Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 07 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 07 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
Monday, 12 September 2016 06:53

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

07- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

POPE FRANCIS PROCLAIMED MOTHER TERESA OF KOLKATA A SAINT

  • Pope Francis proclaimed Mother Teresa of Kolkata a saint, hailing her as the personification of maternal love and a powerful advocate for the poor.
  • “We may have some difficulty in calling her ‘Saint’ Teresa,” the pontiff said. “Her Holiness is so near to us, so tender and so fruitful that we continue to spontaneously call her Mother.
  • The unscripted comments came at a canonisation mass attended by 100,000 pilgrims, including 13 heads of state or government and hundreds of sari-clad nuns from Teresa’s order, the Missionaries of Charity.

INDIA AND CHINA MUST BE “SENSITIVE TO EACH OTHER’S CONCERNS SAYS PM

  • India and China must be “sensitive to each other’s concerns”, Prime Minister Narendra Modi told Chinese President Xi Jinping, when the two leaders met on the sidelines of the G-20 summit.
  • Mr. Modi raised several concerns, including “terrorism emerging” from the area covered by the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor — the $46 billion connectivity project that India has objected to.
  • In response, President Xi is understood to have said that “China is willing to work with India to maintain their hard-won sound relations and further advance cooperation”, a tacit acceptance that the relationship needs improvement.

JUSTICE CHALAMESWAR QUESTIONS TRANSPARENCY IN COLLEGIUM

  • Justice Jasti Chelameswar said he took the stand solely for the cause of transparency and was not fighting for any personal gain.
  • As a Collegium member and the lone dissenting judge on the Constitution Bench which scrapped the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) law and upheld the two-decades-old Collegium system of judges appointing judges.
  • His letter revealed that even certain members of the Collegium were themselves unaware of the basis on which judicial appointments were made.
  • The judiciary should evolve a procedure for bringing in transparency in appointments after having rejected both the government’s arguments and rescinded a parliamentary law on NJAC,” Justice Chelameswar said.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

PM MODI BALANCES BETWEEN US AND CHINA

  • PM Narendra Modi praised U.S. President Barack Obama for his leadership of the G-20 and asserted that the grouping in the future would succeed if it pursued a “collective, coordinated and target-oriented” approach.
  • Mr. Modi had held talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping, widely seen as an effort to reboot ties between New Delhi and Beijing.
  • India aimed to improve its financial system, boost domestic production, enhance infrastructure investment and create a pool of human capital in the country.
  • Mr. Modi also held talks with Saudi Arabia’s Deputy-Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman Al-Saud, where he singled out maritime trade, infrastructure and low-cost housing among the items for joint collaboration between New Delhi and Riyadh.

U.S. AND RUSSIA HAVE STILL NOT REACHED A DEAL ON SYRIA

  • The U.S. said it had not yet struck a hoped-for deal with Russia on stemming the violence in Syria’s brutal civil war, blaming Moscow for backtracking on issues it thought were settled.
  • President Barack Obama said earlier that the two sides were “working around the clock” on the sidelines of a summit in China, but that it was “a very complicated piece of business”.
  • Mr. Kerry and Mr. Lavrov will meet again on Monday in Hangzhou, where G20 leaders are gathered, he added.
  • Successive rounds of international negotiations have failed to end the five-year conflict.
  • Russia is one of Mr. Assad’s most important international backers while the U.S. supports Syria’s main opposition alliance and some rebels, with other countries and forces also involved.
  • The U.S. and Russia co-chair a UN-backed humanitarian taskforce for Syria, which has been struggling to ensure access for desperately needed aid across the country.

:: ENVIRONMENT ::

ILLEGAL HUNTING PUSHING GORILLAS TOWARDS EXTINCTION

  • The world’s largest gorillas have been pushed to the brink of extinction by a surge of illegal hunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and are now critically endangered.
  • With just 5,000 Eastern gorillas left on Earth, the majestic species now faces the risk of disappearing completely, issue came up at the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) global conference in Honolulu.
  • Four out of six of the Earth’s great apes are now critically endangered, “only one step away from going extinct.
  • Chimpanzees and bonobos are listed as endangered.
  • War, hunting and loss of land to refugees in the past 20 years have led to a “devastating population decline of more than 70 per cent,” for the Eastern gorilla, said the IUCN’s update.
  • One of the two subspecies of Eastern gorilla, known as Grauer’s gorilla, has drastically declined since 1994 when there were 16,900 individuals, to just 3,800 in 2015.
  • Even though killing these apes is against the law, hunting is their greatest threat, experts said.
  • The second subspecies of Eastern gorilla — the Mountain gorilla — has seen a small rebound in its numbers, and totals around 880 individuals.

:: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ::

NEW METHOD TO FIGHT DESERTIFICATION

  • Chinese scientists have claimed to have converted sand into fertile soil using a new method which they hope will be useful to fight desertification.
  • A team of researchers from Chongqing Jiaotong University has developed a paste made of plant cellulose that, when added to sand, helps it retain water, nutrients and air.
  • The plants in the sandy test plot needed about the same amount of water as those grown in regular soil, but required less fertilizer and bore higher yields, according to estimates by experts.
  • Since 2013, scientists have been experimenting with outdoor cultivation at two sites with areas of approximately 550 and 420 square metres in Chongqing, where scientists simulated desert landform conditions.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

GOVT TO COME UP WITH SCHEME TO PROVIDE MOBILE PHONE ACCESS TO OVER 55,000 VILLAGES

  • The government will soon unveil a new scheme to provide mobile phone access to over 55,000 villages, particularly those in border states and in the Himalayan region, to push forward its flagship Digital India programme.
  • The USOF, which is maintained by the government, was formed to help fund projects to boost connectivity in rural areas.
  • The money for this fund comes through a ‘Universal Access Levy,’ charged from the telecom operators as a percentage of various licenses fees being paid by them.
  • Under the scheme, the villages have been divided into Himalayan regions such as Jammu and Kashmir, Uttrakhand and Himachal Pradesh; and the second set will be those states which share borders with other nations..
  • Another scheme — funded by the USOF — to connect Left wing extremism (LWE)-affected areas in ten identified states in on the “verge of completion.” “Together, these will help take forward the Digital India drive.
  • As on date, the total available fund in USOF is more than Rs.47,411.56 crore.
  • The total collection since the scheme was started in 2002-03 stands at about Rs.78,587.31 crore, while total amount disbursed for various initiatives to boost rural connectivity is about Rs.31,175.75 crore, according to government data.
  • As per official data about 4,700 villages in Himalayan States (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand), and 2,138 villages in Border States (Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana) are not yet connected.
  • The Centre is also in middle of executing the Bharat Net project which aims to connect all of India’s households, particularly in rural areas, through broadband by 2017.

URJIT PATEL TO TAKE CHARGE OF RBI GOVERNOR

  • Urjit Patel, the new Governor of RBI has his immediate task cut out – finishing the ‘unfinished agenda’ of his predecessor on completing ‘deep surgery’ of banks and winning the war on inflation.
  • Dr. Patel scripted a new framework for fighting price rise, which earned him the informal title of ‘inflation warrior.’
  • However, it is the ‘deep surgery’ ordered by Dr. Rajan to clean the balance sheets of banks that may pose greater challenges for Dr. Patel.
  • A number of corporate leaders and bankers who have previously worked with Dr. Patel said he was expected to show “much better understanding” of the problems companies and banks are facing due to the central bank’s AQR directive.
  • As compared to September 2013, both domestic and external conditions are comparatively favourable.
  • The rupee has stabilised though there could be a period of volatility once the foreign currency deposits (that were raised in 2013 to stabilise the rupee) start to flow out later this month.
  • The outflows could be a ‘non-event’, Dr. Rajan had said and his belief is mainly due to the healthy foreign exchange reserves which are at $366.78 billion as compared with $274.8 billion three years ago.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

BEZWADA WILSON, THODUR MADABUSI KRISHNA RECEIVE RAMON MAGSAYSAY AWARD 2016

Carnatic singer Thodur Madabusi Krishna and Bezwada Wilson, campaigner for eradication of manual scavenging, received the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award 2016.

They were among six persons who received the award. Four others who received the award are: Conchita Carpio-Morales of the Philippines, Dompet Dhuafa of Indonesia, Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers and Vientiane Rescue of Laos.

About Bezwada Wilson

• Wilson, the national convenor of the Safai Karmachari Andolan (SKA), got the award for asserting the inalienable right to a life of human dignity.

• He has been leading a grassroot movement to eradicate the degrading servitude of manual scavenging in India, reclaiming for the Dalits the human dignity that is their natural birthright.

• He has spent 32 years on his crusade, leading not only with a sense of moral outrage but also with remarkable skills in mass organising, and working within India’s complex legal system.

About Thodur Madabusi Krishna

• Krishna won the award under the Emergent Leadership category for bringing social inclusiveness in culture. He is a Carnatic music vocalist.

• His forceful commitment as artist in breaking barriers of caste and class to unleash what music has to offer not just for some but for all led to his selection for the award.

AK SINHA COMMITTEE CONSTITUTED TO STUDY SILT IN RIVER GANGA IN BIHAR

Union Government constituted an expert committee to study slit in river Ganga in Bihar. The four-member committee will be headed by Member of Ganga Flood Control commission AK Sinha.

The committee has been asked to submit its report within 10 days.

Other members of the committee are Chief Engineer of Central Water Commission SK Sahu, Prof. of IIT, AK Gosain and members of National Disaster Management Authority Dr. Rajnish Ranjan.

Background
The committee was formed on request of Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar. Kumar during his meet to Prime Minister Narendra Modi requested him to send an expert team to study silt in Ganga which caused devastating prevailing flood in the state. He also said the centre should frame National Silt Policy to sort out various problems related to rivers throughout the state.

TVSN PRASAD COMMITTEE SUBMITTED ITS REPORT ON USE OF PELLET GUNS

TVSN Prasad committee constituted to look into the alternatives to pellet guns submitted its report to Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi on 30 August 2016.

As per reports, the committee was not in favour of completely removal of the pellet guns in the Kashmir Valley but suggests that it should be replaced with polymer, rubber and paper bullets.

Recommendations as Reported

• It suggests that the pellet guns should be used in rarest of rare cases.

• It suggests for use of other non-lethal weapons, like chilli grenade shells, for crowd control.

• It asks for use of Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide (PAVA) also called Nonivamide and other non-lethal ammunition like 'stun lac cells'.

• It calls for use of Long Range Acoustic Device (LARD), which create deafening noise to paralyse people, in rural areas as it could prove dangerous for old buildings in downtown Srinagar.

• It suggests that tear gas shells should be made of plastic so that it may melt on being fired and cannot be picked up. It was suggested, as at present, the protests pick up the existing shells and throw them back at forces.

• It also suggests for change of the gas in tear gas shell to make it more effective.

Earlier on 26 July 2016, the Joint Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) constituted a seven-member expert committee on use of pellet guns. It was constituted after the use of pellet guns blinded and injured many in the Valley during the protests over killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani on 8 July 2016.

UNION GOVERNMENT NOTIFIES NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP PROMOTION SCHEME

The Union Government notified National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme. It is for the first time a scheme has been notified to offer financial incentives to employers.

The Scheme has an outlay of 10000 crore rupees with a target of 50 Lakh apprentices to be trained by 2019-20.

The National Policy of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi focuses on apprenticeship as one of the key components for creating skilled manpower in India. The policy proposes to work pro-actively with the industry including MSME to facilitate tenfold increase opportunities in the country by 2020.

Apprenticeship Training is considered to be one of the most efficient ways to develop skilled manpower for the country. It provides for an industry led, practice oriented, effective and efficient mode of formal training.

Key highlights of the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme

It provides for incentivizing employers to engage apprentices.

25% of the total stipend payable to an apprentice would be shared with employers directly by Union Government.

It also supports basic training, which is an essential component of apprenticeship training.

50% of the total expenditure incurred on providing basic training would be supported by Union Government.

 

 

 

 

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