Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 29 - AUGUST - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 29 - AUGUST - 2016
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Tuesday, 30 August 2016 06:34

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

29- AUGUST - 2016

 

 

:: NATIONAL ::

HOME MINISTER SAYS FUTURE OF INDIA AND KASHMIR IS LINKED

  • The future of India and Kashmir are linked, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh said, stating that the Centre was willing to talk to all groups, including the separatists.
  • During his visit to Kashmir, the Minister announced reconciliatory measures to douse the 47-day unrest in the State, including replacing pellet guns and sending an all-party delegation.
  • Addressing a joint press conference with Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti, Mr. Singh said, “An expert committee on pellet guns will submit its report soon to find an alternative."
  • "Whether a civilian or a soldier dies, it pains the entire nation. However, nobody will be allowed to play with the future of Kashmir.”
  • He said the forces were “exercising maximum restraint” and more than 4,600 security personnel had been injured so far.

MORE LEAKED DOCUMENTS ON SCORPENE SUBMARINE PUBLISHED

  • More documents were made public from the 22,400 pages of the data on the combat and stealth capabilities of the Scorpene submarines which were leaked from the French manufacturer, DCNS.
  • The Australian, the newspaper which reported the data leak, posted nine pages on its website, consisting of the technical manual related to the Scorpene’s underwater warfare sub-system and the operating instruction manual.
  • The government claimed that it was taking up the issue with foreign governments through diplomatic channels.
  • “The Indian Navy has taken up the matter with the Director General of Armament of the French Government, expressing concern over this incident, and has requested the French Government to investigate this incident with urgency and share their findings with the Indian side,” the Navy said in a statement.

INDIA HARDENED ITS POSITION ON TALKS WITH PAKISTAN

  • Hardening its position on talks, New Delhi has sent another letter to Islamabad outlining the need for talks on its “core concern” of battling terror emanating from Pakistan that targets “not just India, but other countries in the region”.
  • Mr Jaishankar have repeated that India is prepared to speak to Pakistan only about terrorism issues including the investigations into the Pathankot airbase attack in January 2016 and Mumbai 26/11 attacks in 2008.
  • However this time with the addition of a new demand that Pakistan vacate Pakistan-occupied Kashmir immediately.
  • The letter also details the confession of arrested militant Bahadur Ali, who admitted to being trained by the Lashkar-e-Toiba in Pakistan, and travelling to Jammu and Kashmir to carry out attacks here.
  • Last week, India had responded sharply to a suggestion from the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Jordanian Prince Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein who had asked to visit Kashmir.
  • Confirming that the decision to engage other neighbours like Bangladesh and Afghanistan, who have also complained about attacks from terror groups in Pakistan, is a deliberate one.
  • Bangladesh, angry over the Dhaka café attack and others that it links to Pakistani support, has refused to send high level officials to any of the SAARC related events in Pakistan.
  • In a visit to Delhi this month, the Bangladesh Interior Minister Hassanul Haq Inu squarely blamed Pakistani groups for the attacks, and is understood to have discussed these with Indian officials.
  • Afghanistan’s President Ghani has also said terror attack on the American University in Kabul where 13 people including teachers and students were killed, was “organised” in Pakistan.

CHINA URGED INDIA TO DO MORE TO REINFORCE PEACE AND STABILITY ALONG THE BORDER

  • China urged India to do more to reinforce peace and stability along the border, following reports that New Delhi was deploying advanced cruise missiles in the eastern sector.
  • “To maintain peace and stability along the India-China border is an important consensus reached by the two sides,” Chinese defence ministry said.
  • The BrahMos can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land. A result of India-Russia collaboration, the missile was inducted in the Army in 2007 and was being tested for induction in the Su-30 fleet of the Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • The controversy precedes the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Hangzhou next month for a meeting of the G-20 countries. He is expected to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the summit.
  • Mr. Modi will reach Hangzhou after visiting Vietnam, which has expressed its interest in buying the BrahMos missiles. India is free to export these missiles as it has got the membership of the Missile Technology Control Regime.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

ISLAMIC FORCES SAW DECLINE IN IRAQ

  • Iraqi forces pushed the Islamic State group from Qayyarah, a northern town considered strategic for any future offensive against the jihadists’ last stronghold of Mosul.
  • Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi hailed the victory as a key step in the fight against IS. Special forces, backed by U.S.-led coalition air strikes, wrapped up a three-day operation to retake Qayyarah.
  • The bodies of suspected IS fighters were strewn across some of the town's streets, especially around its southern entrance, which saw the worst fighting and significant destruction.
  • Abadi issued a statement hailing what he said was a key step towards reclaiming Mosul .

UN INVESTIGATION SAID THAT PRESIDENT BASHAR CARRIED OUT CHEMICAL ATTACKS

  • A UN investigation has established that President Bashar al-Assad’s forces carried out at least two chemical attacks in Syria and that Islamic State jihadists used mustard gas as a weapon, according to a report.
  • The panel was able to identify the perpetrators of three chemical attacks carried out in 2014 and 2015.
  • The panel found that the Islamic State “was the only entity with the ability, capability, motive and the means to use sulphur mustard” in an attack on the town of Marea in northern Aleppo province on August 21, 2015.

OBAMA ADMINISTRATION WANTS SECOND TERM FOR JIM YONG KIM

  • The Obama administration is nominating current World Bank President Jim Yong Kim for a second term leading the 189-nation international lending organisation.
  • Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew praised Kim for using his first term at the World Bank to effectively address “today’s most pressing global challenges in innovative ways, from ending extreme poverty.”
  • Kim, the former president of Dartmouth College, was first tapped by President Barack Obama to head the World Bank in 2012.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

RBI HAS ANNOUNCED A RAFT OF MEASURES TO BOOST INVESTOR PARTICIPATION

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced a raft of measures to boost investor participation and market liquidity in both the corporate bond and currency markets.
  • The central bank will allow commercial banks to issue rupee bonds in overseas markets — known as Masala bonds, both for their capital requirement and for financing infrastructure and affordable housing.
  • It has been now been decided by the regulator that the aggregate PCE that will be provided by the financial system for a given bond issue will be increased from the present level of 20 per cent to 50 per cent of the bond issue size.
  • RBI said it has also been decided to seek suitable legal amendments to enable it to accept corporate bonds under the Liquidity adjustment Facility (LAF).
  • In order to ease access to the foreign exchange market for hedging in over the counter (OTC) and exchange-traded currency derivatives, the RBI has allowed entities exposed to exchange rate risk.
  • To enhance participation in the corporate bond market, the RBI has decided that brokers authorised as market makers will be allowed to participate in the corporate bond repo market.
  • With an aim to reduce risk in banking sector, RBI has proposed to limit exposure of a bank to a business group to up to 25 per cent of its capital, down from the existing 55 per cent, the central banks said.

INDIA-U.S. TALKS TO FOCUS ON WAYS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF GOODS AND SERVICES

  • India and the U.S. will focus on measures to improve the quality of goods and services, develop smart cities as well as promote entrepreneurship and innovation during the forthcoming bilateral Strategic and Commercial Dialogue.
  • Talks are also likely on ‘ease of doing business’ initiatives in the context of the Parliament recently passing the Constitution Amendment Bill for Goods and Services Tax.
  • The S&CD is the main bilateral forum to discuss ways to strengthen cooperation in areas including trade and defence. The S&CD will be held in New Delhi during August 29-31.
  • This will be the second S&CD and the first such meeting in India. The first S&CD was held in Washington DC in September 2015.
  • India and the U.S. will also consider a partnership between BIS and NIST for analysis of notifications made at the World Trade Organisation on food safety, and animal & plant health measures as well as on technical regulations, standards, and conformity assessment procedures.
  • India and the U.S. will also assess the progress made by the Confederation of Indian Industry and the American National Standards Institute in developing an online portal for standards information that can be used by the industry.
  • Another area that will receive attention during the S&CD is infrastructure development and the proposal to build smart cities in India.
  • India will agree to facilitate visits of American delegations for smart city development, the sources said, adding that an American private sector consortium is keen on master planning activities to develop Visakhapatnam.
  • Bilateral trade in FY’16 had shrunk 3.4 per cent to $62 billion with India’s exports to the U.S. contracting 5.1 per cent to $40.3 billion and U.S. exports to India shrinking by 0.17 per cent to $21.7 billion.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

NINE BREEDS OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY REGISTERED WITH NBAGR

Indian Council of Agricultural Research-National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBAGR) announced that it has registered 9 new breeds of indigenous farm animals.

The Breed registration Committee had approved the registration of nine new breeds of livestock and poultry on 21 June 2016.

The newly registered breeds include:

Serial No.

Breed

Home Tract

Species

1

Badri

Uttarakhand

Cattle

2

Teressa

Andaman & Nicobar

Goat

3

Kodi Adu

Tamil Nadu

Goat

4

Chevaadu

Tamil Nadu

Sheep

5

Kendrapada

Odisha

Sheep

6

Tenyi Vo

Nagaland

Pig

7

Nicobari

Andaman & Nicobar

Pig

8

Doom

Assam

Pig

9

Kaunayen

Manipur

Chicken

With this, the total number of indigenous breeds of livestock in the country reached to 160, which include 40 for cattle, 13 for buffalo, 26 for goat, 42 for sheep, 6 for horses and ponies, 9 for camel, 6 for pig, 1 for donkey, and 17 for chicken.

The cataloguing of India's animal genetic resources by the ICAR and registration of breeds is aimed at creating a sense of ownership among local communities responsible for development of breeds.

About National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources

National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources and National Institute of Animal Genetics were established on 21 September 1984 at Bangalore.

In 1985, the institutes were shifted to Karnal.

The two institutes were merged to function as a single entity in the form of National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) in 1995.

This premier institute is dedicated to work with its mandate of identification, evaluation, characterization, conservation and utilization of livestock and poultry genetic resources of the country.

WORLD’S FIRST SELF-DRIVING TAXIS LAUNCHED IN SINGAPORE

World's first self-driving taxi service was launched in Singapore. With this, Singapore became the first country in the world to launch such service, beating Uber Technologies Inc by mere days to public road tests of a technology that could revolutionize the transport industry.

The trial, although small, illustrates how intense the global race to develop autonomous driving vehicles has become.

Highlights of the Self-Driving Taxi Service

• Singapore based nuTonomy began testing a free taxi-hailing service in a small business district in Singapore called one-north, a campus-like space dominated by tech firms and biotechnology companies.

• The trial was given the approval of the Singapore government, which has long sought to turn the city-state into a hub for disruptive technology through firms like nuTonomy.

• NuTonomy’s test vehicles, a Renault Zoe and Mitsubishi i-MiEV electric car, will have a computer engineer and backup human driver during the trial phase in case anything goes wrong.

• These vehicles can be hailed by select members of the public using a smartphone app.

• The company will also test its vehicles on a 6 kilometer (3.7 mile) route.

Background
Other firms, most notably Alphabet’s Google, have already clocked millions of miles on public roads with their autonomous vehicles. Launch of this service beats the taxi giant Uber Technologies Inc which was about to begin trials of its own self-driving vehicles in Pittsburgh by the end of August 2016.
Other tech companies including Chinese internet giant Baidu Inc. have been testing self-driving cars on the roads for years, but this is the first time the vehicles have been open to public use.

G SATHEESH REDDY CONFERRED FIRST IEI-IEEE AWARD

G. Satheesh Reddy, Indian aerospace scientist, was conferred the first IEI-IEEE Award for engineering excellence 2015.

The award is in recognition of Reddy’s significant national contributions towards missiles and aerospace technologies.

The award was presented by the the Institution of Engineers (India) – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Award for Engineering Excellence-2016. It was presented during the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers’ 50th anniversary.

Who is G. Satheesh Reddy?

G. Satheesh Reddy is a renowned aerospace and navigation scientist.

At present, he is working as the Scientific Adviser to Raksha Mantri and Director General, Missiles and Strategic Systems.

He is also credited with development of the Medium Range Surface-to-Air Weapon System and the country’s first guided bomb.

He is a fellow of the Royal Institute of Navigation in London, the first from India.

He is a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, a foreign member of the Academy of Navigation and Motion Control, Russia.

He is a fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering and an honorary fellow of the Computer Society of India.

SOUTH INDIA'S FIRST CHILDREN'S COURT INAUGURATED IN HYDERABAD

First Children's Court was inaugurated in Hyderabad. Moreover, it was also the first Children Court in South India. However, two other states Goa and Delhi have already got their child friendly court.

The court was jointly inaugurated by acting High Court Chief Justice Ramesh Ranganathan and TS director general of police (DGP) Anurag Sharma. It was presided by T Rajani, Metropolitan Sessions judge, and Dr Soumya Misra, inspector general of police (IG), Crime Investigation Department.

Highlights of the Children's Court

• Features like separate waiting rooms for children and a video camera trial for the accused will be available.

• The child (witness/victim) will be allowed direct interaction with the judge.

• The accused, who will be at a different location, will be able to view and hear the proceedings via two-way video conferencing in the courtroom

• A two-way video communication system will allow the child witness to identify the accused on camera.

• The judge will not sit on a dais to be more approachable and the police accompanying a child will also not be in uniform.

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Monday, 12 September 2016 05:06
 

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