Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 16 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 16 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
Friday, 16 September 2016 06:06

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

16- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

INDIA AGAIN REBUFFED UN OHCHR’S REFERENCE TO JAMMU AND KASHMIR

  • In another sharp rebuff to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights’ reference to Jammu and Kashmir, India said it was concerned at the “persisting ambiguities” in the UN body’s governance.
  • India also asserted the violence in the State was “choreographed” from across the border.
  • India also emphasised that it has shared evidence of terrorists who came across the border with instructions to target the security forces by mingling with protesting crowds and using them as human shields.
  • India in its statement said, “We have noted the reference in the High Commissioner’s statement to the situation in the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir”.

PRIME MINISTER NARENDRAMODI WILL CELEBRATE HIS 66TH BIRTHDAY WITH TRIBALS IN LIMKHEDA

  • Prime Minister NarendraModi will celebrate his 66th birthday with tribals in Limkheda and the differently-abled in Navsari after meeting his mother in Gandhinagar on Saturday.
  • This will be Mr. Modi’s second visit to Gujarat in three weeks. Earlier, he was in the State to open the first phase of an ambitious irrigation scheme in the water-starved Narmada region.
  • Meanwhile, the State BJP unit has announced that it would hold health check-up, blood donation and awareness camps on the occasion of the Prime Minister’s birthday.

CENTRE COUNTERS SC’S REASON FOR VACANCIES IN THE COURTS

  • The High Courts have, by and large, delayed starting the judicial appointments. The delay on the High Courts’ part is not just a case of months, but these are five-year and six-year vacancies,” Attorney-General MukulRohatgi submitted before a Bench.
  • With this, the Centre countered Chief Justice Thakur’s threat that the Supreme Court would be “forced” to take judicial notice of the government’s lack of interest in seeing a robust judiciary.
  • Chief Justice Thakur bluntly asked the government whether it was trying to bring the entire judicial institution to a “grinding halt” by sitting on recommendations of the Supreme Court Collegium on appointment and transfer of judges to High Courts.
  • The apex court ordered the Centre to furnish a complete report on the status of 74 names the Collegium had recommended for High Court judgeships.
  • Attorney-General hinted that the Chief Justice of India should look within the institution and not the government to discover the root cause of delayed judicial appointments.
  • Numbers of vacancies in the High Courts have mounted to 485 — over 45 per cent of the total sanctioned strength of 1,079.
  • The process of judicial appointments to the High Court is kick-started by High Court Collegiums, which shortlists the names for judgeship and forwards them to the Centre.
  • The latter refers the list to the Supreme Court Collegium, which makes the final selection and returns it to the government for the necessary background checks.

INDIA IS LIKELY TO OFFER NEPAL HELP IN BUILDING AN EAST-WEST RAILWAY LINE

  • India is likely to offer Nepal’s new Prime Minister help in building an east-west railway line and better access to its ports on his first visit this week, as it tries to regain ground lost recently to China.
  • Pusp Kumar Dahal, or Prachanda, a former Maoist rebel commander, has chosen New Delhi as his first foreign stop, seeking to rebalance ties that chilled under his pro-China predecessor.
  • Nepal has yet to complete a political transition after a decade-long insurgency and weeks of deadly street protests that brought down the monarchy nearly a decade ago.
  • A new republican constitution is still a source of rancour for southern plains people who mounted a five-month border blockade that ended earlier this year.
  • The country’s last government said the fuel and trade embargo had the tacit backing of India — a charge New Delhi has denied.
  • An Indian railway official said the project that runs parallel to Nepal’s 1,030 km east-west highway has been talked about in the past, but that the two countries are now discussing financial terms.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

PAKISTAN MILITARY IS WAGING WAR ON ITS BALOCHISTAN PROVINCE SAID AFGHANISTAN’S PRESIDENT

  • The Pakistan military is waging a war on its provinces of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani said.
  • Seeking deeper cooperation with India, Dr. Ghani said there were two wars raging in South Asia with the first being in Afghanistan and the other across the Afghanistan-Pakistan borders in the two Pakistani provinces where Pakistan is fighting a “blowback”.
  • The war in my country is not a civil war. What kind of a political solution is possible when you have nine internationally recognised terrorist groups operating in your country [Afghanistan]?
  • The second war is the war in Pakistan. But the media do not speak about that. There are two hundred seven thousand members of the Pakistani army just in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and of course in Balochistan. This war needs coverage.”
  • Defeating of terrorism, Dr. Ghani said during his speech, needs internationally coordinated effort covering a network of states, civil society and the market institutions.

CHINA WANTS THE BRICS GROUPING TO ACQUIRE A LARGER SECURITY DIMENSION

  • China has signalled that it wants the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping to acquire a larger security dimension.
  • Meeting of the national security advisers of the five emerging countries will happen in New Delhi. The National Security Adviser AjitDoval would be hosting the meeting that starts on 15thseptember.
  • Participants will discuss counter-terrorism, cyber-security, energy security, situation in West Asia and North Africa as well as other international and regional issues of common interest.
  • BRICS countries are expected to converge on a common approach of battling the Islamic State, in its breeding grounds in Syria, Iraq and its permeation in other parts of the world including South Asia and China’s Xinjiang province.
  • Terrorism emanating from the Afghanistan-Pakistan zone is also expected to be high on the agenda.
  • The Moscow-Beijing dialogue coincided with the ongoing joint naval exercises by the two countries in the South China Sea.
  • Sino-Indian ties appear to have been rebooted following talks between Prime Minister NarendraModi and Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the G-20 summit in Hangzhou earlier this month.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

GOVT. TO DISCUSS THE PROPOSED LABOUR CODE ON WAGES AND THE SMALL FACTORIES BILL

  • A group of central ministers led by Finance Minister ArunJaitley will meet Thursday to discuss the proposed labour code on wages and the Small Factories Bill, barely two weeks after trade unions led a nationwide strike.
  • Mr. Dattatreya said the code on wages will be taken up for discussion in the winter session of Parliament to be held later this year.
  • The central trade unions went on a one-day nationwide strike on September 2 to press for their charter of demands that include higher minimum wages, pensions, social security for unorganised workers, and to oppose labour reforms.
  • The proposed labour code on wages empowers the Centre to fix a minimum wage applicable across all sectors in all states. At present, while the Centre can fix a minimum wage level only for central public sector units, States can fix their own minimum wage for workers in private factories.
  • The draft code, which combines four Central laws – the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 and the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, also streamlines the definition of wages.
  • The Small Factories Bill has been proposed as a separate set of labour laws for factories with less than 40 workers.
  • Mr. Dattatreya also said the Industrial Relations Bill, which makes it easier for companies to retrench workers, has been sent to the Union Cabinet for its consideration.
  • It will allow companies with staff of 300 to retrench workers without government permission, up from the present requirement of up to 100 workers.

MANUFACTURING SECTOR LEADS WPI TO A TWO-YEAR HIGH OF 3.74 PER CENT

  • Wholesale price inflation accelerated to a two-year high of 3.74 per cent in August, driven mainly by a gradual increase in manufacturing sector prices.
  • While inflation as measured by the Wholesale Price Index accelerated from the 3.55 per cent seen in July, consumer price inflation for the period slowed by a percentage point to come in at 5.05 per cent in August.
  • Looking ahead, the expert view is while increasing consumer demand and more purchasing power in consumers’ hands will push manufacturing inflation higher, good monsoon and increased sowing will dampen food prices.
  • Inflation in primary articles category slowed to 7.5 per cent in August from the 9.4 per cent seen in the previous month.
  • Within this, while food inflation slowed to 8.23 per cent, that of the non-food category came in at 8.44 per cent in August from 9.5 per cent in July.
  • Inflation in the fuel and power segment of the WPI came in at 1.6 per cent in August compared to a contraction of one per cent seen in July.
  • However, easing food prices may be offset by an upward movement in the manufacturing sector.

:: SPORTS ::

JAVELIN THROWER DEVENDRAJHAJHARIA SCRIPTED HISTORY

  • Javelin thrower DevendraJhajharia scripted history by becoming the first Indian to clinch two gold medals at the Paralympics after he broke his own world record to clinch top honours at the ongoing Games.
  • Competing in the F46 category, the 36-year-old, who won at the 2004 Athens Games, threw the javelin to a distance of 63.97m and bettered his 62.15m achieved in Athens.
  • Jhajharia, won gold (2013) and silver (2015) at the International Paralympic Committee’s World Championships with record throws and a silver at the 2014 Asian Para Games.
  • The Rajasthan-born Jhajharia had lost his left hand when he was electrocuted while climbing a tree as an eight-year-old. Jhajharia was given the theArjuna Award in 2004 and conferred the Padma Shri in 2012, the first Paralympian to receive the honour.
  • Currently ranked third in the world, Jhajharia has swelled India’s medal tally at Rio to four medals — two golds, one silver and a bronze.
  • “Congratulations to DevendraJhajharia for the historic and well-deserved Gold at the #Paralympics. We are very proud of him. #Rio2016,” Prime Minister NarendraModi tweeted.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

GRSE HANDS OVER FAST ATTACK CRAFT TIHAYU TO INDIAN NAVY

The Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE) of Kolkata handed over TIHAYU, the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC) to the Indian Navy. The warship was handed over by Rear Admiral (Retd) AK Verma, CMD of GRSE to the Commanding Officer Cdr Ajay Kashov.

GRSE had earlier built and delivered 10 WJFACs to the Indian Navy during 2009 to 2011, which are proving well in service.

About TIHAYU, the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC)

• Named after an island in the Andaman, Tihayu is fitted with three water jet propulsion systems powered by marine diesel engines generating 2720 KW of power.

• This Follow-on WJFAC ship is a further improved version of Fast Attack Crafts earlier built by GRSE for Indian Navy.

• The ship has an efficient hull form developed by the in-house Design Centre of GRSE and proved by extensive model testing to achieve speeds in excess of 35 knots.

• This warship measuring 48 X 7.5 M with a displacement of around 315 Tons, has an endurance of around 2000 nautical miles at 12-14 knots speed.

• It also boasts of modern habitability conditions with accommodation for 29 personnel.

• It is also fitted with CRN-91 indigenous 30mm Gun, to provide Artillery fire support during attack missions.

NEARLY 50 MILLION CHILDREN UPROOTED WORLDWIDE: UNICEF

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) released the report titled Uprooted: The growing crisis for refugee and migrant children.

According to the report, nearly 50 million children have been uprooted across the globe and millions more migrating in the hope of finding a better, safer life.

Traumatized by the conflicts and violence they are fleeing, they face further dangers including the risk of drowning on sea crossings, malnourishment, trafficking, rape and even murder. In countries they travel through and at their destinations, they often face xenophobia and discrimination.

Highlights of the Report

• Children represent a disproportionate and growing proportion of those who have sought refuge outside their countries of birth: they make up about half of all refugees.

• In 2015, around 45 percent of all child refugees under UNHCR’s protection came from Syria and Afghanistan.

• 28 million children have left their homes due to conflict across borders including 10 million child refugees and an estimated 17 million children displaced within their own countries.

• More and more children are crossing borders on their own. In 2015, over 100000 unaccompanied minors applied for asylum in 78 countries; triple the number in 2014.

• About 20 million other international child migrants have left their homes for a variety of reasons including extreme poverty or gang violence.

• Turkey hosts the largest total number of recent refugees and very likely the largest number of child refugees in the world.

• Relative to its population, Lebanon hosts the largest number of refugees by an overwhelming margin: Roughly 1 in 5 people in Lebanon is a refugee.

• By comparison, there is roughly 1 refugee for every 530 people in the United Kingdom and 1 for every 1200 in the United States.

• When considering refugee-host countries by income level, however, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, and Pakistan host the highest concentration of refugees.

• A refugee child is five times more likely to be out of school than a non-refugee child. Outside the classroom, legal barriers prevent migrant children from receiving services on an equal basis with children who are native to a country.

• In the worst cases, xenophobia can escalate to direct attacks. In Germany alone, authorities tracked 850 attacks against refugee shelters in 2015.

Six specific actions to protect refugee and migrant children

• Protecting child refugees and migrants, particularly unaccompanied children from exploitation and violence.

• Ending the detention of children seeking refugee status or migrating by introducing a range of practical alternatives.

• Keeping families together as the best way to protect children and give children legal status.

• Keeping all refugee and migrant children learning and giving them access to health and other quality services.

• Pressing for action on the underlying causes of large-scale movements of refugees and migrants.

• Promoting measures to combat xenophobia, discrimination and marginalization.

WHO CERTIFIES INDIA FREE FROM YAWS, MATERNAL AND NEONATAL TETANUS

India received certificates from World Health Organisation (WHO) recognising the elimination of Yaws and Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus (MNT) from the country.

The certificates were presented to Union Health Minister JP Nadda at the 69th Session of the WHO regional committee for south-east Asia region held in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

With this, India became the first country to be officially acknowledged as being yaws-free.

The elimination of tetanus as a public health problem means that the annual rate of maternal and neonatal tetanus in India is now less than 1 per 1000 live births.

What is Yaws?

Yaws is a tropical infection of the skin, bones and joints caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum pertenue.

It is spread by direct contact with the fluid from a lesion of an infected person.

The disease is most common among children, who spread it by playing together.

The disease infects only humans.

What is Neonatal Tetanus?

Neonatal tetanus is a form of generalised tetanus that occurs in newborns.

Infants who have not acquired passive immunity from the mother having been immunised are at risk.

It usually occurs through infection of the unhealed umbilical stump, particularly when the stump is cut with a non-sterile instrument.

The disease mostly occurs in developing countries, particularly those with the least developed health infrastructure. It is rare in developed countries.

Background

India was validated for maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination in April 2015, much ahead of the global target date of December 2015.

India being yaws-free is also significant as India has achieved this important landmark much before the WHO global target year of 2020.

The Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination has been the result of India's focused approach on making maternal and newborn care accessible to all.

Reducing maternal and neonatal tetanus to less than one case per 1000 live births in all 675 districts has helped improve access to immunization, antenatal care services and skilled birth attendance in the most vulnerable populations.

Both yaws and maternal and neonatal tetanus eliminations were achieved using the existing health system and health workforce.

INDIA, KAZAKHSTAN JOINT EXERCISE PRABAL DOSTYK-16 BEGINS

Troops of Indian and Kazakhstan Army began the joint exercise 'PRABAL DOSTYK – 16'. The exercise being conducted in Karaganda region of Kazakhstan will conclude on 17 September 2016.

Prabal Dostyk meaning Robust Friendship is a significant step towards fostering military as well as diplomatic ties between both countries.

Highlights

•    The primary aim of the fourteen day exercise will be to enhance interoperability while undertaking Counter Terrorism & Counter Insurgency Operations in rural and semi-urban environment under the umbrella of United Nations.

• The Indian Army is being represented by platoon strength.

• The Kazakhstan Army contingent comprise of platoon from Special Operating Force’s Unit.

• The exercise will be conducted in two stages

a) First stage will be to familiarize with each other’s tactics, drills, weapons & equipment

b) In Second stage troops of both the armies will graduate to jointly execute a helicopter borne operation in a simulated environment. Combat battle drills and physical fitness will be the focal point of the exercise.

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Thursday, 22 September 2016 04:39
 

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