Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 29 - JULY - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 29 - JULY - 2016
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Friday, 29 July 2016 08:07

 


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29- JULY - 2016

 

 

INDIA'S CSIR RANKED WORLD'S 12TH BEST GOVERNMENT INSTITUTE

The 2016 report of the prestigious Scimago Institutions Rankings in the fourth week of July 2016 ranked the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) as the 12th Best Government Institutions in the world.

In 2016, the ranking of the premier institute jumped to 12th spot after being at 14th spot for three consecutive years. The overall global ranking of CSIR also improved from 110 to 99th position.

CSIR is the only Indian organization to have found a place among the top 100 global institutions.

The Scimago rankings is a classification of academic and research related institutions ranked by a composite indicator that combines three different sets of indicators based on research performance, innovation outputs and societal impact measured by their web visibility.

The Top 5 Government Institutions in the World

Rank

Institution

Country

1

National Center for Scientific Research

France

2

Chinese Academy of Sciences

China

3

Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres

Germany

4

Max Planck Society

Germany

5

Spanish National Research Council

Spain

About Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was established in 1942.

It is an autonomous body and the largest research and development organisation in India.

It runs 37 laboratories and 39 field stations or extension centres spread across the nation.

It is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology.

It operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860.

EAST BENGAL TO HONOUR MILKHA SINGH WITH BHARAT GAURAV AWARD

Kolkata’s football club East Bengal announced that the 2016 Bharat Gaurav Award, also known as Pride of India Award, will be conferred on legendary athlete Milkha Singh.

Singh will be honoured with the prestigious award on the East Bengal Foundation Day (1 August 2016). Along with the award, a cheque of 2 lakh rupees will also be presented to him.

Besides, special awards along with a cash prize of 1 lakh rupees each will be given to East Bengal players Shyam Thapa and Shyamal Ghosh.

The trophy for the Best Footballer of the Year will be given to South Korean midfielder Do Dong Hyun, who will also receive 50000 rupees.

Veteran sports reporter Debashish Dutta and photo journalist Rony Roy will also be receiving awards for their contribution over the years.

About Milkha Singh

Milkha Singh is a former Indian track and field sprinter.

He is also known as The Flying Sikh.

He was introduced to the sport while serving in the Indian Army.

He was the only Indian athlete to win an individual athletics gold medal at a Commonwealth Games until Krishna Poonia won the discus gold medal at the 2010 Commonwealth Games.

He is best remembered for achieving fourth-place finish in the 400 metres final at the 1960 Olympic Games.

He also won gold medals in the 1958 and 1962 Asian Games.

He represented India in the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome and the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.

He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1958.

About East Bengal Football Club

East Bengal Football Club is a professional football club.

It is based in Kolkata, West Bengal.

It was founded on 1 August 1920.

It is the most consistent football club of India.

It currently competes in the I-League, the top-tier of Indian football pyramid.

The club is the current holder of the Calcutta Football League.

The club has represented India the most number of times in the Asian competitions.

The club has a long-standing rivalry with giant club Mohun Bagan, with whom it contests the Kolkata derby.

BEZWADA WILSON, THODUR MADABUSI KRISHNA WIN RAMON MAGSAYSAY AWARD 2016

Two Indians including social activist Bezwada Wilson and musician Thodur Madabusi (TM) Krishna won the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award 2016.

Bezwada Wilson was recognized for asserting the inalienable right to a life of human dignity. He is the National Convener of the Safai Karmachari Andolan (SKA). While, TM Krishna was recognized forensuring social inclusiveness in culture. He is a Carnatic music vocalist.

They are among the total six awardees selected for the 2016 Ramon Magsaysay Award. The other four awardees are:

• Conchita Carpio Morales (Philippines): She has been recognized for restoring faith in the rule of law.

• Dompet Dhuafa (Indonesia): She has been recognized for expanding the transformative impact of zakat.

• Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (Japan): The organisation has been recognized for building a world of genuine solidarity.

• Vientiane Rescue (Laos): The organisation has been recognized for volunteering to save lives at risk.

About Ramon Magsaysay Award

• The Award was established in 1957 and is widely regarded as Asia’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize.

• It was established in 1957 in the memory of Philippines’ 3rd President Ramon Magsaysay who had died in air disaster in March 1957.

• The awardees receive a certificate, a medallion bearing the likeness of the late President Ramon Magsaysay, and a cash prize.

• The Award honours those individuals whose lives are characterized by selfless service which impacts the lives of the greater many.

INDIA'S FIRST HUMBOLDT PENGUINS REACH MUMBAI’S BYCULLA ZOO

Mumbai’s Byculla Zoo, known as Veermata Jijabai Bhosale Udyan, brought in eight Humboldt penguins from Soul, South Korea.

The step has, however, not gone down well with wildlife experts who termed it as wasteful and unnecessary.

The eight Humboldt penguins, three males and five females, will be open for public view in the next three to four months.

The birds have been kept in a specially designed 1700 sq ft air conditioning chamber. They will be given special attention and consideration to understand their biological needs and behavioural patterns.

The newly arrived penguins are about one to three years old and weigh around 1 to 2.5 kgs. The weight is expected to reach 4-6 kgs after they are fully-grown. Their height, which is 12.15 cms now, will also increase to 65-70 cm.

About Humboldt penguin

The Humboldt penguin is a South American penguin that breeds in coastal areas of Chile and Peru.

The penguin is named after the cold water current it swims in, which is named afterAlexander von Humboldt, an explorer.

The species is listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Humboldt penguins are medium-sized penguins.

They have a black head with a white border that runs from behind the eye, around the black ear-coverts and chin, and joins at the throat.

They have blackish-grey upperparts and whitish underparts.

They have spines on their tongue which they use to hold their prey.

EUROPEAN COMMISSION APPOINTS MICHEL BARNIER AS CHIEF BREXIT NEGOTIATOR

The European Union’s executive appointed Michel Barnier, former French Financial Services Commissioner, as its Chief Negotiator for the United Kingdom’s exit from the bloc.

Barnier will be a prominent figure in the negotiations over Britain’s exit from the union.

In June 2016, Didier Seeuws, a Belgian diplomat, was appointed as head of a Brexit task force by the European Council.

Who is Michel Barnier?

Michel Barnier is a French Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) politician and Vice President of the European People's Party (EPP).

He was appointed Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries in the French government on 18 June 2007. He stepped down from the position on 7 June 2009 after his election as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP).

In February 2010, he was confirmed as European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services.

As European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services, he handled many important issues, such as the reform of the financial sector, the banking union and the digital single market.

IOC TO LAUNCH OLYMPIC CHANNEL ON AUGUST 21

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) announced that it will launch the Olympic Channel. The channel will be launched on 21 August 2016, at the closing ceremony of the Olympic Games Rio 2016.

The channels original programming will include short-form and long-form content, focusing on elite athletes, their quest for success and sport around the world.

About the Olympic Channel

The Olympic Channel is a digital-first, multiplatform global Olympic media entity, which aims to broadcast the Olympic Movement and its inherent values all year round, especially in the periods between the Olympic Games.

It is a free platform that will present original programming, live sports events, news and highlights offering additional exposure for sports and athletes all year round.

The primary objectives of the Olympic Channel are the following:

• Provide a platform for the continuous exposure of Olympic sports and athletes beyond the Olympic Games period and help create anticipation while providing opportunities to "re-live the experience" after the Games.

• Continuously highlight the relevance of the Olympic Movement's ideals to the challenges of today's world.

• Provide a platform for sharing the IOC's very rich patrimonial assets and archives with the world and create additional value and content for the IOC archives.

• As a matter of priority, engage the young generations around the world using methods that are relevant to them, building understanding, entertainment and education.

According a statement by IOC, the channel will be available online, worldwide via an app for Android and iOS devices and at olympicchannel.com. In addition, the Channel will be also available on YouTube and social media - Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

The Olympic Channel will first be offered in English with an option of subtitles in nine different languages.

About the IOC

The International Olympic Committee is a not-for-profit independent international organisation made up of volunteers, which is committed to building a better world through sport. It redistributes more than 90 percent of its income to the wider sporting movement, which means that every day the equivalent of 3.25 million US dollars goes to help athletes and sports organisations at all levels around the world.

MURALITHARAN, LOHMANN, MORRIS AND ROLTON TO BE INDUCTED INTO CRICKET HALL OF FAME

The International Cricket Council (ICC) announced that Muttiah Muralitharan, Karen Rolton, Arthur Morris and George Lohmann will be inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.

With the announcement, off-spinner Muralitharan becomes the first Sri Lankan player to be inducted into the Hall of Fame.

The four cricketers were voted by the ICC Cricket Hall of Famers as well as members of the media. They will be presented with commemorative caps honouring their contribution to the game to mark their induction.

About Muttiah Muralitharan

Deshabandu Muttiah Muralitharan is a former Sri Lankan cricketer.

He was rated the greatest Test match bowler ever by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack in 2002.

He retired from Test cricket in 2010.

He registered his 800th and final wicket on 22 July 2010 from his final ball in his last Test match.

He holds the world record for the most wickets in both test and one-day cricket.

He took the wicket of Gautam Gambhir on 5 February 2009 in Colombo to surpass Wasim Akram's ODI record of 502 wickets.

He held the number one spot in the International Cricket Council’s player rankings for Test bowlers for a record period of 1711 days spanning 214 Test matches.

He was first Sri Lankan player to be named to the new Twenty20 tournament.

About Karen Rolton

Karen Rolton is a former Australian cricketer.

She is a left-handed batsman and occasional left-arm medium-paced bowler.

She has scored the most runs for Australia in women's Test cricket.

She made her international debut for Australia in 1995.

She has played in 14 Test matches, scoring 1002 runs at a batting average of 55.66, including two centuries and five half-centuries.

She made her top score of 209 not out against England at Headingley in 2001, setting a world record.

She has twice won the Australian International Woman Cricketer of the Year award in 2002 and 2003 and then in 2005 and 2006.

She was the International Cricket Council's inaugural Female Player of the Year in 2006.

She also holds the highest score in Women's Twenty20 cricket with an unbeaten 96.

She announced her retirement from international cricket in January 2010.

About Arthur Morris

Arthur Morris was an Australian cricketer who played 46 Test matches between 1946 and 1955.

He is regarded as one of Australia's greatest left-handed batsmen.

He was named in the Australian Cricket Board's Team of the Century in 2000.

He was inducted into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame in 2001.

He passed away on 22 August 2015 at the age of 93.

About George Lohmann

George Lohmann was an English cricketer.

He is regarded as one of the greatest bowlers of all time.

He was the finest slip fielder of his time.

In county cricket, he scored two centuries for Surrey and averaged 25 in 1887.

He passed away on 1 December 1901 at the age of 36.

About ICC Cricket Hall of Fame

The ICC Cricket Hall of Fame recognises the achievements of the legends of the game from cricket's long and illustrious history.

It was launched by the ICC on 2 January 2009 in association with the Federation of International Cricketers' Associations (FICA).

The inaugural inductees ranged from W. G. Grace to Graham Gooch.

Members of the Hall of Fame assist in the selection of future inductees.

There are more English players in the Hall of Fame than players from other countries.

POLICY FOR AWARDING WATERFRONT AND ASSOCIATED LANDS IN MAJOR PORTS APPROVED

The Union Cabinet approved the Policy for awarding waterfront and associated land to port dependent industries in major ports along with its operationalization.

The Policy will result in uniformity and transparency in the procedure for awarding captive facilities. It will enable optimal utilization of capacities in major ports and increase revenue to the Major Port Authority.

Highlights of the Policy

• The ambit of the Policy includes creation of new assets as well as utilization of currently unutilised existing assets such as vacant berths. The Policy will be applicable to all the Major Ports.

• Under the Policy, concession will be granted to Port Dependent Industries (PDI) for setting up dedicated facilities in Major Ports for import and export of cargo for maximum 30 years.

• Extension of concession period on conditions including under utilization of asset as per the Concession Agreement may be allowed.

• After a maximum of 30 years of operation, the waterfront land in a Major Port will be allotted for construction of berths, offshore anchorages, transhipment jetties, single point moorings etc.

• It will be as per the terms and conditions of the Concession Agreement (CA) to be entered into between the Port Authority and the PDI concerned.

INDIA SIGNS $1 BILLION DEAL WITH US FOR PROCURING FOUR POSEIDON-8I AIRCRAFT

India signed a one-billion dollar deal with the US defence and aerospace major Boeing for procuring four long-range maritime surveillance and anti-submarine warfare aircraft, Poseidon-8I. First of the four new P-8I aircraft will be delivered in 50 months.

Incidentally, India is P-8I's first international customer and was also Boeing's first military sale to India.

The contract was inked during the on-going visit of the US under secretary for defence on Acquisition Frank Kendall.

The contract is a follow-on order to eight P-81 planes worth 2.1 billion dollars deal inked in 2009, already bought by India in a direct deal with the firm. These aircrafts were inducted by the Navy between May 2013 and October 2015.

P-8I Aircrafts

• P-8I is the Indian Navy variant of the P-8A Poseidon of the US Navy developed by Boeing.

• It was formerly called the Multi-mission Maritime Aircraft and is based on Beoing’s Next-Generation 737 commercial airplane.

• The long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft has a maximum speed of 907 kmph and an operating range of 1200 nautical miles.

• P-8Is will provide the reach and flexibility to undertake extensive maritime surveillance and intelligence-gathering missions.

• It is currently extensively being used in search of AN 32 aircraft that went down in the Bay of Bengal with 29 defence personnel on board on 22 July 2016.

• The Navy is already using the eight P-8Is, armed with deadly Harpoon Block-II missiles, MK-54 lightweight torpedoes, rockets and depth charges, to keep an "intelligent hawk-eye" over the entire IOR.

India-US defence ties

The agreement will further expand and strengthen the ever engaging defence ties between India and the US. With this deal, the US has emerged as the biggest supplier of military hardware. The total value of defence deals signed with the US in the last decade comes to around 15 billion dollars.

India in 2015 signed a 3 billion dollars contract with the US through Foreign Military Sales route for 22 Apache and 15 Chinook helicopters. India is also working on a deal to get 145 pieces of M777 light-weight howitzers from the US.

Comment

Already Indian navy is using Boeing’s eight P-8I that are armed with deadly Harpoon Block-II missiles, MK-54 lightweight torpedoes, rockets and depth charges to keep monitor the entire Indian Ocean Region (IOR). The acquisition will enhance the Indian Navy’s surveillance powers in the IOR.

WORLD HEPATITIS DAY 2016 OBSERVED WITH THEME ELIMINATION

World Hepatitis Day 2016 was observed across the world on 28 July 2016 with the theme Elimination.

The day acts as a significant global platform for raising awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment.

The theme for the 2016 focuses on elimination of hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030. The theme can be easily adapted for local use to achieve elimination, greater awareness, increased diagnosis and key interventions including universal vaccination, blood and injection safety etc.

About World Hepatitis Summit

The World Hepatitis Summit will be held from 29 March to 31 March 2017.

It will be held in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

It is a large-scale, global biennial event to advance the viral hepatitis agenda.

It is a joint initiative between World Health Organization and the World Hepatitis Alliance (WHA).

The summit’s objectives are:

To increase the number of countries developing practicable viral hepatitis action plans by making use of the latest public health research and technical support from WHO.

To improve the implementation of existing viral hepatitis action plans through the sharing of best practice.

To support clause 1.3 of WHO’s Resolution WHA67.6 which urges Member States to promote the involvement of civil society in all aspects of preventing, diagnosing and treating viral hepatitis.

To discuss funding mechanisms for medicines and/or diagnostics through engagement of key stakeholders.

To raise the profile of viral hepatitis by engagement of international top-tier media.

To encourage and direct public health research to where it is needed by engaging key global funders.

About Viral Hepatitis

Viral hepatitis is caused by 5 distinct hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D and E which together are responsible for 1.45 million deaths each year.

Hepatitis B and C are responsible for 80 percent of infections whereas Hepatitis A and E are only responsible for 1 percent of infections.

81 percent of world’s infants are vaccinated and protected from hepatitis B infection and 2 million hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections occur yearly through unsafe injections.

These viruses are transmitted through contaminated water and food, as well as by contact with blood or bodily fluids, through unsafe injections or transfusions. Infection also occurs from a mother to a child, or through sexual contact.

 

 

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Last Updated on Sunday, 31 July 2016 06:08
 

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