Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 26 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 26 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
Wednesday, 28 September 2016 13:27

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

26- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

GOVERNMENT IS WEIGHING EXTREME DIPLOMATIC ACTIONS AGAINST PAKISTAN

  • In an indication that the government was weighing extreme diplomatic actions against Pakistan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expected to chair a meeting on the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT).
  • The IWT between India and Pakistan was sealed in 1960. The IWT, brokered by the World Bank, was signed between the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his Pakistani counterpart General Ayub Khan.
  • The meeting that the Prime Minister will chair would have representatives from the Water Resources and External Affairs Ministries.
  • The meeting comes in the wake of Mr. Modi’s first public speech post-Uri attacks in Kozhikode. Mr. Modi had said the government would take measures to isolate Pakistan diplomatically.

REGIONAL DISPARITY HAS INCREASED IN INDIA

  • Regional disparity has been growing over the years, shows a new study which evaluates the governance performance of 19 major States.
  • Five of the six best-performing States in 2001 — Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Punjab — continue to be the top performers in 2011.
  • Likewise, four of the six worst-performing States in 2001 — Odisha, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar — remained at the bottom in 2011.
  • This led the researchers to conclude that “development clusters” — combinations of quality service delivery and high per capita income — are emerging among the more developed States in the south and west of the country.
  • While there are various approaches to evaluating performance of the State governments, the researchers use “output” — the quality of service delivery — as a measure of governance quality.
  • Five sets of criteria were used to rank the States: infrastructure, social services, fiscal performance, justice, law and order, and quality of the legislature. Only official government data were used.
  • In 2011, Gujarat was placed at the top for infrastructure delivery, justice, law and order, where it jumped six places, from the seventh position in 2001. However, in social services, the State slipped from the fifth in 2001 to the ninth in 2011.
  • The study shows that development legacy seems to have a strong impact on the quality of governance (when measured as service delivery).
  • Hence, another set of rankings was devised factoring in the impact of development on governance outputs.
  • Some of the less developed States like Bihar and Madhya Pradesh moved up significantly in the modified ranking. Bihar jumped eight positions from the 18th in standard ranking to the 10th in development-adjusted ranking.
  • Madhya Pradesh jumped from the 13th to second position. Chhattisgarh, placed at the eighth position, was the top performer in the modified ranking.

PM AGAIN SAID THAT TERRORISTS WILL BE PUNISHED

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the perpetrators of the Uri terror attack would be punished and the Army did not speak but exhibited its valour.
  • “I pay tributes to our 18 soldiers who lost their lives in the Uri attack. This cowardly act was enough to shake the country. It has not only left the people mourning but has also infuriated them."
  • "The loss of our soldiers is a national loss, and therefore I would like to reiterate that the guilty would be punished,” he said in his Mann Ki Baat radio programme.
  • Mr. Modi said he reposed faith in the Army. “We have faith in our Army. With their courage, they will defeat any attempt at such conspiracies. Our Army doesn’t speak but with their actions they show their valour,” he said.
  • He said the Kashmiri people started moving on the path of peace and wanted normality to return as they identified the anti-national forces.
  • Congratulating Indian medallists at the Rio Paralympics, Mr. Modi said the government was working towards development of para-athletes.
  • Stressing the cleanliness drive under Swachh Bharat Mission, Mr. Modi said: “Swachh Bharat Mission was started two years ago this day, and today I can confidently say the people are more cautious about cleanliness.”
  • Mr. Modi urged the youth to come up with new start-ups based on the concept of Waste to Wealth, so that revenue models could be associated with cleanliness.
  • He asked the people to buy Khadi products on Gandhi Jayanti to support the poor. He also hailed the people for supporting his call to give up their LPG subsidy.

RATIFICATION OF CLIMATE DEAL ON 2ND OCTOBER

  • India will ratify its U.N. climate change commitments next month to mark Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary and as a tribute to Deendayal Upadhyaya, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced.
  • “On October 2, we will ratify it. Mahatma Gandhi’s life perhaps left the least carbon footprint on earth. We follow his ideals and India will play its part in ratifying the Paris agreement,” Mr Modi told.
  • The announcement comes a day before External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj is expected to speak at the U.N. General Assembly.
  • The Prime Minister’s announcement was welcomed by the US government that said it was “thrilled”.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

CHINA HOSTS WORLD'S LARGEST RADIO TELESCOPE

  • The world’s largest radio telescope began searching for signals from stars and galaxies and, perhaps, extraterrestrial life n a project demonstrating China’s rising ambitions in space and its pursuit of international scientific prestige.
  • Beijing has poured billions into such ambitious scientific projects as well as its military-backed space programme, which saw the launch of China’s second space station earlier this month.
  • Measuring 500-meters in diameter, the radio telescope is nestled in a natural basin within a stunning landscape of lush green karst formations in southern Guizhou Province.
  • It took five years and $180 million to complete and surpasses that of the 300-meter Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, a dish used in research on stars that led to a Nobel Prize.
  • FAST would search for gravitational waves, detect radio emissions from stars and galaxies and listen for signs of intelligent extraterrestrial life.
  • Installation of the 4,450-panel structure, nicknamed Tianyan, or the Eye of Heaven, started in 2011 and was completed in July.
  • The telescope requires a radio silence within a five-km radius, resulting in the relocation of more than 8,000 people from their homes in eight villages to make way for the facility.

:: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ::

PLUTO MAY CONTAIN AN OCEAN SPANNING OVER 100 KM

  • Pluto may contain an ocean spanning over 100 km in thickness beneath its icy surface, with a salt content similar to that of the Dead Sea on Earth, a new study suggests.
  • Ever since NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft flew by Pluto last year, evidence has been mounting that the dwarf planet may have a liquid ocean beneath its icy shell.
  • The study finds a high likelihood that there is more than 100 km layer of liquid water beneath Pluto’s surface.
  • The research also offers a significant clue about the composition of that putative ocean, suggesting that it likely has a salt content which is similar to that of the Dead Sea.
  • The basin appears to have been created by an impact, likely by an object 200 kilometres across or larger.
  • The story of how the basin relates to Pluto’s putative ocean starts with its position on the planet relative to Pluto’s largest moon, Charon.
  • As Charon’s gravity pulls on Pluto, it would pull proportionally more on areas of higher mass, which would tilt the planet until Sputnik Planum became aligned with the tidal axis.
  • Water is denser than ice. If there were a layer of liquid water beneath Pluto’s ice shell, it may have welled up following the Sputnik Planum impact, evening out the crater’s mass.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

INCREDIBLE INDIA INVESTORS’ SUMMIT GETS BIG INVESTMENT

  • Five states — Gujarat, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Uttarakhand and Chattisgarh — signed 86 MoUs worth close to Rs.15,000 crore during the recently concluded Incredible India Investors’ Summit.
  • Gujarat leads the tally with signed pacts worth nearly Rs.9,000 crore, followed by Karnataka (Rs.2,600 crore), Rajasthan (Rs.1,000 crore), Uttarakhand (Rs.500 crore) and Chhattisgarh (Rs.12 crore), according to an official statement.
  • The summit was organised by the Ministry of Tourism in partnership with industry body CII and the Tourism Finance Corporation of India.
  • The three-day summit was aimed at inviting investments from foreign and domestic players to fund 700 tourism-related projects from 29 states requiring over Rs.50,000 crore.
  • Invest India, which is a not-for-profit joint venture between the DIPP, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, state governments and FICCI, has shown interest in setting up the investment desk, which will be a unit under Ministry of Tourism.
  • Foreign tourist arrivals in June 2016, grew 7.3 per cent to 5.50 lakh as compared with 5.12 lakh during the month of June, 2015.
  • For the January-June period of 2016, 41.86 lakh visited India registering a growth of 8.9 per cent compared with the same period the previous year.

GOVERNMENT TO BLOCK CONTENT OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE

  • In an attempt to protect children from sexual abuse online, the government will soon issue an advisory to Internet Service Providers, asking them to filter and block related objectionable images, videos as well as text.\
  • “In compliance with the provision of the (IT) Act… websites/portals and ISPs should deploy filters/technological tools to block/disable any such child sexual abuse images, videos and text available on the Internet,” according to a draft.
  • Government had banned more than 850 sites citing the Supreme Court’s directions to address the menace of pornography, especially child pornography.
  • However, the move did not go down well with a majority of users who took to social media to criticise it.
  • The Centre later clarified that the move was temporary and it was planning a long-term policy to tackle online child sexual abuse.
  • The ministry is also planning CBSE curriculum targeted at children in the age range of 8-10 years, on cyber-bullying and as to how children should navigate the Internet.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

INDIA, SRI LANKA SIGN MOU TO SUPPORT FISHERMEN IN HAMBANTOTA DISTRICT

India and Sri Lanka signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to support livelihood of the fishing and farming communities in Hambantota district of Sri Lanka.

The project envisages gift of equipment and tools such as grub hoes, bicycles, life jackets and sewing machines, worth 300 million SLR, to the fishing and farming communities in Hambantota district. Part of the grant is expected to be used for developing fisheries villages under a national programme.

More than 75000 people across the district will get direct benefit from the project. The project will be implemented in consultation with the relevant local authorities.

BHVS NARAYANA MURTHY APPOINTED DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH CENTRE IMARAT

BHVS Narayana Murthy, an expert in Avionics, was appointed as Director of Research Centre Imarat (RCI).

The RCI is a premiere Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) laboratory located in Hyderabad.

Who is BHVS Narayana Murthy?

BHVS Narayana Murthy has made contributions towards design, development and delivery of onboard computers, Missile launch processors, real-time mission software etc. in the last 30 years.

He is an alumnus of NIT, Warangal.

For his contributions to various defence R&D projects, he has won several awards and recognitions.

He has been honoured with the Astronautical Society of India Rocket and Related Technologies Award, AGNI Award for Excellence in Self Reliance as a team Leader and DRDO Scientist of the Year Award.

The Avionics Systems (Onboard computers, Navigation, Control) developed under his leadership has played a key role in the success of the Indian ICBM class Agni 5 and other missions.

About Research Centre Imarat

Research Centre Imarat is responsible for Research and Development of Missile Systems, Guided Weapons and advanced Avionics for Indian Armed Forces.

It was established by APJ Abdul Kalam in 1988.

It made pioneering contributions towards successful flight testing of India's maiden Inter Continental Ballistic Missile Agni 5.

It is the leading laboratory, which has successfully spearheaded the Indo-Israel joint development Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) programme and had hat-trick success in its first three consecutive missions.

INDO-US COMBINED MILITARY EXERCISE YUDH ABHYAS 2016 BEGINS

Yudh Abhyas 2016, a joint military training exercise of Indian and US Armies, commenced at Chaubattia, Uttarakhand.

Company strength army personnel from USA and an equal number of Indian soldiers are taking part in the two weeks long joint training exercise. The exercise will see them hone their tactical and technical skills in countering insurgency and terrorism in a UN Peace Keeping scenario involving a combined deployment at a Brigade level.

During the exercise, the two sides will jointly train, plan and execute series of well developed tactical drills for neutralization of likely threats that may be encountered in UN peace keeping operations.

BARACK OBAMA DESIGNATES FIRST US MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT IN ATLANTIC OCEAN

The United States President Barack Obama designated the country’s first marine national monument, Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, in the Atlantic Ocean.

The monument aims at protecting fragile deep-sea ecosystems off the coast of New England.

The announcement was made by the American president at the third annual Our Ocean Conference in Washington DC. The Conference is hosted by Secretary of State John Kerry. The Conference focuses on issues related to marine-protected areas, sustainable fisheries, marine pollution, and climate-related impacts on the ocean.

In August 2016, Obama had decided to expand the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument off the coast of Hawaii by 1.1 million square km, creating the world’s largest marine protected area.

More than 20 countries attending the annual ocean conservation meeting will announce the creation of 40 significant new marine protected areas, totalling nearly 1.2 million square km of ocean.

When combined with the Papahanaumokuakea expansion, the nations of the world have protected more than 900000 square miles of ocean in 2016, exceeding last year’s record of more than 1.9 million square km.

About Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument

The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument is a marine national monument of the United States off the coast of New England.

It will protect 12725 square km of ecosystems encompassing three underwater canyons deeper than the Grand Canyon, and four underwater

It will provide habitat for protected species such as sea turtles and marine mammals, including endangered sperm, fin, and sei whales and Kemp’s ridley turtles.

It is the first U.S. national marine monument in the Atlantic Ocean.

 

 

 

 

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