Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 30 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 30 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

30- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

INDIAN COMMANDOS CONDUCTED SURGICAL STRIKES ON POK TERROR LAUNCH PADS

  • The Indian Army announced that it had carried out strikes on eight terror launch pads, in a night long operation across the Line of Control in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, which, officials claimed, exacted casualties in the “double digits.”
  • The operation to hit terrorist bases in a “pre-emptive counterstrike” were given the go-ahead a week ago, days after the attack on the Uri army base in which 19 Indian soldiers were killed.
  • The strikes were in locations spread over 200 kilometres, and were carried out by Para Special Forces and 'Ghatak' platoons of the local units.
  • Local commanders were given a free hand to select the targets that had been mapped in advance. The teams had already been moved to forward positions by helicopters, but no Indian Army chopper crossed the LoC.
  • Army started with artillery fire at a few locations including along the LoC at Uri. As the Pakistani troops focussed on retaliating, Indian commandos crawled across to the predetermined spots across the LoC.
  • The Union government had kept the Army strike across the Line of Control under the wraps, but had put the forces guarding the border on maximum alert two days ago.
  • The Army strike is a testimony that the LoC is back to being the preferred route by Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence and the Army to push militants into Indian territory.
  • In the past three years, officials recorded most of the infiltration attempts and ceasefire violations along the 197-km International Border, which runs along Jammu district.
  • In 2013, there was massive displacement of Jammu’s villagers along the border. From November 2015, however, the focus shifted back to the LoC and this year alone, the Army has thwarted more than 20 attempts.
  • The Border Security Force (BSF) guards the 2,308-km border with Pakistan, running from Gujarat to Jammu.
  • In Jammu, 192 km of the border, which is referred to as a working boundary by Pakistan, is manned by the BSF, while the remaining 8 km is secured by the Army. The LoC is entirely secured by the Army.

THE FIRST SURVEILLANCE AIRCRAFT CARRYING THE FIRST INDIAN AEW&CS IS TO BE INDUCTED

  • The first of the two small surveillance aircraft carrying the first Indian airborne early warning system is slated to be inducted into the Air Force in about two months, it is reliably learnt.
  • The DRDO has fitted its own airborne early warning and control system (AEW & CS) on a modified Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft imported from Brazil.
  • The AEW & CS is basically a ‘sharp-seeing and listening’ radar that can look out deep across enemy territory for any incoming threat without itself crossing over.
  • The second aircraft is going through the initial trials and is likely to join the first one around mid-2017 at the Bhisiana Air Force Station in Bathinda, Punjab, close to the northern borders.
  • The DRDO’s Bengaluru-based Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS) is the nodal agency for the design, integration and testing of the Indian early warning systems on the Embraer.
  • Work on the twin Rs. 2,000-crore surveillance aircraft project started after the first customised plane reached CABS in July 2012 from Sao Paulo.

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

CHINA SAYS ITS TRYING TO DECREASE THE TENSION BETWEEN INDIA AND PAK

  • China signalled that it was actively engaged in defusing tensions between India and Pakistan, using multiple channels, to prevent a spillover of friction between New Delhi and Islamabad in the region.
  • China said: Beijing maintains contacts at different levels with both India and Pakistan. China is friendly neighbour to India and Pakistan. China hopes that both the countries could properly deal with their differences through dialogue.
  • China’s Deputy Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin told Pakistan’s special envoy to China for Kashmir that “Beijing hopes that Pakistan and India will strengthen channels for dialogue, appropriately handle any differences, improve bilateral relations.”

:: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ::

3D-PRINTED MATERIAL HELPS BONES REGROW

  • A cheap and easy method to make synthetic bone material has been shown to stimulate new bone growth when implanted in the spines of rats and a monkey’s skull, researchers said.
  • Human trials using the biomaterial, called Hyper-Elastic Bone [HB], could begin in the next five years, according to the research team from Northwestern University.
  • “Its biological effects in the outcomes we observed directly were quite astounding.”
  • The material is “made mostly of a ceramic, which contains mineral found in teeth and bones, and polymer, both of which are used in the clinic,” said the study in Science Translational Medicine.

ROSETTA SPACECRAFT TO SWITCH OFF AFTER 12 YEARS

  • Europe’s Rosetta spacecraft, due to switch off on Friday after a 12-year odyssey, carried eleven scientific instruments to sniff and photograph a comet from all angles.
  • After arriving in orbit around comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, it launched Philae, a separate lander, which itself had 10 hi-tech gadgets, including cameras, X-ray scans, radio wave probes and a drill that never deployed.
  • Together, the robot explorers have advanced our understanding of comets — of which there are billions — believed to be leftovers from the birth of our Solar System some 4.6 billion years ago.
  • The comet was formed in a young, outer part of our Solar System that was much less densely packed with bodies than previously thought.
  • This affects our understanding of planetary formation, thought to have happened when ice and dust debris, swirling around in a proto-planetary disk around an infant Sun, collided and stuck together, growing bigger and bigger over time.
  • The comet’s surface was another surprise. It was less “fluffy” and much harder than expected, which contributed to Philae bouncing several times after its harpoons failed to fire on landing.
  • The comet had much less water ice than thought, was littered with pebbles and rocks ranging in size from a few centimetres across to five metres, and pocked with deep craters.
  • The surface is rendered super-dark and non-reflective by a thin layer of dust.
  • Scientists were astonished to find oxygen molecules in the gassy halo around the comet, and said they appeared to be older than our Solar System.
  • 67P has organic molecules, many different ones — including amino acids, which are the building blocks of life as we know it.
  • This discovery supports the hypothesis that comets may very well have helped spark life on Earth by delivering organic materials when they slammed into a young planet that was basically molten iron.
  • Water, on the other hand, is unlikely to have come from comets of 67P's type, the mission found.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

UNION MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS WILL INVITE BIDS FROM FOREIGN FUNDS

  • Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will invite bids from foreign pension funds for recycling of brownfield projects to raise funds, a senior official said.
  • The Cabinet has approved the proposal last month. There is a need for model concessional agreement after which the Request For Proposal (RFP) will be finalised.
  • The process involves handing over of 75-odd brownfield road projects across the country to these foreign funds for a concession period of 30 years, he told reporters.
  • During this period, the foreign funds would collect toll as per law and maintain them while ownership would not be transferred.
  • The government was expected to garner Rs.50,000 crore which would be given upfront by the fund managers and would be then ploughed back in creating other new road assets.

UNION ANNOUNCED A CUT OF 0.1 %ON SMALL SAVINGS SCHEMES

  • The Centre announced a cut of 0.1 percentage point in the interest rates on small savings schemes, including Public Provident Fund, Kisan Vikas Patra and Sukanya Samriddhi Accounts, for the period October 1-December 31, 2016.
  • The rate on savings deposit remained at 4 per cent. Interest rates for small savings schemes are notified on a quarterly basis. The next revision will be for the January-March quarter.
  • Under the new rates, the Public Provident Fund will fetch an interest of 8 per cent as opposed to the 8.1 per cent in the quarter ended September 30.
  • The Kisan Vikas Patra will see an interest rate of 7.7 per cent, down from the earlier 7.8 per cent.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

68TH PRIMETIME EMMY AWARDS ANNOUNCED

The 68th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards was announced at the Microsoft Theater, Los Angeles, California, U.S.

The Game of Thrones won best drama series at the 2016 Primetime Emmy Awards, while Veep took home the top comedy award.

The People v. O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story also earned several awards, while Julia Louis-Dreyfus won her fifth consecutive Emmy in the lead comedy actress category.

Complete list of the winners

Award

Winner

Outstanding Comedy Series

Veep

Outstanding Drama Series

Game of Thrones

Outstanding Variety Talk Series

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver

Outstanding Variety Sketch Series

Key & Peele

Outstanding Limited Series

The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story

Outstanding Television Movie

Sherlock: "The Abominable Bride"

Outstanding Reality-Competition Program

The Voice

Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series

Jeffrey Tambor as Maura Pfefferman on Transparent

Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series

Julia Louis-Dreyfus as President Selina Meyer on Veep

Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series

Rami Malek as Elliot Alderson on Mr. Robot

Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series

Tatiana Maslany as Sarah Manning, Alison Hendrix, Cosima Niehaus, Beth Childs, Rachel Duncan, and MK on Orphan Black

Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie

Courtney B. Vance as Johnnie Cochran on The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story

Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Sarah Paulson as Marcia Clark on The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story

Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series

Louie Anderson as Christine Baskets on Baskets

Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series

Kate McKinnon as Various Characters on Saturday Night Live

Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series

Ben Mendelsohn as Danny Rayburn on Bloodline

Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series

Maggie Smith as Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham on Downton Abbey

Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or Movie

Sterling K. Brown as Christopher Darden on The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story

Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Regina King as Terri LaCroix on American Crime

Outstanding Directing for a Comedy Series

Transparent (Episode: "Man on the Land"), Directed by Jill Soloway

Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series

Game of Thrones (Episode: "Battle of the Bastards"), Directed by Miguel Sapochnik

Outstanding Directing for a Variety Special

Thomas Kail and Alex Rudzinski for Grease: Live

Outstanding Directing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special

The Night Manager, Directed by Susanne Bier

Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series

Master of None (Episode: "Parents"), Written by Aziz Ansari and Alan Yang

Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series

Game of Thrones (Episode: "Battle of the Bastards"), Written by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss

Outstanding Writing for a Variety Special

Patton Oswalt: Talking for Clapping, Written by Patton Oswalt

Outstanding Writing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special

The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story (Episode: "Marcia, Marcia, Marcia"), Written by D. V. DeVincentis

About Primetime Emmy Awards

The Primetime Emmy Award is an American award bestowed by the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences.

It is given in recognition of excellence in American primetime television programming.

It was first given in 1949.

The award was originally referred to as simply the Emmy Awards until the first Daytime Emmy Award ceremonies were held in the 1970s. The word prime time was added to distinguish between the two.

The Emmy Awards are considered the television equivalent to the Academy Awards (film), Grammy Awards (music), and Tony Awards (stage).

The awards are divided into three categories: the Primetime Emmy Awards for television performance, the Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards, and the Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards.

INDIAN-ORIGIN RAVI REDDY APPOINTED AS HEAD OF INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR BLOOD TRANSFUSION

An Indian-origin South African Ravi Reddy was appointed as the Head of International Society for Blood Transfusion (ISBT), headquartered in Amsterdam.

With this, Reddy became the first person from the African continent to head ISBT, a global organisation of medicine professionals working for the safety of blood transfusion worldwide.

The ISBT, now with 100 member countries, was established in 1935 as a platform for exchanging knowledge and advancing the blood-transfusion practice.

About Ravi Reddy

• He is currently serving as the Chief Operations Officer of the South African National Blood Service (SANBS).

• He has served in various capacities for more than three decades after starting out as a volunteer at the age of 16 at SANBS.

• He subsequently qualified as a medical technologist with an MBA from the University of Natal in South Africa.

• He represented the African region on the board of the ISBT between 2006 and 2012, and is also a member of the Working Party on Transfusion and Transmissible Infections.

• He has presented and published a large number of scientific papers.

GUIDED MISSILE DESTROYER SHIP MORMUGAO LAUNCHED IN MUMBAI

The Guided Missile Destroyer, Mormugao, second ship of Project 15B,was launched at Mazagaon Dock Ship Builders Limited (MDL), Mumbai.

This marks a significant milestone in the annals of the Indigenous Warship design and construction programme of India.

About Project 15B Ships

• Project 15B ships feature cutting edge advanced technology and are comparable to the best ships of similar class anywhere in the world.

• These ships have been designed indigenously by the Directorate of Naval Design, New Delhi.

• Each ship spans 163 metres in length and 17.4 metres at beam and displaces 7300 tonnes.

• These ships will be propelled by four gas turbines to achieve speeds in excess of 30 knots.

• The P15B destroyers incorporate new design concepts for improved survivability, sea keeping, stealth and ship manoeuvrability.

• P 15B ships will be equipped to carry and operate two multiple role helicopters.

• These ships are packed with an array of state of the art weapons and sensors, including vertically launched missile system for long distance engagement of shore, sea-based and air targets.

Background
Four Guided missile Destroyers of Project 15B (P 15B) are under construction at Mazagaon Dock Shipbuilders Limited, Mumbai. The contract for construction of these four ships was signed on 28 January 2011.

Stealth has been a major thrust area in P15B design. Enhanced stealth features have been achieved through shaping of hull and use of radar transparent deck fittings which make these ships difficult to detect.

These ships have been designed for a complement of 50 officers and 250 sailors.

MALAYALAM CRITIC M LEELAVATHY CHOSEN FOR N MOHANAN SUVARNA MUDRA AWARD 2016

Eminent Malayalam critic and academician M Leelavathy was chosen for the prestigious N Mohanan Suvarna Mudra Award 2016, instituted in memory of well-known short story writer N Mohanan.

An expert panel comprising journalists M G Radhakrishnan and M Saritha Varma and Athmaraman, selected Leelavathy for the biennial award considering her contributions to Malayalam language and literature.

About N Mohanan Suvarna Mudra Award

• The award, instituted to commemorate N Mohanan, short story writer, is given every alternate year.

• The award was first presented to the late poet ONV Kurup, Jnanpith winning poet.

• It comprises a gold medal of one sovereign.

 

 

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Last Updated on Monday, 03 October 2016 07:12
 
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