Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 25 - AUGUST - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 25 - AUGUST - 2016
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Thursday, 25 August 2016 04:46

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

25- AUGUST - 2016

 

: NATIONAL ::

GOVERNMENT IS WEIGHING OPTIONS FOR PELLET GUNS

  • As the unrest in the Kashmir Valley continues, a committee constituted by the Home Ministry to look for alternatives to pellet guns.
  • Pellet guns are used against stone-pelting protesters is exploring options such as enhancing the intensity of tear- gas used in shells and using chilli powder and rubber bullets, a senior official said.
  • The seven-member committee was constituted on July 26 and is expected to submit its report in two months.
  • The committee has met five times and most members had one major concern — any alternative should not defeat the “primary purpose” of safeguarding the security forces.

RESEARCHERS HAVE DECIDED AND PREDICTED THE BRAIN ACTIVITY

  • Researchers have, for the first time, decoded and predicted the brain activity patterns of word meanings within sentences, an advancement that may help brain injury and stroke patients communicate better.
  • The study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure human brain activation where researchers successfully predicted what the brain patterns would be for new sentences.
  • The study makes key advances towards understanding how information is represented throughout the brain.
  • To predict the patterns of particular words within sentences, researchers used a broad set of sentences, with many words shared between them.
  • The fMRI data was collected from 14 participants as they silently read 240 unique sentences.

NASA LOOK FOR ORIGIN OF LIFE

  • The idea for a device that could unveil the origins of life in our solar system began with a Solo cup.
  • Next month, an invention inspired by that plastic, disposable beverage cup will launch into space aboard the United States’ first robotic mission aimed at scooping up 4.5 billion-year-old dust from an asteroid.
  • The $800 million NASA mission is called OSIRIS-REx, which stands for Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer.
  • The unmanned spacecraft will travel to an asteroid near Earth called Bennu to collect space dust that may reveal how the materials necessary for life — such as carbon and ice — made their way to our planet.
  • The idea is not to land on the asteroid, but approach closely and “high-five” it for several seconds to gather some debris that can be studied more closely back on Earth.
  • The problem is that in zero gravity, such a device could just scatter dust instead of collecting it.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

TURKEY’S MINISTER SAYS FETHULLAH GULDEN TERRORIST ORGANISATION HAS INFILTRATED INDIA

  • FethullahGulen Terrorist Organisation (FETO), blamed for last month’s coup attempt to topple President Tayyip Erdogan in Turkey, has “infiltrated” India, according to Turkish Foreign Minister MevlutCavusoglu.
  • Asserting that the FETO is “secretive transnational criminal network” with presence around the world, Mr. Cavusoglu said, “Unfortunately, the FETO has also infiltrated India through associations and schools.”
  • External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson said the Indian side was “sensitive” to Turkish concerns and Indian security agencies were “looking into” Ankara’s demand for closure of associations connected with the FETO.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

NITI AAYOG WILL SOON COME UP WITH LONG-TERM POLICY TO BOOST MANUFACTURING

  • NITI Aayog may seek Cabinet’s approval in a fortnight for a long-term policy to boost manufacturing of electronic products by providing a host of incentives to attract investment.
  • In view of great potential of electronics manufacturing sector, NITI Aayog has prepared a draft strategy paper titled ’Make in India—Strategy for Electronic Products.’
  • NITI put the draft in public domain for comments in May this year. The stakeholders and the general public were asked to submit the views and comments by June 30, 2016.
  • Aayog had suggested a 10-year tax holiday for companies investing over $1 billion in electronics manufacturing activities.
  • The NITI Aayog has also been asked to devise an export-oriented strategy for the industry, saying the domestic market at $65 billion remains small in relation to the world market, which is in excess of $2 trillion.
  • The Aayog’s line is big success requires operating in a large world market. Therefore, India must reorient its policy to ensure the industry becomes competitive in export markets.
  • India’s domestic consumption of electronics hardware in 2014-15 was $63.6 billion while imports accounted for 58 per cent of this figure.
  • NITI suggested that the country needs to forge free trade agreements (FTAs) to create duty-free market for electronic goods.
  • It had also suggested setting up coastal economic zones (CEZ) which may be up to 200-250 kilometres wide from the coastline.

GOVERNMENT TO FINALISE MPC MEMBERS THIS MONTH

  • After appointing Urjit Patel as the next Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor, the government is now expected to finalise the names of three members to the interest rate setting panel MPC in the next few days.
  • The government nominees to the MPC have been shortlisted by a Search-cum-Selection Committee headed by the Cabinet Secretary with RBI Governor and Economic Affairs Secretary and three experts in the field of economics.
  • The decision is expected in the next few days or may be in the beginning of the next month, sources privy to the development said.
  • The next bi-monthly RBI policy, scheduled on October 4, will be decided by the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC).
  • The MPC was set up by amending the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, through the Finance Bill 2016.
  • Since Mr. Urjit Patel has been elevated as the next RBI Governor, the monetary policy department has to be looked after by any of the three deputy governors till the appointment of the fourth regular Deputy Governor.
  • So, even if the appointment takes time, the MPC can continue the work with regard to setting up interest rate to meet the inflation target fixed by the government.
  • Under the agreement with the government, RBI is committed to anchoring retail inflation at 4 per cent (plus/minus 2 per cent) and has set itself a target of 5 per cent by next March as part of a ‘glide path’ to achieving the median mark.
  • The Governor will have a casting vote once the country shifts to the panel system.

INDIA IS HOME TO THE THIRD LARGEST NUMBER OF TECHNOLOGY-DRIVEN START-UPS

  • India is home to the third largest number of technology-driven start-ups in the world, with the U.S. and the U.K. occupying the top two positions, according to a report.
  • The study, done by Assocham with Thought Arbitrage Research Institute, also revealed that Bengaluru is host to the largest share of technology start-ups in the country, followed by Delhi NCR and Mumbai, while Hyderabad and Chennai are also quite popular.
  • India has moved up to third position in technology driven start-ups numbering 4,200 up to 2015, with the U.S. occupying the top position with more than 47,000 and the U.K. with over 4,500.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

THE OCEAN OF CHURN: HOW THE INDIAN OCEAN SHAPED HUMAN HISTORY AUTHORED BY SANJEEV SANYAL

Sanjeev Sanyal: The Ocean of Churn: How the Indian Ocean Shaped Human History

A book titled The Ocean of Churn: How the Indian Ocean Shaped Human History authored by Sanjeev Sanyal was released.

The book narrated the history of The Indian Ocean, which stretches across East Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent to South East Asia and Australia.

In the book, Sanyal narrates a fascinating tale about the earliest human migrations out of Africa and the great cities of Angkor and Vijayanagar, medieval Arab empires and Chinese treasure fleets, the rivalries of European colonial powers and a new dawn.

The book offers exciting revelation while exploring remote archaeological sites, ancient inscriptions, maritime trading networks and half-forgotten oral histories.

Who is Sanjeev Sanyal?

Sanjeev Sanyal is an Indian economist, bestselling writer, environmentalist and urban theorist.

He is widely regarded as one of Asia's leading economists and was Deutsche Bank's Global Strategist and a Managing Director till 2015.

He was named Young Global Leader 2010 by the World Economic Forum at Davos.

He is also the author of three bestselling books. They are The Indian Renaissance: India's Rise after a Thousand Years of DeclineLand of the Seven Rivers: A Brief History of India's Geography and The Incredible History of India's Geography.

MAHARASHTRA, TELANGANA SIGN PACT TO RESOLVE LONG STANDING RIVER WATER DISPUTE

Telangana and Maharashtra government signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to start work on three barrages- Tummidi Hatti on Pranhita River, Medigadda on Godavari River and Chanaka-Korata on Painganga River.

The MoU was inked after a meeting between Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis and Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrashekhar Rao.

Highlights of the MoU

• The approval for these 3 projects was given on the recommendations of the Inter-State Board of Maharashtra and Telangana that had been set up for the purpose.

• All expenses for these projects will be borne by Telangana government and not a single village of Maharashtra will be submerged.

• More than thirty thousand hectares of land in Chandrapur, Gadchiroli and Yavatmal will come under irrigation because of these barrages.

This MoU to construct irrigation projects will help in ending the long standing water dispute on water utilization of Godavari River and its tributaries between the two states.

Inter-state water board

The two states constituted the inter-state water board in March 2016. The board had 23 members each from both the states including their respective chief ministers.

UNION GOVERNMENT, MAHARASHTRA GOVERNMENT AND AAI SIGN MOU ON REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY SCHEME

The Union Ministry of Civil Aviation, Maharashtra Government and Airports Authority of India (AAI) signed a tri-partite Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for successful launch of the Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS).

The agreement was signed by Chairman of Airports Authority of India, Principal Secretary Civil Aviation (Maharashtra) and Joint Secretary (Ministry of Civil Aviation).

With this MoU, the Maharashtra Government formally agreed to provide the concessions required from the State Governments in the Regional Connectivity Scheme, thereby becoming the first state in the country to do so.

Highlights of the MoU

• The 10 airports that will be developed are- Kolhapur, Shirdi, Amravati, Gondia, Nashik, Jalgaon, Nanded, Solapur, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg will be developed.

• The state will contribute 20 percent cost of Viability Gap Funding, whereas the centre will bear the remaining 80 percent cost.

• The state government will reduce the Local Body Tax (LBT) on air fuel from existing 10 percent to 1 percent for a period of 10 years.

• Moreover, the government will provide essential land free of cost.

• These airports will be provided with roads, rail, Metro and waterway connectivity. The state government will also provide electricity, water and necessary facilities at concessional rates.

SANIA MIRZA BECOMES WORLD NO 1 IN ATP WOMEN’S DOUBLES TENNIS RANKINGS

India’s ace tennis player Sania Mirza was topped the ATP Women’s Doubles Tennis rankings.

She topped the list after teaming up with new partner, Barbora Strycova of Czech Republic.

The new ranking also follows the victory of the pair in the Cincinnati final. To win the title, the Sania-Barbora duo defeated Martina Hingis and Coco Vandeweghe 7-5, 6-4.

Incidentally, Sania recently ended her partnership with Martina Hingis after three Grand Slam victories and 11 WTA doubles titles together.

In the recent rankings, Hingis was figured at the second sport with 10945 points behind Sania’s 11260 points.

 

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Last Updated on Friday, 26 August 2016 07:44
 

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