Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 10- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 10- OCTOBER - 2016
Monday, 10 October 2016 06:14

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

10- OCTOBER - 2016

 

UTTAM SINGH TO BE HONOURED WITH LATA MANGESHKAR AWARD FOR LIFETIME ACHIEVEMENT

Veteran music director and violinist Uttam Singh was named for the 2016 Lata Mangeshkar Award for Lifetime Achievement of the Maharashtra Government.

The award carries a citation, a trophy and 500000 rupees in cash.

About Uttam Singh

Born on 25 May 1948, Uttam Singh has worked as a violinist, music arranger and music director for many Bollywood films.

He worked as a music arranger for Ilaiyaraaja in numerous Tamil films before establishing himself as an independent composer.

His big break came in 1963, when he worked as a violinist for a documentary being made by Mohammad Safi. After this, Uttam Singh played violin for major composers including Naushad, Roshan, Madan Mohan, C. Ramchandra, Sachin Dev Burman.

Later, he became the main violinist for Rahul Dev Burman.

His songs and score for the movie Pinjar won him much critical acclaim. It is considered to be his finest work as composer.

About Lata Mangeshkar Award

The Lata Mangeshkar Award is a national-level award instituted to honour works in the field of music.

Various state governments of India present awards with this name.

The state Government of Madhya Pradesh started this award in 1984.

The Lata Mangeshkar Award issued by the Maharashtra Government started from 1992. This is also officially known as Lata Mangeshkar Award for Lifetime Achievement.

Krishna Kalle was the winner of the 2014 Lata Mangeshkar Award for Lifetime Achievement.

ISRO SIGNS MOU WITH TELANGANA TO PROVIDE DIGITAL CLASSES

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Telangana government signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to provide digital classes across the state through its state channel Mana TV.

As per the MoU, the ISRO’s Development & Educational Communication Unit (DECU) will work with the state government to disseminate educational content using satellite technology.

IT Minister KT Rama Rao said that this arrangement would help the channel start coaching classes from 1 October 2016. The channel will telecast a four-hour programme daily.

Besides, about 6000 schools of the state will launch digital classes from 14 October 2016. The digital classes will provide a platform for lakhs of students and job aspirants to get quality education.

Earlier in August 2016, the states Irrigation Department signed MoU with ISRO’s National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) to use space technology for real-time monitoring of all water resources in the state.

Mana TV

Mana TV was an initiative started by the undivided Andhra Pradesh to provide programmes on distance education, telemedicine and agriculture extension under different channels. The state in 2006, entered into a similar agreement with ISRO.

FOUR SAARC MEMBER COUNTRIES INCLUDING INDIA DECIDED TO BOYCOTT THE SUMMIT IN ISLAMABAD

Four SAARC member countries, namely India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan, decided to boycott the 19th SAARC Summit to be hosted by Pakistan. The summit is scheduled to be held in Islamabad from 9 to 10 November 2016.

India was the first nation to boycott the summit. It conveyed to current SAARC Chair Nepal that increased cross-border terrorist attacks in the region and growing interference in internal affairs of member states by one country created environment which is not conducive to successful holding of Summit.

Later, India was joined by Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan who pulled out of the summit by citing the problem of terrorism in the region.

As per rules, the summit is postponed if any head of state or government decided not to participate in the summit. But a formal announcement can be made only by Nepal after internal consultation. Nepal is the current chair of SAARC.

India’s stand on the boycott

The External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Vikas Swarup said that India's commitment to SAARC’s regional connectivity, contact and prosperity remains intact but it cannot conceive of summit happening amidst cross border terrorism and cross interference in internal affairs of the member countries.

Participation of the Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan conveys the message that Pakistan should introspect in it that what kind of relationship it wants with SAARC countries.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union in South Asia. Its member states include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

It comprises 3% of the world's area, 21% of the world's population and 9.12% of the global economy as of 2015.

WORLD'S FIRST BABY BORN FROM NEW PROCEDURE USING DNA OF THREE PEOPLE

The world’s first baby was born from a new procedure that combines the DNA of three people. The baby was born in Mexico.

The baby was born on 6 April 2016 after his Jordanian parents travelled to Mexico where they were cared for by US fertility specialists.

The baby was born using the new and controversial technology, called mitochondrial donation, which incorporates DNA from three persons.

The five-month-old boy has the usual DNA from his parents, and a small amount of genetic code from a donor.

How the treatment was done?

The baby’s mother carried genes for the fatal Leigh Syndrome, which harms the developing nervous system.

The faults affect the DNA in mitochondria, the tiny battery-like structures that provide cells with energy, and are passed down from mother to child.

A team of doctors, led by John Zhang, decided to attempt the controversial procedure of mitochondrial transfer in the hope that it would give the couple a healthy child.

The doctors took the nucleus from one of the woman’s eggs and inserted it into a healthy donor’s egg that had had its own nucleus removed. Then, the egg was fertilised with the husband’s sperm.

The team created five embryos but only one developed normally. This was implanted into the mother and the baby was born nine months later.

What is Mitochondrial Donation?

Mitochondrial donation is a special form of in vitro fertilization in which the future baby's mitochondrial DNA comes from a third party.

The two most common techniques in mitochondrial donation are pronuclear transfer andmaternal spindle transfer.

Due to the uncharted nature of producing a child with 3 sources of DNA, this subject is currently quite contentious in the field of bioethics, as is the case with many other gene therapies.

The treatment was legalised in the UK in 2015 but so far no other country has introduced laws to permit the technique.

In February 2016, a report was issued by the U.S. Food and Drug administration declaring that further research into mitochondrial donation is ethically permissible.

UNION CABINET APPROVES INDIA-SINGAPORE MOU IN THE FIELD OF INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY COOPERATION

The Union Cabinet approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Singapore in the field of Industrial Property Cooperation.

The MoU will be signed between India's Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion and the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS) during the visit of Singapore’s Prime Minister to India from 4-7 October 2016.

Highlights of the MoU

• It will enhance bilateral cooperation activities in the arena of Industrial Property Rights of Patents, Trademarks and Industrial Designs.

• It is intended to give a boost to innovation, creativity and technological advancement in both regions.

• It includes exchange of best practices, experiences and knowledge on Intellectual Property awareness among the public, businesses and educational institutions of both countries.

• It includes exchange of experts specialized in the field of intellectual property.

• It includes exchange and dissemination of best practices, experiences and knowledge on IP with the industry, universities, R & D organizations and Small and Medium Enterprises.

• It also involves cooperation in the development of automation and implementation of modernization projects.

• It calls for partnership in IP-related training for local IP and business communities.

CUBA AND RUSSIA SIGN AGREEMENT ON PEACEFUL NUCLEAR COOPERATION

Rosatom, Russian state nuclear agency, and Cuba's Ministry of Science signed an agreement on cooperation in the field of peaceful atomic energy use.

The deal was signed by Rosatom Deputy CEO for International Relations Nikolai Spassky and Cuban Deputy Science Minister Jose Fidel Santana.

Key highlights of the agreement

The deal was signed on the sidelines of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) General Conference in Vienna.

The deal lays the basis for further Russian-Cuban cooperation in different fields of peaceful atomic energy use, from agriculture to training nuclear specialists.

Special coordinating committees and bilateral working groups will be created to facilitate the implementation of the agreement.

INDIAN WOMEN'S KABADDI TEAM WINS GOLD IN ASIAN BEACH GAMES

Indian women’s Kabbadi team bagged gold medal at the 5th Asian Beach Games. In the summit clash played at Bien Dong Park in Danang, Vietnam, the team defeated Thailand 41-31.

This was fifth gold in succession for the Indian team. The Indian women's kabaddi team had been winning the gold since the inception of the biennial Games in 2008.

For Thailand, it was the fifth time in a row they had lost to India in a final.

Besides, the Indian men's beach kabaddi team settled for the Silver medal. The Indian team lost the game to arch-rivals Pakistan 28-30. India had won gold in men's beach kabaddi the 2008 and 2010 editions.

Other events and medals won by India

In Kurash, a form of wrestling originated in Uzbekistan, Amisha Tokas won silver in women’s 70kg category after losing to Nguyen Thi Lan of Vietnam in the final.

In beach bodybuilding, Manoj Kumar Majumdar won a bronze in up to 158cm category.

India has so far won six medals including one gold, 3 silver and 2 bronze, in the Games. India is now at 15th spot in the medal table headed by hosts Vietnam (25 gold, 22 silver, 27 bronze).

WHO DECLARES REGION OF THE AMERICAS AS MEASLES FREE

The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the Region of the Americas as Measles free. The declaration came during the 55th Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO).

With this, the Americas became the first in the world to have eliminated measles, a viral disease that can cause severe health problems, including pneumonia, blindness, brain swelling and even death.

This achievement marked culmination of a 22-year effort involving mass vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella throughout the Americas.

Measles is the fifth vaccine-preventable disease to be eliminated from the Americas, after eradication of smallpox in 1971, poliomyelitis in 1994, and rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in 2015.

Spread of Measles and its Elimination in the Americas

• Before mass vaccination was initiated in 1980, measles caused nearly 2.6 million annual deaths worldwide.

• In the Americas, 101800 deaths were attributable to measles between 1971 and 1979.

• However, a cost-effectiveness study on measles elimination estimated that with vaccination 3.2 million measles cases and 16000 deaths can prevented between 2000 and 2020.

• In the 1990s, a decline in measles cases was recorded, but the most notable decrease was observed after the Americas launched its initiative to eliminate measles in 1994.

• The countries of the Americas established the goal to eliminate indigenous transmission of measles by the year 2000, through the implementation of surveillance and vaccination strategies.

• The last indigenous measles outbreak was registered in Venezuela in 2002.

• However, some countries in the Region still notified imported cases. Between 2003 and 2014, 5077 imported measles cases were registered in the Americas.

• Brazil also witnessed the measles outbreak  in 2013. However, after a year of targeted actions, the last case of measles in Brazil was registered in July 2015.

• Considering that the Region has sustained elimination for more than 12 years, the International Expert Committee accepted the evidence presented by the countries and declared the elimination of measles in the Americas.

About Measles

• Measles is one of the most contagious diseases and affects children primarily.

• It is transmitted by airborne droplets or via direct contact with secretions from the nose, mouth, and throat of infected individuals.

• Symptoms include high fever, generalized rash all over the body, stuffy nose, and reddened eyes.

• It can cause serious complications including blindness, encephalitis, severe diarrhea, ear infections and pneumonia, particularly in children with nutritional problems and in immunocompromised patients.

INFOSYS LAUNCHES E-COMMERCE PLATFORM SKAVA COMMERCE

Infosys launched Skava Commerce, a modern, mobile-first and modular e-commerce platform that delivers engaging omni-channel experiences.

Skava is a Silicon Valley based e-commerce startup which was acquired by Infosys.

Highlights of the Skava Commerce Platform

• The platform can help brick-and-mortar retailers to quickly launch new offerings, improve conversion rates of traffic coming from digital channels without making large investments upfront.

• It can integrate with existing technologies while providing a future-ready architecture that will enable next generation shopping experiences leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning.

• It also includes a responsive web store and native mobile shopping applications that can be managed by non-technical business users through SkavaSTUDIO- a web-based experience management tool.

• For retailers who are building their own platform, Skava is offering a source code license of its platform with an aim to accelerate retailers' journey and yet have full ownership through the source code license.

R SUBRAMANIA KUMAR APPOINTED EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF INDIAN OVERSEAS BANK

The Union Government appointed R Subramania Kumar as Executive Director (ED) of state-owned Indian Overseas Bank.

Kumar is currently serving as the Executive Director of Indian Bank.

About Indian Overseas Bank

Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) is a major public sector bank based in Chennai.

It has about 3700 domestic branches, including 1150 branches in Tamil Nadu, 3 extension counters, and eight branches and offices overseas as of 30 September 2014.

Indian Overseas Bank has an ISO certified in-house Information Technology department, which has developed the software that its branches use to provide online banking to customers.

The bank has achieved 100% networking status as well as 100% CBS status for its branches.

IOB also has a network of about 3300 ATMs all over India.

IOB has branches in Singapore, Hong Kong, Colombo, Seoul, and Bangkok.

It has representative offices in Guangzhou, Vietnam, and Dubai.

IOB also is part-owner of a joint-venture bank in Malaysia.

TELUGU WRITER PROF KALAKALURI ENOCH CONFERRED 29TH MOORTIDEVI AWARD

Noted Telugu writer Prof. Kalakaluri Enoch was conferred with Moortidevi Award of Bharatiya Jnanpith for the year 2015 at function in New Delhi. The award was given for his novel Ananta Jeevanam.

The novel was thought-provoking and contemplative as it depicted the struggle of the weak, the downtrodden and the common man of Rayalaseema. This is the first time a Telugu writer was selected for the award.

Veteran art historian Dr Kapila Vatsyayana presented the award to Prof. Kalakaluri Enoch.

Prof. Kalakaluri Enoch

• Born on 1 July 1939, Prof. Enoch is a former vice-chancellor of SV University.

• He has been awarded the Padma Shri.

• The noted Dalit voice, poet and academician was awarded the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, in 2014 for his contributions to the field of literature.

• He has credited over 180 poems, 180 stories, 9 novels and 30 plays.

About Moorti Devi Award

• Moorti Devi award was founded by Bharatiya Jnanpith and is given away to the authors who have contributed in the field of contemporary creative writing in modern Indian languages.

• It is presented annually for a contemplative and perceptive work which expresses, underlines and illumines human values rooted in the broad vision of Indian philosophy and cultural heritage.

• Books written in English and all Indian languages are considered for the Prize, which comprises a cash award of four lakhs rupees, a Saraswati statue and a citation plaque.

Previous five recipients of Moorti Devi award are

Year

Laureate

Language

Work

2010

Gopi Chand Narang

Urdu

Urdu Ghazal aur Hindustani Zehn-o Tahzeeb

2011

Gulab Kothari

Hindi

Ahmev Radha, Ahmev Krishnah

2012

Haraprasad Das

Odia

Vamsha

2013

C. Radhakrishnan

Malayalam

Theekkadal Katanhu Thirumadhuram

2014

Vishwanath Tripathi

Hindi

Vyomkesh Darvesh

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 12 October 2016 07:03