Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 02- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 02- OCTOBER - 2016
Monday, 03 October 2016 07:26

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

02- OCTOBER - 2016

 

INDIA SUCCESSFULLY TEST FIRES LONG RANGE SURFACE-TO-AIR BARAK-8 MISSILE OFF ODISHA COAST

India successfully test-fired the most advanced surface-to-air missile 'Barak-8' off the Odisha coast. The long-range nuclear capable ballistic missile, developed jointly with Israel, was launched from a mobile launcher at the Integrated Test Range in Chandipur in Balasore district.

The 4.5-meter missile weighs around 3 tonnes and can carry a payload of 70 kilograms. The system also includes a Multi-Functional Surveillance and Threat Alert Radar (MF STAR) for detection, tracking and guidance of the missile.

The missile swung into action after getting a signal from the radars to intercept a moving aerial target supported by an unmanned air vehicle ‘Banshee’ over the Bay of Bengal.

As a precautionary measure, Balasore district administration had made adequate arrangements to temporarily shift 3700 people residing within the 2.5 km radius. The fishermen were also asked not to venture into the sea during the launch.

Earlier between 30 June and 1 July 2016, the Barak-8 was successfully test fired twice.

INVASIVE GIANT AFRICAN LAND SNAILS SIGHTED AT GOA UNIVERSITY

The Giant African Land Snail (GALS) was spotted in the campus of the Goa University at Taleigao. GALS (Achatina fulica) is listed as one of the world’s 100 most invasive species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

This snail was spotted by Nandakumar Kamat, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany at the university.

About Giant African Land Snail

• The species is a threat to agro-horticulture

• It is a threat to the public health as they act as a vector of human diseases like Eosinophilic meningitis, caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis, a parasite that nematode commonly, resides in the pulmonary arteries of rats.

• They range from 7 cm to 20 cm in length and in case of specimens in Goa they were of 11 cm in length.

• They are known to be dangerous, as they can reproduce faster and take over entire ecosystems and become a menace to crops.

Invasive species are plants, animals, or pathogens that are non-native (alien) to the ecosystem under consideration and whose introduction causes or is likely to cause harm. They can harm the environment, the economy or even, human health.

OLA TIES-UP WITH YATRA FOR CAB BOOKING INTERFACE INTEGRATION

Transportation app Ola tied-up with Yatra.Com for Cab Booking Interface Integration. It has integrated its application interface on Yatra.com.

Through this integration, users will be able to book a ride directly through Yatra.Com's app without having the Ola application installed on their devices.

It will also give customers the access to availability, booking, estimation and tracking across categories, directly on the Yatra app.

Ola has also opened up its Application Programming Interface (API) to other apps like Makemytrip, Oyo Rooms and others to extend its mobility offerings to a larger user base.

THIRD LIST OF SMART CITIES RELEASED

Union Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu released the third list of Smart Cities that will get funding for initiating urban reforms. The list includes names of 27 new cities.

With this, the number of cities selected under Smart City Mission for financing implementation of smart city plans has gone up to 60.

The 27 smart cities announced are from 12 States including 5 from Maharashtra, 4 each from Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, 3 from Uttar Pradesh and 2 each from Punjab and Rajasthan. Nagaland and Sikkim have made it to the smart city list for the first time. List of the 27 cities

States

Cities

Punjab

Amritsar, Jalandhar

Maharashtra

Kalyan-Dombivili, Nagpur, Thane, Nashik, Aurangabad

Madhya Pradesh

Ujjain, Gwalior

Andhra Pradesh

Tirupati

Karnataka

Managaluru, Tumakuru, Shivamogga, Hubbali-Dharwad,

Uttar Pradesh

Agra, Kanpur, Varanasi

Odisha

Rourkela

Tamil Nadu

Vellore, Madurai, Thanjavur, Salem,

Rajasthan

Kota, Ajmer

Gujarat

Vadodara

Nagaland

Kohima

Sikkim

Namchi

MONIKA KAPIL MOHTA APPOINTED AS INDIA'S AMBASSADOR TO SWEDEN

Monika Kapil Mohta was appointed as the India's Ambassador to Sweden.

She is presently the Additional Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs and looks after India's relations with a large part of the Asia-Pacific region.

Mohta is an 1985 batch Indian Foreign Services officer. Previously, she has served as the ambassador of India to Poland and Lithuania.

India-Sweden Relations

The two countries have a cordial relationship and growing economic cooperation. The development cooperation between Sweden and India began in 1953 and was initially mainly in the form of import support.

In the 1990s, India became the largest recipient of Swedish aid and the support included loan-financed projects in the energy sector and grant support in the areas of natural resources, health and education.

The 60 years of Swedish support has contributed to create conditions that enable poor people to improve their lives and have build relationships between Swedish and Indian people.

NATIONAL BOARD FOR WILDLIFE APPROVES FIRST PHASE OF KEN-BETWA PROJECT

The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) approved 10000 crore rupees Ken-Betwa project, India’s first inter-State river interlinking project.

With this, India will have a river project will be located within a tiger reserve for the first time.

About Ken-Betwa project

• It will irrigate the drought-prone Bundelkhand region but will also submerge about 10 percent of the Panna Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh.

• The main feature of the project is a 230-km long canal and a series of barrages and dams connecting the Ken and Betwa rivers.

• It will irrigate 3.5 lakh hectares in Madhya Pradesh and 14000 hectares of Uttar Pradesh in Bundelkhand.

• The key areas are the Makodia and Dhaudhan dams, the latter expected to be 77 m high and responsible for submerging 5803 hectares of tiger habitat in the Panna tiger reserve.

• Chhatarpur, Panna, Tikamgarh, Raisen, and Vidisha districts of Madhya Pradesh and Mahoba, Jhansi and Banda districts of Uttar Pradesh will benefit from assured irrigation supply, water supply and power.

• On the other hand, about 6388 people in 10 villages will be affected due to the submergence by Daudhan reservoir.

• Around 13499 people living in the 28 villages will be affected due to the submergence by Makodia reservoir and will have to be resettled.

• Seventeen lakh residents of nearby towns and villages in both States will benefit from improved drinking water and irrigation facilities.

MIT DEVELOPS A SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUE TO DETECT MARTIAN LIFE

Scientists at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) US have developed a spectroscopic technique that would help the 2020 Mars Rover to non-invasively identify sediments that are relatively unaltered, and maintain much of their original composition.

Such pristine samples will allow scientists to identify the signs of former life, if they existed, on the red planet.

The new technique is based on an improved way of interpreting the results of Raman spectroscopy, a common, non-destructive process used by geologists to identify the chemical composition of ancient rocks.

Raman spectroscopy

• It is a common, non-destructive process that geologists use to identify the chemical composition of ancient rocks.

• It is used to identify whether a sample contain carbonaceous matter.

• The presence of carbonaceous matter suggests that the sample may also have harbors sign of life.

• With the new improve spectroscopy techniques; researchers can now also estimate the ratio of hydrogen to carbon atoms in a sample.

• Hydrogen can be used as basis to determine if a certain sample is pristine or not.

• If the sample has low hydrogen, it is possible that it has experience more heating, altering its organic matter and losing hydrogen in a form of methane.
Besides, the 2020 Mars Rover would be equipped with several scientific tools including Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC). SHERLOC is an instrument that will acquire Raman spectra from samples on or just below the Martian surface. SHERLOC will be pivotal in determining whether life ever existed on Mars.

Development of the technique at MIT was reported in the journal Carbon.

2020 Mars Rover

NASA has plans to launch a new Mars rover that will be tasked to probe the region on the planet believed to hold remnants of ancient microbial life. The rover will collect samples of rocks and soil, and store them on the Martian surface.

The collected samples would be returned to Earth sometime in the distant future so that scientists can meticulously analyze the samples for signs of present or former extraterrestrial life.

MIT DEVELOPS A SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUE TO DETECT MARTIAN LIFE

Scientists at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) US have developed a spectroscopic technique that would help the 2020 Mars Rover to non-invasively identify sediments that are relatively unaltered, and maintain much of their original composition.

Such pristine samples will allow scientists to identify the signs of former life, if they existed, on the red planet.

The new technique is based on an improved way of interpreting the results of Raman spectroscopy, a common, non-destructive process used by geologists to identify the chemical composition of ancient rocks.

Raman spectroscopy

• It is a common, non-destructive process that geologists use to identify the chemical composition of ancient rocks.

• It is used to identify whether a sample contain carbonaceous matter.

• The presence of carbonaceous matter suggests that the sample may also have harbors sign of life.

• With the new improve spectroscopy techniques; researchers can now also estimate the ratio of hydrogen to carbon atoms in a sample.

• Hydrogen can be used as basis to determine if a certain sample is pristine or not.

• If the sample has low hydrogen, it is possible that it has experience more heating, altering its organic matter and losing hydrogen in a form of methane.
Besides, the 2020 Mars Rover would be equipped with several scientific tools including Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC). SHERLOC is an instrument that will acquire Raman spectra from samples on or just below the Martian surface. SHERLOC will be pivotal in determining whether life ever existed on Mars.

Development of the technique at MIT was reported in the journal Carbon.

2020 Mars Rover

NASA has plans to launch a new Mars rover that will be tasked to probe the region on the planet believed to hold remnants of ancient microbial life. The rover will collect samples of rocks and soil, and store them on the Martian surface.

The collected samples would be returned to Earth sometime in the distant future so that scientists can meticulously analyze the samples for signs of present or former extraterrestrial life.

 

 

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