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28- JULY - 2016



Union Government has decided to reduce the number of Maoist-affected districts by about a fifth.

As per reports, about 20 out of 106 districts described as being Maoist-affected and part of the Red Corridor may soon no longer be part of the list.

Dropping of these districts from the list will result in drying of the financial aid given to the districts. The aid was being provided to the tune of 30 crore rupees annually for various developmental work.


• The red corridor expands in 106 districts of 10 states of the country. The ten states are Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.

• These districts are described as those affected by Left Wing Extremism (LWE) and constitute the Red Corridor.

• 44 districts of these 106 are said to be the worst affected districts. In total India constitutes of 683 districts.

Features on which districts are termed as LWE includes

• Their violence profile

• Assessment of the kind of logistical and other support that is provided to the Maoist cadres by their sympathizers

In 2006, the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh referred to the Naxalites as "the single biggest internal security challenge" for India. He said that the "deprived and alienated sections of the population" forms the backbone of the Maoist movement in India. Later in 2013, the government declared that, 76 districts in the country were affected by "left wing extremism", with another 106 districts in ideological influence.

Project started to culminate LWE and Red Corridor

Union Government has launched an exercise under which the Maoist-affected districts were identified. They were graded on the basis of their violence profile. The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) has given the go-ahead for an ambitious road project in the 44 worst-affected districts. Under the project about 5412 kilometer road and 126 bridges will be constructed at an expense of 11725 crore rupees.


Brazilian researchers announced that they have found another species of mosquito, which is able to transmit the Zika virus to humans.

The scientists found the presence of the Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito infected by the Zika virus in three out of 80 groups of mosquitoes analysed up until now.

The 80 groups were from the metropolitan area of Recife, Brazil.

Until now, transmission of the virus was only known through the Aedes aegypti mosquitos, which are also responsible for the spread of dengue and chikungunya.

About Culex quinquefasciatus

The Culex quinquefasciatus is known as domestic mosquito in Brazil.

It is a medium-sized mosquito found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

It is the vector of Wuchereria bancrofti, avian malaria and arboviruses.

Its genome was sequenced in 2010, and was shown to have 18883 protein-coding genes.


Second phase of the Feed the Future-India Triangular Training Programme was launched. The programme was launched in New Delhi by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and the U.S Agency for International Development (USAID).

The programme will provide specialized agriculture training to 1500 agricultural professional across Africa and Asia.

Objectives of Training: To address human and institutional capacity gaps in food & nutritional security in select African and Asian countries.

Key Highlights of the Second Phase

• Under this 32 Training programme of 15 day-duration will be conducted in India and 12 Training programs of 10 days duration will be conducted in selected African and Asian Countries during 2016-20.

• The entire expenditure will be met by USAID and National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad.

• The training areas will be identified based on demand analysis conducted in participating countries.

• The programme covers 17 countries and they are

a) In Asia: Afghanistan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Mongolia, and Vietnam

b) In Africa: Kenya, Malawi, Liberia, Ghana, Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Tanzania, Sudan, Botswana and Ethiopia

Earlier, a team of faculty of MANAGE visited Cambodia and Vietnam in Asia and Tanzania and Mozambique in Africa as part of Demand analysis.


The programme will help in harnessing the expertise and innovation of the two countries, i.e. India and the US, which in return will unlock new opportunities to address global development challenges. It will also help in bringing closure of the shared objective of eliminating global poverty and hunger.


A new Agriculture Partnership between US and India to achieve Ever Green Revolution to address Global Food Security was announced during the State visit of US President Barak Obama to India in November 2010.

The effort included Triangular Cooperation adapting technological advances and innovative solutions to address Food Security Challenges in Africa. This pilot stage focused on three African Countries i.e., Kenya, Liberia and Malawi with potential to expand throughout the African Continent in future.


Flipkart Ltd acquired online fashion portal Jabong through its unit Myntra in a move to maintain its position as the market leader. However, the financial details of the deal were not revealed.

This acquisition will strengthen Flipkart Group's position in Fashion and Lifestyle segment to compete with Amazon Fashion in India.

About Jabong

• Jabong was founded in 2012 .

• In September 2014, its investor Rocket Internet merged Jabong with four online fashion retailers in Latin America, Russia, the Middle East, South-east Asia to create Global Fashion Group (GFG).

• It offers more than 1500 international high-street brands, sports labels, Indian ethnic and designer labels and over 150000 styles from over a thousand sellers.

Global Fashion Group has been on the lookout for a buyer of Jabong for the last few months. The company was in touch with Snapdeal as well as Future Group and Amazon, but a deal failed to pass through.

In 2014, Amazon reportedly wanted to acquire Jabong but it couldn't due to the price tag that was a steep 1.2 billion US dollars.


The Union Government approved nearly 1600 crore rupees for Jammu and Kashmir under skill development initiative 'Himayat'. The allocated fund will be invested in training 1.24 lakh local youths in vocational courses.

As per Jammu and Kashmir Rural Development Minister Abdul Haq Khan, under the reanimated Himayat programme, youths from both rural and urban areas of the state would be imparted training in various job-intensive vocational courses over the next three years.

They will be given training for six-months, nine-months and one year job-oriented courses.

About Himayat

Himayat is a training-cum-placement programme for unemployed youth in Jammu and Kashmir. Under which youth of the state will be provided short-term training, in a range of skills for which there is good market demand. At the end of the training, the youth are assured of a job and there is one year post-placement tracking to see how they are faring.

Key Features

  • Himayat will be implemented in partnership with private agencies or NGOs who are into placement linked skill training for youth.
  • The scheme aims to train 100000 youth in 5 years and provide at least 75% of them with jobs.
  • Training centres will be developed in each block (geographical area), catering to the specific needs of the local youth.
  • Support will be available for trainees after training and during placement as well.


The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Brazil free of measles. The step was taken after no case of the disease was registered in 2015.

From 1985 to 2000, Brazil saw no domestic cases of measles, although it broke out in 2013 in the northeastern states of Pernambuco and Ceara.

The WHO it had worked alongside the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) to eradicated the disease, with a joint investment of 335000 US dollar going towards measles control.The health agency also hired 165 dedicated nursing staff in Brazil.

The WHO will issue a certification for the eradication of measles to Brazil in the coming months.

What is measles?

Measles is a highly contagious infection caused by the measles virus.

Symptoms usually develop 10–12 days after exposure to an infected person and last 7 to 10 days.

It is an airborne disease, which spreads easily through the coughs and sneezes of those infected.

It may also be spread through contact with saliva or nasal secretions.

Nine out of ten people who are not immune and share living space with an infected person will catch it.

Measles affects about 20 million people a year, primarily in the developing areas of Africa and Asia.

Most of those who are infected and who die are less than five years old.


India named Parveen Rana as a replacement for dope-tainted wrestler Narsingh Yadav for Rio Olympics in the 74kg freestyle category. The Rio Olympics is scheduled to happen from 5 August to 21 August 2016.

Freestyle wrestler Rana had earlier won a gold medal in the 74kg category at the Dave Schultz Memorial Wrestling Tournament in USA in 2014.

United World Wrestling on its website said that it had informed the Wrestling Federation of India that they would be allowed to replace Narsingh in the 74kg freestyle category or give up the qualification spot. The world wrestling body said the Indian Olympic Association expressed their desire to enter Parveen as their replacement.

Why Narsingh was replaced?

Narsingh had failed a dope test recently and was under provisional suspension, virtually out of the Games. Narsingh claims that he is a victim of conspiracy.

Narsingh is to face the National Anti-Doping Agency's disciplinary committee on 27 July 2016 to prove his innocence. Wrestling Federation of India and Olympic medalist Yogeshwar Dutt are among those who have come out in support of the grappler.


Parveen Rana's selection also comes as a major shock for two-time Olympic medallist Sushil Kumar who was being seen as Narsingh's replacement. Narsingh and Sushil, both, had earlier staked their claim to represent the country in the Games.

But, Narsingh was favoured as he had earned the Olympic quota in the World Championships in 2016. Parveen is regarded as Sushil Kumar’s understudy at Delhi’s Chhattrasal Stadium. He represented the country at the 2014 Asian Games which had Sushil missed due to injury.


Odisha government announced 60 lakh rupees cash special incentive for six sportswomen of the state who have qualified for the Rio Olympics.

The six sportspersons are sprinters Dutee Chand and Srabani Nanda and four hockey players Deep Grace Ekka, Namita Toppo, Lilima Minz and Sunita Lakra, would receive 10 lakh rupees each.

Chief minister Naveen Patnaik has directed the Odisha Mining Corporation to pay the special incentive amount to the six sportswomen. He said that the incentive would be of immense help for them to prepare for the mega event.

While Dutee has qualified to participate in the 100-metre run, Srabani has qualified for 200-metre run event. Both have also qualified for the 4X100-metre relay race. Besides, the four hockey players of the state have found places in the Indian team.

Besides, Patnaik also directed the sports department to increase the cash awards for Olympic qualified sportspersons. He directed that the cash awards be increased to 5 lakh rupees for both group and individual events. Earlier, it was 50000 rupees for group event and one lakh rupees for individual event.


Lok Sabha passed the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2016 to amend the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) (CLPR) Act, 1986. The amendment bill allows children below the age of 14 years to work in select non-hazardous family enterprises.

With this, both the houses of parliament passed the bill. Rajya Sabha passed the bill on 19 July 2016. Now, the bill will be sent to the President for his assent.

Status of Child Labour in India

As per data presented in form of answer about child labour in Rajya Sabha in 2014, the number of child labourers decreased by 65% - from 1.26 crore to 82.2 lakh (aged between 5 – 14 years) between Census 2001 to and Census 2011.

The five biggest child labour employer states of India are - Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Over half of India's total child labour population works here. India's biggest hub of child labour is Uttar Pradesh and it accounts for almost 20% of India's child labourers.

Major schemes like Right to Education, MNREGA, Mid-Day Meal have given children an incentive to study and has helped in reducing the population in terms of child labour.

Successive governments have fought to end child labour like elimination of child labour from hazardous occupations and processes.

How the Bill was perceived?

A United Nations body has expressed concern over the changes made in Child Labour law. UNICEF India said this could lead to more children working in unregulated conditions. Although the body welcomed the law, it expressed concern over the provision of children working in family enterprises which, it said, could further disadvantage the most vulnerable children.

Nobel Laureate Kailash Satyarthi termed the bill a missed opportunity for the country's children. He said that he had hoped that the leaders would have valued the freedom and childhood much greater than their votes.


Creation of opinion and changing policy along with laws can only help in reviving childhood of children who work as labours in different walks of life including rural and urban areas of the country.


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Last Updated on Sunday, 31 July 2016 06:09