Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 11 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 11 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
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Monday, 12 September 2016 08:22

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

11- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

M.H. GOVT FACING CRITICISM FROM THE CENTRE FOR FAILING TO USE FUNDS FOR SMART CITIES

  • The Maharashtra government is facing criticism from the Centre for failing to use funds meant to create smart cities under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission (SCM).
  • The Union Urban Development Department (UDD) has rapped the State government for failing to spend a single rupee three months after the first instalment of Rs. 436 crore was released for the projects at Pune and Solapur.
  • The UDD has demanded immediate corrective measures and an action taken report (ATR) in the next seven days.
  • The UDD had shortlisted 20 cities from Maharashtra for the Smart Cities Mission in January. Following this, Pune and Solapur, were the first to prepare a project plan after receiving Rs. 150 crore and Rs. 286 crore each respectively.
  • The Pune plan also aims to monitor movement of buses with the help of vehicle tracking system, making transport safer by installing panic buttons and CCTV surveillance in buses, and Wi-Fi in 510 buses.
  • The Solapur draft plan talks mostly of improving infrastructure by installing electronic water meters, recycling of waste, identifying water leakages, and use of renewable resources of energy.
  • The Centre has proposed to construct smart cities on certain parameters, including water supply, sanitation, and digital connectivity, among others.

SC TO LOOK INTO GUJRAT GOVT. UPPER CASTE RESERVATION

  • Supreme Court gave relief to numerous students who were admitted under the Gujarat government’s 10 per cent reservation policy for underprivileged upper castes.
  • However, the Bench clarified the State shall not make any attempts to revive the quota law by implementing it in the future.
  • The Gujarat High Court quashed the Gujarat Unreserved Economically Weaker Sections Ordinance, 2016, meant to quell the powerful Patidar community agitations for quota in the State, after declaring it as “unconstitutional”.
  • Issuing notice on the appeal filed by the Gujarat government against the HC judgment, the Bench agreed to list the case, which would eventually take a decision on further referring it to a five-judge Constitution Bench.
  • The Gujarat government has contended that the High Court did not consider that the 10 per cent quota was based on “reasonable classification” and not reservation per se.
  • The State argued that though the term “reservation” was used in the ordinance, the leeway allowed to the poor among the upper castes should be included as a classification within the 50 per cent ceiling on quotas.

UNION GOVT SOUGHT THE VIEWS OF CITIZENS ON HOLDING SIMULTANEOUS ELECTIONS

  • The Union government has sought the views of citizens on holding simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies, following a debate sparked by statements made by the Prime Minister and the President.
  • On the MyGov web portal, a discussion was started on Wednesday. It outlines five issues that could be considered for formulating a view on the subject. October 15 is the last date for submissions.
  • The ‘MyGov Discussion’ invites suggestions on five indicative questions: (1) Is it desirable to hold simultaneous elections? What are the pros and cons?
  • (2) If simultaneous elections are held, then for the first time what happens to assemblies whose scheduled tenure either ends before or after the proposed date of holding elections?
  • (3) Should the term of Lok Sabha and assemblies be fixed?
  • (4) What would happen if by-elections are necessary between terms?
  • (5) What happens in case the ruling party or coalition loses majority in between term, either in Lok Sabha or in State assemblies?
  • Simultaneous elections will also avoid repeated enforcement of the Model Code of Conduct (MCC), a set of legally binding dos and don’ts for the Union/State governments, political parties and candidates.
  • It has been a subject of debate, particularly the merit of its enforcement from the date of announcement rather than the date of notification of the poll schedule, and its adverse impact on effective governance.
  • The MyGov discussion refers President Mukherjee’s comments on September 5, saying that with some election or the other throughout the year, normal activities of the government come to a standstill because of the MCC.

MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS ASSIGNING MINISTRY'S SPECIFIC COUNTRIES TO ENGAGE WITH

  • Taking the Modi government’s commitment to reach out to all countries worldwide, the Ministry of External Affairs has issued letters to various Ministers “assigning” them dozens of specific countries to engage with.
  • In a letter, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said, “By 2016-end, we will not leave any country where Indian Ministers have not gone.”
  • The Ministry had identified 68 countries which had not witnessed Ministerial-level visits from India.
  • In case a Minister has some “personal work” or is interested in visiting certain places in those countries, the same will be included in their schedule.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

NORTH KOREA CLAIMED THAT IT HAD SUCCESSFULLY TESTED A NUCLEAR WARHEAD

  • North Korea claimed it had successfully tested a nuclear warhead that could be mounted on a missile, drawing condemnation from the South over the “maniacal recklessness” of young ruler Kim Jong-un.
  • The blast at the Punggye-ri nuclear site was the North’s fifth and most powerful yet at 10 kilotons — approaching the might of the bomb that devastated Hiroshima in 1945.
  • The news drew swift condemnation from U.S. President Barack Obama who warned of “serious consequences” and said he had called the leaders of South Korea and Japan to confer over the crisis.
  • The South’s President Park Geun-Hye spoke out against the “maniacal recklessness” of Mr. Kim, who since taking control after the death of his father in 2011 has carried out a series of purges and weapons tests. “
  • News of the test emerged when seismic monitors detected a 5.3-magnitude “artificial earthquake” near the Punggye-ri nuclear site.
  • North Korea has been hit by five sets of UN sanctions since it first tested a nuclear device in 2006, but has insisted it will continue, come what may.
  • President Barack Obama vowed on Friday to push for new international sanctions in retaliation for the “grave threat” posed by the test.

:: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ::

SUCCESS OF GSLV MISSION MAKES ISRO READY FOR THE CHANDRAYAN-2 MISSION

  • The space road to Chandrayaan-2 is now clear.
  • The significance of the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F05) mission’s success is that the rocket is now more than qualified to put Chandrayaan-2 into orbit.
  • The interfaces between GSLV-Mk II and Chandrayaan-2 have already been finalised, according to officials in the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).\
  • A GSLV-Mk II vehicle will put Chandrayaan-2 with a lander and a rover into orbit in the first quarter of 2018. It will be a totally indigenous mission — the vehicle, the spacecraft, the lander and the rover are all made in India.
  • The lander will have a throttleable engine for performing a soft landing and four sites have been short-listed for this. After it touches down on a flat surface on the moon, the 25-kg rover — which is a kind of a toy car — will emerge from it.
  • It will have six wheels, made of aluminium, to move about on the lunar soil. The wheels will interact in such a way that the rover does not sink.
  • The rover will move at a speed of two cm a second. Its lifetime on the moon is 14 earth days; it will have two payloads for analysing the soil’s chemical properties.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

RUETERS POLL SAYS INFLATION LIKELY TO FALL DOWN

  • Lower food prices likely cooled India's inflation rate in August, a Reuters poll showed, but probably not by enough to give the central bank scope to ease monetary policy again anytime soon.
  • Official data on the consumer price index is due to be released at on Monday.
  • The median forecast from the Reuters poll of 27 economists pegs it at 5.50 percent for August, down from 6.07 percent in July.
  • The lower number is still above the Reserve Bank of India's March 2017 inflation target of 5 percent and, if realised, would be the fifth straight month that annual price rises stayed above that mark.
  • The Reserve Bank of India has chopped 150 basis points off its benchmark interest rate since January 2015.

RAILWAYS FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE TO IMPROVE AFTER SURGE PRICING

  • The Indian Railways' decision to experiment with surge pricing for passengers on its premium Rajdhani, Duronto and Shatabdi trains could have been triggered by its financial performance in the first half of this financial year.
  • The Railways' revenues were 12.65 per cent lower than its Budget target of Rs.73,713 crore for April-August this year, official documents showed.
  • The total number of passengers carried by the Indian Railways in this period remained almost stagnant at 343 crore — a 0.34 per cent rise from year ago period.
  • However, the primary reason behind a fall in gross earnings is attributed to its freight that accounts for almost 65 per cent of Railways’ revenues.
  • The freight earnings dropped 9.68 per cent from Rs.45,370 crore in April-August 2015 to Rs.40,980 crore over the same period this year.
  • The Indian Railways runs around 12,000 trains with 22 million passengers and operates 8,000 trains to ferry around 3 million tonnes of freight per day.
  • The Railways has introduced surge pricing, whereby fares will increase with every 10 per cent of the tickets sold in Rajdhani, Duronto and Shatabdi trains.
  • It will translate into a 30-40 per cent fare hike in such premium trains and may fetch Indian Railways Rs.1,000 crore every year.

GOVERNMENT CRACKING DOWN ON VENDORS INDULGING IN CARTELISATION

  • The government may be able to prune its massive public procurement expenditure, as a growing number of departments are cracking down on vendors indulging in cartelisation and collusive bidding.
  • Public procurement expenditure accounts for around 30 per cent of India’s gross domestic product.
  • In the health sector, 26 per cent of the budget is for procurements. If the government agencies become alert and ensure better competition in the bidding process, they costs could wipe out the fiscal deficit of the Budget.
  • The cement companies, including ACC, India Cements and J.K. Cements, used the platform provided by CMA and shared details relating to prices, capacity utilisation, production and dispatch and thereby restricted production and supplies in the market.
  • CCI also found the cement companies to be acting in concert in fixing prices of cement.
  • The Commission has disposed of over 80 per cent of the 750 anti-trust cases it has been entrusted with in its seven years of existence and is also examining if a mechanism can be devised to halt probes.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

MOTHER TERESA CANONISED AS SAINT BY POPE FRANCIS AT VATICAN

Mother Teresa was proclaimed a Saint by Pope Francis in a ceremony at the Vatican.

Thousands of pilgrims attended the canonisation of Mother Teresa in St Peter's Square.

During the ceremony, Pope Francis announced “We declare and define Blessed Teresa of Calcutta to be a saint and we enrol her among the saints, decreeing that she is to be venerated as such by the whole Church."

With this, Mother Teresa became the fourth Indian to be made saint. Those who received the honour before her include Father Kuriakose Elias ChavaraSister Euphrasia and Sister AlphonsaSaint Gonsalo Garcia, though of Portuguese parentage, was born in India, and is considered an India born saint.

The process of Cannonisation

Originally, individuals were recognized as saints without any formal process.

Later, different processes, such as those used by the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church were developed.

There are four steps to canonization that the saints have to go through: Servant of God →  Venerable →   Blessed →   Saint

Beatification of Mother Teresa

After Mother Teresa's death in 1997, the Holy See began the process of beatification, the first step towards possible canonisation. This process required the documentation of a miracle performed from the intercession of Mother Teresa.

In 2002, the Vatican recognised as a miracle the healing of a tumour in the abdomen of an Indian woman, Monica Besra, after the application of a locket containing Mother Teresa's picture. Besra said that a beam of light emanated from the picture, curing the cancerous tumour.

Mother Teresa was beatified on 19 October 2003, becoming known by Catholics as "Blessed."

On 17 December 2015, the Vatican confirmed that Pope Francis had recognised a second miracle attributed to her, involving the healing of a Brazilian man with multiple brain tumours.

About Saint Teresa of Calcutta

Saint Teresa of Calcutta was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.

After having lived in Macedonia for eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.

In 1950, Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation.

In 2012, the Missionaries of Charity consisted of over 4500 sisters and was active in 133 countries.

The Missionaries of Charity run homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, dispensaries and mobile clinics, children's and family counselling programmes,  orphanages and schools.

In 1962, she won the Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize.

In 1979, she was honoured with the Nobel Peace Prize.

INDIA-VIETNAM INKED 12 AGREEMENTS TO BOLSTER BILATERAL RELATION

India and Vietnam signed twelve agreements to boost the bilateral relations between the two nations. The agreements were inked after delegation level talks between of Prime Minister of the two nations, Narendra Modi and Nguyen Xuan Phuc.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is the first Indian premier to visit the country in 15 years, was on a two day visit (2-3 September 2016) to Vietnam. The last Prime Minister to visit Vietnam was Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who visited the nation in 2001.

The signed agreements include

• Framework agreement on cooperation in the exploration and uses of outer space for peaceful purposes

• Protocol for amending the agreement on avoiding double taxation

• Program of cooperation in UN Peacekeeping Matters

• Protocol on celebrating 2017 as the "Year of Friendship”

• MoU on health cooperation

• MoU on cooperation in information technology

• MoU on cooperation between the Vietnam academy of social sciences and the Indian council of world affairs

• MoU on cooperation in cyber security

• MoU for cooperation in the fields of standardization and conformity assessment

• MoU on establishment of the centre of excellence in software development and training

• Technical agreement on sharing of white shipping information

• Contract for offshore high-speed patrol boats

Apart from this, India also extended 500 million dollar Line of Credit (LoC) to Vietnam for facilitating deeper defence cooperation with the South East Asian nation. The LoC was extended as the two nations elevated their ties to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership to respond to emerging regional challenges.

Till now, Vietnam had Strategic Partnership only with Russia and China.

Besides, Prime Minister Modi also extended an invitation to Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc to visit India at a mutually convenient date. PM Phuc accepted the invitation and the dates for the visit will be finalized through diplomatic channels.

NICO ROSBERG WINS 2016 ITALIAN GRAND PRIX

Nico Rosberg won the 2016 Italian Grand Prix at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza in Monza, Italy.

It is Rosberg’s seventh victory of the 2016 Formula One season. In this season, he has won the 2016 Australian Grand Prix, the 2016 Bahrain Grand Prix, the 2016 Chinese Grand Prix, the 2016 Russian Grand Prix, the 2016 European Grand Prix and the 2016 Belgian Grand Prix.

Top 5 in the race

Position

Driver

Car

1

Nico Rosberg

Mercedes

2

Lewis Hamilton

Mercedes

3

Sebastian Vettel

Ferrari

4

Kimi Räikkönen

Ferrari

5

Daniel Ricciardo

Red Bull Racing Tag Heuer

About Italian Grand Prix

The Italian Grand Prix is one of the longest running events on the Formula One calendar.

The Italian Grand Prix was also one of the inaugural Formula One championship races in 1950. It has been held every year since then.

The 2016 Italian Grand Prix was the fourteenth round of the 2016 Formula One season.

It marked the eighty-sixth running of the Italian Grand Prix and the eighty-second time the race was held at Monza.

GUMTHALA GARHU BECOMES FIRST WIFI HOTSPOT VILLAGE IN HARYANA

Gumthala Garhu near Pehowa became the first Wifi hotspot village in Haryana circle under the bulk plan of BSNL for the state.

The service was inaugurated by state Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar from Chandigarh.

Gumthala Garhu is located on Ambala-Kaithal-Hisar road and has a population of 11000.

The BSNL Haryana circle plans to have 238 Wifi hotspot locations with 1072 access points in the state. The project will be implemented to its full capacity during the current financial year.

Key highlights

The Wifi hotspot facility at the village uses bandwidth of 10 mbps through BSNL’s state-of-the-art network.

Ten outdoor and one indoor access points have been installed to cover the village.

The coverage from each access point is about 100 meters.

Data can be accessed by multiple users simultaneously.

The system at the village is set up at the cost of 8.59 rupees lakh that has been funded by village panchayat, MLA fund and contributions by the villagers.

The gram panchayats in Haryana are being connected as part of the National Optical Fibre Network Programme under Digital India Programme.

In Haryana, 6078 gram panchayats will be connected under this ambitious programme in a phased manner.

Under phase one, work is in progress in 90 blocks and 90% of it has already been completed.

In phase two, work will commence in 24 blocks and it will be completed by the end of 2016.

 

 

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Last Updated on Monday, 12 September 2016 10:39
 

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