Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 08- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 08- OCTOBER - 2016
Monday, 10 October 2016 05:41

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

08- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

CABINET APPROVED THE LONG-AWAITED AMENDMENTS TO THE HIV BILL

  • The Union Cabinet approved the long-awaited amendments to the HIV Bill, granting stronger protection to the country’s HIV community.
  • The Bill prohibits discrimination against people living with HIV (PLHIV) in accessing healthcare, acquiring jobs, renting houses or in education institutions in the public and private sectors.
  • There are approximately 21 lakh persons estimated to be living with HIV in India and the percentage of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment currently stands at a mere 25.82% as against the global percentage of 41%.
  • The “HIV and AIDS Bill, 2014” will bring legal accountability and establish a formal mechanism to probe discrimination complaints against those who discriminate against such people.
  • Bill requires that “no person shall be compelled to disclose his HIV status except with his informed consent, and if required by a court order.”
  • The Bill lists various grounds on which discrimination against HIV-positive persons and those living with them is prohibited.
  • These include the denial, termination, discontinuation or unfair treatment with regard to employment, educational establishments, health care services, residing or renting property, standing for public or private office, and provision of insurance.

THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE RULED AGAINST THE MARSHALL ISLANDS

  • The United Nations’ highest court rejected nuclear disarmament cases filed by the Pacific nation of the Marshall Islands against Britain, India and Pakistan, saying it did not have jurisdiction.
  • The International Court of Justice ruled that the Marshall Islands had failed to prove that a legal dispute over disarmament existed between it and the three nuclear powers before the case was filed in 2014.
  • It took a casting vote by the court’s President Ronny Abraham to break an eight-eight deadlock between the 16 judges on the question of jurisdiction in the case against Britain.
  • In a landmark 1996 advisory opinion, the court said that using or threatening to use nuclear arms would “generally be contrary to” the laws of war and humanitarian law.
  • But it added that it could not definitively rule on whether the threat or use of nuclear weapons would be legal “in an extreme circumstance of self-defence, in which the very survival of a state would be at stake.”

INDIA DISMISSED NAWAZ SHARIF’S SPEECH IN THE PAKISTAN ASSEMBLY

  • India dismissed Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s speech in the National Assembly in Islamabad as an illustration of Pakistan’s inability to move away from terrorism as a State policy.
  • Mr. Sharif reiterated Pakistan’s hardened position on Kashmir and said, “World powers need to ensure that U.N. resolutions on Kashmir should be implemented in letter and spirit.”
  • The joint session of the National Assembly was called to discuss Pakistan’s response to the “surgical strikes” by India along the Line of Control (LoC).
  • India is drawing international support in favour of hot pursuit of terrorists. US, EU and Germany supported India’s tough stance on cross-border terror.
  • India reminded the international community that the “scale of violence” in Afghanistan was a hurdle for the country’s development.
  • Hinting at Pakistan’s opposition to grant transit rights to Afghanistan for accessing South Asian markets, Mr. Akbar said Afghanistan was entitled to “full utilisation of transit rights as a member of WTO.”

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

SRI LANKA JOINED THE DEMAND FOR REGIONAL ORGANISATION TO COUNTER CROSS-BORDER TERRORISM

  • Pushing for revising the agenda of SAARC, Sri Lanka on Wednesday joined the growing demand that the regional organisation counter cross-border terrorism.
  • After a meeting with PM Modi, visiting Srilanka’s PM cited Sri Lanka’s experience with war and terrorism, and warned that SAARC would become irrelevant without addressing terrorism.
  • “Cross-border terrorism might worsen if SAARC is thrown away,” he said and added that three countries out of the eight-member regional grouping was afflicted by security problems. He, however cautioned against war.
  • Sri Lanka was the fifth country to issue a statement against holding the 19th SAARC summit in Islamabad in November.
  • He said Sri Lanka’s decision against attending the summit was decided through a process of democratic consultations, and highlighted that Sri Lanka was discussing “several options” in shaping the South Asian regional order.
  • India’s preparation to deal with the emerging challenges figured in Mr. Wickeremesinghe’s meeting with Mr. Modi and both sides discussed bilateral issues such as India’s aid and technical support to Sri Lanka.
  • He said that in the midst of the “crucial phase” in South Asia, his country would continue with the peace-building process that started following the end of the war against the Tamil Eelam fighters.
  • Mr. Wickremesinghe’s demand on SAARC with a counter-terror focus follows India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan citing “cross-border terrorism”, “imposed war” and “interference” from Pakistan.

INDIA STRONGLY CRITICISED UN SECURITY COUNCIL

  • India strongly criticised an “unresponsive” Security Council for being indecisive on sanctioning leaders of organisations that it had designated as terrorist entities after China extended its technical hold on India’s bid for a U.N. ban on JeM Masood Azhar.
  • India’s Permanent Representative to the U.N., Syed Akbaruddin, told the General Assembly that the 15-nation Security Council, the “principal organ” tasked with the maintenance of peace and security.
  • He said UNSC had in a variety of ways become “unresponsive to the needs of our time and ineffective to meeting the challenges it is confronted with”.
  • Without naming China, Mr. Akbaruddin referred to its technical hold on India’s bid against Azhar, saying the council was a body that “ponders for six months whether to sanction leaders of organisations it has itself designated as terrorist entities”.
  • The Chinese hold lapsed on 3rd Oct, and had it not raised an objection, the resolution designating Azhar a terrorist would have been passed automatically.

:: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ::

TRIO OF SCIENTISTS WON THE NOBEL CHEMISTRY PRIZE FOR DEVELOPING MOLECULAR MACHINES

  • A trio of French, British and Dutch scientists won the Nobel Chemistry Prize for developing molecular machines, the world’s smallest machines that may one day act as artificial muscles to power tiny robots or even prosthetic limbs.
  • Inspired by proteins that naturally act as biological machines within cells, these synthetic copies are usually constructed of a few molecules fused together.
  • Also called nanomachines or nanobots, they can be put to work as tiny motors, ratchets, pistons or wheels to produce mechanical motion in response to stimuli such as light or temperature change. Molecular machines can move objects many time their size.
  • The first step towards a molecular machine was taken by Mr. Sauvage in 1983, when he succeeded in linking together two ring-shaped molecules to form a chain.
  • The second step was taken by Mr. Stoddart in 1991, when he threaded a molecular ring onto a thin molecular axle and demonstrated that the ring was able to move along the axle.
  • Mr. Feringa (65) was meanwhile the first person to develop a molecular motor — in 1999 he was able to make a molecular rotor blade to spin continually in the same direction. Using molecular motors, he has also designed a nanocar.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

COUNTRY’S SERVICES SECTOR BUSINESS ACTIVITY SOFTER IN SEPTEMBER

  • The expansion of the country’s services sector business activity was softer in September vis-à-vis August as the level of new business placed with Indian services firms increased moderately.
  • The headline seasonally adjusted Nikkei India Services Business Activity Index registered 52.0 in September, down from August’s 43-month high of 54.7. An index reading above 50 indicates an expansion, while below 50 a contraction.
  • Reflecting softer expansions in activity at both service providers and manufacturers, the seasonally adjusted Nikkei India Composite PMI Output Index fell from August’s 42-month high of 54.6 to 52.4 in September.

WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM SAYS INDIA AND PAK PROBLEM WILL NOT IMPACT REGIONAL GROWTH

  • The current standoff between New Delhi and Islamabad will not impact the growth prospects of the South Asian region including India, the Geneva-based ‘World Economic Forum’ said.
  • Chief economist and member of the executive committee, WEF, said South Asia was the world’s fastest growing region and there was no reason to believe that the recent geopolitical tension would impact the region’s growth prospects.
  • Director-general, CII, also said the economy and business in India and South Asia would not get affected due to the tension at the India-Pakistan border.
  • India Economic Summit’s focus area includes the digital economy, travel & tourism, energy, entrepreneurship, infrastructure, start-ups, skill development, gender equity, urbanisation, boosting manufacturing and urbanisation.

INDIA IS EXAMINING MECHANISMS TO OFFSET HIGHER EMISSIONS

  • India is examining possible mechanisms to offset higher emissions from rising civil aviation traffic, even as it has firmly opposed a global pact for curbing aviation emissions proposed by International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO.
  • “India’s aviation sector is growing at 22 per cent to 23 per cent over the last year and we expect it to continue to grow very rapidly over the next decade and a half, so emissions would rise,” said Minister of State for Civil Aviation
  • India has ratified the COP21 accord on climate change, but while approving its ratification, the Union Cabinet had last week empowered the civil aviation ministry to flag India’s concerns about the proposed aviation emissions pact.
  • Capping emissions from aviation would be unfair for developing countries where the civil aviation market is not mature and the number of airlines is limited compared to the developed world
  • BASIC countries had met in New Delhi and opposed the ICAO accord as one that could be forced upon developing nations. Aviation is estimated to account for two per cent of global greenhouse emissions.
  • But air travel volumes are expected to double by 2030. About 58 out of the 191 countries participating at the ICAO meet have backed the pact so far.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

INDIA'S VELAVAN SENTHILKUMAR WINS U-19 ASIAN JUNIOR INDIVIDUAL SQUASH TITLE IN KUALA LUMPUR

India's Velavan Senthilkumar bagged the Under-19 Asian Junior Individual squash championship title. In the final clash played in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, he defeated Jordan's Mohammad Al-Sarraj 12-14, 9-11, 11-6, 11-8, 11-7.

The Chennai player, who trains at the Indian Squash Academy, is the second Indian to win the title after Ravi Dixit in 2010.

From among 31 Indian players in various age categories at the tournament, there were two more medal winners in Tushar Shahani, who claimed silver in boys'U-17, and Yash Fadte who earned a bronze in boys' U-15 section.

ISRO LAUNCHED 8 SATELLITES IN TWO DIFFERENT ORBITS

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched eight satellites in two different orbits in a single mission. These satellites were launched with the PSLV C35 from the first launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikotta.

The satellites that was carried into space include the primary payload SCATSAT-1 of India, weighing 371 kg, and seven other customer payloads (five foreign and two domestic) together weighing 304 kg during lift off. The weather satellite SCATSAT-1 will be hurled into a polar sun synchronous orbit of 730 kilometer height.

The other seven satellites that will be injected into a different orbit as compared to the principal payload are

• Three smaller payloads from Algeria: Alsat-1B 103 kg, Alsat-2B 110 kg and Alsat Nano 7 kg. They are meant for earth observation, remote sensing and technology demonstration.

• One from US: Pathfinder-1 of 44 kg. It is a high resolution imaging microsatellite and is owned by BlackSky.

One from Canada: NLS-19 of 8 kg developed at University of Toronto, Canada. It is a nano-satellite to experiment reduction of space debris.

• The other two satellites are from India and they are

a) Pratham: A student-satellite of the IIT, Bombay. It would estimate the total electron count with a resolution of 1km x 1km location grid.

b) PISAT (पैसेट): It is developed by a consortium-led by the PES University in Bengaluru. It would explore remote sensing applications.

The two Universities/Academic Institute Satellites and the five foreign satellites were placed into a 670 km polar orbit. This was the first mission of PSLV in which launched its payloads into two different orbits.

SCATSAT-1 of India would serve as a continuity mission for the highly acclaimed Oceansat-2 that has completed its operational life. Its data to accurately predict the landfall of the Cyclone Phailin in Odisha coast recently helped avoid major loss of lives as precautionary measures could be taken in advance.

As per reports, this will be made possible by shutting down and restarting the fourth and last stage of the vehicle twice during the flight. The ISRO has gained valuable expertise on restarting the engine of the polar synchronous satellite launch vehicle PSLV in space during June 2016 and December 2015. Through them, the scientists of the space agency gained the expertise to use a single launch mission to inject multiple satellites in different orbits altogether.

So far, the PSLV has launched 39 remote-sensing satellites of ISRO including the Chandrayaan-1 of 2008 and the Mars mission of 2013-14. Apart from this, it has also launched 74 foreign commercial and university satellites.

FIRST RUSSIA-PAKISTAN JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE DRUZHBA-2016 BEGINS IN CHERAT

The first Druzhba-2016 (Friendship-2016) Russian-Pakistani joint military exercise commenced in Cherat, Pakistan. The exercise will conclude on 10 October 2016.

The drills are being conducted at the Pakistan Army’s High Altitude School at Rattu in Gilgit-Baltistan and at a special forces training centre at Cherat in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Key highlights of the exercise

About 200 soldiers from both the sides are taking part in the two-week exercise.

The drill involves experience sharing.

It aims at developing coordination in carrying out practice combat tasks in a mountainous environment, including operations against illegal armed groups.

Comment

Russia and Pakistan, the former Cold War-era rivals, are conducting their first-ever military exercise, which signifies shifting alliances in South Asia.

During the Cold War, Pakistan spent a decade helping the United States funnel arms and fighters into neighbouring Afghanistan to help Mujahideen groups fight Soviet soldiers following their 1979 invasion of Afghanistan.

Druzhba-2016, the high-altitude drill, is being seen as a demonstration of closer defence ties between the Islamabad and Moscow after they signed a military cooperation pact in 2014.

NAVTEJ SARNA APPOINTED INDIAN AMBASSADOR TO THE US

Navtej Sarna, India’s High Commissioner to UK, was appointed the Indian Ambassador to the US.

Sarna succeeds Arun Singh, who is due for retirement.

Sarna was serving as a Secretary (West) in the Ministry of External Affairs before he was posted in London in January 2016.

On the other hand, Government of Indian has also appointed 1988-batch IFS officer Taranjit Singh Sandhu as the next High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka. He will replace Yash Sinha.

About Navtej Sarna

Navtej Sarna is an Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer of the 1980 batch.

He was born in Jalandhar to Mohinder Singh Sarna, a noted Punjabi writer.

He completed his schooling from St. Joseph's Academy, Dehradun.

Later, he graduated as a part of the 1980 Class of Indian Foreign Service.

He holds the distinction of being the longest-serving spokesperson of the Ministry of External Affairs.

He also writes short stories, and book reviews. His first novel published was We Weren't Lovers Like That in 2003, followed by The Book of Nanak in the same year, his latest, The Exile, published in 2008, is based on the life of Duleep Singh, the last Maharaja of Lahore, and son Raja Ranjit Singh.

UNION MINISTER RADHA MOHAN SINGH PRESENTED ANTYODAYA KRISHI PURUSKARS

Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh gave away Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Krishi Puruskars to 12 farmers for their contribution in the agriculture sector.

They were felicitated during a function at the birth place of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay in Mathura.

Winners of the award

National Award for the year 2016: Krishna Yadav, an enterprising lady farmer from, Dinpur, Najafgarh, New Delhi for her outstanding achievements in the processing and value addition of food especially fruits and vegetables.

Zonal awardees includes

Award from Zone I: Jinder Singh, a small farmer from Roopnagar, Punjab won the award for starting a nursery of vegetable crops under the brand name ‘Chamkaur Sahib Paniri Farm’. Zone I comprises of the states of Punjab, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi.

Award from Zone II: Pooja Sharma, a small Haryana farmer won the award for her innovative ways of farming. Zone II comprises of the states of Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi

Award from Zone III: Moti, a small farmer from Saidasaunkh village in Mathura won the award for his outstanding skills in innovative ways of farming which includes production of seeds of new varieties and planting material and distributing it among the fellow farmers at reasonable rates. Zone III covers entire Uttar Pradesh.

Award from Zone IV: Deepak Kumar Singh from Bishanpur Banka, Bihar won the award for cultivation and sale of mushroom which has enabled him to earn a sizeable income from this activity. Zone IV comprises of the states of Bihar and Jharkhand.

Award from Zone V: Ashok Kumar Sarkar, Nimbudera, a small farmer from, Andaman and Nicobar Island was awarded for his outstanding entrepreneurial skill in agriculture production. Zone V comprises of the states of West Bengal, Orissa and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Award from Zone VI: Anuradha Chhetri of Pakyong, East Sikkim was awarded for diversification of agricultural activities with orchids can be a boon for the farmers having small landholding in the hilly regions of the country. Zone VI comprises of the states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

Award from Zone VII: Biswajit Majumder from Sabroom, Tripura has been awarded for establishment of a farmer’s club in his village. Zone VII comprises of the eastern states of Tripura, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Meghalaya.

Award from Zone VIII: Hasam Bhai Jumabhai Musangara, an enterprising fish farmer from Gir, Somnath, Gujarat was awarded for his outstanding achievements in Agriculture especially fisheries. Zone VIII comprises of the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, Daman & Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli.

Award from Zone IX: Balaram Patidar a progressive and innovative farmer from Sarangi, in Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh was awarded for cultivating horticultural and cash crops using scientific technologies. Zone IX comprises of the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.

Award from Zone X: Alluri Suryanarayana Murthy, a small farmer from East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh was awarded for adopting an integrated farming system which has enabled the farmers in his surrounding areas to reap huge benefits. Zone X comprises of the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.

Award from Zone XI: A traditional fisherman A Baburaj from Kozhikode, Kerala won the award for successfully adopting sustainable brackish water aquaculture practices as a livelihood option. Zone XI comprises of the states of Karnataka, Kerala and Lakshadweep.

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Krishi Puruskar

As part of the Centenary Celebrations of Deendayal Upadhaya, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research has instituted Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Krishi Puruskar at national and zonal levels in 2016. The awards include one award at national level comprising one lakh rupees and 11 zonal awards comprising of 50 thousand rupees each along with a citation and certificate.

Purpose of setting the award

This award was instituted for recognizing the contributions of marginal, small and landless farmers for developing integrated and sustainable models of agricultural farming.

 

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