Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 13 - JULY - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 13 - JULY - 2016
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Wednesday, 13 July 2016 04:13

 

 



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13- JULY - 2016

 

RADHIKA MENON BECOMES FIRST WOMAN TO BAG IMO AWARD FOR EXCEPTIONAL BRAVERY AT SEA

Captain Radhika Menon was selected for the 2016 International Maritime Organization (IMO) Award for Exceptional Bravery at Sea.

Menon has been selected for the prestigious award for her role in the rescue of seven fishermen from a sinking fishing boat in the Bay of Bengal in June 2015.

Captain Menon will also be the first female to receive the IMO Award for Exceptional Bravery at Sea.

The award will be presented to Menon on 21 November 2016 at IMO Headquarters in London, United Kingdom.

Who is Radhika Menon?

Menon is the Master of the oil products tanker Sampurna Swarajya.

She is the first woman captain in the Indian Merchant Navy.

She was nominated for the award by the Government of India for the rescue of all seven fishermen from the fishing boat Durgamma.

About IMO Award for Exceptional Bravery at Sea

The annual bravery Award was established by IMO.

It was established to provide international recognition for those who, at the risk of losing their own life, perform acts of exceptional bravery, displaying outstanding courage in attempting to save life at sea or in attempting to prevent or mitigate damage to the marine environment.

The recipient of the Award is invited to a special ceremony at IMO to receive a medal and a certificate citing the act of exceptional bravery performed.

In 2015, the Award was given to United States’ Christopher Leon.

TATHAGATA ROY SWORN-IN AS GOVERNOR OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH

Tathagata Roy, the governor of Tripura, was sworn-in as the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh in the Darbar Hall of Raj Bhavan in Itanagar.

His oath of office and secrecy was administered by the Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court Ajit Singh. He is the 18th Governor to be sworn in as Governor of this Himalayan State.

With this, Roy will discharge the function of the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh during the absence on leave of Jyoti Prasad Rajkhowa.

Besides Roy, Dr. Joram Begi was also sworn-in as the Chief Information Officer of Arunachal Pradesh. The oath to the Chief Information Officer was administered by Tathagata Roy.

Dr Begi, former State Director of Higher and Technical Education, comes in place of YD Thongchi, whose tenure ended in 2015.

INDIA, SOUTH AFRICA SIGNED FOUR AGREEMENTS

India and South Africa signed four agreements to give new impetus to bilateral co-operation between the two nations.

The agreements were inked during the official tour of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to South Africa. He visited South Africa from 7 July to 9 July 2016 on an invitation of President of South Africa Jacob Zuma.

Agreements signed during the visit of Prime Minister to South Africa

• MoU on ICT

• Programme of Cooperation in Arts and Culture

• MoU on Tourism

• MoU on Grass Root Innovation (S&T)

During this visit to South Africa, Modi met President Zuma and held discussions in the spirit of the strong friendship and historical links between the two countries. He also met with Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa.

INDIA, TANZANIA SIGNED FIVE AGREEMENTS

India and Tanzania inked five agreements to enhance the bilateral cooperation between the two nations.

These agreements were signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Tanzania from 9 July to 10 July 2016.

List of MOUs/Agreements

• MoU on Cooperation in the field of water resource management and development between the two countries.

• MoU on Visa waiver agreement for Diplomatic/Official passport holders between the two countries.

• Agreement on Joint Action Plan (JAP) between National Small Industries Corporation of India (NSIC) and Small Industries Development Organization Tanzania (SIDO).

• MoU for Establishment of Vocational Training Centre at Zanzibar.

• LOC of 92 million US dollar for rehabilitation and improvement of water supply system in Zanzibar.

During the visit to Tanzania, Modi met Tanzania’s President John Pombe Joseph Magufuli. During the meet, the two leaders agreed to work closely, bilaterally, regionally and globally to combat the twin threats of terrorism and climate change.

SUSHILA KARKI CONFIRMED AS NEPAL'S FIRST WOMAN CHIEF JUSTICE

Nepal’s Parliamentary Hearing Special Committee (PHSC) unanimously endorsed Sushila Karki as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

With this, Karki has become the first woman to lead Nepal’s judiciary. She will be appointed to the post by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari.

About Sushila Karki

Sushila Karki obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from the Mahendra Morang Campus, Biratnagar in 1972.

In 1975, she completed her Masters Degree in Political Science from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

She received her Bachelor’s degree in Law from Tribhuvan University in Nepal in 1978.

She worked as an assistant teacher in Mahendra Multiple Campus, Dharan in 1985.

She jumped into legal profession in 1979.

She was appointed the Ad-Hoc Justice at the Supreme Court on 22 January 2009.

She was promoted to the Permanent Justice on 18 November 2010.

The Judicial Council on 10 April 2016 had recommended her for the top judicial post.  However, her appointment was pending owing to delay in formation of the PHSC.

She has been taking charge of the Supreme Court as the Acting Chief Justice since her predecessor Kalyan Shrestha retired on 14 April 2016.

NATO AGREED TO MAINTAIN TROOP NUMBERS IN AFGHANISTAN

  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) agreed to maintain troop numbers in Afghanistan and reiterated a funding pledge for local security forces through 2020,
  • About 13,000 NATO troops, of which nearly 10,000 are American, are currently stationed in Afghanistan under Operation Resolute Support, to train and assist Afghan security forces.
  • The 28-nation U.S.-led alliance would look at the situation again next year before deciding future force commitments.
  • The development comes on the heels of an announcement by U.S. President Barack Obama, who said he was slowing a planned drawdown of U.S. troops from Afghanistan.
  • Mr. Obama had previously vowed to slash troop numbers from the current 9,800 to 5,500 by the end of this year, but on Wednesday said the U.S. would now keep 8,400 in the country.
  • The NATO mission in Afghanistan costs about $5 billion a year, with approximately $3.5 billion coming from the U.S.

US PRESIDENT CALMS SITUATION AFTER SHOOTING

  • U.S. President Barack Obama tried to unify a fractured nation, insisting the shock shootings in Dallas and simmering racial tensions would not derail a common sense of purpose.
  • Mr. Obama lamented a “painful” week but he rejected comparisons with the civil unrest of the 1960s.
  • While acknowledging the need to heal divisions, Mr. Obama played down talk of wider unrest.
  • Mr. Obama said Dallas shooter Micah Johnson was “demented” and did not represent African-Americans.

SURVEY SAYS THAT WEBSITE SHOULD BE PROACTIVE WITH CONTENT

  • Amid debates on the role of social media networks in censoring inflammatory content on their platforms, a new survey has found that nearly 90 per cent of citizens want these firms proactively removing offensive content.
  • Over 14,000 people participated in the survey by online community network LocalCircles.
  • Recently, the European Commission, together with IT companies such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Microsoft, announced a code of conduct to combat the spread of illegal hate speech online in Europe.
  • Among other things, these companies have committed to proactively monitor social media and remove any hate or offensive content within 24 hours of posting.
  • On the question if social media companies in India should follow a similar code of conduct, 89 per cent answered in the affirmative.
  • Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi held meeting with a team from Twitter India to iron out details of how harassment & hateful conduct on social media platform can be handled.
  • Ms Maneka Gandhi also announced that women being harassed on Twitter can reach out to her by using the hashtag which was #IamTrolledHelp.
  • It was also suggested that a Central Government ministry should become the owner of the subject and should keep a close watch on different groups and forums in social media.
  • Currently, online content is usually taken off by companies such as YouTube, Facebook and Twitter in India after law enforcement agencies flag something off as “anti-religious and hate speech” that could cause unrest and disharmony within India.
  • LocalCircles enables citizens to connect and engage with communities for most aspects of urban daily life like government, causes, interests and needs, neighbourhood etc.

U.S. BILL MAY BLOCK IT FIRMS FROM HIRING H-1B EMPLOYEES

  • A bipartisan group of two U.S. lawmakers has introduced in the House of Representatives a legislation, which if passed by the Congress would prevent Indian companies from hiring IT professionals on H-1B and L1 work visas.
  • Since the revenue model of majority of big Indian IT companies is heavily dependent on H-1B and L1 visas in the U.S., such a bill is likely to have a major impact, if not sound a death knell, on their businesses.
  • The lawmakers said the H-1B and L1 Visa Reform Act of 2016 would close loopholes in the H-1B and L1 visa programs, reduce fraud and abuse, provide protections for American workers and visa holders, require more transparency.
  • It would provide more authority to the Departments of Homeland Security and Labour to investigate fraud and abuse in the H—1B and L—1 programs.

BETTER DIAGNOSIS OF DISEASE-CAUSING MITOCHONDRIAL GENETIC MUTATIONS IS POSSIBLE

  • Fast and accurate diagnosis of disease-causing mitochondrial genetic mutations is now possible thanks to automation of the entire process of data analysis and interpretation by a team of researchers at the Delhi-based CSIR Institute.
  • Mitochondria, the powerhouses of the cell, are unique in several ways. A cell can have multiple mitochondriae, with each mitochondriae differing from one another by a few variations. This phenomenon is known as heteroplasmy.
  • Heteroplasmy can vary between cells of the same tissue, organ, individual or even between individuals of the same family.
  • Though heteroplasmic mutations implicated in mitochondrial diseases are seen even in healthy individuals, the reason why they do not manifest as disease is due to low frequency of heteroplasmy.
  • A person does not manifest the disease when the heteroplasmy frequencies are low, usually less than 10 per cent.
  • The mutations could also be acquired during cell division. While all cells will carry the mutations associated with disease when it is inherited, cells in different tissues may have different mutations when it is acquired.

THE INDIAN SUMMER MONSOON RAINFALL IS INFLUENCED BY INDIAN OCEAN DIPOLE

  • The Indian summer monsoon rainfall is influenced by a system of oscillating sea surface temperatures known as the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in which the western Indian Ocean becomes alternately warmer and then colder than the eastern part of the ocean.
  • While the existence of three types of IOD is well known, a recent study published in the journal Natural Hazards attempts to determine the effects on monsoon rainfall of each of the three types.
  • A positive IOD occurs when the sea surface temperatures are greater than normal in the Arabian Sea and less than normal in the tropical eastern Indian Ocean.
  • A positive IOD leads to greater monsoon rainfall and more active (above normal rainfall) monsoon days while negative IOD leads to less rainfall and more monsoon break days (no rainfall).

 

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Last Updated on Thursday, 14 July 2016 04:55
 

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