Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 25 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 25 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
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Wednesday, 28 September 2016 13:21

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

25- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

PM TALKED DIRECTLY TO THE PEOPLE OF PAKISTAN

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi s first public speech after the terror attack in Uri did not disappoint in the sharpness of its message to Pakistan.
  • He invoked the people of Pakistan in a direct dialogue, urging them to fight common socioeconomic ills that alict both neighbours, while warning that country's leadership that any threat to India's security will be strongly met.
  • Speaking at a well-attended public meeting on the Kozhikode beach on Saturday on the sidelines of the BJP national council meet, Mr. Modi also accused Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of reading from a script prepared by terrorists at the United Nations General Assembly last week, in his serenade to Kashmir .
  • Taking forward his Balochistan speech at the Red Fort on August 15, Mr. Modi reminded Pakistan of its own internal strife in Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit.
  • The rally, held on the first day of the national council meeting, was expected to contain a strong message to Pakistan and address the outrage both in the country and Sangh cadre.

PMO INTERVENES ON RAIL TARIFF REGULATOR ISSUE

  • The Prime Minister’s Office has asked the Railways to apply the brakes on its ambitious fast track plan to set up an independent regulator for freight and passenger tariffs
  • The PMO has asked the Ministry to follow the legislative route to create the regulator rather than push it through an executive order.
  • The Ministry had proposed Rail Development Authority by issuing a notification through an executive order and subsequently strengthen its powers through the legislative process, in a bid to bypass possible hurdles in Parliament.
  • After decision to merge the rail Budget with the general Budget, Railway Minister had cited setting up of an independent regulator to determine tarif as per the market demand as the topmost priority for the Railways.
  • The legislative route may be a major setback for the Railways on this front, as it was banking on creating the independent regulator this year in order to perk up its worse-than-expected financial performance in the first half of this fiscal year.

INDIA CONCLUDED DEAL OF RAFALE FIGHTER AIRCRAFT

  • The conclusion of the deal for 36 Rafale fighter jets is awelcome step to augment the capabilities of the Indian Air Force but the number is too small for logistical and operational reasons.
  • They also agreed that until India can build its own aircraft, the increasing diversity in the fleet cannot be addressed, another cause of concern for the IAF.
  • India and France signed the Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA), ending negotiations for the direct purchase which began after PM Modi announced the direct purchase in April 2015.
  • The deal, interestingly, does not have an optional clause, which means the IAF will have just two squadrons in service.
  • The deal for 36 aircraft is valued at € 7.87 bn or about Rs. 1,630 crore per plane and it included the spares, weapons, maintenance and performance guarantee for five years.
  • The average cost of the basic aircraft is € 91 million or about Rs. 680 crore and the 36 jets include 28 single and eight trainer variants.

ODISHA GOVT REJECTED EXPERT COMMITTEE ON MAHANADI WATER DISPUTE

  • The Naveen Patnaik government has rejected an expert committee constituted by the Union Water resource Minister to resolve the Mahanadi River water dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
  • “We reject the proposal as it does not stop the construction by the Chhattisgarh government and the helpless Union Government,” Mr. Patnaik announced.
  • “It is also learnt that Chhattisgarh has prepared a master plan for utilising almost 120 per cent of the utilisable water available from their catchment. These plans of Chhattisgarh will seriously impact the Mahanadi basin,” he told the House.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

G4 UNITED FOR REFORMS IN UNITED NATIONS

  • India, Germany, Japan and Brazil will continue to push for comprehensive reform of the UN Security Council, Foreign Ministers of the four countries who met on the sidelines of General Assembly resolved.
  • India was represented by Minister of State for External Afairs M.J. Akbar.
  • The Group of 4 (G4) wants permanent membership of the Security Council for themselves, and wide and far-reaching reform of the UN.
  • “More than 70 years after the founding of the UN, the Security Council also has to adapt in order to cope with the ever growing global challenges,” a joint statement by the four countries said.

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

INDIAN-US COMMUNITY LAUNCHED A PETITION TO DESIGNATE PAK SPONSOR OF TERRORISM

  • The Indian-American community in the U.S. has launched a White House petition to designate Pakistan a state sponsor of terrorism, days after a Bill in this regard was tabled in the U.S. Congress by two powerful lawmakers.
  • “This petition is important to the people of United States of America, India and many other countries which are continuously affected by Pakistan sponsored terrorism,” the petition said.
  • The campaign requires at least 1,00,000 signatures on the petition to qualify for a response from the Obama Administration.

NO. OF BALOCH ACTIVISTS STAYING IN EUROPE COULD APPROACH INDIA TO SEEK ASYLUM

  • A number of Baloch activists and leaders staying in Europe could approach India to seek asylum if the host countries tried to deport them to Pakistan, leader of the Free Balochistan Movement.
  • Mr. Marri is the second major Baloch leader after Mr. Bugti to declare his intention to seek asylum in India.
  • In 2015, Free Balochistan Movement reached out to India to seek support and appointed a Baloch residing in Delhi as its representative.
  • Mr. Marri said India should consider providing educational opportunities for Baloch activists as many of them have been denied education in Pakistan due to their political leanings.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

REVOCATION OF MOST FAVOURED NATION TAG FROM PAK WILL BE SYMBOLIC

  • The Centre is not considering any proposal to withdraw the ‘Most Favoured Nation’ (MFN) status accorded to Pakistan as even without the move the level of bilateral trade is very low.
  • The MFN status was accorded in 1996 as per India’s commitments as a member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
  • According to the MFN principle of the WTO’s General Agreement on Tarifs and Trade to which India is a signatory/contracting party —each of the WTO member countries should “treat all the other members equally as ‘most favoured’ trading partners.
  • According to the WTO, though the term ‘MFN’ “suggests special treatment, it actually means non-discrimination.”
  • In the wake of the deadly attack on Indian soldiers in Uri, an incident for which India is holding Pakistan responsible, there have been calls in India for tough action against its neighbour, including the revocation of the MFN status.
  • Bilateral trade between the two South Asian neighbours was just $2.6 billion in 2015-16 which represented a minuscule 0.4 per cent of India’s overall goods trade worth $643.3 billion in the same year.
  • The MFN concept is an integral part of the WTO agreements and is among the principles forming the foundation of the multilateral trading system.
  • As per the WTO, whenever a country brings down a trade barrier or liberalises a sector.

GOVERNMENT HAS RULED OUT ANY EXTENSION TO DEADLINE FOR DISCLOSURE ON BLACK MONEY

  • Government has ruled out any extension to the September 30 deadline for filing income disclosure under the black money compliance window.
  • Under the IDS, people can disclose their undeclared income and escape prosecution. The scheme, which was launched on June 1 to uncover black money, closes on September 30.
  • Those disclosing assets under the IDS will have to pay 45 per cent tax plus penalty.
  • Also the payments can be made in three instalments till September 2017.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

INDIAN-AMERICAN ABRAHAM VERGHESE SELECTED FOR 2015 NATIONAL HUMANITIES MEDAL

Abraham Verghese, Indian-American physician-author, was selected for the prestigious 2015 National Humanities Medal.

On the other hand, Mel Brooks, Morgan Freeman, Audra McDonald, Berry Gordy and Philip Glass are on the list for the National Medal of Arts, while Terry Gross and Wynton Marsalis are among the Humanities recipients.

President Barack Obama will award the medals on 22 September 2016 in a ceremony in the East Room of the White House.

About Abraham Verghese

Abraham Verghese is a physician-author, Professor for the Theory and Practice of Medicine at Stanford University Medical School.

He is also the author of three best-selling books, two memoirs and a novel.

In 2011, he was elected to be a member of the Institute of Medicine.

He was born in Ethiopia to parents from Kerala.

Full list of honourees:

National Medal of Arts

Mel Brooks, Actor, Comedian and Writer

Sandra Cisneros, Author

Eugene O’Neill Theater Center

Morgan Freeman, Actor

Philip Glass, Composer

Berry Gordy, Record Producer & Songwriter

Santiago Jiménez, Jr., Musician

Moises Kaufman, Director & Playwright

Ralph Lemon, Dancer, Choreographer, Writer, & Visual Artist

Audra McDonald, Actress & Singer

Luis Valdez, Playwright, Actor, Writer & Director

Jack Whitten, Painter

National Humanities Medal

Rudolfo Anaya, Author

José Andrés, Chef & Entrepreneur

Ron Chernow, Author

Louise Glück, Poet

Terry Gross, Radio Host & Producer

James McBride, Author

Louis Menand, Author

Elaine Pagels, Historian & Author

Prison University Project, Higher Education Program

Abraham Verghese, Physician, Professor & Author

Isabel Wilkerson, Journalist & Author

About National Medal of Arts

The National Medal of Arts is an award and title created by the United States Congress in 1984.

It was created for the purpose of honouring artists and patrons of the arts.

It is the highest honour specifically given for achievement in the arts conferred to an individual artist on behalf of the people.

Honourees are selected by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), and ceremoniously presented the award by the President of the United States.

The medal was designed for the NEA by sculptor Robert Graham.

INDIAN CYCLISTS BAG 6 MEDALS ON OPENING DAY OF 2016 TRACK ASIA CUP

Indian Cyclists won six medals, including three gold, two silver and one bronze on the opening day of the Track Asia Cup 2016 in New Delhi.

The medal winners for India include Deborah Herold, Kezia Vargheese, Alena Reji, Rajkumari Devi, Nayana Rajesh and Anu Chutia.

Deborah Herold won two gold medals at the Indira Gandhi Sports Complex Velodrome. Her first gold came in women’s elite 500 by clocking 35.964 seconds. Mohd. Adnan Farina Shawati of Malaysia and Yin Yin from Hong Kong bagged the silver and bronze medals respectively.

Her second Gold came in team sprint women elite event, where the Indian team comprising Deborah Herold and Kezia Vargheese defeated the team from Kazakhstan to bag the gold medal. A bronze medal was awarded to Rajkumari Devi, due to walkover at the women elite pursuit 3kms event.

In men's elite team sprint event, the team from Iran bagged gold with a time of 46.330 followed by team Malaysia and team Kazakhstan bagging the silver and bronze medal respectively with timing of 47.999s and 47.641s. The Indian team finished fourth in the event.

On the other hand, in the men’s junior team won silver in the sprint event by defeating the team from Kazakhstan with a time of 49.299s. The junior women's team bagged gold in the Team Sprint event, Nayana Rajesh and Anu Chutia defetaed the team from Uzbekistan with a timing of 37.452s.

Another star for India was Alena Reji, who was taking part in her first international event as she won a silver beating Jantuganova Olga from Uzbekistan. Anis Amira from Malaysia won the gold medal in this event with a timing of 38.443s.

At the end of the first day of the championship, India and Malaysia shared the top spot with three gold, two silver, one bronze medal each.

Hong Kong, with three gold and two bronze, stand second in the tally followed by Iran with one gold.

Track Asia Cup

The Track Asia Cup cycling completition is being held from 14 September to 16 September 2016 at the Indira Gandhi Sports Complex velodrome. This is the third year in succession that India is hosting the event. The event is recognised by the International Cycling Federation and is part of the World Championship qualifier.

The event is being held in four categories namely elite and juniors in men and women’s.

EAST BENGAL WINS CALCUTTA FOOTBALL LEAGUE 2016

Indian football giants East Bengal won the Calcutta Football League (CFL) for the seventh consecutive time.

The team defeated Mohammedan Sporting 1-0 at the Kalyani Stadium.

East Bengal bettered its own record of winning it six times straight from 1970 to 1975.

About East Bengal Football Club

East Bengal Football Club is a professional football club, based in Kolkata, West Bengal.

East Bengal FC was founded in 1920.

It currently competes in the I-League, the top-tier of Indian football pyramid.

The club has won 3 National Football League, 8 Federation Cups, 3 Indian Super Cups and many more.

The club has represented India the most number of times in the Asian competitions, with its best performance being a semi-final berth in the AFC Cup 2013.

East Bengal had also won ASEAN Club Championship in 2003.

About Calcutta Football League

Calcutta Football League is the football league system where several football clubs of Kolkata participate.

It currently consists of seven-tier pyramid system.

Indian Football Association (IFA) conducts the CFL with 157 mostly Kolkata based clubs and units.

Started in 1898, this league is regarded as one of the oldest football competitions in the world.

INDIA DECLARES ITSELF FREE FROM BIRD FLU

India declared itself free from the highly contagious avian influenza (H5N1) or bird flu. The declaration was made by the Department of Animal Husbandry under the Agriculture Ministry.

The Department in a statement said that it had notified the same to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). However, it also stressed that there is a need for continued surveillance.

To make sure that this H5N1 free status is maintained, the union government has asked the chief Secretaries of states to continued surveillance especially in the vulnerable areas bordering infected countries and in areas visited by migratory birds.

Background

The outbreak of the avian influenza was notified on 9 May 2016 at Humnabad, Bidar district, Karnataka. In areas on the one-kilometre radius of the outbreak location, the government took measures, including culling, disinfection and clean-up, to contain the spread of avian influenza.

Bird flu affects mainly the domestic poultry. The disease spreads from infected birds to other winged creatures through contact with nasal and respiratory secretions and also due to contamination of feed and water.

Avian influenza

Avian influenza (AI) is an infectious viral disease of birds. AI viruses are divided into 2 groups based on their ability to cause disease in poultry: high pathogenicity or low pathogenicity. Highly pathogenic viruses result in high death rates (up to 100% mortality within 48 hours) in some poultry species. Low pathogenicity viruses also cause outbreaks in poultry but are not generally associated with severe disease.

Key facts

• Most avian influenza viruses do not infect humans; however some, such as A(H5N1) and A(H7N9), have caused serious infections in people.

• Outbreaks of AI in poultry may raise global public health concerns due to their effect on poultry populations, their potential to cause serious disease in people, and their pandemic potential.

• Reports of highly pathogenic AI epidemics in poultry, such as A(H5N1), can seriously impact local and global economies and international trade.

• The majority of human cases of A(H5N1) and A(H7N9) infection have been associated with direct or indirect contact with infected live or dead poultry. There is no evidence that the disease can be spread to people through properly cooked food.

• Controlling the disease in animals is the first step in decreasing risks to humans.

 

 

 

 

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