total 192 cases.
  • With respect to cases from across the country, the NHRC disposed of 1.11 lakh cases from October 2015 till September 2016.
  • The NHRC gave directions in 12,588 of these cases, whereas it transferred 22,252 cases to the State Human Rights Commissions.

RULES TO BE MADE FOR COMPENSATORY AFFORESTATION FUND BILL

  • The Environment Ministry will frame rules, within a month, to help States use a Rs. 40,000 crore corpus earmarked to restore forests.
  • Making these rules are a follow-up to the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill passed by Parliament in the monsoon session.
  • The CAF Bill proposes to dispense the corpus that has, over the years, collected money from projects that have diverted forest land for infrastructure development.
  • Most Indian States stand to receive funds worth Rs. 6,000 crore per annum for conservation, protection, improvement and expansion of forest and wildlife resources.
  • Most of the money will be used to restock and improve degraded forest, which make up more than 40 % of the total forest cover of the country, and create more than 15-crore man days of direct employment.
  • About 90 per cent of the roughly Rs. 40,000 crore will be transferred to States and the remaining will be with the Centre to monitor and evaluate activities to be undertaken by the States/UTs.
  • From these funds, the Central government will provide research and technical support to the States to ensure that these amounts are efficiently used.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

SYRIAN GOVERNMENT OPENS A CORRIDOR FOR CITIZENS TO LEAVE ALEPPO

  • The Syrian government opened a new corridor for rebels and civilians who want to leave the besieged eastern neighborhoods of Aleppo.
  • However U.N. said that planned medical evacuations have not begun as planned due to lack of security assurances from warring sides.
  • The evacuations, part of a Russia—announced pause in fighting, were announced a day earlier by U.N. officials.
  • U.N’s humanitarian aid agency spokesman, Jens Laerke, described it as an “astronomically difficult situation,” and declined to specify who was responsible for the breakdown in the plans.
  • U.N. humanitarian aid official Jan Egeland said the U.N. had received the “green lights” for evacuations from Syria’s govt., armed opposition groups and Russia.

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

A SUPPORT SCHEME FOR THE NITAQAT TO HELP INDIAN WORKERS

  • A support scheme for the Nitaqat (’Saudi-sation’ of the workforce), introduced by Saudi Arabia this week, is expected to benefit a large number of Indian expatriates facing retrenchment.
  • Particularly relieved are many Keralites whose jobs in shops and companies had been under threat.
  • According to the new support scheme, business establishments in yellow and red categories can continue to employ the expatriates after paying a special monthly fee.
  • As per the support scheme, an employer will have to pay a fee of 3,600 Saudi Arabian Riyal (SAR) for avoiding the appointment of a Saudi citizen.
  • However, the higher the number of Saudis to be appointed, the more the fee to be paid to the government. For every second Saudi national not appointed, the company will have to pay SAR 4,200.
  • The fee will be SAR 4,800 for every third Saudi citizen. And, for the fourth, the fee will jump to SAR 9,000.
  • The support scheme has come at a time when there were fears among Indians about a possible forced retirement at 60.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION DISAPPOINTED OVER INDIA’S OPPOSITION

  • Global airline body IATA has expressed disappointment over India’s opposition to a global pact for curbing aviation emissions proposed by the United Nations’ International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) in Montreal recently.
  • Although 65 countries signed the pact committing to cap emissions at 2020 levels, India and Brazil were among countries that opted out as it felt the deal would be unfair for developing countries where the civil aviation market is not mature.
  • India ratified the COP21 accord on climate change in the same week and Mr. de Juniac was “hopeful that the spirit of climate leadership would extend to aviation emissions.”
  • India is set to become the third largest aviation market by displacing the UK in 2026. Minister of State Civil Aviation said earlier this month that the government is examining ways to offset higher emissions from rising aviation traffic.

GOVERNMENT TO COME UP WITH SECOND VERSION OF APMC ACT

  • Government will be ready with second version of model Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) Act by next year, aiming to increase farmers’ income by measures like taking contract farming out of the law.
  • NITI Aayog and Agriculture Ministry are working on the new model law, which can be adopted by the states. At present, few states like Punjab have come out with separate contract farming law.
  • The new APMC Act will also have provision for promoting online or spot (e-national agriculture market) agriculture market platforms and ensure that all these measures are revenue neutral for states.

CYBER CRIMINALS FROM PAKISTAN MAY TARGET BANKS INFRASTRUCTURE

  • The Centre’s cyber security arm has issued a fresh warning to all banks cautioning them that cyber criminals from Pakistan may target their information infrastructure.
  • The alert came from the Computer Emergency Response Team-India (CERT-In), the nodal agency under the Ministry of Electronics and IT.
  • The cyber-security agency is working closely with the Reserve Bank of India to enhance financial sector security apparatus in the wake of the biggest security breach in Indian banking affecting over 32 lakh accounts.
  • The incident has so far not been reported by the banks to CERT-In, which is the national nodal agency for monitoring and responding to cyber security incidents. It collects, analyses and disseminates information on cyber incidents.
  • It has been learnt that CERT-In had also issued alerts to banks on July 1, regarding cyber attacks planned on their information infrastructure. The official further added that two such warnings were sent to banks in August as well.
  • CERT-In along with National Critical Information Infrastructure sent mails to Chief Information Security Officers of the banks on October 19, on the rise in the frauds carried out through Bank ATMs using malware and the modus operandi.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

BRAZIL WINS 1ST BRICS U-17 FOOTBALL TOURNAMENT

Brazil won the first BRICS U-17 football tournament. In the title clash played at Nehru Stadium of Margo, Goa, Brazil defeated South Africa 5-1.

Brazil’s Paulo Henrique Samapaio Filho scored the very first goal of the match in 24th Minute. Followed by Vinicius de Oliveira in the 34th minute, Victor de Oliveira scored a brace in the 40th & 61st minute to give Brazil an upper hand.

South Africa’s S’miso Bophela scored the only goal for his team. The icing on Brazil’s cake was set by Alan de Souza Guimaraes in the 6 minutes after the second half resulted the score in favor of Brazil as 5-1.

Earlier in the match for the 3rd place between Russia and China, Russia defeated China 2-1.

Ten-day BRICS tournament transcends the traditional spheres of interaction and opens new vistas in the field of sports. A first of its kind, the Tournament will be a harbinger for further exchanges in other sports. The enthusiasm evoked by the scintillating display of skills will be an inspiration for the youth of the country and spur India’s impetus towards ‘Khelo India’ and ‘Mission 11 Million’.

INDIA, RUSSIA SIGNS 16 MOUS INCLUDING PROCUREMENT OF THE S-400 AIR DEFENCE SYSTEM

India and Russia signed 16 agreements during India-Russia Annual Summit across multiple sectors.

The MoUs were signed in Goa during India-Russia Annual Summit co-chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin. President Putin is on a visit to India to attend 2016 Goa BRICS summit.

List of agreements/MOUs exchanged

• Memorandum of Understanding proposed to be executed between EDB, Joint Stock Company Аlexeev’s Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau, Joint Stock Company Radar Mms, Joint Stock Company Morinsis-AGAT and Elcom Systems Private Limited for developing the following:

(i) A single integrated Transport Logistics System

(ii) Concept of Smart city

(iii) Intellectual monitoring system for the areas of high responsibility, in the State of Andhra Pradesh.

• MoU on studying perspectives for cooperation in shipbuilding, implementation of infrastructure projects, transfer of technologies and training foreign specialists: It was inked between JSC United Shipbuilding Corporation and the Council for Economic Cooperation of Andhra Pradesh.

• MoU on Cooperation in the implementation of smart cities program in India with the use of IT solutions of the Russian companies: It was inked between JSC "Rusinformexport” and the Ministry of Urban Development of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, State Company National Buildings Construction Corporation Ltd., Government of Haryana.

• MoU on the joint study of a gas pipeline to India and the other possible areas of Cooperation: It was inked between Gazprom and Engineers India Limited.

Rosneft to purchase 98% Essar Oil: as per the decision a Russian consortium comprising energy giant Rosneft Oil Company, commodities trader Trafigura and private investment group United Capital Partners agreed to purchase 98 percent of Essar Oil for 10.9 billion dollars.

Cooperation Agreement in the area of Education and Training: It was inked between Rosneft Oil Company and ONGC Videsh Limited.

• MoU on setting up of Investment Fund: It was inked between NIIF and RDIF.

Signing of MoU for Cooperation in increasing the speed of trains between Nagpur- Secundrabad / Hyderabad: It was inked between Indian and Russian railways.

• Signing of the shareholder agreement for establishing a Joint Venture to manufacture Ka-226T helicopter in India.

• MoU on Mutual Allocation of Ground Measurement Gathering Stations for GLONASS AND NAvIC: It was inked between ISRO and ROSCOSMOS.

• MoU on expansion of Bilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation: it was inked between Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation and the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

• MoU between Department of Science & Technology (India) and FASO (Russia)

• Programme of Cooperation in Oil and Gas Sector for the period 2017-18

• Protocol for consultations between the Ministry of External Affairs & Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia for the period 2017-18.

• Agreement on cooperation in International Information Security

• Signing of IGA to purchase/construct four additional 1135.6 frigates though partnership between Russian and Indian shipyard

• Signing of IGA for the procurement of S-400 Air Defence System.

They also decided to adopt a Roadmap of Events' to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Russian in 2017. They also released a joint statement partnership for global peace and stability.

SOURABH VERMA WINS MEN'S SINGLES TITLE AT CHINESE TAIPEI OPEN

Indian shuttler Sourabh Verma clinched the men's singles title at the Chinese Taipei Open badminton. In the summit clash of the 55000 dollar Grand Prix tournament in Taipei City, Saurabh defeated Malaysia's Daren Liew, 12-10, 12-10, 3-3.

World No. 82 Verma rallied to grab the first two games 12-10 and 12-10 and emerged victorious after his opponent World No. 106 Liew retired at 3-3 owing to a problematic shoulder.

Verma, aged 23, who hails from Madhya Pradesh, was on a comeback trail after spending almost a year on the sidelines due to elbow and knee injuries in 2015. His previous international title came in 2014 after defeating Taiwan's Hsu Jen-hao at the Austrian International Challenge 2014.

Verma and Liew had previously clashed twice, having a head-to-head tally of 1-1. They last met at the Li Ning China Masters in 2012 where Verma had defeated the Malaysian in the first round.

INDIA, HUNGARY SIGN TWO AGREEMENTS INCLUDING CO-OPERATION IN WATER RESOURCES

India and Hungary signed two agreements to enhance the bilateral relations between the two countries.

The first agreement is for cooperation in the field of water resources, including innovations in irrigation technology. The second agreement is for promotion of co-operation between Indian Council of World Affairs and its Hungarian counterpart.

The two agreements were inked in Budapest during Vice President, Mohammad Hamid Ansari's visit to that country. Vice President is on a two-nation tour to Hungary and Algeria.

During the visit, Vice President had bilateral discussions with Hungary's Prime Minister Victor Orban and other leaders. He also met the Hungarian President Janos Ader and the Speaker of National assembly.

 

 

 

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