Sunday, 16 October 2016 02:50




RMI'S Current Affairs - https://www.facebook.com/RMIS-Current-Affairs


13- OCTOBER - 2016



  • Equating the fight against terrorism to the slaying of Ravan by Ram in the epic Ramayana, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion of Vijayadashami urged all “forces of humanity” to unite against terrorism, an “enemy of humanity.”
  • He also urged people to annihilate the “Ravan within us,” alluding to the social evils and parochial practices in the country.
  • On every Dussehra, the nation and people must assess the social evils they have eliminated, Mr. Modi said, addressing the Ramlila function at Aishbagh.
  • There was a need to not just “uproot terrorists” but those “giving them refuge and support” must also “not be forgiven,” the Prime Minister said.
  • Mr. Modi became the first premier to celebrate Ramlila outside Delhi, provoking opposition parties to accuse the BJP of politicising the festival in poll-bound Uttar Pradesh.
  • War may be necessary in certain circumstances and time, but “this land’s path is not of yudh but of Buddh,” he said. He stressed that Buddha’s path remained the country’s destination.
  • Mr. Modi also used motif of Sita’s honour to push through the idea of protecting the girl child.
  • He urged people to take inspiration from the message of Vijayadashmi and end all social evils, which he said existed as “different forms and scattered pieces of Ravan” in modern life.
  • “While burning Ravan we must also resolve to end all our social evils in a similar fashion. The Ravan within us must be destroyed.
  • We must eliminate our top 10 faults, all those things which bring down our lives; bad thoughts and ideas, and misconduct,” Mr. Modi said, listing casteism, communalism, illiteracy, corruption, illiteracy and superstition, as some of the issues haunting the nation.


  • India’s ties with Russia are likely to be affected if Moscow continues to expand military relations with Islamabad. Criticising Pakistan-Russia ties.
  • Indian Ambassador to Russia Pankaj Saran warned of “problems” ahead in bilateral ties, even as both sides planned a major summit on the sidelines of the upcoming Goa BRICS summit.
  • Mr. Saran’s comments mark the third occasion in less than a month when India officially conveyed unhappiness over the growing Pakistan-Russia ties after both countries held the first ever joint military exercise in Pakistan’s northwest.
  • India had expressed concern over the exercise with Pakistan during the 22nd India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission (IRGC) that was held on September 13.
  • India is likely to take up the issue of terrorism at the BRICS summit, pushing the case for an international counter-terror convention.
  • However, Russian government think tank sources indicated that Russia may not be on the same page with India on Pakistan.


  • Thousands of Amur falcons, small birds of prey that undertake one of the longest migrations, started arriving on October 7 in Wokha district in Nagaland and Tamenglong district of Manipur.
  • Most bird catchers have turned bird lovers, and the species is recognised as friends of the tribals. The falcons eat various insects, thus helping farmers.
  • The turnaround is a radical change from the past, when hundreds of trussed up Amur falcons would be on sale in village markets and towns, while some would be sold fried or smoked.
  • At just 150 grams, an Amur falcon, Falco amurensis is a small bird, the male mostly grey in colour, and the females having dark-streaked cream or orange underparts.
  • The species flies non-stop from Mongolia to northeast India covering 5,600 km in five days and nights, a small part of its 22,000 km circular migratory journey.
  • In Tamenglong, the tribals see the falcons as messengers of god, their arrival indicating a good year and a bountiful harvest.



  • Beijing rapped Washington for its interventions in Asia, as tensions grow between the two powers over territorial disputes in the South China Sea and how to handle increasingly erratic North Korea.
  • Washington has conducted freedom of navigation operations close to artificial islands Beijing has built in the South China Sea.
  • They have also agreed to deploy a missile defence system in South Korea following repeated nuclear and missile tests by Beijing's ally Pyongyang.
  • China says it has rights to almost the entire region, while Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam, and Taiwan all have rival claims.
  • In July, an international tribunal said almost all of Beijing’s claims have no legal basis, a decision China attacked as biased and vowed to ignore.
  • Washington argues that China’s moves pose a challenge to freedom of navigation and has sought to challenge its claims by dispatching military ships and aircraft to the area.
  • China has also raised concerns over Washington and Seoul’s decision this summer to install a THAAD missile defence system in South Korea in response to growing worries about its northern neighbour's nuclear programme.



  • The Centre may soon consider a three-pronged approach to revitalise India’s retail and wholesale trade.
  • This includes establishing a regulatory body for national internal trade (retail and wholesale), a comprehensive domestic trade policy and a Board for Internal Trade.
  • policy, ‘e-commerce entities providing marketplace shall not directly or indirectly influence the sale prices of goods or services and shall maintain level playing field.
  • Currently there is no single regulatory body or ministry for domestic trade — comprising mainly non-corporate small businesses providing employment to an estimated 460 million people.
  • There are about six crore such enterprises in the country with an annual turnover of around Rs.30 lakh crore.
  • CAIT, which has conducted 46 conferences across India in the last two months on creating awareness amongst the traders on Goods & Services Tax, has estimated that about 70 per cent of the country’s retail trade has not been linked to computers and digitised.
  • For a comprehensive policy, the government will take inputs from stakeholders such as e-tailers, brick and mortar traders, direct sellers, hawkers, self-help groups and digital technology providers, consumer associations, financial institutions as well as payment networks.
  • The proposed policy, aiming to generate employment, improve financial inclusion of small traders and ensure ease of doing business by eliminating multiplicity of approvals, will also be linked to the NDA government’s flagship initiatives such as Digital India, Skill India and Make In India.
  • As an immediate measure, a panel led by NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant will soon take up these issues as well and will look into issues related to taxation and online pharmacies.


  • The Finance Ministry has set up a high-level committee to consolidate the regulation of pension products that is currently being done by three different watchdogs including the insurance and stock market regulators.
  • While the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) was set up with the intent of regulating all pension products, insurers and mutual funds continue to sell pension products outside its watch, creating confusion among consumers looking to build a retirement nest egg.
  • The move to set up a panel was made after the issue was flagged at recent meetings of the Financial Stability and Development Council chaired by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
  • Pension products floated by insurance companies come under the purview of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) while those sold by mutual funds are overseen by the SEBI.
  • The Centre has “formed a committee to look into the issue of bringing these companies which are offering pension plans under the purview of PFRDA.
  • The amounts in question are sizeable. IRDA had Rs.3.9 lakh crore in pension, general annuity, and group superannuation funds, and Rs.22.5 lakh crore in unit-linked funds, some of which also have a pension component, as of March 31, 2015.
  • The two main pension plans operated by mutual funds regulated by SEBI — UTI and Franklin Templeton — manage about Rs.2,400 crore. The total corpus under the National Pension Scheme (NPS) is about Rs.1.45 lakh crore.
  • The committee to be formed by the Department of Financial Services, would have representatives from all financial sector regulators — SEBI, IRDA, RBI and PFRDA.

:: SPORTS ::


  • Jitu Rai rejuvenated his shooting career by winning the Champion of Champions pistol award, and a cash prize of €5000 in the World Cup Final.
  • In the mixed knock-out competition meant only for the medallists in the World Cup Final, Jitu beat DamirMikec of Serbia 29.6 to 28.3 in the climax featuring three shots. Olympic champion Anna Korakaki finished third.
  • Shooters are eliminated after the first four shots, one each after every successive shot. The last two compete on a three-shot format.
  • The honour in the rifle event went to Sergey Kamenskiy of Russia who beat two-time Olympian Du Li of China 31.7 to 31.6. London Olympics champion Yi Siling of China took the third place.
  • Jitu Rai had earlier won the free pistol silver, but finished sixth in air pistol.



Jharkhand became India’s first state to implement Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in Kerosene. The scheme is being implemented in four identified districts of the State namely Chatra, Hazaribagh, Khunti and Jamtara.

In a statement, Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry said that under the DBT Scheme, PDS kerosene is being sold at non-subsidised price and the subsidy is being transferred to consumers directly into their bank accounts. This initiative is aimed at rationalising subsidy and plugging the leakages.

Aim: The scheme aims at eliminating subsidised Kerosene from the supply chain for targeting the beneficiaries and end pilferage and black-marketing. It also aims at cutting down adulteration of cheap cooking and lighting fuel with diesel.

DBT Scheme for Kerosene

The government had plans to implement the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in Kerosene in 33 districts identified by 9 State Governments by 1 April 2016. The identified states were namely, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat.

But the date of its implementation was pushed back due to problems like lack of bank accounts and it’s seeding with Aadhaar number, which didn’t allowed government in creating biometric database of beneficiaries.

As a part of this scheme, implementing States will be given fiscal incentives equivalent to 75 % of subsidy saved in the first two years, 50 % of subsidy saved in third year and 25 % of subsidy saved in 4th year.


Kersti Kaljulaid was elected as the President of Estonia by the parliament.

With this, Kaljulaid will become Estonia’s first female president.

Kaljulaid won vote 81-0, with 20 members absent or abstaining. Her selection follows two failed votes and weeks of heated debate.

About Kersti Kaljulaid

Kersti Kaljulaid is the President-elect of Estonia.

She is due to take office on 10 October 2016 as the country's fifth President.

She will be the first woman to become President of Estonia since the country declared independence in 1918 and again in 1991.

She will also be the youngest person elected President, aged 46.

She graduated from Tallinn Secondary School no. 44 in 1987.

In 1992, she graduated from University of Tartu cum laude as a biologist.

In 2001, she graduated University of Tartu with an MBA in business management.

In 1996–1997, she worked as a sales manager in state-owned telecom Eesti Telefon.

In 1997–1998, she worked as a project manager in Hoiupanga Investeeringute AS.

In 1998–1999, she worked in the investment banking department of Hansapank Markets.

In 1999–2002, she worked as the economic advisor of Estonian Prime Minister Mart Laar.

Since May 2011, she has been the representative of Estonia in the European Court of Auditors.


India ratified historic Paris Agreement on climate change, giving a significant push for the deal to enter into force by the end 2016. The agreement is expected to give momentum to implementation of measures at international level to control global warming.

India, the world's fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases, accounts for 4.1 per cent of the emissions. China and the US is the biggest carbon emitter and are jointly responsible for around 40 per cent of the global carbon emissions.

COP 21 under UNFCCC adopted Paris Agreement on Climate Change

With India's move, a total of 62 countries accounting for almost 52 per cent of emissions, have ratified the accord. The pact will come into force after it has been ratified by at least 55 countries which account for 55 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Permanent Representative to the United Nations Syed Akbaruddin handed over the Instrument of Ratification signed by President Pranab Mukherjee, to Santiago Villalpando, the Head of the Treaties Division at the UN in a special ceremony in New York.

The ceremony was attended by top UN officials and senior diplomats to commemorate the 147th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi’s birth anniversary is observed as an International Day of Non-violence.

Union Cabinet approves ratification of Paris Agreement

In total, the 62 countries that have ratified the Paris Agreement account for about 51.89 per cent of the global gas emissions. This means for adoption, the agreement needs slightly more than 3 percent to reach the 55 per cent threshold. UN says that at least 14 other countries that together contribute about 12 per cent of global emissions have committed to ratify the pact before end of 2016.

Earlier in September 2016, the US and China had formally ratified the Paris agreement, which was adopted by 195 parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change last December in Paris. On the other hand, it is expected that the European Union and Russia, the other two among the top five emitters, will ratify the agreement soon.

Paris Agreement

• It was adopted by more than 190 countries at the 21st Conference of Parties of UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) held in Paris in December 2015.

• It seeks to encourage global action to reduce greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. This would help in preventing catastrophic effects of climate change.

• It seeks to give a momentum to actions being taken to adapt to the impacts of climate change, and raise financial and technological resources to do so.

• Initially, the Paris Agreement supposed to come into operation by 2020, the year when the existing Kyoto Protocol, the international arrangement to deal with climate change, expires. But later, the deadline was dropped and it will come into force after 30-days after the minimum ratifications are over.

• For few years, the Paris Agreement as well as the Kyoto Protocol would exist side by side.


Vinaya Manchaiah, an Indian-American associate professor at Lamar University in Texas, was named to the 2016 class of the Jerger Future Leaders of Audiology by the American Academy of Audiology.

Manchaiah is one of only a dozen individuals selected nationwide for the honour.

Who is Vinaya Manchaiah?

Vinaya Manchaiah is originally from South India.

He holds a PhD in disability research from Linkoping University, Sweden.

He also holds a number of degrees including an MBA from Swansea University, United Kingdom, Doctor of Audiology from Nova Southeastern University, MS in Audiology from the University of Southampton, and a Bachelor’s of Science in Speech and Hearing from the University of Mysore, India.

He is the co-founder and director for strategic planning for the non-profit non-governmental organisation Audiology India, for which he served as president from 2011 to 2015. The organisation seeks to foster ear and hearing health care in India.

About American Academy of Audiology

The American Academy of Audiology is the world’s largest professional organisation of audiologists.

The members look to provide hearing care services through education, research and increased public awareness of hearing and balance disorders.


The United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) released a report stating that nearly 69 million new teachers are needed to provide quality universal primary and secondary education by 2030, the deadline of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The report was prepared by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS). It was released on the occasion of World Teacher's Day, held under the theme Valuing Teachers, Improving their Status.

Highlights of the Report

• According to the UIS data, sub-Saharan Africa has the largest teacher gap and the region will need about 17 million primary and secondary teachers by 2030.

• More than 70 percent of the countries of sub-Saharan Africa region face acute shortages of primary school teachers, 90 percent of them face serious shortages in secondary education.

• Similarly, Southern Asia has the second-largest teacher gap, especially at the secondary level. Only 65 percent of youth across the region are enrolled in secondary education.

• The pupil-teacher ratio of Southern Asia is estimated at 29:1 (based on 2014 estimates), far higher than the global average of 18:1. The region needs another 15 million teachers by 2030.

• In Western Asia, persistent armed conflicts in a number of countries, including the Syrian Arab Republic and Iraq, are causing chaos. Large parts of entire education systems have been destroyed.

• Number of pre-primary, primary and secondary schools in Syrian Arab Republic fell from 23000 to 15000 between 2012 and 2016, and the number of students from 5.6 million to 4.1 million.

• In Northern Africa, 0.2 million teachers are needed to fill new positions to achieve universal primary education by 2030. The countries facing the biggest teacher shortages in the region are: Algeria (0.2 million) for primary education and Egypt (1.1 million) for secondary education.

• India needs to recruit at least three million primary teachers and over eight million secondary teachers in next 14 years to ensure that every child is in school and learning well.

The Importance of Teacher Quality

• Improving education quality requires far more than just having enough teachers in the education system: teachers need to be trained, supported through professional development.

• Unfortunately, in many developing countries, reliable information on teacher qualifications and teacher training is hard to come by.

• Many teachers have been recruited where primary education systems have expanded rapidly, but they do not always meet national minimum qualifications and training standards.

• According to UIS data, in 31 of the 96 countries with data after 2012, less than 80 percent of primary school teachers were reportedly trained according to national standards in 2014.

• In 30 out of 73 countries, less than 80 percent of secondary school teachers were trained according to national standards in 2014. Most of these are in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso, Burundi, Congo, Niger, Benin, Madagascar.

Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) demands inclusive and equitable quality education for all by 2030. SDG 4 includes a specific call for more qualified teachers, and more support from the international community for teacher training in developing countries.

The needs are urgent as nearly 263 million children and youth are still out of primary and secondary school globally.


India’s Ganganjeet Bhullar won the 2016 Shinhan Donghae Open in South Korea. It is his sixth title on the Asian Tour.

Bhullar carded a final round four-under-par 67 for a tournament total of 15-under 269 at the Bear’s Best Cheongna Golf Club in Incheon.

Scott Vincent of Zimbabwe and South Korea’s Kim Tae-woo finished a stroke behind.

The Shinhan Donghae Open is a men's professional golf tournament that has been held annually in South Korea since 1981.

About Ganganjeet Bhullar

Gaganjeet Singh Bhullar is an Indian professional golfer who plays on the Asian Tour.

He was India's number one amateur in 2004 and 2006 and was part of the Indian team that won the silver medal at the 2006 Asian Games.

He turned professional in 2006.

He was awarded Arjuna Award in 2013.




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Last Updated on Sunday, 16 October 2016 03:16