Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 19- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 19- OCTOBER - 2016
Wednesday, 19 October 2016 04:08

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

19- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

PANEL SAYS CAUVERY BASIN A REASON FOR FARMERS SUICIDE

  • The parched Cauvery basin is become a fertile reason for farmers' suicides and mass migrations to urban areas in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, a Supreme Court-appointed High Level Technical Team told the apex court.
  • In its report, the team, said the “ground realities” of the Cauvery delta region include drought, rising unemployment, bore wells dug a 1000-feet deep for ground water and withering of acres of crops in both States.”
  • On October 4, a Bench led by Justice Dipak Misra, unable to resolve the impasse over the release of water, set up the team to conduct a field inspection in the Cauvery area.
  • The matter is scheduled for hearing on October 18.

BABIES BORN TO WOMEN AGED OVER 40 FROM ASSISTED REPRODUCTION HAVE FEWER BIRTH DEFECTS

  • Babies born to women aged over 40 from assisted reproduction have fewer birth defects compared with those from women who conceive naturally at that age, a new study has found.
  • This is contrary to widespread belief that the greater risk of birth defects after assisted conception is due to the frequent use of these services by older women.
  • According to researchers from the University of Adelaide in Australia, this may point to the presence of more favourable biological conditions in IVF (in vitro fertilisations) specific to pregnancies in older women.
  • The research is based on data of all live births recorded in Australia from 1986 – 2002, including more than 3,01,000 naturally conceived births, as well as 2,200 births from IVF and almost 1400 from ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection).
  • The average prevalence of a birth defect was 5.7 per cent among naturally conceived births, 7.1 per cent for the IVF births, and 9.9 per cent for the ICSI births, across all age groups.
  • In births from assisted reproduction, the prevalence of birth defects ranged from 11.3 per cent at its highest for women less than age 30 using ICSI, down to 3.6 per cent for women aged 40 and older using IVF.

LABORATORY HAVE DEVELOPED WAY OF PRODUCING ELECTRICITY FROM WATER AT ROOM TEMP.

  • In a major breakthrough, scientists at Delhi’s National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have developed a novel way of producing electricity from water at room temperature without using any power or chemicals.
  • A team led by Dr. R.K. Kotnala used nanoporous magnesium ferrite to split water into hydronium (H3O) and hydroxide (OH) ions and used silver and zinc as electrodes to make a cell that produces electricity.
  • The hydroelectric cell that uses magnesium ferrite of 1 sq. inch size produces 8 mA current and 0.98 volt.
  • According to a paper published in the International Journal of Energy Research, magnesium ferrite of 2-inch diameter produces 82 mA current and 0.9 volt.
  • Now, the hydroelectric cell material design has been improved and a 2-inch diameter material generates 150 mA current and 0.9 V.
  • Since magnesium has high affinity for hydroxide, it spontaneously splits or dissociates water into hydronium and hydroxide ions.
  • The hydronium ions get trapped inside the nanopores of magnesium ferrite and generate an electric field. The electric field helps in further dissociation of water.
  • Magnesium ferrite is made as an oxygen-deficient material and has plenty of oxygen vacancies.
  • To further enhance the activity of magnesium ferrite, about 20 per cent of magnesium is replaced with lithium.
  • The substitution of lithium at magnesium site increases the sensitivity of magnesium ferrite. This is helpful in dissociating water at room temperature as the electrons get trapped in the oxygen deficient sites.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

RUSSIA ANNOUNCED AN EIGHT-HOUR “HUMANITARIAN” CEASEFIRE IN ALEPPO

  • Russia announced an eight-hour “humanitarian” ceasefire in Aleppo later this week, as the EU warned that the Syrian regime’s Moscow-backed assault on the city could amount to war crimes.
  • The United Nations (UN) and European Union (EU) welcomed the announcement, but said the planned pause in fighting needed to be longer to allow the delivery of humanitarian aid.
  • In the latest violence, dozens of civilians including 12 members of the same family were killed in heavy bombardment of rebel-held eastern sectors of the embattled city, a monitoring group said.
  • Russia's announcement, to which there was no immediate reaction from rebels, came as the EU condemned the ferocious air war waged on Aleppo over the past three weeks.
  • “Since the beginning of the offensive by the regime and its allies, notably Russia, the intensity and scale of the aerial bombardment of eastern Aleppo is clearly disproportionate,” EU Foreign Ministers said in Luxembourg.

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

VICE-PRESIDENT CONCLUDED THREE-DAY VISIT TO HUNGARY

  • Vice-President Hamid Ansari concluded his three-day visit to Hungary and flew to Algiers on the next leg of the two-nation trip.
  • He called on President Janos André at the presidential palace after a meeting with the Speaker of the National Assembly, Laszlo Kover, at Parliament House in the forenoon.
  • Vice-President drove down from Budapest to the quaint resort town of Balatonfured and paid homage to the memory of Rabindranath Tagore who in 1926 spent a few weeks there 90 years ago.
  • He was convalescing here for a few weeks after suffering a heart ailment during a visit to Budapest, where he arrived on October 26. Tagore loved Hungary and has written of it.

INDIA DECLARED ITS COMMITMENT TO PLAY ROLE IN ENERGISING THE BAY OF BENGAL COMMUNITY

  • India declared its commitment to play an “asymmetric” role in energising the Bay of Bengal community that held its first global diplomatic outreach during the weekend with the BRICS countries.
  • Diplomats said the response of BIMSTEC countries to India’s call for greater engagement has rejuvenated the organisation, and diplomats are now “duty-bound” to take the organisation to a cooperative future.
  • BIMSTEC-BRICS outreach eclipsed the SAARC event that was planned for Islamabad in November but was postponed after several member countries withdrew, citing cross-border terrorism and Pakistan’s interventionist policy.
  • However issues of unsettled borders, refugee issues and ethnic tension among BIMSTEC member countries would pose a challenge to the grouping, especially the Rohingya issue between Bangladesh and Myanmar, Nepalese refugees in Bhutan, and also the Myanmar-Thailand border problems
  • Mr. Modi, in his speech welcoming the BIMSTEC leaders, laid down an entire array of tasks for the members, including greater coordination in law enforcement, trade and commerce and digital symmetry.
  • “With 1.5 billion people and a combined GDP of $2.5 trillion, the countries of BIMSTEC have shared aspirations for growth, development, commerce, and technology.”

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

THE TEA BOARD OF INDIA HAS DECIDED TO KEEP ON HOLD THE POST-AUCTION SETTLEMENT MODULE

  • The Tea Board of India has decided to keep on hold the post-auction settlement module for four weeks, according to its Chairman S. Sarangi
  • The decision was made after two rounds of meetings here on Monday to address the issue which has been dogging the tea industry and trade since mid-September when the Tea Board started the post-auction settlement system for pan-India auctions through Bank of India, the settlement bank.
  • While NSEIT has prepared the software for the settlement module., Bank of India is the designated settlement bank.
  • The magnitude of problem was such that the tea industry had problems in making bonus payments, while companies could not close their second quarter results due to payment reconciliation issues through the four sales since mid- September.
  • The Tea Board’s official missive said that it had been decided that pan-India post settlement module would be kept on hold from October 18 or “till further orders.” Trade and industry see this as a temporary rollback.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

AGNIESZKA RADWANSKA WINS 2016 CHINA OPEN WOMEN'S SINGLES

Poland’s Agnieszka Radwanska won the 2016 China Open Women's Singles at the National Tennis Center in Beijing, China.

Radwanska defeated Johanna Konta 6-4, 6-2 to grab the title.

About Agnieszka Radwanska

Agnieszka Radwańska is a Polish professional tennis player.

She achieved a career-high singles ranking of world No. 2 in July 2012 and is currently ranked world No. 3 by the Women's Tennis Association (WTA).

She is the first Polish player in the Open Era to reach a Grand Slam singles final (the 2012 Wimbledon Championships), the first Polish to win the WTA Finals (in 2015), and the first Polish to claim a WTA singles title (the 2007 Nordea Nordic Light Open).

About China Open

The China Open is an annual professional tennis tournament held in Beijing, China.

The men's singles and doubles events were first held in 1993, as the ATP opened a series of new tournaments in Asia.

In 1998, the tournament was dropped from the ATP tour calendar, but was reinstated in 2004.

In 2006, the China Open became the first tournament outside of the United States to use the Hawk-Eye system in match play.

Novak Djokovic is the only player to have won the title six times. He also holds the record for consecutive wins with four titles.

In doubles, the Bryan Brothers are the only doubles pair to have won consecutive titles.

Agnieszka Radwanska, Svetlana Kuznetsova and Serena Williams hold the record for most titles won in the women's tournament, with two titles each.

Garbine Muguruza was the winner of the 2015 China Open Women's Singles.

ANDY MURRAY WINS 2016 CHINA OPEN MEN'S SINGLES

Andy Murray won the 2016 China Open Men's Singles title at the National Tennis Center in Beijing, China.

World Number two Murray defeated Grigor Dimitrov by 6–4, 7–6.

About China Open

The China Open is an annual professional tennis tournament held in Beijing, China.

The men's singles and doubles events were first held in 1993, as the ATP opened a series of new tournaments in Asia.

In 1998, the tournament was dropped from the ATP tour calendar, but was reinstated in 2004.

In 2006, the China Open became the first tournament outside of the United States to use the Hawk-Eye system in match play.

Novak Djokovic is the only player to have won the title six times. He also holds the record for consecutive wins with four titles.

In doubles, the Bryan Brothers are the only doubles pair to have won consecutive titles.

Agnieszka Radwanska, Svetlana Kuznetsova and Serena Williams hold the record for most titles won in the women's tournament, with two titles each.

Novak Djokovic was the winner of the 2015 China Open Men's Singles.

PV SINDHU APPOINTED AS BRAND AMBASSADOR OF VIZAG STEEL

Badminton champion and Rio silver medallist P V Sindhu was appointed as the Brand Ambassador of Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited which is also popularly known as Vizag Steel.

The company will have its brand logo on Sindhu's playing jersey in international and domestic tournaments under the aegis of Badminton World Federation and Badminton Association of India.

The deal was facilitated by Baseline, a sports marketing and a brand licensing firm.

Sindhu, currently amongst the top 10 ranked players in the world, became the first Indian female athlete to win an Olympic silver medal at Rio Olympics 2016. She is also the first athlete to win back-to-back medals at the World Badminton Championships.

About Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited or Vizag Steel

• It is the corporate entity of Visakhapatnam Steel Plant and a Navaratna PSE under the Union Ministry of Steel.

• Visakhapatnam Steel Plant ¬ popularly known as Vizag Steel is the first Shore based Integrated Steel Plant in the country and is known for its Quality Products.

• A market leader in long Steel products, it caters to the requirements of the Construction, Manufacturing Automobile, General Engineering and Fabrication sectors.

• It is the first integrated Steel Plant to be certified for ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004 and OHSAS 18001:2007 standards.

FADNAVIS INAUGURATES INDIA’S FIRST INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION CENTRE IN MUMBAI

Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis inaugurated India’s first centre for international arbitration in Mumbai. Inaugurating the Mumbai Centre for International Arbitration (MCIA), Fadnavis said that India will leave its benchmark worldwide in business dispute redressal with the setting up of international arbitration centre in Mumbai.

The Mumbai Centre for International Arbitration (MCIA) is located in Express towers, Nariman Point. It is being headed by CEO Madhukeshwar Desai.

Mumbai Centre for International Arbitration (MCIA)

• The MCIA will be governed by a 17-member governing council.

• The Arbitration Centre is in sync with the Prime Minister's Make in India campaign.

• The Centre would provide a time bound and cost-effective facility and reinforce investor confidence.

• MCIA will be helpful in development of the proposed International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in Mumbai. The state government has plans to develop IFSC in BKC.

• It will feature arbitration rules that reflect international best practices.

• The MCIA Council for Arbitration will have some of the leading arbitration practitioners from India and around the world.

• It will be a catalyst for business and investment into India.

• It is the result of a joint effort between the domestic and international arbitration community, the business community and the Government of Maharashtra.

In the absence of an international arbitration centre in the country, the majority of global disputes earlier landed at the Singapore International Arbitration Centre and London Court of International Arbitration. A study conducted by the Singapore International Arbitration Centre suggests that it handled about 30 percent of cases that involved Indian businesses.

SPRINTER SRABANI NANDA WINS 24TH EKALABYA AWARD

Sprinter Srabani Nanda won the 24th Ekalabya Award for the year 2016 in recognition of her sporting excellence. With this, she will get a cash price of 5 lakh rupees along with a citation at the Ekalabya Award function.

Athlete Dutee Chand won the award in the year 2015.

About Srabani Nanda

• Nanda is an Indian woman sprint runner athlete from Odisha specialized in 4x100m relay, 100 metre and 200 metre sprint events. She belongs to Kandhamal District of Odisha.

• She made it to Rio Olympics 2016 in the women's 200m category.

• Srabani won gold in 200m, silver in 100m and 4x100m relay in 12th South Asian Games held in Guwahati in February 2016.

• She had also won bronze in 100m and 4x100m relay in Asian Grand Prix Athletics in Thailand in June 2015.

About Ekalabya Award

• Ekalabya Award, which was instituted in the year 1993 by Indian Metals Public Charitable Trust (IMPaCT) of IMFA group of companies.

• It is given every year to young sportspersons of Odisha in recognition of their outstanding performance in the preceding two years.

• It was instituted to promote, encourage and recognise Odia Sports personalities in the State.

 

 

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Last Updated on Friday, 21 October 2016 06:30