Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 28 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 28 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
Wednesday, 28 September 2016 13:40

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

28- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

INDIA TO BOYCOTT ISLAMABAD SAARC MEET

  • Stepping up diplomacy pressure on Pakistan, India said, “In the prevailing circumstances”, the government is unable to participate in the November SAARC summit in Islamabad.
  • The decision on cancelling Indian participation was taken even as discussions continued about steps such as reviewing the MFN status for Pakistan following the Uri attack.
  • Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan are also likely to stay away from the Islamabad summit.
  • The decision is unprecedented as this is the first time that India has cancelled participation in the regional group’s summit meeting because of actions that it blames on Pakistan-based elements.
  • The tough step had been under consideration since the Uri attack, the second such cross border strike in nine months after the January 2 Pathankot airbase strike.
  • India had earlier accepted Pakistan’s invitation for the summit in March during a ministerial meeting held in Kathmandu.
  • Earlier in the day, India summoned Pakistan High Commissioner to “firm up” its case on the Uri attack. The envoy was summoned for the second time since the September 18 attack.
  • Mr. Awan also identified one of the slain attackers as one Hafiz Ahmed from Dharbang, Muzaffarabad and disclosed that two handlers for the raid were Mohammed Kabir Awan and Basharat.
  • Security forces also apprehended on September 23, opposite Pakistan’s Sialkot sector, one Pakistani national named Abdul Qayoom who confessed that he underwent three weeks of training with the Lashkar-e-Taiba.
  • The Prime Minister’s Office has called for a meeting on Thursday on Most Favoured Nation status-related issues.
  • The meeting, which is part of the diplomatic measures to target Pakistan for its alleged role in Uri, will be attended by officials from the Ministries of External Affairs and Commerce.
  • India had granted the MFN status to Pakistan in 1996 as part of its commitments on joining the World Trade Organisation.

INDIA HAS STILL NOT TAKEN ANY DECISION ON INDUS WATER TREATY

  • India has not yet taken a decision to suspend but was in the process of “reviewing” its decision to stay on in the Indus Commission.
  • India’s Indus Commissioner P.K. Saxena is in Washington to discuss with World Bank officials India’s position on the Kishenganga hydro-power project, an older dispute going on with Pakistan over building a run-of-the-river project.
  • India would pursue in “mission mode” its plans to ramp up hydroelectric power projects and utilise “to the fullest” what was due to it under the water-sharing agreements under the pact.
  • This would mean commissioning or completing hydro-power projects and expanding irrigation in Jammu and Kashmir by about 50 per cent.
  • Declaring that “blood and water cannot flow together”, Prime Minister Modi on Monday held a meeting of senior officials from the Water Resources and External Affairs Ministries and the PMO to discuss the government’s options on the treaty.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

INDIA AND SRI LANKA KEEN TO SIGN ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION AGREEMENT

  • India will invest $2 billion in Sri Lanka in the next three-four years, Commerce and Industry Minister NirmalaSitharaman said on Tuesday.
  • Ms. Sitharaman, who was here for talks on the Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement (ETCA), called on Prime Minister RanilWickremesinghe and later met senior Ministers to discuss the terms of the agreement.
  • The ETCA initiative follows unfruitful negotiations, spanning nearly a decade, on a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) between the neighbours. India and Sri Lanka already have a Free Trade Agreement since 1998.
  • Both New Delhi and Colombo are keen on signing the ETCA, though there is considerable opposition to it within Sri Lanka, coming both from a section of medical and IT professionals, and from trade unions.
  • The second round of negotiations on the ETCA is scheduled to take place in New Delhi on September 29 and 30.

:: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ::

GREEN HOUSE GASES HAVE TO COME DOWN FOR PLANET TO COOL DOWN

  • Our planet may grow intolerably hot even if greenhouse gases in the atmosphere remain at current levels, according to the first two-million-year reconstruction of surface temperatures.
  • “Stabilisation at today’s greenhouse gas levels may already commit Earth to an eventual total warming of five degrees Celsius over the next few millennia," said a study in the journal Nature .
  • This was the middle of a predicted warming range of 3 C (5.4 F) to 7 C (12.6). Even 3 C would, in the long-run, unleash a maelstrom of climate change impacts, it said.
  • The U.N.’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said current atmospheric concentrations of the main greenhouse gas CO2 — over 400 parts per million (ppm) — would, over the next century, push average global temperatures 2 to 2.4 C above the pre-industrial era benchmark.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

INDIA HAS RISEN RAPIDLY AMONG ALL COUNTRIES IN THE GLOBAL COMPETITIVE STAKES

  • India has risen rapidly among all countries in the global competitive stakes by climbing 16 notches to the 39th position during the past year in the WEF’s Global Competitiveness Index.
  • According to the World Economic Forum’s latest Global Competitiveness Report this marks the biggest scale of improvement in competitiveness among all countries and is the second year in a row India has gone up 16 ranks in the WEF index.
  • It suggests that improvements in institutions and infrastructure have increased overall competitiveness along with recent reforms such as opening the economy to foreign investors and increasing transparency in the financial system.
  • India’s competitiveness has improved, particularly in goods market efficiency, business sophistication and innovation, while lower oil prices and improved monetary and fiscal policies have made the economy not only stable,
  • According to executives polled for the report, India’s tax regulations, corruption, tax rates and poor public health are the most problematic factors for doing business.
  • The report added that the labour market rigidities and the presence of large, public enterprises especially in the utilities and financial sector make the economy less efficient.
  • While India is the only South Asian economy in the top half of the rankings, Sri Lanka surprisingly ranks ahead of it in ‘technological readiness’ — one of twelve pillars on which countries are rated.

INDIA’S UNEMPLOYMENT RATE AT FIVE-YEAR HIGH

  • Jobless economic growth continues to haunt India's youth, with the country’s unemployment rate rising to a five-year high of five per cent in 2015-16, according to the latest annual household survey on employment conducted by Labour Bureau.
  • India’s economy grew 7.1 per cent in the first quarter of 2015-16, slowing from 7.9 per cent a year earlier.
  • The country’s unemployment rate, as measured by the Bureau, stood at 4.9 per cent in 2013-14, 4.7 per cent in 2012-13 and 3.8 per cent in 2011-12.
  • Female job seekers were the worst hit as the pace of unemployment rose sharply to 8.7 per cent in 2015-16 compared to 7.7 per cent in 2013-14, data from the Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey showed.
  • While unemployment rate in rural areas rose to 5.1 per cent in 2015-16 from 4.7 per cent in 2013-14, it declined to 4.9 per cent from 5.5 per cent in urban areas during the same period.
  • The annual survey also showed that 47.8 per cent of the surveyed population was reported to be employed in 2015-16 compared with 49.9 % two years earlier when the previous survey was conducted by the Labour Bureau.
  • Fewer households benefited from various employment schemes of the government in 2015-16, the survey showed.
  • For instance, the benefits of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act scheme were availed by 21.9 per cent households compared to 24.1 per cent households in 2013-14.


:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

NADIA MURAD BASEE TAHA APPOINTED UNODC GOODWILL AMBASSADOR

Nadia Murad Basee Taha, who survived trafficking at the hands of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), , was appointed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking.

The appointment marks the first time a survivor of atrocities is bestowed with this distinction.

The induction ceremony took place in the United Nations Trusteeship Council Chamber in the New York United Nations Headquarters.

During her Ambassadorship, Murad will focus on advocacy initiatives and raise awareness around the plight of the countless victims of trafficking in persons, especially refugees, women and girls.

Who is Nadia Murad Basee Taha?

Murad is a 23-year-old Yazidi woman who was kidnapped and held by the Islamic State in August 2014.

She briefed the Security Council in the first-ever session on human trafficking, which was held during the presidency of the United States on 16 December 2015.

She described being rounded up with fellow Yazidis in Iraq in 2014 and witnessing as ISIL fighters shot men and boys in cold blood.

She was subject to grave abuses at the hands of ISIL fighters and was bought and sold various times.

She was recently named one of Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People of 2016.

On 5 January 2016, the Iraqi government nominated her for the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize for her activism.

On 15 September 2016, she was nominated for the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.

TRACK ASIA CUP 2016 CONCLUDED; INDIAN FINISHED SECOND

The 2016 Track Asia Cup concluded at the Cycling Velodrome in IG Stadium in New Delhi. Hong Kong topped the chart with 18 medals which comprise 11 Gold, four Silvers and three bronze.

On the other hand, India the hosts of the tournament ended their campaign at second position with 16 medals, including five gold, four Silver and seven bronze.

India's Deborah Herold, in her Final Sprint event, clinched the top position with a time of 12.576 minutes and 12.493 minutes in the first and second rounds, respectively. She beat Zhaojuan of Hong Kong, who clocked 12.820 minutes and 12.734 minutes in both the rounds to settle for silver. The third position was taken by Farina Shawati of Malaysia with a time of 12.552 and 12.342.

Another Indian -- Kezia Vargheese -- missed the bronze medal by a whisker, finishing fourth in this event. Deborah, however, lost the gold medal in her favourite event -- Keirin -- and managed to win silver ahead of her teammate Kezia Varghesse, who bagged the bronze. The 21-year-old Deborah turned out to be the star performer for the country, having clinched three golds and one silver.

In the Men's Elite Keirin event, Indian cyclist Amarjeet Singh finished 8th, but in the Junior Keirin competition, Emerson won the bronze medal for India.

Track Asia Cup

The Track Asia Cup cycling completition is being held from 14 September to 16 September 2016 at the Indira Gandhi Sports Complex velodrome. This is the third year in succession that India is hosting the event. The event is recognised by the International Cycling Federation and is part of the World Championship qualifier.

The event is being held in four categories namely elite and juniors in men and women.

ALKA SIROHI APPOINTED UPSC CHAIRMAN

President Pranab Mukherjee appointed Alka Sirohi, a member of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) as its Chairman.

Sirohi's appointment will be effective from 21 September 2016.

Sirohi was sworn in as Member of UPSC in January 2012, after a long and successful career in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).

Sirohi will succeed Deepak Gupta, who will be attaining 65 years of age on 20 September 2016.

In November 2014, Gupta was appointed as the UPSC chief, breaking away from the tradition of appointing the chief from the serving members of the commission.

About Union Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission is India's central agency authorised to conduct the Civil Services Examination, Indian Forest Service examination, Engineering Services Examination, among others.

The agency's charter is granted by the Constitution of India. Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution, titled as Services under the Union and the States, provide for a Public Service Commission for the Union and for each state.

The examination is one of the toughest examinations in India with success rate of 0.1%–0.3%.

INDIAN SHOOTERS CLINCHED THREE GOLD MEDALS AT ISSF JUNIOR WORLD CUP

Indian shooters clinched seven medals, including three gold, on the opening day of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) Junior World Cup for pistol, rifle and shotgun at Gabala in Azerbaijan.

A total of 279 junior athletes, representing 27 countries, are battling it out in 18 events.

Subhankar Pramanick: He clinched gold medal in 50-metre rifle prone event. The Indian shot 205.5 overall to finish top of the podium. Czech Republic's Filip Nepejchal (205.2) followed in second position, while Romania's Dragomir Iordache (185.1) was placed third at the end of the finals.

Subhankar, along with team-mates Fateh Singh Dhillon and Ajaey Nithish, also helped the Indian team to win a silver in the event.

Sambhaji Patil: He won the junior men's 25-metre standard pistol event by shooting 562 to easily beat Australians Sergei Evglevski and James Ashmore.

Sambhaji along with compatriots Gurmeet and Rituraj Singh helped India to win the team gold.

The other medals won by India on the day included a silver in the junior men's team rifle prone and two bronze medals.

In the year's first Junior World Cup in May 2016 at Suhl, Germany, the Indians had finished fourth with an overall tally of three gold, four silver and three bronze medals.

 

 

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Last Updated on Saturday, 01 October 2016 02:45