Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 22- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 22- OCTOBER - 2016
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Tuesday, 25 October 2016 03:55

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

22- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

NCW CHIEF SAID TRIPLE TALAQ A HIGHLY MISUSED CUSTOM

  • National Commission of Women (NCW) Chairperson Lalitha Kumaramangalam said that triple talaq was a “highly misused” custom and it should be scrapped to protect the rights of Muslim women.
  • “Triple talaq is not a political issue. It is an effort to protect the rights of Muslim women. It cannot be linked to the Uniform Civil Code. It has nothing to do with it,” she said.
  • The NCW chief said she had received several representations from Muslim women who said they felt “disempowered” because of the practice of triple talaq.
  • Asked about the practices followed by other religions, she said: “It’s not a comparison of religious laws and customs.”
    Banking sector hit by one of the biggest security breach
  • With India hit by one of its biggest financial security breaches compromising hundreds of thousands of debit cards, customers need to be doubly vigilant.
  • Opening the wrong attachment can also introduce a malware to your system. Never view, open or copy email attachments unless you are expecting the email and trust the sender.
  • The law is very clear. All banks are intermediaries under the Income Tax Act. Under Section 79 of the Act they are mandated to do due diligence.
  • In case banks are negligent in doing this, leading to a loss, it is the banks that will have to bear the brunt of the loss.
  • However, a bank may not be liable if it asks the customer to change his or her PIN but the customer chooses to ignore the advice.

FOOD SECURTIY RELATED ISSUES STILL ON WTO AGENDA

  • The World Trade Organization (WTO) head, Roberto Azevêdo, has said no member country has sought long-standing issues, including food security-related, to be taken off the negotiating table of the Doha Round.
  • Agriculture, is a key priority for developing countries. Progress on these issues will be difficult but I think that with fresh thinking, open-mindedness, and a renewed spirit of flexibility, anything is possible.
  • The main objective of the Doha Round negotiations — unveiled in November 2001 — is to “improve the trading prospects of developing nations”. There are fears that the “development agenda” is being “diluted”.

GOVERNMENT WILL RELAX THE CONDITIONS FOR FARMERS TO KILL WILD BOARS

  • The Kerala government will relax the conditions for farmers to kill wild boars attacking their crops.
  • Threat posed by wild animals to crops and humans had forced the government to think of relaxing the conditional permit for farmers to shoot wild boars raiding crops in areas bordering the forests.
  • Pointing out that the wildlife population in the State was going up, he said habitat loss, climate change and farming in areas bordering forests were primarily responsible for wild animals venturing into human settlements.
  • Forests in Kerala were home to 6,177 elephants, 48,034 wild boars, 136 tigers, 50,000 monkeys and 44,000 deer.
  • Efforts were on to complete the work on elephant trenches, biofencing, granite walls and electrified fences and an SMS-based early warning system had been put in place in Wayanad, Munnar and Aralam.

PAKISTAN WARNED INDIA AGAINST INDUS WATER TREATY VOILATION

  • Pakistan warned “appropriate action” if India violated the Indus Water Treaty and said it was closely monitoring the situation, amid reports that New Delhi might revisit the key water sharing accord.
  • Pakistan was keeping a close eye on the situation, Radio Pakistan quoted him as saying. Mr. Zakaria’s remarks come amid reports that India may review the 56-year-old Indus Water Treaty.
  • He said Pakistan was highlighting “Indian brutalities in Kashmir” at world fora and there had been “very substantive outcome” of these efforts but the international community remained concerned about the situation.
  • Responding to a question, he claimed that India violated ceasefire on the Line of Control for more than 90 times this year.
  • He also termed the Indian treatment to Pakistani artistes “very disappointing and highly regrettable” as he deplored India’s decision to “use SAARC for its political ambition,” according to the report.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

UK TO PLAY IMPORTANT ROLE IN EU TILL IT IS A MEMBER

  • Theresa May, Prime Minister of United Kingdom (U.K.) vowed that Britain will play a full part in the European Union (EU) until it leaves.
  • Ms. May was to use the meeting in Brussels to update EU counterparts on her plan to start formal exit talks by the end of March, paving the way for Britain to leave the bloc by early 2019.
  • But as she arrived to take the seat, she made clear Brexit was not the only issue on the table, calling for a “robust and united” EU response to Russia’s “atrocities” in Syria.
  • EU president Donald Tusk repeated that there would be no negotiations before Britain triggers Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon treaty, which begins a two-year countdown to leaving.
  • Ms. May’s plan to trigger Article 50 by March, unveiled at her party conference earlier this month, has been welcomed by European leaders.
  • But she angered many member states by stating her intention to limit EU migration into Britain, while also seeking “maximum freedom” to operate in the EU’s single market.
  • European leaders have repeatedly said the two demands are incompatible, and warned London should expect to pay a heavy price for its decision to leave.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

MOODY'S REPORT SAYS INDIA'S INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS REQUIRE PPP MODEL

  • India’s infrastructure needs can be addressed by enhancing the public-private partnership (PPP) model, which will help attract more private sector investment, according to a Moody's Investors Service report.
  • While the country's PPP model has seen reasonable success in some sectors over the last 20 years, PPP activity has been low in the last four fiscal years due to challenges with the model.
  • The sharp drop in private investment in PPP projects in recent years was due to delays in project approvals and land purchases by the government.
  • Complicated dispute resolution mechanisms in concession agreements and lower than expected revenues due to aggressive assumptions.

CENTRE HAS TURNED OPTIMISTICALLY CAUTIOUS ABOUT REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY SCHEME

  • A day ahead of its introduction, the Centre has turned “optimistically cautious” about its regional connectivity scheme, which aims to activate torpid airports and make flying a cheaper option.
  • Regional connectivity scheme will offer passengers air fares for Rs.2,500 for an hour’s journey to an unconnected airport. The Centre plans to revive dormant airports and attract regional airlines under the scheme.
  • To help airlines offer cheaper airfares on such flights, the Centre will provide subsidies to them by creating a regional connectivity fund. The fund will be financed by a levy on domestic flights on major routes.
  • However, most domestic airlines have termed the move illegal and are likely to challenge it in courts.
  • In a bid to make the scheme more attractive for lessors, the Union Civil Aviation Ministry has issued draft rules to help aircraft leasing firms to take back aircraft quickly from defaulting airlines.
  • Minister of State Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha said that land and skill development were the two big bottlenecks grappling the aviation sector today.

:: SPORTS ::

INDIA TO FACE THAILAND IN KABADDI WC SEMIFINAL

  • Khomsan Thongkham has been one of the bright sparks in the ongoing World Cup. The lanky raider has inspired Thailand past four teams — Poland, Kenya, USA and Japan — carrying his team into the knock-out stages from Group-B.
  • Against India, Thailand’s prospects will depend heavily on Thongkham’s individual brilliance.
  • India, meanwhile, has been in rollicking form shaking off a shock defeat to Korea in the inaugural match of the competition.
  • Since the defeat to Korea, India has beaten Australia, Bangladesh, Argentina and England, with Pardeep Narwal (33 points) and Ajay Thakur (41 points) in superb raiding form.
  • Korea goes into the knock-outs as the only unbeaten team in the league. Its key player will be Jang Kun Lee.
  • All four semifinalists’ captains — Anup, Dong, Thongkham and Iran’s Meraj Sheykh — expressed hope that kabaddi would become an Olympic sport in the future.

INDIAN FOOTBALL TEAM GETS ITS BEST RANKING TILL DATE

  • The Indian football team achieved its best FIFA ranking in over six years when the side jumped 11 places to be 137th in the latest list released.
  • India, which defeated 114th-ranked Puerto Rico in an international friendly in Mumbai in September, garnered 230 points for the month.
  • In August 2010, India was ranked 137th which stayed India’s best ever FIFA ranking since then.
  • National Coach Stephen Constantine sounded delighted but wasn’t willing to read too much into it.
  • “But this is just the beginning of the long-term plan we have for Indian football. I am certainly not over the moon as I feel my team can achieve much more,” he said.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

INDIA, RUSSIA SIGN AGREEMENT TO SET UP AGRO IRRADIATION CENTRES

India and Russia signed a bilateral agreement for cooperation in the development of a network of integrated infrastructure irradiation centres.

The agreement was signed between the Indian Agricultural Association, Hindustan Agro Co-Op Ltd (HACL) and United Innovation Corporation (UIC), a subsidiary of ROSATOM State Atomic Energy Corporation of Russia.

It was signed by Bharat Dhokane Pandurang, Chairman of HACL and Denis Cherednichenko, CEO of UIC.

Highlights of the Agreement

• It will be implemented through a Joint Venture and aims to set up 25 integrated irradiation centres.

• In the first phase, seven centres will be set up in Maharashtra, which will begin with the upgradation of the current centre at Rahuri in Ahmednagar district.

• The 7 centres are likely to be established in Sindhurg, Satara, Solapur, JNPT, Jalana, Napur and Pune in the first phase.

• UIC will be a technology partner and will help set up the irradiation centres in India.

Background
In India, according to estimates, post-harvest losses in food and food grains are around 40-50 percent, primarily due to insect infestation, microbiological contamination, and poor shelf life.

In irradiation, food products are subjected to a low dosage of radiation to treat them for germs and insects, increasing their longevity and shelf life. The use of irradiation will make it possible to reduce the loss of food products in India.

Radiation treatment is carried out in dosage recommended by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). It neither reduces the nutritional value of food nor spoils their taste and appearance.

AJAY KUMAR BHALLA APPOINTED AS DIRECTOR GENERAL OF FOREIGN TRADE

Senior IAS officer Ajay Kumar Bhalla was appointed as the Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT). He succeeds Anup Wadhawan, who was appointed as Additional Secretary in the commerce ministry.

Bhalla, a 1984 batch IAS officer of Assam-Meghalaya cadre, is presently an Additional Secretary in the Commerce Ministry.

About Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT)

• Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) organisation is an attached office of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and is headed by Director General of Foreign Trade.

• It is entrusted with responsibilities for formulating and implementing the foreign trade policy with the main objective of promoting India's exports.

• It also issues authorisation to exporters and monitors their corresponding obligations through a network of 36 regional offices and an extension counter at Indore.

KIRTIRAJ KUNDLIK GAIKWAD AWARDED WITH IAFP YOUNG SCIENTIST SCHOLARSHIP AWARD 2016

Kirtiraj Kundlik Gaikwad, an Indian scientist, was awarded with the prestigious IAFP Young scientist scholarship award 2016 for his research work on development of novel oxygen absorbing package in the field of active packaging for oxygen sensitive food products.

The award worth 2000 US dollars and an award plaque was presented to him in the annual meeting of International Association Of Food Protection (IAFP) held in St Louise, USA by The IAFP Foundation, USA.

About Kirtiraj Kundlik Gaikwad

• Kirtiraj received his MS (Packaging) from Michigan State University, USA in 2013 and MTech (Food safety & standards) from Allahabad Agriculture University, India in 2011.

• He has authored and co-authored 15 research papers in reputed international journals.

• He developed this novel oxygen scavenging package from the natural source. The feature of this package is that it can extend the shelf life of food. Moreover, it is suitable for microwave, liquid food packaging like juices and metal detector friendly at processing line.

About International Association Of Food Protection (IAFP)

• The International Association for Food Protection recognizes young researchers from around the world that are the future leaders in the field of food safety.

• The IAFP Foundation has been dedicated to enhance the career potential of exceptional researchers through the annual IAFP Scholarship Program, which provides full funding for the annual meeting.

• IAFP members, representing more than 50 countries, help the association achieve its mission through networking, educational programs, journals, career opportunities.

INDIA DECIDED TO ELIMINATE POTENT GREENHOUSE GAS HFC-23 BY 2030

India announced its decision to eliminate the HCF-23 gas. The decision was made in line to its commitment to combat the threat emanating from climate-damaging HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons).

The announcement was made by Minister of State Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Anil Dave at Kigali, Rwanda, at a meeting of parties to the Montreal Protocol, where final negotiations are taking place to substantially reduce the use of HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) by 2030.

HFC–23 gas, a potent greenhouse gas, with Global Warming Potential of 14800, is produced during the manufacture of a common refrigerant gas, HCFC-22. If vented out in environment, is a threat to the environment. HCFC stands for hydrochloroflurocarbon.

Key Highlights

• Companies have to internalise the cost of this environmental externality and create sufficient storage facility to take care of down time and run the incinerators to ensure and not release of HFC–23 in the atmosphere.

• The move will potentially check emissions of HFC-23 equivalent to 100 million tonnes of CO2 over the next 15 years, Delhi-based think tank Centre for Science and Environment.

Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was designed to reduce the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in order to reduce their abundance in the atmosphere, and thereby protect the earth’s fragile ozone Layer. The original Montreal Protocol was agreed on 16 September 1987 and entered into force on 1 January 1989.

The Montreal Protocol includes a unique adjustment provision that enables the Parties to the Protocol to respond quickly to new scientific information and agree to accelerate the reductions required on chemicals already covered by the Protocol. These adjustments are then automatically applicable to all countries that ratified the Protocol. It has been ratified by 197 parties.

 

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 25 October 2016 04:07
 
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