Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 02 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 02 - SEPTEMBER - 2016
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Monday, 12 September 2016 05:57

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

02- SEPTEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

SITUATIONS SLOWLY EASES IN KASHMIR VALLEY

  • With an all-party delegation headed by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh set to visit Kashmir Valley on September 4, lifting of curfew and security restrictions eased life for locals for the first time in 51 days.
  • Police said the curbs were withdrawn in the wake of “improvement in the situation.” Of 10 districts in the Valley, only Pampore town in south Kashmir and two police station areas in Srinagar city continued to remain under curfew.
  • Private vehicles plied in the commercial hub of Lal Chowk, where many government offices and banks resumed functioning.
  • However, shops, petrol pumps, business establishments and educational institutes remained closed in response to the separatists’ shutdown call till September 1.
  • Mr. Singh will head an all-party delegation to J&K for a dialogue with stakeholders to restore normality in the Valley, where the killing of militant commander Burhan Wani on July 8 sparked a cycle of violence.
  • Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti said Prime Minister Narendra Modi had the mandate “to take bold decisions on the lines of Vajpayeeji”.
  • “A credible mechanism for dialogue, reconciliation and resolution needs to be put in place. It should not be half-hearted efforts made in similar situations after the 2008 and 2010 unrests,” she added.

INDIA SAID IT WOULD SUPPORT MYANMAR IN ALL ITS ENDEAVOURS

  • Expressing solidarity with the new government of Myanmar, India said it would support “all its endeavours.”
  • In a wide-ranging discussion with the Myanmarese President U. Htin Kyaw, who chose India as the first foreign destination, PM Modi said India would stand with Myanmar at “every step” as it opened a new chapter.
  • Chief among the MOUs signed by the two sides was the agreement on construction of 69 bridges, including approach roads in the Tamu-Kyigone-Kalewa section of the Trilateral Highway.
  • The other significant agreement was on the upgrade of the Kalewa-Yagyi road section.

WEST BENGAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY PASSED A RESOLUTION CHANGING THE NAME OF THE STATE

  • The West Bengal Legislative Assembly on Monday passed a resolution changing the name of the State to Bengal in English and Bangla in Bengali.
  • Despite the Trinamool Congress government’s strong efforts to forge a consensus on the name change resolution, the Congress, the Left Front and the BJP did not support the resolution.
  • Consent of the Parliament is necessary to effect the name change. After a vociferous debate, the resolution, under Rule 169 of the rules of procedures of the House, was passed by a voice vote.

CENTRE MOVES ON VOTE TOTALISER MACHINES

  • The Union government is working overtime to take a final decision on the issue of introducing “totaliser machines” for mixing of votes from various booth for counting, as recommended by the Election Commission.
  • The Supreme Court, while hearing a writ petition on August 5, had given the government eight weeks’ time to take a final decision.
  • A team of Union Ministers has been constituted on the direction of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to deliberate on the Election Commission’s proposal in November 2008, which was seconded by the Law Commission.

EXPERT COMMITTEE ON USE OF PELLET GUNS HAS SUBMITTED ITS REPORT TO THE HOME MINISTRY

  • An expert committee on use of pellet guns, which submitted its report to the Home Ministry on Monday, has recommended that metal pellets be replaced with polymer, rubber and paper bullets.
  • As the committee was not in favour of completely phasing out the use of pellet guns in the Kashmir valley, their use will be regulated.
  • The seven-member expert committee, headed by T.V.S.N Prasad, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), constituted on July 26 to look into the alternatives to pellet guns, submitted its report.
  • “There will be no blanket ban on the use of pellet guns. At the most, it will be used in rarest of rare cases. We cannot make our security forces a sitting duck,”.
  • The other alternative that the committee has suggested is the use of chilli grenade shells.
  • The committee also explored the use of acoustics but it was not found fit to be used in the Kashmir context as they have not been found to be a viable option wherever used.
  • The Ordnance Factory Board, which manufactures the pump action guns, has been asked to produce the other types of pellets as well.
  • The committee also explored the use of Vehicle Mounted Active Denial System developed by the U.S. military but rejected the option as it works on millimetre wave technology, which immobilises the body and its health implications are not known yet.
  • The Border Security Force has already been asked to supply chilli grenades, capsicin-laced tear gas smoke shells to the Kashmir valley for effective crowd control.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

CHINA CONTINUES TO DEEPEN ITS ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIPS WITH AFGHANISTAN

  • China has flagged its second train to Afghanistan — this time to the commercial hub of Mazar-e-Sharif — as part of its deepening economic and security engagement with Kabul.
  • The state-run Xinhua news agency reported that the Afghanistan-bound train began its 15-day journey from the eastern city of Yiwu, home to the world’s leading small commodities market, on Sunday.
  • The train, hauling 100 containers of goods worth more than $4 million, will arrive at Mazar-e-Sharif via Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. A single trip is 7,500 km and takes 15 days, half the time needed for maritime transportation.
  • The northern Afghan city of Mazar-e-Sharif is a key commercial centre near the border with Uzbekistan.
  • China had sent its first cargo train to Hairatan in Afghanistan. The train that left China’s eastern city of Nantong is crossing the Alataw pass on the China-Kazakhstan border before heading into Uzbekistan towards Termez.

BOOST TO INDIA’S DIPLOMATIC OUTREACH FOR THE BAY OF BENGAL ECONOMIC ZONE

  • In a boost to India’s diplomatic outreach for the Bay of Bengal economic zone, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh will participate in the October 15-16 BRICS-BIMSTEC event.
  • Sri Lankan diplomats indicated that President Maithripala Sirisena will also attend the event, which has received a confirmation from Myanmar State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

RESERVE BANK OF INDIA GOVERNOR SAYS ECONOMIC GROWTH SHOWING SIGNS OF PICKING UP

  • Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan observed that economic growth while showing signs of picking up was still below the level the country was capable of.
  • On inflation, however, the outgoing central bank governor said projections were still at the upper limit of the RBI’s inflation objective, constraining space for a reduction in interest rates.
  • “The key weakness is in investment, with private corporate investment subdued because of low capacity utilisation, and public investment slow in rolling out in some sectors.”
  • The governor hoped that monsoon rains, which have been normal so far this year, coupled with implementation of the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission, would boost consumer demand.
  • In the annual report, the central bank said the near term domestic outlook appears ‘somewhat’ brighter than the outcome for 2015-16.
  • It said while a durable pick-up in investment activity remains elusive, consumption will continue to be the main support to aggregate demand.
  • Mr. Rajan, however, sounded cautious on inflation. Inflation projections were still at the upper limit of the RBI’s objective and room for a rate cut would emerge as inflation slowed.
  • He reiterated that the short-term macroeconomic priorities of RBI continue to be to focus on bringing down inflation towards the government-set target of 4 per cent.
  • Mr. Rajan also observed that the willingness of banks to cut lending rates was muted and there was a reluctance to lend to industry and small businesses among the more stressed public sector banks compared with the private sector banks.
  • RBI reiterated that it would continue to monitor banks’ asset quality issues in 2016-17. Banks have suffered heavy losses in recent times after the banking regulator forced them to classify many accounts as non-performing.

:: SPORTS ::

PRESIDENT HONOURED ATHLETES

  • President Pranab Mukherjee honoured the medallists from Rio — P.V. Sindhu and Sakshi Malik — apart from Olympic finalists, Dipa Karmakar and Jitu Rai, with the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award.
  • While Sindhu and Sakshi with their medals were assured of the award, Dipa’s good work — she finished fifth in the World Championship and fourth in the Olympics, an unprecedented achievement for an Indian gymnast.
  • Even if there had been no Olympics, shooter Jitu Rai would have walked away with the award as he had won everything in the last three years, including the World Championship silver and the Asian Games gold.
  • The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award, given for the first time to four at a time, carries with it a cash prize of Rs.7.5 lakh each.
  • Lalita Babar, who made the final in the women’s 3000m steeplechase, boxer Shiva Thapa, hockey players Rani Rampal and V.R. Raghunath, shooters Gurpreet Singh and Apurvi Chandela, table tennis player Soumyyajit Ghosh and wrestler Vinesh Phogat were the other Olympians, to get the Arjuna Award.
  • The Dronacharya Award was presented to Raj Kumar Sharma, the coach of Virat Kohli, Nagapuri Ramesh, athlete Dutee Chand’s coach, Bishweshwar Nandi (Dipa’s coach), and Sagar Mal Dhayal in boxing.
  • Swimming coach S. Pradeep Kumar and wrestling coach Mahabir Singh were chosen in the ‘lifetime achievement’ category.
  • The Dhyan Chand Award was presented to S. Geetha in athletics, Sylvanus Dung Dung in hockey and Rajendra Prahlad Shelke in rowing. All the awards carry a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakh.

GOOD NEWS FOR YOGESHWAR DUTT

  • Even though India’s wrestlers had a controversial, forgettable outing at the Rio Olympics, there is good news on the Yogeshwar Dutt front.
  • With Russia’s Besik Kudukhov being found guilty of using banned substances, he has been stripped of his silver medal at the 2012 Games, clearing the way for Yogeshwar’s bronze medal to now be upgraded to silver.
  • The Russian, who beat Yogeshwar and went on to finish runner-up, died in an accident in 2013. He was a four-time world champion and had won a bronze medal at the 2008 Olympics.
  • The Wrestling Federation of India admitted to having been informed about the decision but was waiting for a written confirmation from the International Olympic Committee before making an official statement.
  • With this, Yogeshwar will join Sushil Kumar as the second Indian wrestler, and only the fifth Indian ever, to win an individual silver medal at the Olympics.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

PADMA SACHDEV GETS SARASWATI SAMMAN FOR YEAR 2015

Eminent author Padma Sachdev was awarded the prestigious Saraswati Samman for the year 2015 for her autobiography 'Chitt-Chete' written in Dogri language. She was felicitated by Delhi's Lt Governor Najeeb Jung in New Delhi.

The 76-year-old poet and novelist's autobiography, published in 2007, was shortlisted from 22 works written in as many languages published between 2005 and 2014.

Padma Sachdev

• Born in Jammu, Padma Sachdev is first modern woman poet of Dogri language.

• She has published her several poetry collection including Meri Kavita Mere Geet that has won the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1971.

• She has also received the Padma Shri, the Indian fourth highest civilian award in 2001, and the Kabir Samman for poetry for the year 2007-2008, given by Government of Madhya Pradesh.

• She has 60 books to her credit and recited poems in several regional languages, including Gujarati and Punjabi.

Saraswati Samman

• The award is given every year for an outstanding literary work written by an Indian citizen in any of the 22 Indian languages listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India, published during the last 10 years.

• The award carries a sum of 15 lakh rupees besides a citation and a plaque.

• It is named after Goddess Saraswati, Indian goddess of learning.

• It is considered to be among the highest literary awards in India.

• The award was instituted in 1991 by the K. K. Birla Foundation.

• The inaugural award was given to Harivanshrai 'Bachchan' for his four volume autobiography, Kya Bhooloon Kya Yaad Karoon, Needa Ka Nirman Phir, Basere Se Door and Dashdwar se Sopan Tak.

MADHUKAR GUPTA COMMITTEE ON BORDER PROTECTION SUBMITS REPORT TO MHA

The Madhukar Gupta Committee on border protection submitted its report to the Home Minister Rajnath Singh.

The panel has made a detailed study on threat perception, field visits and made a detailed recommendations pertaining to strengthening of border protection on Indo-Pakistan Border. It studied security and threats at Border States of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Jammu.

The Committee headed by former Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta was appointed on 5 April 2016 for strengthening border protection and addressing the issue of gaps and vulnerability in border fencing along Indo-Pakistan Border.

It was constituted three months after terrorists belonging to Pakistan-based terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed had breached the Indo-Pak border in Punjab and attacked the Pathankot airbase killing seven security personnel.

NICO ROSBERG WINS 2016 BELGIAN GRAND PRIX

Nico Rosberg of Mercedes won the 2016 Belgian Grand Prix of Formula One (F1).

It was Rosberg’s first ever win at Spa and sixth of the 2016 season. This win has narrowed the gap between Hamilton and him to nine points in the championship standings.

Result of 2016 Belgian Grand Prix

• First Position: Nico Rosberg (Germany) of Mercedes team

• Second Position: Daniel Ricciardo (Australia) of Red Bull

• Third Position: Lewis Hamilton (United Kingdom) of Mercedes Team

• Fourth Position: Nico Hulkenberg (Germany) of Force India

• Fifth Position: Sergio Perez (Italy) of Force India

Belgian Grand Prix

• The Belgian Grand Prix is an automobile race, part of the Formula One World Championship.

• It is one of the most popular races on the Formula One calendar, due to the scenic and historical Spa-Francorchamps circuit being a favorite of drivers and fans.

• The first national race of Belgium was held in 1925 at the Spa region's race course, an area of the country that had been associated with motor sport since the very early years of racing.

• To accommodate Grand Prix motor racing, the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps race course was built in 1921 but it was only used for motorcycle racing until 1924.

• Since inception, Spa-Francorchamps has been known for its unpredictable weather.

PM MODI LAUNCHES FIRST PHASE OF SAUNI PROJECT IN JAMNAGAR, GUJARAT

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the first phase of SAUNI (Saurastra Narmada Avataran Irrigation) project at Sanodara of Jamnagar district of Gujarat. Modi released water from AJI-3 Dam.

SAUNI is a project that aims to solve the water problems of a parched Saurashtra.

Under the project, nearly 10 dams and reservoirs of Rajkot, Jamnagar and Morbi will be filled up with the water of Narmada River.

The 12000 crore rupees project will fill up nearly 115 dams of Saurashtra region which faces shortage of water for irrigation and drinking purposes. The overflowing water of the Narmada is sent to different reservoirs through network of canals.

Saruashtra, which comprises 11 districts, faces drought like situation often and has been reeling under severe water scarcity due to scanty rainfall in the last two years. This project is considered to be an ambitious one for PM Modi. It was announced in 2012 when Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat.

Saurashtra Narmada Avtaran Irrigation Yojana (SAUNI Yojana)

Sauni Yojana has been launched to divert one MAFt excess over flowing flood water of Narmada allocated to Saurashtra Region. The excess over flowing flood water of Narmada will be distributed to 115 reservoirs of eleven districts of Saurashtra through total 1126 km long four link pipelines benefitting 1022589 acre land. These links are

Link 1 from Machhu-II dam of Morbi district to Sani Dam of Jamanagar District: Having carrying capacity of 1200 cusecs, 30 reservoirs of Rajkot, Morbi, Devbhoomi Dwarka and Jamanagar Districts will be filled and 202100 acre area will be benefitted. The works for about 57.67 Km long pipeline of initial reach of this link are awarded and are under progress.

Link 2 from Limbdi Bhogavo-II Dam of Surendranagar District to Raidi Dam of Amreli District: having carrying capacity of 1050 cusecs, 17 reservoirs of Bhavnagar, Botad and Amreli Districts and area of 274700 acres will be benefitted. The works for about 51.28 Km long pipeline of initial reach of this link are awarded and are under progress.

Link 3 from Dholidhaja Dam of Surendranagar District to Venu-I Dam of Rajkot District:having carrying capacity of 1200 cusecs, 28 reservoirs of Rajkot, Jamanagar, Dev bhoomi Dwarka, Porbandar, Morbi and Surendranagar Districts and 198067 acre area will be benefitted. The works for about 66.30 Km long pipeline of initial reach of this link are awarded and are under progress.

Link 4 from Limbdi Bhogavo-II Dam of Surendranagar District to Hiran-II Irrigation scheme of Junagadh: having carrying capacity of 1200 cusecs , 40 reservoirs of Rajkot, Surendranagar, Junagadh, Porbandar, Gir Somnath, Amreli and Botad Districts and area of 3,47,722 acre will be benefitted. The works for about 54.70 Km long pipeline of initial reach of this link are awarded and are under progress.

Thus, under SAUNI Yojana work of about 230 Km length of pipeline works are commenced since March 2014 and are under progress.

 

 

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