Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 06- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 06- OCTOBER - 2016
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Wednesday, 05 October 2016 04:21

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

06- OCTOBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

CENTRE SAYS SC HAS OVER-STEPPED ITS JURISDICTION IN CAUVERY CASE

  • The Centre said the Supreme Court had over-stepped into legislative turf by ordering the National Democratic Alliance government to constitute the Cauvery Management Board (CMB).
  • Less than 48 hours after the Centre agreed to comply with the Supreme Court’s order to form the CMB by October 4, Attorney-General Mukul Rohatgi was back in the apex court.
  • He told a Bench of Justices Dipak Misra and U.U. Lalit that he made a “mistake” by not giving them the full picture on the CMB as compliance may lead to “other complications.”

ANOTHER TERRORIST ATTACK IN BARAMULLA

  • Militants planned to mount a Uri-style attack at the Baramulla Army camp but BSF constable Nitin Kumar (24) put paid to their designs, when he came out of his bunker, all alone, to challenge them.
  • A senior Border Security Force (BSF) official said on Monday that Kumar was killed when the terrorists hurled grenades at the bunkers outside the Army camp and shrapnel hit him.
  • The BSF is co-deployed with the 46 RR Battalion of the Army and mans some of the bunkers there as part of its road opening duty.
  • Attackers, three-four, fled from the spot through the narrow alleys of the congested old town after their bid to carry out a Uri-style attack was foiled in effective fire.
  • A compass, one Global Positioning System (GPS) device and a wire cutter were found near the encounter site.
  • Home Minister Rajnath Singh, who is on a two-day visit to Leh, said he had spoken to National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and BSF DG K.K. Sharma.

HOME MINISTRY TO TIGHTEN THE RULES ON FOREIGN FUNDING

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs is all set to amend the Foreign Contribution Regulation Rules making it mandatory for all voluntary organisations to have dedicated accounts only in banks with core banking facilities for their real-time access.
  • This would allow the security agencies to access the accounts on real-time basis.
  • The Home Ministry is also making rules to ensure that no NGO is allowed to get foreign funds under the prior permission category more than once.
  • The move comes in the backdrop of Amnesty International India getting foreign funds under the prior permission category at least thrice.The new Foreign Contribution Regulation Rules are expected to be notified soon.
  • There are around 33,000 NGOs registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act. However, at least 6,000 of them do not have their FCRA accounts in banks with core banking facilities.
  • Many have their FCRA accounts in cooperative banks or State governments-owned apex banks.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

YOSHINORIOHSUMI WON THE MEDICINE PRIZE NOBEL

  • YoshinoriOhsumi of Japan won the Nobel Medicine Prize for his pioneering work on autophagy — a process whereby cells “eat themselves” — which when disrupted can cause Parkinson’s and diabetes.
  • A fundamental process in cell physiology, autophagy is essential for the orderly recycling of damaged cell parts and understanding it better has major implications for health and disease, including cancer.
  • Researchers first observed during the 1960s that the cell could destroy its own contents by wrapping them up in membranes and transporting them to a recycling compartment called the lysosome.
  • A discovery that earned Belgian scientist Christian de Duve a Nobel Medicine Prize in 1974.
  • It was de Duve who coined the term “autophagy”, which comes from the Greek meaning self-eating.
  • Mr. Ohsumi’s findings opened the path to understanding the importance of autophagy in many physiological processes, such as how the body adapts to starvation or responds to infection.

EU STRUCK DEAL WITH AFGHANISTAN TO TAKE BACK MIGRANTS

  • The EU said it has struck a tentative deal with Afghanistan to take back migrants ahead of a conference in Brussels aimed at securing international financial aid for the war-ravaged nation.
  • However, European Union (EU) officials have denied that aid pledges would depend on the Kabul government accepting the return of tens of thousands of Afghans from an overstretched Europe.
  • EU member states endorsed the plan to pave the way for signing the deal in the run-up to the Brussels aid conference.
  • Like other parties to international treaties, the EU is legally obliged to admit people fleeing war and persecution.

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

INDIA GETS SUPPORT OF ITS OLD ALLY RUSSIA

  • Days after it asked Islamabad to take “effective” steps to stop the activities of terrorist groups on its territory, Russia “welcomed” the surgical strike by India, saying every country had a right to defend itself.
  • Russia’s Ambassador to New Delhi Alexander M. Kadakin said his country had always been with India in fighting cross-border terrorism.
  • “Greatest human rights violations take place when terrorists attack military installations and attack peaceful civilians in India. We welcome the surgical strike. Every country has right to defend itself,” the Russian Govt.said.
  • He assured India that it did not need to worry about the Russia-Pakistan joint military exercise, saying it did not take place in the “Pakistan-occupied Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir”.
  • Last week, a Russian Foreign Ministry statement said Russia stood for a “decisive struggle” against terrorism in all its manifestations.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

TO BOOST BRICS TRADE, INDIA WILL ORGANISE TRADE FAIR FOR BRICS

  • To boost trade among the BRICS nations, India, for the first time, will organise a trade fair for the bloc that also includes Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa.
  • Intra-BRICS trade in 2014 was just $297 billion — less than five per cent of the $6.5 trillion worth trade that the five countries had with the world that year.
  • Goods imports from the world into the BRICS countries were $3.03 trillion in 2014, while global goods exports of BRICS countries were $3.47 trillion that year.
  • The first BRICS Trade Fair & Exhibition will be held from October 12-14 in the national capital, ahead of the BRICS political summit in Goa. This initiative was proposed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year.
  • The focus of the Fair is ‘Building BRICS – Innovation for Collaboration’. The Fair is meant to give an impetus to intra-BRICS economic engagement. It will showcase about 20 key sectors.
  • Besides established companies, start-ups and innovators from BRICS will showcase their offerings to help technology solution providers share knowledge in dealing with challenges in healthcare, education, energy efficiency, waste management etc.
  • Leaders from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand have been invited for meetings at the Fair.

PMI IN SEPT SAW A SLIGHT DIP

  • The country's manufacturing growth has lost momentum with the Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI), a measure of manufacturing performance, falling to 52.1 in September from 52.6 in August.
  • This development comes just ahead of the RBI's monetary policy review on October 4 and amid India Inc. clamouring for an interest rate cut even as the central bank has had concerns over rising inflation.
  • An index reading above 50 indicates an expansion, while a reading below 50 shows an overall decrease or contraction.
  • Output is still rising at a decent clip and the sector looks likely to have delivered a stronger contribution to GDP growth in Q2 2016-17, with the quarterly reading for the PMI’s Output Index up from 51.4 during April-June to 53.6.
  • Although inflation rates edged higher, these remain weak by historical standards and indicate that one may still see the RBI loosening monetary policy in 2016.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

2016 RIGHT LIVELIHOOD AWARD ANNOUNCED

The 2016 Right Livelihood Award widely referred as the Alternative Nobel Prize was announced in Stockholm, Sweden. The laureates of this year’s Right Livelihood Award include

• Syria Civil Defence (The White Helmets)

• Egypt’s Mozn Hassan and Nazra for Feminist Studies

• Russia’s Svetlana Gannushkina

• Turkish daily Cumhuriyet

The laureates will share the 3.0-million-kronor (350000 dollar) prize.

The White Helmets of Syria was awarded for their outstanding bravery, compassion and humanitarian engagement in rescuing civilians from the destruction of the Syrian civil war’. It is the first time that a Right Livelihood Award goes to a Laureate from Syria.

Mozn Hassan and Nazra for Feminist Studies from Egypt were awarded for asserting the equality and rights of women in circumstances where they are subject to ongoing violence, abuse and discrimination.

Russia’s Svetlana Gannushkina was awarded for her decades-long commitment to promoting human rights and justice for refugees and forced migrants, and tolerance among different ethnic groups.

The Turkish newspaper, Cumhuriyet was awarded for their fearless investigative journalism and commitment to freedom of expression in the face of oppression, censorship, imprisonment and death threats’

The jury said all of this year’s winners upheld fundamental human rights and values in the face of war and repression.

2016 Right Livelihood Award

The Right Livelihood Award is an international award to honour and support those offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges being faced by the world today.

The prize was established in 1980 by German-Swedish philanthropist Jakob von Uexkull, and is presented annually in early December. It was created after the Nobel Foundation refused to create awards honouring efforts in the fields of the environment and international development.

SANJAY DUTTA, RITESH SAROTHIYA SELECTED FOR BAVIN WILDLIFE LAW ENFORCEMENT AWARDS

Two Indian forest officials, Sanjay Dutta and Ritesh Sarothiya, have been selected for the 2016 Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards. Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards honours individuals engaging in exemplary law enforcement actions to protect wildlife.

Sanjay Dutta is the range officer of Belakoba Forest Range Jalpaiguri in West Bengal and Ritesh Sarothiya is the assistant conservator of Madhya Pradesh State Forest.

The award ceremony will be held on 3 October 2016 at the 17th Conference of the Parties (CoP) of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards

The Species Survival Network, in cooperation with the Animal Welfare Institute, coordinates the presentation of the Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards to individuals who engage in exemplary law enforcement actions to protect wildlife.

The Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards are named in memory of the late Chief of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service's Division of Law Enforcement, who pioneered the Division's highly effective use of covert investigations and "sting" operations to uncover illegal wildlife trade. The awards have traditionally been presented by the Secretary-General of CITES during meetings of the Conference of the Parties.

Conserving wildlife is frequently difficult, dangerous and sometimes deadly. The Bavin Awards recognize the extraordinary efforts that law enforcement officers and other field-based individuals are willing to make in order to protect the world's wildlife.

NITI AAYOG CHALKS UP PLAN TO SECURE 50 MEDALS IN 2024 OLYMPICS

NITI Aayog, the think tank of union government, has devised a short –term and medium-to-long term action plan to help India achieve 50 medals in 2024 summer Olympics.

In its action plan for revitalising sports in India, Niti Aayog said, India still does not have a conducive environment for sports to polish the talent of Indian sports persons and make them at par with their global counterparts.

Details of the Vision

• Short-term vision (4-8 years): it envisages targeting a group of priority sports, organising sports persons into three groups for each priority sport, harnessing the potential of indigenous and regional sports, selecting world-class coaches as well as a grading system for coaches.

This term will also focus on a sports injury insurance scheme, strengthening and scaling up of existing SAI training centres, facilitating creation of sports academies for individual sports and more. It also looks forward towards creating a digital database for sports, implementing national sports code and sports Bill and promoting revenue generating methods for team leagues of priority sports.

• Medium to long term vision (8-15 years): It will focus on identifying talent at a young age, having sports curriculum in schools, a dedicated training program for coaches, encouraging development of sports infrastructure through private or PPP mode and developing a health and psychological support division.

It will also focus on availability of consistent funding of contracts as well as promoting a culture of sports in the country. In terms of funding, the Aayog said that to do away the process of erratic funding it has recommended that after each Olympics, a fixed 4-year contract is signed between SAI (Sports Authority of India) and sportspersons from Group A sportspersons, keeping in mind the funding required by them up to the next Olympics and other international events in between.

For Group B and C also, the budgets for the next 4 years should be fixed, with consistent funding allocation for each year. Funding data for all the groups should be publicly made available as soon as it gets finalised.

AFGHANISTAN SIGNS PEACE DEAL WITH MILITANT GROUP HEZB-E-ISLAMI

Afghanistan signed a peace agreement with one of the country's largest militant groups Hezb-e-Islami led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. This agreement paves the way for Hekmatyar to make a political comeback.

As per the agreement, Hekmatyar will be granted amnesty for his offences and the prisoners of Hezb-e-Islami will be released by the government. The deal also includes provisions for his security at government expense.

The document was signed by the government delegation and a team representing Hekmatyar's Hezb-e Islami militant group at a press conference in Kabul. The government said that the agreement will come into force after it is formally signed by Ghani and Hekmatyar. Till now, no formal date has been set for signing of the deal.

The deal marks a symbolic victory for President Ashraf Ghani, who has struggled to revive peace talks with the more powerful Taliban.

Widely known as butcher of Kabul, Hekmatyar was a prominent anti-Soviet commander in the 1980s. He is accused of killing thousands in the Kabul during the 1992-93 Civil War. His forces also carried out attacks against the US and Afghan forces since 2001.

INDIA, FRANCE INKED DEAL FOR 36 RAFALE FIGHTER JETS

India and France inked the 7.8-billion Euro deal for 36 Rafale fighter jets. As per the deal, the aircraft will be equipped with latest missiles and weapon system like Meteor and Scalp.

The 7.8 billion Euro deal is crucial for the Indian Air Force and is expected to give India the dominant status in the air. The deal was signed in New Delhi by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and his French counterpart Jean Yves Le Drian.

The features that make the Rafale a strategic weapon is its Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Meteor air-to-air missile with a range in excess of 150 kilometre.

During the Kargil war, India had used a BVR having 50 kilometre range. The delivery of this aircraft will start in 36 months and will be completed in 66 months from the date the contract is inked.

As per reports, the deal comes with a saving of nearly 750 million Euros than the one struck during the previous UPA government, which was scrapped by the Narendra Modi government.

 

 

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Last Updated on Monday, 10 October 2016 05:30
 
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