Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 21 - AUGUST - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 21 - AUGUST - 2016
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Tuesday, 23 August 2016 04:06

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

21- AUGUST - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL  ::

INDIA SAYS READY TO TALK BUT ONLY ON TERROR

  • India said that Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar was “willing” to travel to Islamabad to discuss “cross-border terror in Kashmir”, but not to discuss Kashmir itself, as Pakistan had proposed.
  • In a letter handed over to Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhury by High Commissioner, the government said any talks would have to focus on terror.
  • Underlining India’s position in an address to journalists, the Foreign Secretary also referred to the “centrality of the issue of terrorism” when discussing India’s difficulties in dealing with Pakistan within South Asia.
  • He said that despite a “great” effort to reach out to Pakistan by the Modi government, India has faced several terror attacks which have made “the relationship difficult to grow.”

KRISHNA WATER REALLOCATION BECAME CONTENTIOUS BETWEEN RIPARIAN STATES

  • The Maharashtra and Karnataka governments made forceful pleas to the Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal against any steps to reallocate the Krishna river water afresh between the four riparian States.
  • The purpose of incorporation of Section 89 in the AP Reorganisation Act, 2014 was to make allocation between the two successor States and not between the four riparian States.
  • The Tribunal should not touch the allocations made to Maharashtra as project-wise allocations had already been made.
  • It was for the two successor States to arrive at an amicable understanding to resolve the impasse without disturbing the allocations made to the two upper riparian States.
  • The two States were permitted to approach the Apex Council if they were unable to arrive at a consensus over the allocation in line with the provisions of the Reorganisation Act.

SUPREME COURT BANNED DAHI HANDI CELEBRATIONS PYRAMID ABOVE 20 FEET

  • The Supreme Court banned those under 18 from participating in the Dahi Handi celebrations and limited the height of the human pyramids to 20 feet.
  • A Bench of Justices at the same time voiced its concern at the near-impossibility of verifying the age of the Dahi Handi participants and ascertaining the heights of the pyramids.
  • The Dahi Handi ceremony is annually held on Janmashtami, the birthday of Lord Krishna.
  • In the event that recreates an episode in the life of Lord Krishna, people form human pyramids to break an earthen pot filled with buttermilk tied to a string at a height.
  • Frequent accidents, often fatal, led to the Child Rights Commission framing safety guidelines in February 2014.

STALEMATE OVER DRAFT MEMORANDUM OF PROCEDURES CONTINUES

  • The Central government has accepted some recommendations of the Supreme Court collegium on draft memorandum of procedures for appointment of judges.
  • However centre also reinforced its views regarding certain other key clauses on which the collegium had earlier raised objections.
  • The government has, in its recent communication to the collegium, agreed to lift the proposed cap on the number of jurists and lawyers for appointment as judges in the Supreme Court.
  • The draft sent to the Chief Justice of India in March had recommended that up to three judges from among jurists and lawyers could be appointed.
  • While the government had earlier proposed merit-cum-seniority as the criterion for elevation of judges, only seniority is now being considered to be the main condition.
  • However, the government has not changed its stand on the proposed clause under which it will have powers to reject any candidate recommended by the collegium on grounds of public interest and national security.
  • The collegium had earlier rejected the proposal. The revised draft proposes that the government will communicate to the collegium the reasons for rejecting any name recommended by it.

:: INDIA AND WORLD ::

INDIA GETS BANGLADESH’S SUPPORT OVER BALOCHISTAN

  • Bangladesh came out in support of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s stand on the Balochistan issue, saying Dhaka would soon make a policy declaration on Pakistan’s human rights abuses in Balochistan.
  • The visiting Minister of Information said Balochistan was facing the brunt of Pakistan’s military establishment, which “targeted” the Bengalis in East Pakistan in 1971 before the creation of Bangladesh.
  • “Bangladesh is constitutionally bound to support liberation struggles and we will soon declare an official policy on Balochistan,” he added.
  • His comment comparing the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 with the situation in Balochistan came a day after Minister of State for External Affairs M J Akbar compared East Pakistan of 1971 with “simmering Balochistan”.
  • “Bangladesh wants India to partner a joint effort to control distortion of Islam and history, which can safeguard the memory of 1971,” the minister said.
  • In the last few years, Dhaka has detected multiple cases where Pakistani diplomats posted in Bangladesh were found to have been involved in terror plots.
  • Bangladesh, he said, is worried of the fallout of Pakistan’s official policies regarding nationalities and promotion of cross border violence.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

THE FUTURE OF INTERNET IN INDIA REPORT PREDICTS BIG INCREASE IN INTERNET USERS

  • The number of Internet users in India is likely to more than double to 730 million by 2020, according to a new report.
  • As per the report ‘The Future of Internet in India’, compiled by Nasscom and Akamai Technologies, there were about 330 million Internet users in the country as of December 2015.
  • India, which has an Internet user base next only to China, will remain the fastest growing market, the report’s authors wrote, adding that 75 per cent of the new users would come from rural areas.
  • Interestingly, a majority (75 per cent) of new users are expected to consume data in local languages.
  • Overall, the e-commerce market in India, which was valued at $17 billion in 2015-16, is expected to double to $34 billion by 2020. The number of online shoppers is likely to more than triple to 175 million in that time, from 50 million in 2015.
  • This will also present a great opportunity for enterprises to harness the power of the Internet to innovate and scale up operations.
  • Currently, online ticketing and room booking facilities are used by more than 50 million Indians on a regular basis.
  • By 2020, online travel is estimated to account for 40-50 per cent of all travel-related transactions, up from 12 per cent in 2015, according to the report. The growth is being driven by demand as a larger, younger population comes online.

THE GOVERNMENT PLANS TO SET UP 100 NEW COLD CHAIN PROJECTS

  • The government plans to set up 100 new cold chain projects at a cost of Rs. 12,000 crore to Rs.13,000 crore and has kicked off the process to invite investors to set up six new mega food parks.
  • More than $1 billion of foreign direct investment (FDI) has come into the sector in the past two years, including some very big multinational firms such as Kellogg’s, McCain Foods and Mars International.
  • This does not include every investment, nor does it include the impact of the enabling infrastructure created by the food processing ministry. A lot of projects are already operational on the ground
  • A Food Processing Ministry ministry said that expressions of interest have been invited from potential investors for six new mega food parks.
  • Preference would be given to bidders with at least 26 per cent foreign equity in the venture in order to attract more technological knowhow in the food supply chain.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

PANDIT SHIV KUMAR SHARMA TO BE CONFERRED WITH SANGEET MARTAND USTAD CHAND KHAN LIFETIME ACHIEVEMENT AWARD

The Sursagar Society of Dilli Gharana announced that it will confer the annual Sangeet Martand Ustad Chand Khan Lifetime Achievement Award on santoor maestro Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma.

The society has been felicitating stalwarts of Indian classical music and dance with the award since 1986 to recognise their contribution towards enriching the art forms.

In 2015, the honour was conferred upon Kathak exponent Pandit Birju Maharaj. Other recipients of the award include Pandit Jasraj, Ustad Abdul Haleem Jaffar Khan, Ustad Amjad Ali Khan and a centenarian Ustad Abdul Rashid Khan.

The award carries a cash prize of 50000 rupees, a memento and a citation.

About Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma

Pandit Shiv kumar Sharma is an Indian Santoor player, the folk instrument of Jammu & Kashmir.

He was born in Jammu on 13 January 1938.

He is credited with making the Santoor a popular Classical Instrument.

He composed the background music for one of the scenes in Shantaram's Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje in 1956.

In 1967, he teamed up with flautist Hariprasad Chaurasia and Brij Bhushan Kabra to produce a concept album, Call of the Valley, which turned out to be one of the greatest hits in Indian Classical Music.

WORLD HUMANITARIAN DAY OBSERVED WITH THEME ONE HUMANITY

19 August: World Humanitarian Day

World Humanitarian Day was observed with the theme One Humanity.

The theme explains how our shared human experiences bind us across divides, and create a common responsibility to demand action for the most vulnerable and at risk of being left behind.

The digital campaign for the World Humanitarian Day 2016 was The World You’d Rather.

The day is dedicated to recognize humanitarian personnel and those who have lost their lives working for humanitarian causes. It is also an opportunity to celebrate the spirit that inspires humanitarian work around the globe.

Background

World Humanitarian Day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) as part of a Swedish-sponsored resolution on the Strengthening of the Coordination of Emergency Assistance of the United Nations.

The day was designated by the General Assembly to coincide with the anniversary of the 2003 bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq in which the then Special Representative of the Secretary-General to Iraq, Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 of his colleagues were killed.

9TH EDITION OF GLOBAL INNOVATION INDEX 2016 RELEASED

The 9th edition Global Innovation Index (GII) 2016 was released jointly by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The GII 2016 was based on the theme of Winning with Global Innovation.

India has ranked 66th in the 2016 Global Innovation Index. In this edition, India has jumped up by 15 spots from 81st position in 2015 GII.

The report explores the rising share of innovation carried out via globalized innovation networks. The report also found that gains from global innovation can be shared more widely. The report also concludes that there is ample scope to expand global corporate and public R&D cooperation to foster future economic growth.

Top 5 countries in the ranking

Rank

Countries

1

Switzerland

2

Sweden

3

United Kingdom

4

United States of America

5

Finland

Highlights of the GII 2016

• China joins the ranks of the world’s 25 most-innovative economies. China’s top-25 entry marks the first time a middle-income country has joined the highly developed economies.

Switzerland, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Finland and Singapore lead the 2016 rankings in the Global Innovation Index.

GII 2016 data indicate that global R&D grew by only 4% in 2014.

Among the GII 2016 leaders, Japan, the U.S., the UK, and Germany stand out in innovation quality, a top-level indicator that looks at the calibre of universities, number of scientific publications and international patent filings.

At the national level, the report says that innovation policies should more explicitly favour international collaboration and the diffusion of knowledge across borders.

In Northern America, the U.S. (4th) continues to be one of the world’s most-innovative nations.

Canada (15th overall in the GII) has top scores in its regulatory environment, the ease of starting a business, the sophistication of its financial market, including venture capital, the quality of its universities and scientific publications, as well as in online creativity.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, Mauritius takes the top spot among all economies in the region (53rd).

In Latin America and the Caribbean, Chile takes the top spot among all economies in the region (44th) driven by good scores on the indicators for institutions, infrastructure and business sophistication.

In South East Asia, East Asia, and Oceania region, Singapore (6th), the Republic of Korea (11th), Hong Kong (China) (14th), Japan (16th), and New Zealand (17th) lead the rankings in this region.

India in the report

India is the top-ranked economy in Central and Southern Asia, showing particular strengths in tertiary education and R&D.

India also over-performs in innovation relative to its GDP.

It ranks second on innovation quality amongst middle-income economies, overtaking Brazil.

Relative weaknesses exist in the indicators for business environment, education expenditures, new business creations and the creative goods and services production.

INDIAN BADMINTON PLAYER P V SINDHU WINS SILVER IN WOMEN'S SINGLES BADMINTON EVENT AT RIO OLYMPICS

Badminton player P V Sindhu won historic silver medal in women’s singles badminton event at Rio Olympics.

With this, Sindhu became the first Indian woman to clinch a silver medal in Olympics. She also became the fourth Indian to win a silver at the Olympics after shooters Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore (2004, Athens) and Vijay Kumar (2012, London) and wrestler Sushil Kumar (2012, London). Moreover, she became the fifth woman player from India to win a medal in Olympics.

Sindhu lost to Carolina Marín of Spain in the final by a score of 19-21, 21-12, 21-15.

In her quarterfinal match, Sindhu defated World No.2 Wang Yihan by 22-20, 21-19.

About P V Sindhu

Born 5 July 1995, Pusarla Venkata Sindhu is an Indian professional badminton player.

She received international attention as she broke into the Top 20 in the Badminton World Federation rankings released on 21 September 2012.

On 10 August 2013, she became the first ever Indian women's singles player to win a medal at the 2013 World Championships.

On 30 March 2015, she received India's fourth highest civilian honour, Padma Shri.

She also became the second Indian female shuttler to win an Olympic medal after Saina Nehwal's Bronze medal at 2012 Summer Olympics at London.

UNION GOVERNMENT LAUNCHES WEB PORTAL FOR STAR RATING OF MAJOR MINERAL MINES

The Union Ministry of Mines launched a web portal for star rating of major mineral mines.

The portal was launched by Piyush Goyal, Union Minister of State (IC) for Mines, Power, Coal and New & Renewable Energy.

A web enabled online system for evaluation of measures has been developed with the help of National Institute of Smart Governance (NISG), Hyderabad.

The main objective of the system is to bring all mines to a minimum standard of Star Rating in the shortest possible time frame to adopt sustainable practices. A two layered system providing self-evaluation templates to be filled in by the mine operator followed by validation through Indian Bureau of Mines.

The star rating will be based on the following parameters:

Scientific and systematic mining to mitigate environmental impact.

Addressing social impacts of resettlement and rehabilitation of mining affected people.

Local community engagements and welfare programmes for socio-economic development of local community.

Progressive and final mine closure to ensure for restoration of mined out land in better conditions then original.

Adoption of international standards for mining operations and reporting.

The main advantages of the Star Rating of Mines will be:

Comprehensive mitigation of environmental impacts on land, air and water by mining activities.

Collation of various technical, environmental and social data of the mining sector at one platform by IBM, which would be utilised to enable better management and monitoring of the compliance of various conditions laid down by statutory authorities for mining.

In addressing cumulative impacts in mining areas through coordinated and collective action in the long run by helping in formulation of Comprehensive Regional Plans, which is a robust Environment & Social Management framework.

Availability of the information on mining as well as the conservation activities in public domain to enable greater transparency to enable effective participation of stakeholder and speedy resolution of conflicts.

Reduced delays in obtaining various clearances (environmental, forest, mining plan, etc.) for mines. Self-certification to be allowed for the approvals for scheme of mining.

The progressive and final mine closures will be monitored to ensure that the lessee leaves the area after proper management of any adverse impact over the mined area.

Encourage adoption of highest standards and sharing and good practices.

#‎RAY‬ - ‪#‎Empowering‬ ‪#‎Talent‬ ‪#‎Since‬ 1971
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