Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 17 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 17 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
Thursday, 22 September 2016 04:39

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

17- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

POLITICAL TURMOIL IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH CONTINUES

  • Politics turned a full circle in Arunachal Pradesh when 43 of the 44 Congress MLAs, including Chief Minister Pema Khandu, joined the People’s Party of Arunachal (PPA), a part of the North-East Democratic Alliance (NEDA.
  • Just two months ago, Mr. Khandu and his group of Congress rebels had deserted the PPA and returned to the Congress to form the government.
  • Mr. Khandu became the Chief Minister on July 16, replacing Nabam Tuki, who in turn had replaced Kalikho Pul after the Supreme Court reinstated the Tuki government.
  • Hours after losing its government in the State, the Congress dubbed the new dispensation an “illegitimate child of the BJP” and blamed Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP chief Amit Shah.

INDIA SEALED THREE SIGNIFICANT DEALS WITH NEPAL

  • Recognising Nepal’s efforts to build a democratic polity, India expressed the hope that the government of PM Pushpa Kamal Dahal would hold an “inclusive dialogue” while implementing the controversial Constitution of his country.
  • India and Nepal held wide-ranging talks and sealed three significant deals as Mr. Prachanda’s September 15-18 visit to India unfolded.
  • However, differences over the Constitution which led to domestic discord and disturbed ties with Delhi persisted.
  • This remark indicated that Delhi would maintain dialogue with the Madhesi leaders who had demanded that PM Prachanda should address representational and territorial concerns of their community, within a short time span.

DELHI HC HELD THAT PHOTOCOPYING OF COURSE IS NOT AN INFRINGEMENT OF COPYRIGHT

  • The Delhi High Court held that the photocopying of course packs prepared by Delhi University comprising portions from books published by Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press did not amount to infringement of copyright.
  • Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw also lifted the stay on the kiosk from photocopying the course packs. The case had seen protest by students who backed the kiosk.
  • Copyright, especially in literary works, is thus not an inevitable, divine, or natural right that confers on authors the absolute ownership of their creations.
  • It is designed rather to stimulate activity and progress in the arts for the intellectual enrichment of the public.
  • “Copyright is intended to increase and not to impede the harvest of knowledge. It is intended to motivate the creative activity of authors and inventors in order to benefit the public,” Justice said.

CENTRE WARNED KERALA AND TAMIL NADU ABOUT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NFSA

  • The Centre warned Kerala and Tamil Nadu that foodgrains for distribution to above the poverty line families would be provided at a higher rate to the States if they fail to implement the National Food Security Act (NFSA) at the earliest.
  • Other 34 NFSA implementing States and Union Territories have been asked to address gaps on the list of beneficiaries, computerisation of public distribution system, PDS, Aadhaar linkage with ration cards etc.
  • The NFS Act, aims to abolish the APL and below the poverty line (BPL) criteria and uniformly provides 5 kg of wheat or rice to all beneficiaries every month at a subsidised rate of Rs.1-3 per kg.
  • Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the only two States left where the NFSA has not been implemented yet. Despite being developed States.
  • The Kerala government had earlier said it would implement the NFSA from November but now the State is planning to do it from December.
  • Asking the States to speed up reforms in the PDS to curb leakage of foodgrains, Mr. Paswan said there could be problems in putting up necessary infrastructure for the effective roll-out of the NFSA.
  • While the ration cards have been digitised 100 per cent in the country, States are slow in seeding them with the Aadhaar card, which would help in eliminating bogus beneficiaries.

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

ALL INDIA RADIO LAUNCHED A MULTI-MEDIA AND MOBILE APP FOR BALOCHI-SPEAKING PEOPLE

  • All India Radio announced the launch of a multi-media and mobile app for Balochi-speaking people in the Af-Pak region and other parts of the world.
  • Move was part of India’s efforts to reach out to the neighbourhood for a better people-to-people contact.
  • India had also raised the issue of atrocities in Balochistan at the meeting of a U.N. body earlier this week.
  • Prasar Bharati officials said the mobile app and the webpage were just “value addition” as Balochi service of the AIR has been in existence since 1974.

INDIA SIGNED AGREEMENT BRICS COUNTRIES FOR COOPERATION IN AIR AND WATER POLLUTION

  • India signed an agreement with fellow BRICS countries to deepen cooperation in abatement and control of air and water pollution, efficient management of liquid and solid waste, climate change and conservation of biodiversity.
  • Technology transfer and finance were two issues that need to be addressed to limit global warming.
  • The Environment Ministry announced a collaborative R&D programme to develop next generation, sustainable refrigerant technologies as alternatives to hydrofluorocarbons.
  • Key players include the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research and its allied institutions; Department of Science and Technology; Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences and key industry players.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS HAVE SEEN THEIR BUSINESS GROW FASTER IN URBAN INDIA

  • Over the last year, microfinance institutions (MFIs) have seen their business grow faster in urban India than in rural, according to an annual report by Sa-Dhan, the self-regulatory body for MFIs.
  • In addition, the report finds that these loans are being put to increasingly productive uses with a higher proportion of them going towards income generation than before.
  • In 2016, total loan amount disbursed increased by Rs.13,433 crore over 2015, there is a growth of 23 per cent where amount increased in rural areas by 14 per cent and in urban areas by 27 per cent.
  • The report also found that 94 per cent of the loans disbursed in 2015-16 were used for income-generating purposes, up from 80 per cent in the previous year.
  • Analysis of the loan portfolio held by reporting MFIs for 2014-15 and 2015-16 shows that the proportion of income generation loan to non income generation loan is 94:06.
  • Within the income-generating loans, the report found that the largest proportion—39 per cent—went to the animal husbandry sector, followed by 29 per cent to the trading & small business category.
  • Agriculture received 15 per cent of the loans, according to the report.

DIPP HAS DECIDED TO SET UP A TASK FORCE ON INNOVATION

  • The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) has decided to set up a Task Force on Innovation.
  • It will comprise members from the industry and the government and will assess India’s position as an innovative country, suggest measures to enhance the innovation ecosystem and improve the country’s ranking in the Global Innovation Index (GII).
  • India’s ranking in GII-2016 rose 15 places to 66th position. Recognising India’s potential, Commerce & Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman had sought the setting up of the Task Force.
  • The Cell for intellectual property rights (IPR) Promotion and Management and the DIPP has invited ideas and suggestions from the public, the statement said, adding that the Task Force may hold discussions with some of the contributors.
  • In the GII 2016, India retained the top rank in Information and Communication Technology Service Export.
  • India ranks second on innovation quality amongst middle-income economies. As per the report, “India is a good example of how policy is improving the innovation environment”.
  • India moved up across all indicators within the Knowledge Absorption sub-pillar.
  • It has also recorded a good performance in the GII model’s newly incorporated research talent in business enterprise, where it ranks 31st, according to the statement.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS::

UNION GOVERNMENT LAUNCHES NIDHI FOR NURTURING IDEAS AND INNOVATION INTO START UPS

Union Government launched a new program called National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI). The initiative aims at nurturing ideas and innovation into successful start ups.

NIDHI, an umbrella programme of the Department of Science & Technology (DST), will focus on helping startups to meet their funding, infrastructure and other mentorship needs. NIDHI will allow youths of the country to give a concrete shape to their ideas.

National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations

• The programme focuses on building a seamless and innovation driven entrepreneurial ecosystem especially by channelizing youth towards it and thereby bringing in the positive impact on the socio-economic development of the country.

• It aims at providing technological solutions not only to the pressing needs of the society but also targets to create new avenues for wealth and job creation.

• By design it connects and strengthens all the links of the innovation chain from scouting to sustaining to securing to scaling to showcasing, because a chain is only as strong as its weakest link.

• There are eight component of NIDHI that support each stage of a budding startup from idea to market. The first component is PRAYAS (Promoting and accelerating young and aspiring innovators and startups) which aims to support innovators to grant up to 10 lakh rupees.

• The final component is the Seed Support System which provides up to One Crore rupees per start-up and is implemented through Technology Business Incubators.

During the financial year 2016-17, Department of Science has allocated 180 crore rupees, with a view to drive the innovation and startup centric new initiative.

Key stakeholders

The key stakeholders of NIDHI includes various departments and ministries of the Union government, state governments, academic and R & D institutions, mentors, financial institutions, angel investors, venture capitalists, industry champions and private sectors.

UNION GOVERNMENT APPROVES 450 CRORE RUPEES FOR SWADESH DARSHAN SCHEME

The Union Government approved projects worth about 450 crore rupees under Swadesh Darshan scheme for five states.

The five states are: Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu.

The scheme was launched with an objective to develop 13 theme-based tourist circuits in India. The approval for the five states was given in a meeting of the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee (CSMC) on 5 September 2016.

Various circuits under Swadesh Darshan Scheme

• In total, 13 thematic circuits have been identified for development, namely North-East India CircuitBuddhist CircuitHimalayan CircuitCoastal CircuitKrishna CircuitDesert CircuitTribal CircuitEco CircuitWildlife CircuitRural CircuitSpiritual Circuit,Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit.

The Ramayana Circuit in Uttar Pradesh:  Amount of 70 crore rupees is approved for the project. It envisages development of two destinations, Chitrakoot and Shringverpur. It also includes Ayodhya, for which Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department is preparing a detailed project report.

The Heritage Circuit in Madhya Pradesh: Amount of 100 crore rupees is approved for the project. It will cover Gwalior-Orchha-Khajuraho-Chanderi-Bhimbetka-Mandu.

The Heritage Circuit in Uttarakhand:  Amount of 83 crore rupees is approved for the project. The amount will be used for development of infrastructure in Jageshwar-Devidhura-Katarmal- Baijnath sites.

The Coastal Circuit in Tamil Nadu:  Amount of around 100 crore rupees is approved for the project. It envisages development of Chennai-Mamamallapuram- Rameshwaram-Manpadu-Kanyakumari.

The North East Circuit in Sikkim: Amount of 95.50 crore rupees is approved for the project. It includes development of eco log huts, cultural centre, paragliding centre, craft bazaar, base camp for mountaineering and meditation hall.

UN CHARTER TRANSLATED INTO SANSKRIT LANGUAGE

The UN Charter, the seminal treaty of the United Nations (UN), was translated into Sanskrit Language for the first time.

This came following the pioneering efforts of Jitendra Kumar Tripathi, the Secretary of the Lucknow-based Akhila Bharatiya Sanskrit Parishad.

About UN Charter

• The United Nations Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organisation.

• It came into force on 24 October 1945.

• The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

• The Charter is available in all six official languages of the UN.

CK ASNANI ASSUMES CHARGE AS CMD OF URANIUM CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED

CK Asnani assumed charge as the Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL), an undertaking of the Department of Atomic Energy.

Asnani is a Chemical Engineer from Osmania University. He was the Director (Technical) of Indian Rare Earths Limited, Mumbai before the present assignment.

Asnani was earlier associated with Nuclear Fuel Complex, Hyderabad.

About Uranium Corporation of India Limited

• UCIL is a Public Sector Enterprise under the Department of Atomic Energy with a special standing at the forefront of Nuclear Power cycle.

• The company operates six underground mines- Bagjata, Jaduguda, Bhatin, Narwapahar, Turamdih and Mohuldih and one open pit mine at Banduhurang, Jharkhand. 
• Ore produced from these mines is processed in two plants located at Jaduguda and Turamdih.

 

 

 

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