Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 21 - JULY - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 21 - JULY - 2016
Friday, 29 July 2016 07:22


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21- JULY - 2016

 

WHO RELEASES REPORT OF 2015 NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES GLOBAL SURVEY

The World Health Organisation released a report of 2015 Non-communicable Diseases (NCD) Global Survey.

The report highlights the need to intensify national action to meet the global targets governments have agreed to protect people from heart disease, cancers, diabetes, and lung diseases.

However, the global survey titled Assessing national capacity for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases shows that some countries are making remarkable progress.

The Sustainable Development Goals agenda includes a target to reduce premature deaths from NCDs by 30 per cent by 2030.

Trends in national capacity for NCDs were derived from comparing the results of the 2015 survey with those from the capacity surveys conducted in 2013 and 2010.

Key findings of the survey

Globally, four NCDs, which are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases, represent the largest cause of death in people aged under 70 years.

In all, 91% of countries (177) responded to the survey.

Only 23% of countries reported having a dedicated office, department, or administrative division within the ministry of health exclusively dedicated to NCD surveillance.

In relation to availability of evidence-based guidelines, protocols or standards for disease management, 75% of countries reported guidelines for diabetes, 67% for cardiovascular diseases, 60% for cancer and 55% for chronic respiratory diseases.

Criteria for chronic respiratory diseases were available in only 57% of countries.

In general, palliative care for patients with NCDs in the public health system, in primary health care or as community or home-based care, was not widely available.

Key findings of the report in regard to India

Cancer, diabetes and heart diseases account for 55% of the premature mortality in India in the age group of 30-69 years.

India is the first country to develop specific national targets and indicators aimed at reducing the number of premature deaths from NCDs by 25% by 2025.

MALCOLM TURNBULL SWORN IN AS AUSTRALIA’S PM FOR ANOTHER TERM

Malcolm Turnbull was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Australia for another term.

Turnbull was sworn in after a narrow election victory with budget repair and a public vote on same sex marriage among his top priorities.

About 2016 Australian federal election

The 2016 Australian federal election was a double dissolution election.

It was held on 2 July 2016 to elect all 226 members of the 45th Parliament of Australia.

It was the first double dissolution election since the 1987 election.

In the first week of vote counting after the election, no party had won enough seats in the House of Representatives to form a government.

On 10 July 2016, Opposition leader Bill Shorten conceded defeat, acknowledging that the incumbent Coalition would certainly be able to form either a majority or minority government. Soon after, Malcolm Turnbull claimed victory.

The Liberal/National Coalition won a one-seat majority of 76 seats, Labor Party won 69 seats, while on the crossbench the Australian Greens, Nick Xenophon Team, Katter's Australian Party, and independents Andrew Wilkie and Cathy McGowan won one seat each.

About Malcolm Turnbull

Malcolm Bligh Turnbull is the 29th and current Prime Minister of Australia.

He is the Leader of the Liberal Party.

He attended Sydney Grammar School.

He obtained a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Sydney.

He then attended Brasenose College, Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar, where he attained a Bachelor of Civil Law.

He had attempted Liberal preselection at a 1981 by-election and later at the 2001 federal election.

He was first elected to the House of Representatives for the seat of Wentworth in New South Wales at the 2004 federal election.

INDIA'S FIRST E-COURT OPENED AT HYDERABAD HIGH COURT

India’s first e-court was opened at High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad. It was inaugurated by Supreme Court judge Justice Madan B Lokur who heads the e-Committee of the Supreme Court.

Hyderabad High Court is the common high court for the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Highlights of the e-court

• The purpose of e-court is to ensure speedy justice for the litigants.

• The e-Courts will ensure easy and better access to justice for public.

• It will also provide solution for large number of pending cases in the country.

• It will also make the work of judges, advocates and all those related with judiciary a lot more effective.

Integrated Criminal Justice System (ICJS)

Besides the launch of e-court, SC judge Justice Madan B Lokur also announced that India’s first Integrated Criminal Justice System (ICJS) will be launched in High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad. The system will integrate the courts, police stations, prosecution, forensic science laboratories and jails.

COCA-COLA APPOINTS SARVITA SETHI AS VP (FINANCE) FOR INDIA AND SOUTH WEST ASIA

Beverages company Coca-Cola appointed Sarvita Sethi as the new Vice-President (Finance) for India and South West Asia.

Sethi took the charge from Sanjeev Kumar, who is moving to Lagos as Director-Finance for Coca-Cola West Africa. He will also be heading company’s finance operations for 31 countries.

Sethi will be reporting to Coca-Cola India and South West Asia President Venkatesh Kini.

The India and South West Asia Business Units of The Coca-Cola Company includes India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives.

Before being appointed as the VP (Finance), Sethi served as the Commercial Finance -Director for the Coca-Cola Central and Southern Europe business.

About The Coca-Cola Company

The Coca-Cola Company is an American multinational beverage corporation.

It is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.

The company is best known for its flagship product Coca-Cola.

The product Coca-Cola was invented in 1886 by pharmacist John Stith Pemberton in Columbus, Georgia.

The Coca-Cola formula and brand were bought in 1889 by Asa Griggs Candler.

Candler incorporated The Coca-Cola Company in 1892.

STEVE ELWORTHY APPOINTED MANAGING DIRECTOR OF 2019 WORLD CUP

Steve Elworthy, the former South Africa fast bowler, was appointed the Managing Director (MD) of the 2019 World Cup, which will be held in England and Wales.

In his new role, Elworthy will oversee the lead-up and running of the 2019 World Cup as well as the Champions Trophy and Women's World Cup. The Champions Trophy and Women's World Cup will be hosted by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2017.

Elworthy has previously been the Tournament Director for the 2007 and 2009 World T20s and the 2013 Champions Trophy.

Who is Steve Elworthy?

Born on 23 February 1965, Steven Elworthy is a former South African cricketer.

After 10 years of playing first class cricket, he made his One Day International (ODI) debut at age of 32 for South Africa on 3 April 1998 against Pakistan.

His test debut was on 23 July 1998 against England at Trent Bridge, Nottingham.

He went on to play a total of four Tests and 39 One Day Internationals for South Africa between 1998 and 2002.

Since his retirement, he has become a successful cricket administrator as Cricket South Africa's commercial and communications manager.

In February 2010, he was appointed as Director of Marketing and Communications for the England and Wales Cricket Board.

CANADA TO CONDUCT WORLD'S FIRST ZIKA VACCINE TEST ON HUMANS

A Canadian university in July 2016 said that it will conduct the world's first Zika vaccine test on humans. The vaccine that is under development will be tested on humans in the near future. Until now, vaccines have been tested on mice.

Professor Gary Kobinger of the Universite Laval, based in Quebec City, said that they are very proud to be part of the first international team in the world to complete all of the steps in the regulatory process for the test.

He said that development of the Zika vaccine has been authorized by the US Food and Drug Administration and Health Canada.

Kobinger, a doctor of microbiology and professor of medicine at the university, is overseeing the study.

Zika virus

• The disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes.

• People with Zika virus disease can have symptoms including mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days.

• There is scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Links to other neurological complications are also being investigated.

• The virus is capable of causing serious birth defects and has traveled quickly through Latin America.

• There is no existing treatment or vaccine for it.

• More than a dozen pharmaceutical companies, including France's Sanofi and India's Bharat Biotech, are working on developing a Zika vaccine, according to the World Health Organization.

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Friday, 29 July 2016 07:36
 

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