Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 11 - JUNE - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 11 - JUNE - 2016
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 12 July 2016 03:52

 

 



RMI'S Current Affairs - https://www.facebook.com/RMIS-Current-Affairs


11- JULY - 2016

 

NASA'S JUNO SPACECRAFT SUCCESSFULLY ENTERS JUPITER’S ORBIT

Juno spacecraft of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) successfully entered Jupiter’s orbit.

Confirmation of a successful orbit insertion was received from Juno tracking data monitored at the navigation facility at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

Juno's main aim is to understand the origin and evolution of Jupiter. The spacecraft will also investigate the existence of a solid planetary core, map Jupiter's intense magnetic field, measure the amount of water and ammonia in the deep atmosphere and observe the planet's auroras.

About Juno

Juno is a NASA New Frontiers mission launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on 5 August 2011.

It is in a polar orbit to study Jupiter's composition, gravity field, magnetic field and polar magnetosphere.

It will determine how much water is in Jupiter's atmosphere.

It will look deep into Jupiter's atmosphere to measure composition, temperature, cloud motions and other properties.

It will map Jupiter's magnetic and gravity fields, revealing the planet's deep structure.

It will explore and study Jupiter's magnetosphere near the planet's poles, especially the auroras, i.e. Jupiter's northern and southern lights.

It is the second spacecraft to orbit Jupiter after the Galileo probe which orbited from 1995–2003.

It is powered by solar arrays.

The spacecraft's name comes from Greco-Roman mythology.

The mission had previously been referred to as JUpiter Near-polar Orbiter in a list of NASA acronyms.

The spacecraft will orbit the giant planet 37 times in around 20 months.

Juno will dispose off in the form of a controlled deorbit into Jupiter in February 2018.

ZEE LEARN APPOINTS DEBSHANKAR MUKHOPADHYAY AS CEO

Zee Learn, education branch of Essel Group, appointed Debshankar Mukhopadhyay as Chief Executive Officer (CEO).

Essel Group is among India’s most prominent business houses with a diverse portfolio of assets in media, packaging, entertainment, education etc.

Who is Debshankar Mukhopadhyay?

Debshankar Mukhopadhyay holds over 20 years of experience in educational and financial sectors across South Asia.

Prior to joining Zee Learn, he was the Head of Educational Sales, Financial Services and Insurance at Manipal Global Education Services.

He has also been associated with Max Life Insurance, Western Union, Scholastic India, Zee Interactive Learning Systems and DHL Worldwide.

About Zee Learn

Zee Learn is India’s leading company in education segment.

It operates chain of K-12 schools, such as Mount Litera Zee School and Kidzee, which is Asia’s No 1 chain of pre-school network.

Mount Litera Zee School was awarded as the K-12 School Chain of the Year at Indian Educational Congress in 2015.

INDIA RANKS 91 IN NETWORKED READINESS INDEX 2016

India was placed at 91st position in the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) 2016 that was released by the Geneva-based World Economic Forum (WEF). The index was released as the part of the WEF’s Global Information Technology Report 2016.

It measures countries’ success in creating the necessary conditions for a transition to a digitised economy and society.

Highlights of the Networked Readiness Index 2016

• It finds seven countries are excelling when it comes to economically benefiting from investments in information and communications technologies
• Finland, Switzerland, Sweden, Israel, Singapore, the Netherlands and the US are leading the world when it comes to generating economic impact from investments in information and technology.

• Singapore leads the Index followed by Finland, Sweden, Norway and the United States.

• India (91st) was ranked the lowest among the BRICS countries- Russia (41st), China (59th), South Africa (65th) and Brazil (72nd).

• The upper echelons of the NRI continue to reflect a strong correlation between networked readiness and per capita income, roughly 75% of the countries show a score improvement in 2016.

• Convergence, at the global and regional level, remains elusive, with four regions – Eurasia, Emerging Europe, the Middle East, North Africa and Pakistan (MENAP) group, and sub-Saharan Africa.

• Europe remains at the technology frontier; seven of the top 10 NRI countries are European.

• Several Eastern European countries, notably the Slovak Republic, Poland and the Czech Republic made big strides landing spots in the NRI top 50.

• The Eurasia region continues its upward trajectory, with the average NRI for the region increasing significantly since 2012.

• Malaysia leads the Emerging Asian economies in 2016 and moves up one spot to 31st position overall.

• The top five in the Asian region in terms of overall ICT readiness remain Malaysia, Mongolia, Thailand, China and Sri Lanka.

• The performance range by countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region remains widely dispersed with almost 100 places between Chile (38th) and Haiti (137th).

• The United Arab Emirates (26th) and Qatar (27th) continue to lead the Arab world in networked-readiness.

• The NRI also sees several sub-Saharan African countries among the top upward movers, including South Africa (65th), Ethiopia (120th) and Côte d’Ivoire (106th).

India's performance in the Networked Readiness Index 2016

• India’s position on the list has come down for the fourth consecutive year in a row in 2016 from 89th in 2015, 83rd in 2014 and 68th in 2013.

• In different parameters of Index, India has scored better in terms of political and regulatory environment (78th position).

• It ranked very high (8th) place in terms of affordability.

• It scored worse in terms of business and innovation environment (110th).

• In terms of infrastructure, it scored worse place at 114th position.

231 PROJECTS UNDER NAMAMI GANGE LAUNCHED ALL OVER COUNTRY

Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti inaugurated 231 projects under the Namami Gange Programme.

The projects were inaugurated from Haridwar, Uttarakhand in various locations in different states namely Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Haryana and Delhi.

These projects involve modernization and redevelopment of Ghats and crematoriums, development of sewage infrastructure and treatment, afforestation, tree plantation, pilot drain project, interceptor drain project, trash skimmers and conservation of biodiversity.

Projects launched

• 47 such projects were inaugurated at various locations in Dehradun, Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Rudraprayag, Haridwar and Chamoli districts of Uttrakhand.

• 20 projects will be inaugurated at various locations in North 24 pargana, Nadia, South 24 pargana and Howrah districts of West Bengal.

• 26 projects were inaugurated at various locations in Buxar, Vaishali, Saran, Patna and Bhagalpur districts of Bihar.

• 112 projects under Namami Gange programme were inaugurated at various locations in Amroha, Bijnor, Hapur, Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Mathura, Allahabad, Varanasi, Farukhabad and Kanpur districts.

Key Features of Namami Gange Programme (NGP)

• It is an Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission which integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga River in a comprehensive manner.

• It will result in socio-economic benefits in terms of job creation, improved livelihoods and health benefits to the vast population that is dependent on the river.

• Its focus is on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion and treatment of wastewater through bio-remediation or appropriate in-situ treatment or use of innovative technologies such as sewage treatment plants (STPs) or effluent treatment plant (ETPs).

• It has a budget outlay of 20000 crore rupees for 2015-20. This is a significant four-fold increase over the expenditure in the past 30 years as the Union Government incurred an overall expenditure of approximately 4000 crore rupees on this task since 1985.

Comment

These projects will help in boosting the Namami Gange Programme that was launched in May 2015 by Union Government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

DIPA KARMAKAR NAMED WORLD CLASS GYMNAST BY INTERNATIONAL GYMNASTICS FEDERATION

Indian gymnast Dipa Karmakar was named a ‘Gymnaste de Classe Mondaile’ (World class gymnast) by the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG).

In this regard, she received the official letter confirming the distinction from the federation.

With this, she also became the first-ever Indian gymnast to receive the honour.

Who is Dipa Karmakar?

• She is an Indian artistic gymnast from Agartala, Tripura.

• She rose to recognition when she won a bronze medal at the 2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games becoming the first Indian female gymnast to do so in the history of the games.

• She won a bronze at the Asian Gymnastics Championships and finished 5th at the 2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships.

• With this, she became the first Indian finalist at the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships.

• In April 2016, Karmakar became the first female Indian gymnast ever to secure an Olympic berth by garnering a total score of 52.698 points.

• She is the first woman in the gymnast history to land the Produnova, one of the most dangerous vaults.

• She won 10 gold medals at two national games. She received the Arjuna Award in August 2015.

NASSCOM UNVEILS INDIA’S FIRST CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS

The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) unveiled India’s first Centre of Excellence focused on Internet of Things (CoE- IoT) at its Startup Warehouse in Bengaluru.

The centre was launched in a bid to encourage start-ups to come up with tech solutions centred on Internet of Things (IoT).

Highlights of the Centre

• The centre is a joint initiative between the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeITY), Education and Research Network (ERNET) and NASSCOM.

• It is also supported by Accenture, Cisco, Intel, HCL Technologies, Qualcomm, TCS and L&T Technology Services, among others.

• It will function as an enabler of funding, accelerating, and mentoring for start-ups in this area.

• The CoE laboratory, along with the Nasscom 10000 Startups Warehouse, has the capacity to incubate up to 40 start-ups.

Background
The buzz around Internet of Things is gaining momentum globally as well as in India as companies see the benefit of installing sensors embedded in their systems that can help them get better insights of their systems.

Industry estimates point out that there are 120 IoT focused companies, addressing an expected market opportunity of 15 billion US dollars by 2020.

INDIA, MOZAMBIQUE SIGN MOUS ON DRUG TRAFFICKING, PULSE TRADING AND SPORTS

India and Mozambique signed three Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) in areas of drug trafficking, pulse trading and sports.

These MoUs were signed between two countries at Maputo, Mozambique during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Mozambique.

MoU on long term agreement for purchase of pulses

• It will promote the production of Tur (Pigeon Peas) and other pulses in Mozambique to encourage trading of pulses.

• It will also play an important role in augmenting domestic availability of pulses in India.

• The contract will be valid for five financial years 2020-21 and pulses under it will be imported by India either through G2G or private channels nominated by two countries.

Other MoUs signed

• MoU on cooperation in the field of youth affairs and sports.

• MoU on reduction of drug trafficking and psychotropic substances and related materials.

NUCLEAR SECURITY GROUP MEMBERSHIP IS FOCUS OF PM'S AFRICA VISIT

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Pretoria, on a visit that will see both economic ties and an address to the Indian diaspora as highlights, it will also be a chance for India to kick-start of talks in its campaign for NSG membership.
  • South Africa is the first NSG country that Mr. Modi is visiting since India failed to have its membership decided at the plenary session in Seoul.
  • Just prior to that session, Mr. Modi had personally discussed the issue in Switzerland, U.S., and Mexico, winning from each visit an assurance of support.
  • However in Seoul, many countries, including Switzerland and South Africa are believed to have raised procedural concerns over the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
  • India has now pinned its hopes on an informal process initiated by the NSG to evolve a consensus on its membership to a possible NSG session later this year.
  • The issue would be taken up when Mr. Modi meets the South African President. In a pre-departure media briefing the MEA also rejected reports that South Africa had opposed India’s membership at any point.

PM FOCUSES ON TERROR IN HIS AFRICA'S VISIT

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi said terrorism was the “gravest threat” to the world, “equally impacting” India and Mozambique which agreed to strengthen security and defence ties and bolster cooperation in food security.
  • After Mr. Modi’s wide-ranging talks with Mozambique President, the two countries signed three pacts, including a significant long-term agreement under which India will buy pulses from this African nation to meet its shortfall.
  • Declaring India as a “trusted friend” and a “reliable partner” of Mozambique, the Prime Minister also announced that essential medicines, including those for treating AIDS, would be donated to this country as part of efforts to strengthen its public health system.
  • India will also help build capacities of Mozambique’s security forces, Mr. Modi said with a vow to “walk every step” with this country on its path of development and progress.
  • While talking about the challenges, Mr. Modi said “President Nyusi and I recognise that terrorism is the gravest security threat facing the world today. Mozambique and India are no exceptions. Terrorism impacts India and Mozambique equally.”
  • India and Mozambique agreed to cooperate to meet “strategic and security challenges” emerging in mainland Africa and the Indian Ocean region.
  • The declaration of this new generation of partnership was made by the Prime Minister at the Mozambique capital Maputo which is the first stop in his four-nation Africa visit.

VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN INDIA AND ASTEROID IN MEXICO BROUGHT END TO DINOSAURS

  • Combined impacts of volcanic eruptions in India and the impact of an asteroid in Mexico brought about one of the Earth’s biggest mass extinctions of dinosaurs 66 million years ago, a new study has confirmed.
  • Researchers used a recently developed technique called the carbonate clumped isotope paleothermometer to analyse the chemical composition of fossil shells in the Antarctic Ocean.
  • This analysis shows that ocean temperatures rose approximately 14 degrees Fahrenheit, and links these findings to two previously documented warming events that occurred near the end of the Cretaceous Period, researchers said.
  • One event was related to volcanic eruptions in India, and the other, tied to the impact of an asteroid or comet on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, they said.
  • The Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary is widely associated with the mass extinction of dinosaurs.
  • It is actually a physical boundary usually marked by a thin band of rock found in geological structures all around the world, researchers said.

UPGRADED SOYUZ SPACECRAFT STARTS JOURNEY FOR ISS

  • Three astronauts blasted off in an upgraded Soyuz spacecraft from Russia’s Baikonur cosmodrom, heading towards the International Space Station.
  • Features of the new Soyuz series include upgraded boosters, an improved navigation system, strengthened shielding from debris and more cells on the craft’s solar panels.
  • The trio’s launch was delayed by two weeks as Russian space officials carried out further software tests on the modified vehicle.
  • The craft’s journey to dock at the ISS will take two days — longer than the usual six-hour flight — to give ground control more time to monitor the tweaked system’s performance.
  • NASA’s Kate Rubins will be the first woman aboard the ISS since Italian Samantha Cristoforetti returned to earth with the record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman (199 days) in June last year.
  • The molecular biologist-turned astronaut will also become the first person to sequence DNA in space during her mission.
  • The ISS space laboratory has been orbiting Earth at about 28,000 kilometres per hour since 1998.

BANGLADESH SAYS TERRORIST ATTACK WAS CONDUCTED BY HOMEGROWN TERRORISM

  • Home Minister Asaduzzaman Khan has reiterated that radicalised home-grown elements were behind the recent terror attacks in the country, not the West Asia-based terror group.
  • After the July 1 attack on an upmarket café in Dhaka where militants killed 20 visitors, the IS had claimed responsibility. In another video, the group said that the café attack was only a “glimpse” of what’s to come.
  • “Police have done a remarkable job. They stopped the militants at least a kilometre before the historic Eidgah Maidan [field] of Sholakia, where lakhs of people assembled for prayer,” Mr. Khan said.
  • He added that the attackers are “not real Muslims who have engaged in un-Islamic act on Eid” targeting innocent civilians. “They do not have a religion.”

PRIME MINISTER TO LEAD BRITAIN OUT OF THE EU WILL BE A WOMEN

  • The Prime Minister to lead Britain out of the EU will be either Cabinet veteran Theresa May or political newcomer Andrea Leadsom after Conservative MPs voted for a two-woman shortlist.
  • One of the two will become Britain’s second woman Prime Minister after Margaret Thatcher.
  • The third challenger, Justice Minister Michael Gove, who announced his surprise bid last week after initially supporting former mayor of London Boris Johnson for the post, was rejected after winning just 46 votes.
  • The party’s 150,000 members will now choose between Ms. May and Ms. Leadsom in a postal ballot and the winner, who becomes Prime Minister without need for a general election, is due to be announced on September 9.

AIRLINES NOT HAPPY WITH PASSENGER CENTRIC RULES

  • India’s leading airlines including IndiGo, SpiceJet and Jet Airways have termed the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)’s rule to reduce fee for carrying five-kg baggage on flights as “illegal.”
  • The airlines have also opposed most of the other proposed ‘passenger-centric’ norms such as enhanced compensation for denying boarding and flight delays and demanded a higher cap on ticket cancellation fee.
  • Additionally, the airlines have requested the government to allow them to charge a fee for providing equipment such as wheelchair for people with reduced mobility.
  • The airlines also threatened to increase the airfares as the move may impact their operating viability due to consumption of more fuel by carrying excess baggage, they said.
  • A DGCA directive had allowed passengers to carry five kilos extra baggage over the free allowance of 15 kg on a flight, by paying Rs.100 a kg to the airline. Private airlines presently charge passengers Rs.250-Rs.350 for each extra kg.
  • Airlines claimed the DGCA didn’t consider the objections raised by airlines during its discussion with the government via exchange of e-mail letters.
  • The airlines said the proposed multi-fold increase in compensation for denial of boarding, flight delays and cancellations lacked “quantitative analysis that assesses impact on the airline industry” and “unfairly penalise airlines.”

ILO'S DIRECTOR GENERAL CONCERNED OVER THE WIDENING GENDER GAP IN INDIAN WORKFORCE

  • International Labour Organisation (ILO) Director General Guy Ryder has expressed concerns over the widening gender gap in workforce in India.
  • “One of the issues which have come to my attention since I have been in India is gender and the question of women participation,” Mr. Ryder, who is on a three-day India visit.
  • In international comparison, the gap in India is very big and the level of women’s participation is going down which is a source of concern.
  • While there is a difference of 25 per cent in workforce participation rate of men and women worldwide, in India it is up to 40 per cent, Mr. Ryder said.
  • He said the ILO will work with the government in its labour reform process by bringing in international experience and setting international labour standards.
  • India will ratify two core ILO conventions soon by amending the Child Labour Act. There were some issues related to ratifying the other two conventions related to right of forming unions and collective bargaining.

INDIA SRI LANKA WANTS TO EXPEDITE ETCA

  • Sri Lanka’s Minister of Development Strategies and India’s Minister of State for Commerce and Industry have urged to expedite negotiations on the proposed Economic and Technology Cooperation Agreement (ETCA).
  • India, accounting for 23 per cent ($ 4,268 million in 2015) of Sri Lanka’s total imports, has been negotiating with the island nation on the ETCA, an extension over the existing Free Trade Agreement (FTA).
  • Last year, exports to India accounted for a little over six per cent of Sri Lanka’s overall exports with $ 643 million. Of this, 63 per cent was under the FTA.
  • The first round of bilateral talks on the ETCA began in December last. Even as certain sections in Sri Lanka nurse reservations, the government in recent months had organised a campaign to counter the anti-ETCA drive.
  • Though Colombo depends upon Beijing for 20 per cent of its imports, there is no bilateral FTA. The two are yet to finalise the rules of origin and the product list.
  • Under the FTA with Pakistan, signed in July 2002, Sri Lanka exported goods worth $ 59 million to the former last year, which was about 81 per cent of the total exports to that country.

 

 

#‎RAY‬ - ‪#‎Empowering‬ ‪#‎Talent‬ ‪#‎Since‬ 1971
www.rosemaryinstitute.com

 

 

Add comment


Security code
Refresh

Articles
Newsletter Subscription
Fill the form below to subscribe for recieving email alerts from rosemaryinstitute.com