Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 12- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 12- OCTOBER - 2016
Wednesday, 12 October 2016 07:21

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

12- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

TERROR OUTFIT LASHKAR-E-TAIBA SUFFERED THE WORST DAMAGE IN THE RECENT SURGICAL STRIKES

  • The Pakistan-based terror outfit Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) suffered the worst damage in the recent surgical strikes on terror launchpads carried out by the Indian Army. Radio intercepts indicate that nearly 20 militants of the banned outfit were killed.
  • The assessment reports available from the Army’s field units, show that the most damage was inflicted on the LeT at the Dudniyal launchpad in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, opposite the Kupwara sector in north Kashmir.
  • The sources said that five teams chosen from the Army division in the area were tasked with destroying the launch pads of terror groups located at Kail, also known as Kel, and Dudniyal.
  • In a well-calibrated operation, which started on the intervening night of September 28 and 29, the Army moved across the Line of Control and smashed four launch pads that were under the guard of a Pakistani post 700 metres from the Line of Control.
  • The sources said the terrorists were not expecting an action by the Indian Army and were taken by surprise. The terrorists, mainly of the LeT, were seen running towards the Pakistani post, and they were killed by the Indian troops, the assessment reports say.
  • Pakistani Army’s radio intercepts indicated that at least 10 LeT terrorists were killed during the multiple and near-synchronised surgical strikes on four launchpads.
  • There was heavy movement of Pakistani Army vehicles till the break of dawn, and all the bodies were taken away. As per the radio intercepts, there was a mass burial in the Neelum valley.
  • A similar blow was dealt to the terror launchpads at Balnoi, opposite Poonch, in which nine LeT militants were killed, the sources said. Two Pakistani soldiers belonging to 8 Northern Light Infantry were also killed.
  • There were intelligence reports that terrorists were planning to enter India through Kashmir and Jammu. The Army waited for the terrorists to gather at one place before launching the attack.

SC HAS ORDERED DELETION OF WORDS “ADULT MALE” THE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

  • In a landmark verdict, the Supreme Court has widened the scope of the Domestic Violence Act by ordering deletion of the words “adult male” from it.
  • It paved the way for prosecution of women and even non-adults for subjecting a woman relative to violence and harassment.
  • The apex court has ordered striking down of the two words from Section 2(q) of the Domestic Violence Act, which deals with respondents who can be sued and prosecuted under the Act for harassing a married woman in her matrimonial home.
  • Apex court said “the microscopic difference between male and female, adult and non-adult, regard being had to the object sought to be achieved by the 2005 Act, is neither real or substantial, nor does it have any rational relation to the object of the legislation.”
  • The remaining part of the legislation had been kept untouched and would remain operative.

JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA HAS HELPED IN REDUCING SOCIOECONOMIC DISPARITIES

  • A new study brings in first conclusive evidence of the role played by Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) in reducing ‘socioeconomic disparities’ existing in maternal care.
  • The JSY was launched in 2005 as part of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to improve maternal and neonatal health by promotion of institutional deliveries.
  • According to a working paper JSY has led to an enhancement in the utilisation of health services among all groups especially among the poorer and underserved sections in the rural areas, thereby reducing the prevalent disparities in maternal care.”
  • While previous studies had shown the impact of JSY in reducing maternal mortality, it was not known if it had reduced socioeconomic inequalities — differences in access to maternal care between individual people of higher or lower socioeconomic status.
  • Three key services of maternal care were used for the analysis: full antenatal care (full ANC), safe delivery, and postnatal care.
  • There were three major findings. First, the increase in utilisation of all three maternal healthcare services between the two rounds was remarkably higher among illiterate or less educated and poor women.
  • Secondly, the usage of all three maternal healthcare services by the OBC, Dalit, Adivasis and Muslim women increased between the surveys. The study found that after the implementation of the JSY, “there was generally a narrowing of the gap between the less educated and more educated women and between the poorer and richer women.”
  • It was found in the survey that women in their early 20s were more likely to avail of all three maternal health care services as compared to their older women.
  • Also, the incidence of women availing maternal healthcare decreases with the increase in the number of children. High incidence of maternal mortality continue to plague India.
  • As per the latest Lancet series on maternal health, India accounted for 15 per cent of the total maternal deaths in the world in 2015 — second only to Nigeria — with 45,000 women dying during pregnancy or childbirth.

SECURITY FORCES IN 3 SOUTHERN STATES HAVE DECIDED TO INTENSIFY OPERATIONS AT TRI-JUNCTIONS

  • Taking a serious note of reports on Maoist combatants using the hilly-forest terrain of the tri-junction of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka as a safe haven, security forces in the three States have decided to intensify combing operations in the area.
  • The plans detailing the role of each security formation and the modalities to be worked out for preventing Maoist insurgency in the region formed the core of a high-level meeting of security agencies.
  • The tri-junction region comprises the forests of Nagarahole and Bandipur in Karnataka, Mudumalai in Tamil Nadu, and Muthanga in Kerala.
  • Intelligence agencies had earlier sent out a warning that a 40-member strong Maoist group was active in the corridor between Kannur and Palakkad.
  • Last year, intelligence agencies prepared an inventory of arms possessed by these squads, which include Kalshnikovs, self-loading rifles, shot guns, workshop-grade anti-personnel weapons, and wayside bombs, among others.
  • Majority of the ammunition was presumably procured from their armed bases like Dantewada or Bastar.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

THE ETHIOPIAN GOVERNMENT HAS DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY

  • The Ethiopian government has declared a state of emergency effective immediately following a week of anti-government violence that resulted in deaths and property damage across the country, especially in the restive Oromia region.
  • In a televised address, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said the state of emergency was declared because there has been “enormous” damage to property.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

A NEW GLOBAL POLLUTION DEAL FOR AVIATION

  • A new global pollution deal for aviation is seen providing a long-term boost for carbon markets by generating demand for environmental offset projects that now often sell at rock-bottom prices, according to industry groups and analysts.
  • The carbon offsetting scheme, the first such industry-wide initiative, will start in 2021 with at least 65 participating countries in its voluntary phases, following the deal's approval by the International Civil Aviation Organization, a U.N. agency.
  • Carbon credits now sell for 40 cents a tonne, but can rise to $10 a tonne depending on the quality of the carbon-emission reduction project, which can range from efforts to counter deforestation, to more efficient stoves.
  • Analysts estimate demand will rise closer to the deal's mandatory phase in 2027.

GOVT WILL AUGMENT THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT FOR 36 WATERWAYS

  • Moving to get its ambitious waterways project under way, the government has said it will augment the process of development for 36 waterways in the first phase and soon float tenders to invite bids for the project.
  • Draft feasibility reports have been received for 36 waterways.
  • Parliament had enacted a legislation allowing 106 rivers across the country to be converted into National Waterways in addition to the existing 5 in a bid to boost movement of goods and passengers via rivers and reducing transportation costs.
  • The minister said the environment-friendly and cost-effective mode of transportation will reduce the logistics costs significantly from as high as 18 per cent in India.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

DANIEL RICCIARDO WINS 2016 MALAYSIAN GRAND PRIX

Daniel Ricciardo won the 2016 Malaysian Grand Prix held at the Sepang International Circuit in Selangor, Malaysia.

Max Verstappen finished second while Nico Rosberg ended at the third position.

About Malaysian Grand Prix

The Malaysian Grand Prix is a round of the Formula One World Championship.

It has been held at the Sepang International Circuit since 1999.

The FIA-sanctioned racing in Malaysia has existed since the 1960s.

Since 2011, the race has been officially known as the Malaysia Grand Prix.

About Daniel Ricciardo

Daniel Ricciardo is an Australian racing driver who is currently competing in Formula One for Red Bull Racing.

He won the British Formula 3 Championship in 2009.

After Mark Webber announced his retirement from Formula One, Ricciardo was confirmed as his replacement at Red Bull Racing for 2014.

In his first season with Red Bull, he finished third in the championship with his first three Formula One wins, in Canada, Hungary and Belgium.

ABU DHABI CROWN PRINCE TO BE CHIEF GUEST ON REPUBLIC DAY IN INDIA

Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan will be the Chief Guest at the Republic Day celebrations on 26 January 2017. The Crown Prince has accepted the Indian invitation.

His visit will give a strong boost to the bilateral ties between the two nations in key areas like trade and security. This is his second visit to India, earlier he came on a three-day-visit in February 2016.

This acceptance of the invitation by Sheikh Al Nahyan, who is also the Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE armed forces, sends out an important message at a time when tensions between India and Pakistan are escalating. This can be treated as the masterstroke of the government, which is trying to isolate diplomatically over the issue of cross-border terrorism.

UAE is one of the closest allies of Pakistan and once the two nations along with Saudi Arabia recognised the Taliban government in Afghanistan.

Earlier during PM Modi’s visit to UAE in August 2015, the two countries condemned the act of terrorism that originates from one country to trouble the other. In a joint statement, the two countries rejected extremism and any link between terrorism and religion.

Apart from this, the Crown Prince will be the first leader from Gulf to be the Chief Guest of the Republic Day parade since 2006. In 2006, Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud was the chief guest on Republic Day.

In 2016 French President Francois Hollande was the chief guest on the occasion and in 2015 US President Barack Obama was the chief guest.

S SIVAKUMAR APPOINTED AS FULL-TIME MEMBER OF 21ST LAW COMMISSION OF INDIA

S. Sivakumar, professor at Indian Law Institute (ILI), was appointed as full-time member of the 21st Law Commission of India.

Earlier, Rajkot-based lawyer Abhay Bhardwaj, who had represented the accused in the 2002 Gulbarg Society Massacre case, had been selected as part-time member of the 21st Law Commission of India.

In March 2016, former Supreme Court judge Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan was appointed as the new Chairman of Law Commission of India.

Former Gujarat High Court judge Justice Ravi R Tripathi was also appointed as a member of the Commission.

In June 2016, Bimal Patel, Director, Gujarat National Law University was appointed as a part-time member of the 21st Law Commission of India.

About Law Commission of India

The Law Commission of India is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India.

Its major function is to work for legal reform.

Its membership primarily comprises legal experts, who are entrusted a mandate by the Government.

The Commission is established for a fixed tenure and works as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice.

The 21st Law Commission was constituted for a period of three years from 1 September 2015.

The commission will have its tenure only till 31 August 2018. The present Law Commission has not submitted any report till date.

The Law commissions since 1955 have submitted 262 reports so far to the government on various subjects.

The last report, submitted on 31 August 2015, by previous chairperson Justice AP Shah, had recommended immediate abolition of death penalty for all purposes, except terrorism-related cases.

INDIAN-ORIGIN KIARA NIRGHIN WINS GOOGLE SCIENCE FAIR PRIZE 2016

Indian-origin South African girl Kiara Nirghin won the Google Science Fair prize 2016. She won this grand prize of 50000 US dollars scholarship for using orange peel to develop a cheaper super-absorbent material that helps soil retain water.

Kiara Nirghin is a Grade 11 student at St Martin’s private school. She did a project titled No More Thirsty Crops which was aimed at tackling the severe drought plaguing South Africa. Her solution to the problem of drought uses orange and avocado fruit peel, which are normally discarded.

The Google Science Fair is a programme for budding scientists between the ages of 13 to 18, who are invited to solve the world’s biggest challenges using science and technology.

Highlights of the Nirghin's Project

• The fruit peel serves perfect alternative to super-absorbent polymers (SAPs), which absorb and carry about 300 times their weight in liquid relative to their own mass.

• These SAPs are not biodegradable, are costly and full of acrylic acid, sodium hydroxide and other chemicals.

• It was after 45 days of experimentation that Nirghin was successful in creating a low-cost super-absorbent polymer, made out of waste products from the juice manufacturing industry.

• This polymer can retain large amounts of water, keep soil moist and improve crop growth without regular water supplements.

NOBEL PRIZE IN MEDICINE 2016 AWARDED TO YOSHINORI OHSUMI

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet decided to award the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Yoshinori Ohsumi.

Ohsumi is bestowed with the prize for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy. He discovered and elucidated mechanisms underlying autophagy, a fundamental process for degrading and recycling cellular components.

What is autophagy?

Autophagy is the natural, destructive mechanism that disassembles, through a regulated process, unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components.

It allows the orderly degradation and recycling of cellular components.

During this process, targeted cytoplasmic constituents are isolated from the rest of the cell within a double-membraned vesicle known as an autophagosome.

The autophagosome then fuses with a lysosome and the contents are degraded and recycled.

Three different forms of autophagy are commonly described as macroautophagy, microautophagy and chaperone-mediated autophagy.

The name autophagy was coined by Belgian biochemist Christian de Duve in 1963.

Who is Yoshinori Ohsumi?

Yoshinori Ohsumi is a Japanese cell biologist specializing in autophagy.

He is a professor in Tokyo Institute of Technology's Frontier Research Center.

He received the Kyoto Prize for Basic Science in 2012.

About Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

It is one of five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, in his will.

As of 2015, 106 Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been awarded to 198 men and 12 women.

The first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded in 1901 to the German physiologist Emil von Behring for his work on serum therapy and the development of a vaccine against diphtheria.

The first woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was Gerty Cori, who received it in 1947 for her role in elucidating the metabolism of glucose.

The 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded for discoveries concerning novel therapies against river blindness, lymphatic filariasis and malaria to William C. CampbellSatoshi Omura and Youyou Tu.

 

 

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Last Updated on Sunday, 16 October 2016 02:49